#### Chapters

Chapter 2: Kinetic Theory of Gases

Chapter 3: Calorimetry

Chapter 4: Laws of Thermodynamics

Chapter 5: Specific Heat Capacities of Gases

Chapter 6: Heat Transfer

Chapter 7: Electric Field and Potential

Chapter 8: Gauss’s Law

Chapter 9: Capacitors

Chapter 10: Electric Current in Conductors

Chapter 11: Thermal and Chemical Effects of Current

Chapter 12: Magnetic Field

Chapter 13: Magnetic Field due to a Current

Chapter 14: Permanent Magnets

Chapter 15: Magnetic Properties of Matter

Chapter 16: Electromagnetic Induction

Chapter 17: Alternating Current

Chapter 18: Electromagnetic Waves

Chapter 19: Electric Current through Gases

Chapter 20: Photoelectric Effect and Wave-Particle Duality

Chapter 21: Bohr’s Model and Physics of Atom

Chapter 22: X-rays

Chapter 23: Semiconductors and Semiconductor Devices

Chapter 24: The Nucleus

Chapter 25: The Special Theory of Relativity

#### H.C. Verma Concepts of Physics - Vol. 2

## Chapter 14: Permanent Magnets

#### Chapter 14: Permanent Magnets Exercise Short Answers solutions [Pages 275 - 276]

Can we have a single north pole, or a single south pole?

Do two distinct poles actually exist at two nearby points in a magnetic dipole?

An iron needle is attracted to the ends of a bar magnet but not to the middle region of the magnet. Is the material making up the ends of a bare magnet different from that of the middle region?

Compare the direction of the magnetic field inside a solenoid with that of the field there if the solenoid is replaced by its equivalent combination of north pole and south pole.

Sketch the magnetic field lines for a current-carrying circular loop near its centre. Replace the loop by an equivalent magnetic dipole and sketch the magnetic field lines near the centre of the dipole. Identify the difference.

The force on a north pole, `vecF = mvecB` , parallel to the field `vecB` . Does it contradict our earlier knowledge that a magnetic field can exert forces only perpendicular to itself?

Two bar magnets are placed close to each other with their opposite poles facing each other. In absence of other forces, the magnets are pulled towards each other and their kinetic energy increases. Does it contradict our earlier knowledge that magnetic forces cannot do any work and hence cannot increase kinetic energy of a system?

Magnetic scalar potential is defined as `U(vec r_2) - U(vec r_1) = - ∫_vec(r_1)^vec(r_2)` `vec (B) . dvec(l)`

Apply this equation to a closed curve enclosing a long straight wire. The RHS of the above equation is then `-u_0 i` by Ampere's law. We see that `U(vec(r_2)) ≠ U(vec(r_1))` even when `vec r_2 =vec r_1` .Can we have a magnetic scalar potential in this case?

Can the earth's magnetic field be vertical at a place? What will happen to a freely suspended magnet at such a place? What is the value of dip here?

Can the dip at a place be (a) zero (b) 90°?

The reduction factor K of a tangent galvanometer is written on the instrument. The manual says that the current is obtained by multiplying this factor to tan θ. The procedure works well at Bhuwaneshwar. Will the procedure work if the instrument is taken to Nepal? If there is same error, can it be corrected by correcting the manual or the instrument will have to be taken back to the factory?

#### Chapter 14: Permanent Magnets Exercise MCQ solutions [Page 276]

A circular loop carrying a current is replaced by an equivalent magnetic dipole. A point on the axis of the loop is in

end-on position

broadside-on position

both

none

A circular loop carrying a current is replaced by an equivalent magnetic dipole. A point on the loop is in

end-on position

broadside-on position

both

none

When a current in a circular loop is equivalently replaced by a magnetic dipole,

the pole strength m of each pole is fixed

the distance d between the poles is fixed

the product md is fixed

none of the above

Let r be the distance of a point on the axis of a bar magnet from its centre. The magnetic field at such a point is proportional to

`1/r`

`1/r^2`

`1/r^3`

none of these

Let r be the distance of a point on the axis of a magnetic dipole from its centre. The magnetic field at such a point is proportional to

`1/r`

`1/r^2`

`1/r^3`

none of these

Two short magnets of equal dipole moments M are fastened perpendicularly at their centre in the Figure . The magnitude of the magnetic field at a distance d from the centre on the bisector of the right angle is

`(u_0)/(4pi) M/d^3`

`(u_0)/(4pi) (sqrt2M)/d^3`

`(u_0)/(4pi) (2sqrt2M)/d^3`

`(u_0)/(4pi) (2M)/d^3`

Magnetic meridian is

a point

a line along north-south

a horizontal plane

a vertical plane

A compass needle which is allowed to move in a horizontal plane is taken to a geomagnetic pole. It

will stay in north-south direction only

will stay in east-west direction only

will become rigid showing no movement

will stay in any position

A dip circle is taken to geomagnetic equator. The needle is allowed to move in a vertical plane perpendicular to the magnetic meridian. The needle will stay

in horizontal direction only

in vertical direction only

in any direction except vertical and horizontal

in the direction it is released

Which of the following four graphs may best represent the current-deflection relation in a tangent galvanometer?

A tangent galvanometer is connected directly to an ideal battery. If the number of turns in the coil is doubled the deflection will

increase

decrease

remain unchanged

either increase or decrease

If the current is doubled, the deflection is also doubled in

a tangent galvanometer

a moving-coil galvanometer

both

none

A very long bar magnet is placed with its north pole coinciding with the centre of a circular loop carrying as electric current i. The magnetic field due to the magnet at a point on the periphery of the wire is B. The radius of the loop is a. The force on the wire is

very nearly 2π

*ai*B perpendicular to the plane of the wire2π

*ai*B in the plane of the wireπ

*ai*B along the magnetzero

#### Chapter 14: Permanent Magnets Exercise MCQ solutions [Page 277]

Pick the correct options.

(a) Magnetic field is produced by electric charges only

(b) Magnetic poles are only mathematical assumptions having no real existence

(b) A north pole is equivalent to a clockwise current and a south pole is equivalent to an anticlockwise current.

(d) A bar magnet is equivalent to a long, straight current.

A horizontal circular loop carries a current that looks clockwise when viewed from above. It is replaced by an equivalent magnetic dipole consisting of a south pole S and a north pole N.

(a) The line SN should be along a diameter of the loop.

(b) The line SN should be perpendicular to the plane of the loop

(c) The south pole should be slow the loop

(d) The north pole should be below the loop

Consider a magnetic dipole kept in the north to south direction. Let P_{1}, P_{2}, Q_{1}, Q_{2} be four points at the same distance from the dipole towards north, south, east and west of the dipole respectively. The directions of the magnetic field due to the dipole are the same at

(a) P_{1} and P_{2}

(b) Q_{1} and Q_{2}

(c) P_{1} and Q_{1}

(d) P_{2} and Q_{2}

Consider the situation of the previous problem. The directions of the magnetic field due to the dipole are opposite at

(a) P_{1} and P_{2}

(b) Q_{1} and Q_{2}

(c) P_{1} and Q_{1}

(d) P_{2} and Q_{2}

To measure the magnetic moment of a bar magnet, one may use

(a) a tangent galvanometer

(b) a deflection galvanometer if the earth's horizontal field is known

(c) an oscillation magnetometer if the earth's horizontal field is known

(d) both deflection and oscillation magnetometer if the earth's horizontal field is not known

#### Chapter 14: Permanent Magnets solutions [Pages 277 - 278]

A long bar magnet has a pole strength of 10 Am. Find the magnetic field at a point on the axis of the magnet at a distance of 5 cm from the north pole of the magnet.

Two long bare magnets are placed with their axes coinciding in such a way that the north pole of the first magnet is 2.0 cm from the south pole of the second. If both the magnets have a pole strength of 10 Am, find the force exerted by one magnet of the other.

A uniform magnetic field of `0.20 xx 10^-3 "T"` exists in the space. Find the change in the magnetic scalar potential as one moves through 50 cm along the field.

Figure shows some of the equipotential surfaces of the magnetic scalar potential. Find the magnetic field B at a point in the region.

The magnetic field at a point, 10 cm away from a magnetic dipole, is found to be `2.0 xx 10^-4 "T"` . Find the magnetic moment of the dipole if the point is (a) in end-on position of the dipole and (b) in broadside-on position of the dipole.

Show that the magnetic field at a point due to a magnetic dipole is perpendicular to the magnetic axis if the line joining the point with the centre of the dipole makes an angle of `tan^-1(sqrt 2)` with the magnetic axis

A bar magnet has a length of 8 cm. The magnetic field at a point at a distance 3 cm from the centre in the broadside-on position is found to be `4 xx 10^-6 "T"`.Find the pole strength of the magnet.

A magnetic dipole of magnetic moment `1.44 "A m"^2`is placed horizontally with the north pole pointing towards north. Find the position of the neutral point if the horizontal component of the earth's magnetic field is 18 μT.

A magnetic dipole of magnetic moment 0.72 A m^{2} is placed horizontally with the north pole pointing towards south. Find the position of the neutral point if the horizontal component of the earth's magnetic field is 18 μT.

A magnetic dipole of magnetic moment `0.72sqrt(2) "Am"^2` is placed horizontally with the north pole pointing towards east. Find the position of the neutral point if the horizontal component of the earth's magnetic field is 18 μT.

The magnetic moment of the assumed dipole at the earth's centre is 8.0 × 10^{22} A m^{2}. Calculate the magnetic field B at the geomagnetic poles of the earth. Radius of the earth is 6400 km.

If the earth's magnetic field has a magnitude 3.4 × 10^{−5} T at the magnetic equator of the earth, what would be its value at the earth's geomagnetic poles?

The magnetic field due to the earth has a horizontal component of 26 μT at a place where the dip is 60°. Find the vertical component and the magnitude of the field.

A magnetic needle is free to rotate in a vertical plane which makes an angle of 60° with the magnetic meridian. If the needle stays in a direction making an angle of `tan^-1(2sqrt(3))` with the horizontal, what would be the dip at that place?

The needle of a dip circle shows an apparent dip of 45° in a particular position and 53° when the circle is rotated through 90°. Find the true dip.

A tangent galvanometer shows a deflection of 45° when 10 mA of current is passed through it. If the horizontal component of the earth's magnetic field is `B_H = 3.6 xx 10^-5 "T"` and radius of the coil is 10 cm, find the number of turns in the coil.

A moving-coil galvanometer has a 50-turn coil of size 2 cm × 2 cm. It is suspended between the magnetic poles producing a magnetic field of 0.5 T. Find the torque on the coil due to the magnetic field when a current of 20 mA passes through it.

A short magnet produces a deflection of 37° in a deflection magnetometer in Tan-A position when placed at a separation of 10 cm from the needle. Find the ratio of the magnetic moment of the magnet to the earth's horizontal magnetic field.

The magnetometer of the previous problem is used with the same magnet in Tan-B position. Where should the magnet be placed to produce a 37° deflection of the needle?

A deflection magnetometer is placed with its arms in north-south direction. How and where should a short magnet having M/B_{H} = 40 A m^{2} T^{−1} be placed so that the needle can stay in any position?

A bar magnet takes π/10 second the complete one oscillation in an oscillation magnetometer. The moment of inertia of the magnet about the axis of rotation is 1.2 × 10^{−4} kg m^{2} and the earth's horizontal magnetic field is 30 μT. Find the magnetic moment of the magnet.

The combination of two bar magnets makes 10 oscillations per second in an oscillation magnetometer when like poles are tied together and 2 oscillations per second when unlike poles are tied together. Find the ratio of the magnetic moments of the magnets. Neglect any induced magnetism.

A short magnet oscillates in an oscillation magnetometer with a time period of 0.10 s where the earth's horizontal magnetic field is 24 μT. A downward current of 18 A is established in a vertical wire placed 20 cm east of the magnet. Find the new time period.

A bar magnet makes 40 oscillations per minute in an oscillation magnetometer. An identical magnet is demagnetized completely and is placed over the magnet in the magnetometer. Find the time taken for 40 oscillations by this combination. Neglect any induced magnetism.

A short magnet makes 40 oscillations per minute when used in an oscillation magnetometer at a place where the earth's horizontal magnetic field is 25 μT. Another short magnet of magnetic moment 1.6 A m^{2} is placed 20 cm east of the oscillating magnet. Find the new frequency of oscillation if the magnet has its north pole (a) towards north and (b) towards south.

## Chapter 14: Permanent Magnets

#### H.C. Verma Concepts of Physics - Vol. 2

#### Textbook solutions for Class 12

## H.C. Verma solutions for Class 12 Physics chapter 14 - Permanent Magnets

H.C. Verma solutions for Class 12 Physics chapter 14 (Permanent Magnets) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the CBSE Concepts of Physics - Vol. 2 solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

Further, we at Shaalaa.com are providing such solutions so that students can prepare for written exams. H.C. Verma textbook solutions can be a core help for self-study and acts as a perfect self-help guidance for students.

Concepts covered in Class 12 Physics chapter 14 Permanent Magnets are Magnetic Substances, Magnetic Dipole Moment of a Revolving Electron, Current Loop as a Magnetic Dipole and Its Magnetic Dipole Moment, Introduction of Magnetism, Magnetisation and Magnetic Intensity, Curie Law of Magnetism, Magnetism and Gauss’s Law, Hysteresis Loop, Permanent Magnets and Electromagnets, Magnetic Properties of Materials, The Earth’S Magnetism, The Bar Magnet, Torque on a Magnetic Dipole (Bar Magnet) in a Uniform Magnetic Field, Dipole in a Uniform External Field, Magnetic Field Intensity Due to a Magnetic Dipole (Bar Magnet) Perpendicular to Its Axis, Magnetic Field Intensity Due to a Magnetic Dipole (Bar Magnet) Along Its Axis.

Using H.C. Verma Class 12 solutions Permanent Magnets exercise by students are an easy way to prepare for the exams, as they involve solutions arranged chapter-wise also page wise. The questions involved in H.C. Verma Solutions are important questions that can be asked in the final exam. Maximum students of CBSE Class 12 prefer H.C. Verma Textbook Solutions to score more in exam.

Get the free view of chapter 14 Permanent Magnets Class 12 extra questions for Physics and can use Shaalaa.com to keep it handy for your exam preparation