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Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics chapter 1 - Struggle for Freedom (I) [Latest edition]

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Class 8 Focus on History and Civics - Shaalaa.com

Chapter 1: Struggle for Freedom (I)

Fill in the blanksMatch the followingTrue or falseAnswer the following questionsPicture StudyChoose the correct answerAnswer the following questions in one or two words/ sentencesAnswer the following questions brieflyPicture study
Fill in the blanks

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Struggle for Freedom (I) Fill in the blanks

Fill in the blanks | Q 1

Fill in the blank:

The British shattered the _______ village economy.

Fill in the blanks | Q 2

Fill in the blank:

The controversial libert Bill incident took place in _____.

Fill in the blanks | Q 3

Fill in the blank:

The Arms Act forbade the Indians from _____.

Fill in the blanks | Q 4

Fill in the blank:

The President of the first session of the Congress was ______

Fill in the blanks | Q 5

Fill in the blank:

Bal Gangadhar Tilak raised the slogan ______.

Fill in the blanks | Q 6

Fill in the blank:

The three prominent leaders of the Radical Nationalists group were ______ and _______.

Fill in the blanks | Q 7

Fill in the blank:

Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 at ______.

Fill in the blanks | Q 8

Fill in the blank:

Gandhiji’s method of agitation were ________ and _____.

Fill in the blanks | Q 9

Fill in the blank:

The incident at Chauri Chaura took place on _____.

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Match the following

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Struggle for Freedom (I) Match the following

Match the following | Q 1

Match the contents of Column A with those of Column B:

Column A Column B
1. Annie Besant (a) Khilafat Movement
2. Morley-Minto Reforms (b) Home Rule League
3. Muslim League (c) 1909
4. Surat Split (d) Nawab Salimullah Khan
5. Ali brothers (e) 1907
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True or false

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Struggle for Freedom (I) True or false

True or false | Q 1

State whether the following statement is true or false:

The Congress was started in 1885.

  • True

  • False

True or false | Q 2

State whether the following statement is true or false:

Unification of India as one political unit was achieved by the Indians themselves.

  • True

  • False

True or false | Q 3

State whether the following statement is true or false:

The British treated the Indians at par with themselves.

  • True

  • False

True or false | Q 4

State whether the following statement is true or false:

A prominent leader of the Early Nationalist groups was S.N. Bannerjee.

  • True

  • False

True or false | Q 5

State whether the following statement is true or false:

The religious and social reform ^movement divided the Indians.

  • True

  • False

True or false | Q 6

State whether the following statement is true or false:

The Home Rule League was formed under the leadership of Tilak.

  • True

  • False

True or false | Q 7

State whether the following statement is true or false:

Chauri Chaura is a place in Madhya Pradesh.

  • True

  • False

True or false | Q 8

State whether the following statement is true or false:

Rowlatt Act was passed in 1923.

  • True

  • False

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Answer the following questions

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Struggle for Freedom (I) Answer the following questions

Answer the following questions | Q 1

Answer the following question:

How did unification of India help to bring about a feeling of nationalism among the Indians?

Answer the following questions | Q 2

Answer the following question:

How did modern education bring about unity among Indians?

Answer the following questions | Q 3

Answer the following question:

Name two early all-India associations.

Answer the following questions | Q 4

Answer the following question:

Why was the need for establishing an all-India organisation, representing Indian opinion, an urgent necessity?

Answer the following questions | Q 5

Answer the following question:

Differentiate between the methods of Early Nationalists and Radical Nationalists.

Answer the following questions | Q 6

Answer the following question:

Which factors contributed to the building up of the feeling of nationalism in India?

Answer the following questions | Q 7

Answer the following question:

List down the aims of the Muslim League.

Answer the following questions | Q 8

Answer the following question:

Describe the provisions of the Government of India Act (1919).

Answer the following questions | Q 9

Answer the following question:

Describe the constructive programme introduced by Gandiji.

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Picture Study

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Struggle for Freedom (I) Picture Study

Picture Study | Q 1.1

This picture shows three Radical Nationalist leaders.

Identify and name them.

Picture Study | Q 1.2

This picture shows three Radical Nationalist leaders.

Write about the methods which they suggested.

Picture Study | Q 1.3

This picture shows three Radical Nationalist leaders.

What was the famous slogan raised by Bal Gangadhar Tilak?

Picture Study | Q 2.1

Look at the given picture.

Identify and name him?

Picture Study | Q 2.2

Look at the given picture.

When did the partition of Bengal take place?

Picture Study | Q 2.3

Look at the given picture.

What was the real reason behind the partition.

Picture Study | Q 2.4

Look at the given picture.

What excuse did the British give?

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Fill in the blanks

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Struggle for Freedom (I) Fill in the blanks

Fill in the blanks | Q 1

Fill in the blank:

Modem Indian nationalism arose to meet the challenge of _________.

Fill in the blanks | Q 2

Fill in the blanks:

Exploitation of India by the British was direct and harsh before 1857; after 1857 it became ___________ and ___________.

Fill in the blanks | Q 3

Fill in the blank:

The _______ Rebellion was an armed rebellion of the Sikhs against the British policy of divide and rule.

Fill in the blanks | Q 4

Fill in the blank:

The English language acted as a ___________ language among the educated Indians.

Fill in the blanks | Q 5

Fill in the blank:

A.O. Hume laid the foundation of the _______________ in December 1885.

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Match the following

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Struggle for Freedom (I) Match the following

Match the following | Q 1

Match the following:

A B
1 Kukas (a) rediscovered India's glorious past
2 Santhal uprising (b) followers of Guru Ram Singh
3 Williams Jones  (c) Ilbert Bill Controversy
4 'Vande Mataram' (d) Bihar
5 Lord Ripon (e) evoked patriotic emotions
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Choose the correct answer

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Struggle for Freedom (I) Choose the correct answer

Choose the correct answer | Q 1

Choose the correct answer:

Vande Mataram’ was written by  ___________.

  • Swami Vivekananda

  • Raja Ram Mohan Roy

  • Bankim Chander Chattopadhyaya

Choose the correct answer | Q 2

Choose the correct answer:

_____________ approved the Ilbert Bill.

  • Lord Ripon

  • Lord Lytton

  • Lord Dalhousie

Choose the correct answer | Q 3

Choose the correct answer:

The Indian National Congress was established in ________.

  • 1883

  • 1885

  • 1890

Choose the correct answer | Q 4

Choose the correct answer:

The first session of the Indian National Congress was attended by ________ delegates.

  • 62

  • 72

  • 82

Choose the correct answer | Q 5

Choose the correct answer:

The first session of the Indian National Congress was presided over by ________.

  •  W.C. Bannerjee.

  • Surendranath Banerjea

  • A.O. Hume.

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True or false

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Struggle for Freedom (I) True or false

True or false | Q 1

State whether the following is true or false:

The Revolt of 1857 had failed to rid India of foreign rule

  • True

  • False

True or false | Q 2

State whether the following is true or false:

Western education and modern ideas could not bring the Indians together.

  • True

  • False

True or false | Q 3

State whether the following is true or false:

Racial arrogance and racial discrimination by the British caused great resentment among Indian intellectuals.

  • True

  • False

True or false | Q 4

State whether the following is true or false:

The Ilbert Bill had to be amended as the European reacted violently to it.

  • True

  • False

True or false | Q 5

State whether the following is true or false:

A.O. Hume was not supported by nationalist Indian leaders.

  • True

  • False

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Answer the following questions in one or two words/ sentences

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Struggle for Freedom (I) Answer the following questions in one or two words/ sentences

Answer the following questions in one or two words/ sentences | Q 1

Answer the following question in one or two words/ sentences:

Define nationalism

Answer the following questions in one or two words/ sentences | Q 2

Answer the following question in one or two words/ sentences:

Name any two Western scholars who researched the Indian past and rediscovered its rich heritage.

Answer the following questions in one or two words/ sentences | Q 3

Answer the following question in one or two words/ sentences:

How did the British economic policies in India transform India into an agricultural colony?

Answer the following questions in one or two words/ sentences | Q 4

Answer the following question in one or two words/ sentences:

Why was the Ilbert Bill introduced and by whom?

Answer the following questions in one or two words/ sentences | Q 5

When and where was the first session of the Indian National Congress held?

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Answer the following questions briefly

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Struggle for Freedom (I) Answer the following questions briefly

Answer the following questions briefly | Q 1.1

Answer the following question briefly:

There were many factors that led to the rise of nationalism in India. In light of this statement, answer the following questions:

In what way did the Revolt of 1857 impact the rise of nationalism in India?

Answer the following questions briefly | Q 1.2

Answer the following question briefly:

There were many factors that led to the rise of nationalism in India. In light of this statement, answer the following questions:

What changes did Western education bring about in the traditional Indian outlook?

Answer the following questions briefly | Q 1.3

Answer the following question briefly:

There were many factors that led to the rise of nationalism in India. In light of this statement, answer the following questions:

The English language acted as a link language among the Indians. Explain.

Answer the following questions briefly | Q 2.1

Answer the following question briefly:

In the context of the causes of the rise of Indian nationalism, answer the following question:

How did the British administrative system indirectly create conditions favourable for the growth of Indian nationalism?

Answer the following questions briefly | Q 2.2

Answer the following question briefly:

In the context of the causes of the rise of Indian nationalism, answer the following question:

Examine the role of modern transport and communication in fostering unity and nationalism among the people.

Answer the following questions briefly | Q 2.3

Answer the following question briefly:

In the context of the causes of the rise of Indian nationalism, answer the following question:

How did the rediscovery of India’s glorious past prepare the ground for the growth of the national spirit among the Indians?

Answer the following questions briefly | Q 3.1

Answer the following question briefly:

With reference to the rise of Indian nationalism, answer the following questions:

What was the role of vernacular press and literature in the rise of Indian nationalism?

Answer the following questions briefly | Q 3.2

Answer the following question briefly:

With reference to the rise of Indian nationalism, answer the following questions:

How did the British economic policies lead to the growth of Indian nationalism?

Answer the following questions briefly | Q 3.3

Answer the following question briefly:

With reference to the rise of Indian nationalism, answer the following questions:

Mention the discriminatory policies that were greatly resented by the Indian intellectuals.

Answer the following questions briefly | Q 4.1

Answer the following question briefly:

In the context of the Indian National Congress, answer the following question:

Briefly discuss the Ilbert Bill controversy and show how it hastened the establishment of the Indian National Congress.

Answer the following questions briefly | Q 4.2

Answer the following question briefly:

In the context of the Indian National Congress, answer the following question:

What role did A. O. Hume play in the establishment of the Indian National Congress?

Answer the following questions briefly | Q 4.3

Answer the following question briefly:

In the context of the Indian National Congress, answer the following question:

Mention the main aims of the Congress.

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Picture study

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Struggle for Freedom (I) Picture study

Picture study | Q 1

This is the picture of a person who was dismissed from the Indian Civil Service by the British on flimsy grounds.

Identify the person in the picture.

Picture study | Q 2

This is the picture of a person who was dismissed from the Indian Civil Service by the British on flimsy grounds.

Name the conference that he held in 1883.

Picture study | Q 3

This is the picture of a person who was dismissed from the Indian Civil Service by the British on flimsy grounds.

What was the outcome of the conference?

Picture study | Q 4

This is the picture of a person who was dismissed from the Indian Civil Service by the British on flimsy grounds.

What were the main aims of the Indian National Congress?

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Fill in the blanks

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Struggle for Freedom (I) Fill in the blanks

Fill in the blanks | Q 1

Fill in the blank:

The early nationalists spread ___________ among the people.

Fill in the blanks | Q 2

Fill in the blanks:

The assertive nationalists believed that British rule in India was not a _________ but a ______.

Fill in the blanks | Q 3

Fill in the blanks:

After the partition of Bengal, the assertive nationalists adopted the methods of ____________ and ____________ to achieve the goal of swaraj.

Fill in the blanks | Q 4

Fill in the blanks:

Separate electorates meant that the _________voters could elect _________representatives.

Fill in the blanks | Q 5

Fill in the blank:

Gandhi spent about 22 years in _____________ as a practicing lawyer.

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Match the following

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Struggle for Freedom (I) Match the following

Match the following | Q 1

Match the following:

Column A Column B
1. Dadabhai Naoroji (a) 1905
2. Assertive nationalists (b) separate electorates
3. Partition of Bengal (c) Satyagraha
4. Muslim League (d) immediate freedom from British rule
5. Gandhiji (e) early mationalists
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Choose the correct answer

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Struggle for Freedom (I) Choose the correct answer

Choose the correct answer | Q 1

Choose the correct answer:

The history of the Indian national movement is broadly categorized into_____

  • three

  • four

  • five

Choose the correct answer | Q 2

Choose the correct answer:

_____________was an important assertive nationalist leader.

  • Bal Gangadhar Tilak

  • Dadabhai Naoroji

  • Surendranath Banerjea

Choose the correct answer | Q 3

Choose the correct answer:

The British followed the policy of divide and rule by dividing____on communal lines.

  • Bengal

  • Punjab

  • Gujarat

Choose the correct answer | Q 4

Choose the correct answer:

The Muslim League was established in________.

  • 1905

  • 1906

  • 1913

Choose the correct answer | Q 5

Choose the correct answer:

Gandhiji studied law in __________.

  • England

  • South Africa

  • France

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True or false

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Struggle for Freedom (I) True or false

True or false | Q 1

State whether the following is true or false:

The early nationalists believed in the justice and fair play of the British.

  • True

  • False

True or false | Q 2

State whether the following is true or false:

The early nationalists presented their grievances to the British in the form of protests and strikes.

  • True

  • False

True or false | Q 3

State whether the following is true or false:

The political beliefs' aims and methods of the assertive nationalists were the same as those of the early nationalists.

  • True

  • False

True or false | Q 4

State whether the following is true or false:

The assertive nationalists had no faith in the constitutional methods followed by the early nationalists.

  • True

  • False

True or false | Q 5

State whether the following is true or false:

Tilak knew that the British would concede to the demand for swaraj easily without any struggle.

  • True

  • False

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Answer the following questions in one or two words/ sentences

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Struggle for Freedom (I) Answer the following questions in one or two words/ sentences

Answer the following questions in one or two words/ sentences | Q 1

Answer the following question in one or two words/ sentences:

Mention two leaders of the early nationalist phase.

Answer the following questions in one or two words/ sentences | Q 2

Answer the following question in one or two words/ sentences:

Mention two leaders of the assertive nationalist phase.

Answer the following questions in one or two words/ sentences | Q 3

Answer the following question in one or two words/ sentences:

Why were the assertive nationalists disillusioned with the leadership of the early nationalists?

Answer the following questions in one or two words/ sentences | Q 4

Answer the following question in one or two words/ sentences:

When and why was Bengal partitioned?

Answer the following questions in one or two words/ sentences | Q 5

Answer the following question in one or two words/ sentences:

Where and under whose leadership was the Muslim League established?

Answer the following questions in one or two words/ sentences | Q 6

Answer the following question in one or two words/ sentences:

Mention two objectives of the Muslim League?

Answer the following questions in one or two words/ sentences | Q 7

Answer the following question in one or two words/ sentences:

Why was the introduction of separate electorates a death blow to national unity?

Answer the following questions in one or two words/ sentences | Q 8

Answer the following question in one or two words/ sentences:

Why did the Indian nationalists support the war effort of the British when the First World War broke out?

Answer the following questions in one or two words/ sentences | Q 9

Answer the following question in one or two words/ sentences:

What was the main aim of the Home Rule Leagues?

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Answer the following questions briefly

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Struggle for Freedom (I) Answer the following questions briefly

Answer the following questions briefly | Q 1.1

Answer the following question briefly:

With reference to the early nationalists, discuss the following: 
Beliefs of the early nationalists

Answer the following questions briefly | Q 1.2

Answer the following question briefly:

With reference to the early nationalists, discuss the following: 
Methods of the early nationalists

Answer the following questions briefly | Q 1.3

Answer the following question briefly:

With reference to the early nationalists, discuss the following: 

Important contributions made by the early nationalists to the national movement?

Answer the following questions briefly | Q 2.1

Answer the following question briefly:

With reference to the rise of the assertive nationalists within the congress, discuss: 

The beliefs of the assertive nationalists

Answer the following questions briefly | Q 2.2

Answer the following question briefly:

With reference to the rise of the assertive nationalists within the congress, discuss:

The objectives of the assertive nationalists.

Answer the following questions briefly | Q 2.3

Answer the following question briefly:

With reference to the rise of the assertive nationalists within the congress, discuss: 

How the methods of the assertive nationalists differed from those of the early nationalists? 

Answer the following questions briefly | Q 3.1

Answer the following question briefly:

With reference to the Lucknow Session of the Congress of 1916, answer the following question:

What was the Lucknow Pact?

Answer the following questions briefly | Q 3.2

Answer the following question briefly:

With reference to the Lucknow Session of the Congress of 1916, answer the following question:

What was the objective of the Lucknow Pact?

Answer the following questions briefly | Q 3.3

Answer the following question briefly:

With reference to the Lucknow Session of the Congress of 1916, answer the following question:

What were the results of Lucknow Pact?

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Picture study

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Struggle for Freedom (I) Picture study

Picture study | Q 1

This is the picture of a national leader

Identify the person in the picture.

Picture study | Q 2

This is the picture of a national leader

Which political organization did Muhammad Ali Jinnah join and when?

Picture study | Q 3

This is the picture of a national leader

When and by whom was the Muslim League organization founded?

Picture study | Q 4

This is the picture of a national leader

What were the objectives of the Muslim League organization?

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Chapter 1: Struggle for Freedom (I)

Fill in the blanksMatch the followingTrue or falseAnswer the following questionsPicture StudyChoose the correct answerAnswer the following questions in one or two words/ sentencesAnswer the following questions brieflyPicture study
Class 8 Focus on History and Civics - Shaalaa.com

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics chapter 1 - Struggle for Freedom (I)

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics chapter 1 (Struggle for Freedom (I)) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the CISCE Class 8 Focus on History and Civics solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

Further, we at Shaalaa.com provide such solutions so that students can prepare for written exams. Goyal Brothers Prakashan textbook solutions can be a core help for self-study and acts as a perfect self-help guidance for students.

Concepts covered in Class 8 Focus on History and Civics chapter 1 Struggle for Freedom (I) are India’s Struggle for Freedom, Rise of Nationalism, Early Political Associations, Home Rule Movement, Gandhian Era (1917 – 1947), Early Campaigns, Mass Movements, Civil Disobedience Movement, Foundation of the Indian National Congress - the Indian National Association (Surendranath Banerjee).

Using Goyal Brothers Prakashan Class 8 solutions Struggle for Freedom (I) exercise by students are an easy way to prepare for the exams, as they involve solutions arranged chapter-wise also page wise. The questions involved in Goyal Brothers Prakashan Solutions are important questions that can be asked in the final exam. Maximum students of CISCE Class 8 prefer Goyal Brothers Prakashan Textbook Solutions to score more in exam.

Get the free view of chapter 1 Struggle for Freedom (I) Class 8 extra questions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics and can use Shaalaa.com to keep it handy for your exam preparation

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