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Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics chapter 1 - Impact of British Rule on India [Latest edition]

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Class 8 Focus on History and Civics - Shaalaa.com

Chapter 1: Impact of British Rule on India

Fill in the blanksMatch the contentsTrue or FalseAnswer the questionsPicture StudyMatch the followingChoose the correct answerAnswer the questions in one or two words/sentencesAnswer the questions briefly
Fill in the blanks

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Impact of British Rule on India Fill in the blanks

Fill in the blanks | Q 1

Fill in the blanks:

The British domination of India brought many changes in the __________, __________ and _________ life of India.

Fill in the blanks | Q 2

Fill in the blank:

The Indian villages were ____________ communities before the coming of the British.

Fill in the blanks | Q 3

Fill in the blank:

The British charged revenue in _________ instead of kind.

Fill in the blanks | Q 4

Fill in the blanks:

The three kinds of land settlements made by the British were (a) _________ (b) __________ and (c) ____________

Fill in the blanks | Q 5

Fill in the blank:

A new class of landholders called _________ came into existence during this time.

Fill in the blanks | Q 6

Fill in the blank:

________, is known as the founder of British system of education in India.

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Match the contents

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Impact of British Rule on India Match the contents

Match the contents | Q 1

Match the contents of Column A and Column B:

Column A Column B
1. Ijaradari system (a) Introduced by Lord Cornwallis
2. Cotton, jute, poppy, sugarcane (b) Linked with ports to make trade easier
3. Ryotwari system (c) First train from Mumbai to Thane
4. permanent Settlement (d) Calcutta linked to coalfields
5. 1854 (e) A new middle class
6. 1856 (f) Collective responsibility of farmers to pay the revenue
7. All major raw material producing areas (g) Cash crops grown by farmers
8. Mahalwari system (h) Railway line joined Madras to Arakonam
9. 1853 (i) Settlement made directly with cultivators
10. Zamindars (j) Auctioning of revenue to the highest bidder for five years
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True or False

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Impact of British Rule on India True or False

True or False | Q 1

State whether the following statement is True or False:

The British rule resulted in the destruction of Indian industry, trade, and handicrafts.

  • True

  • False

True or False | Q 2

State whether the following statement is True or False:

The important centres for Indian goods were Dhaka, Benaras, Lucknow, Multan, Ahmadabad, etc.

  • True

  • False

True or False | Q 3

State whether the following statement is True or False:

The British greatly developed Indian agriculture.

  • True

  • False

True or False | Q 4

State whether the following statement is True or False:

Lord Cornwallis introduced the Permanent Land Settlement in India.

  • True

  • False

True or False | Q 5

State whether the following statement is True or False:

The first railway line was built during Lord Dalhousie’s time.

  • True

  • False

True or False | Q 6

State whether the following statement is True or False:

The British took interest in building up transport and communication system to help them in trade and military affairs.

  • True

  • False

True or False | Q 7

State whether the following statement is True or False:

The English took great interest in Indian culture and promoted it.

  • True

  • False

True or False | Q 8

State whether the following statement is True or False:

The English took interest in education of Indians only because they needed low paid, English speaking clerks.

  • True

  • False

True or False | Q 9

State whether the following statement is True or False:

The new education policy benefitted only the upper and the middle class.

  • True

  • False

True or False | Q 10

State whether the following statement is True or False:

The Company promoted education of girls and technical education.

  • True

  • False

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Answer the questions

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Impact of British Rule on India Answer the questions

Answer the questions | Q 1

Answer the following question:

Mention the social evils prevalent in India during British rule.

Answer the questions | Q 2

Answer the following question:

Why did India’s foreign trade decline during the British rule?

Answer the questions | Q 3

Answer the following question:

During the British rule, “India was a loser both ways – as a buyer and also a seller.” Explain.

Answer the questions | Q 4

Answer the following question:

Why did the English East India Company feel the need for educational; reforms?

Answer the questions | Q 5

Answer the following question:

Who was Lord Macaulay? Why did he recommend the system of a British education in India?

Answer the questions | Q 6

Answer the following question:

What were the main objectives of a British education in India? Mention the steps recommended to implement the policy.

Answer the questions | Q 7

Answer the following question:

Describe the recommendations in Wood’s Despatch and its effects.

Answer the questions | Q 8

Answer the following question:

Discuss various aspects of the drain of wealth.

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Picture Study

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Impact of British Rule on India Picture Study

Picture Study | Q 1.1

Look at the picture.

Which important development does the picture depict?

Picture Study | Q 1.2

Look at the picture.

Write a short note on its development in India.

Picture Study | Q 1.3

Look at the picture.

How did it prove to be a boon for the Indians?

Picture Study | Q 2.1

This is the picture of a Governor-General.

Identify him.

Picture Study | Q 2.2

This is the picture of a Governor-General.

What do you understand by ‘Sati’? Who put an end to this practice and why?

Picture Study | Q 2.3

This is the picture of a Governor-General.

Mention four social reforms introduced by the British.

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Fill in the blanks

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Impact of British Rule on India Fill in the blanks

Fill in the blanks | Q 1

Fill in the blank:

The __________ famine of 1770 was one of the most terrible famines in human history.

Fill in the blanks | Q 2

Fill in the blank:

A large share of revenue collected by the Company in India had to be paid to the British government as ___________.

Fill in the blanks | Q 3

Fill in the blank:

Under the Mahalwari system, the revenue settlement was made with the __________.

Fill in the blanks | Q 4

Fill in the blanks:

To eliminate competition from India’s traditional industries the British transformed India into a _____________ and _____________.

Fill in the blanks | Q 5

Fill in the blanks:

Before the advent of the British, the Indian craftspeople operated at two levels the ________ and the ________ levels.

Fill in the blanks | Q 6

Fill in the blanks:

Before the advent of the British, the Indian textile industry was the _________ and the __________ in the world.

Fill in the blanks | Q 7

Fill in the blanks:

After the Battle of Plassey, the Company used its political power to __________ the Indian handicraft industry and __________ British industries.

Fill in the blanks | Q 8

Fill in the blank:

With the spread of the Industrial Revolution in England, Indian markets were flooded with ___________ of British mills.

Fill in the blanks | Q 9

Fill in the blanks:

By 1850, India became a major ___________ of __________.

Fill in the blanks | Q 10

Fill in the blank:

__________ introduced the railway system in India in 1853.

Fill in the blanks | Q 11

Fill in the blanks:

The Grand Trunk Road from ___________ to __________ was reconstructed by the British in the 19th century.

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Match the following

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Impact of British Rule on India Match the following

Match the following | Q 1

Match the Column:

Column A Column B
1. Permanent Settlement (a) encouraged the education of Indians
2. Shipbuilding industry (b) Lord Dalhousie
3. Lord Macaulay (c) Fixed revenue
4. Charter Act of 1813 (d) Anglicist
5. Transport and communication development (e) Vishakhapatnam
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Choose the correct answer

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Impact of British Rule on India Choose the correct answer

Choose the correct answer | Q 1

Choose the correct answer:

The Treaty of ________ granted the English East India Company the right to collect revenue from Bihar, Bengal, and Orissa.

  • Allahabad

  • Madras

  • Benaras

Choose the correct answer | Q 2

Choose the correct answer:

To remove the defect of the revenue system Lord Cornwallis introduced the _________ in 1793.

  • Permanent settlement

  • Ryotwari system

  • Mahalwari system

Choose the correct answer | Q 3

Choose the correct answer:

The Ryotwari system of revenue collection was introduced in ________ presidency.

  • Madras

  • Calcutta

  • Bombay

Choose the correct answer | Q 4

Choose the correct answer:

The Charter Act of 1813, directed the Company to spend ________ lakh rupees on the education of Indians.

  • 1

  • 10

  • 15

Choose the correct answer | Q 5

Choose the correct answer:

The first railway line was from Bombay to _________.

  • Poona

  • Thana

  • Calcutta

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True or False

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Impact of British Rule on India True or False

True or False | Q 1

State whether the following is true or false:

Before the advent of the British, more than 95 percent of Indians lived in villages.

  • True

  • False

True or False | Q 2

State whether the following is true or false:

The Indian peasants were satisfied with the Company’s revenue collection methods.

  • True

  • False

True or False | Q 3

State whether the following is true or false:

The Permanent Settlement assured the Company a fixed revenue at a fixed time even during natural calamities.

  • True

  • False

True or False | Q 4

State whether the following is true or false:

Lord Macaulay insisted that Western education should be imparted through the medium of vernacular languages.

  • True

  • False

True or False | Q 5

State whether the following is true or false:

The development of transport and communication systems did not benefit Indians in any way.

  • True

  • False

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Answer the questions in one or two words/sentences

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Impact of British Rule on India Answer the questions in one or two words/sentences

Answer the questions in one or two words/sentences | Q 1

Answer the following question in one or two words/sentences:

Why did the Indian peasants begin to grow cash crops?

Answer the questions in one or two words/sentences | Q 2

Answer the following question in one or two words/sentences:

How did the Company utilize the revenues from Bengal?

Answer the questions in one or two words/sentences | Q 3

Answer the following question in one or two words/sentences:

What were the drawbacks of Warren Hastings’s five-year revenue settlement?

Answer the questions in one or two words/sentences | Q 4

Answer the following question in one or two words/sentences:

What was the significance of the Charter Act of 1813 in the context of British educational policy in India?

Answer the questions in one or two words/sentences | Q 5

Answer the following question in one or two words/sentences:

In what way would be westernized Indians help to promote the interests of British manufacturers?

Answer the questions in one or two words/sentences | Q 6

Answer the following question in one or two words/sentences:

How did the knowledge of contemporary nationalist movements in Europe inspire the Indians?

Answer the questions in one or two words/sentences | Q 7

Answer the following question in one or two words/sentences:

Mention any two positive effects of the introduction of English in the Indian educational system.

Answer the questions in one or two words/sentences | Q 8

Answer the following question in one or two words/sentences:

Which section of Indians gained from the British commercial policies?

Answer the questions in one or two words/sentences | Q 9

Answer the following question in one or two words/sentences:

How would the improved transport and communication system benefit the Indian later?

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Answer the questions briefly

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Impact of British Rule on India Answer the questions briefly

Answer the questions briefly | Q 1.1

Answer the following question briefly:

In the context of Permanent Settlement of Bengal answer the following:

Explain the special features of the Permanent Settlement.

Answer the questions briefly | Q 1.2

Answer the following question briefly:

In the context of Permanent Settlement of Bengal answer the following:

What are its advantages?

Answer the questions briefly | Q 1.3

Answer the following question briefly:

In the context of Permanent Settlement of Bengal answer the following:

Briefly describe its disadvantages

Answer the questions briefly | Q 2.1

Answer the following question briefly:

With reference to Ryotwari and Mahalwari systems answer the following:

Explain the features of the Ryotwari system.

Answer the questions briefly | Q 2.2

Answer the following question briefly:

With reference to Ryotwari and Mahalwari systems answer the following:

What were the features of the Ryotwari system?

Answer the questions briefly | Q 2.3

Answer the following question briefly:

With reference to Ryotwari and Mahalwari systems answer the following:

What were the fundamental changes introduced by these systems in the traditional land system of the country?

Answer the questions briefly | Q 3.1

Answer the following question briefly:

The first century of British rule resulted in the decay and destruction of the traditional Indian trade and industry. Explain this statement with reference to the following:

Political powers of the Company

Answer the questions briefly | Q 3.2

Answer the following question briefly:

The first century of British rule resulted in the decay and destruction of the traditional Indian trade and industry. Explain this statement with reference to the following:

The collapse of the ruling dynasties and ruling courts

Answer the questions briefly | Q 3.3

Answer the following question briefly:

The first century of British rule resulted in the decay and destruction of the traditional Indian trade and industry. Explain this statement with reference to the following:

The decline of modern Indian industries.

Answer the questions briefly | Q 4.1

Answer the following question briefly:

The Charter Act of 1813 passed by the British Parliament was the first major step to introduce changes in the Indian system of education. In this context discuss:

The general directives issued to the Company in the Charter Act of 1813 and its inherent weakness

Answer the questions briefly | Q 4.2

Answer the following question briefly:

The Charter Act of 1813 passed by the British Parliament was the first major step to introduce changes in the Indian system of education. In this context discuss:

The Great Debate over the content and medium of education

Answer the questions briefly | Q 4.3

Answer the following question briefly:

The Charter Act of 1813 passed by the British Parliament was the first major step to introduce changes in the Indian system of education. In this context discuss:

The introduction and spread of Western education

Answer the questions briefly | Q 5.1

Answer the following question briefly:

The Wood’s Despatch introduced further changes in the Indian educational system. With reference to the above statement, answer the following question:

What was the purpose of the introduction of Western education in India?

Answer the questions briefly | Q 5.2

Answer the following question briefly:

The Wood’s Despatch introduced further changes in the Indian educational system. With reference to the above statement, answer the following question:

How did the introduction of Western education benefit the British?

Answer the questions briefly | Q 5.3

Answer the following questions briefly:

The Wood’s Despatch introduced further changes in the Indian educational system. With reference to the above statement, answer the following questions:

Explain how

  1. Western education and
  2. The English language led to the rise of a spirit of nationalism among the Indians.
Answer the questions briefly | Q 6.1

Answer the following question briefly:

With reference to the transport and communication system in India, answer the following question:

Why and how did the British develop proper transport and communication facilities in India?

Answer the questions briefly | Q 6.2

Answer the following question briefly:

With reference to the transport and communication system in India, answer the following question:

How did the railways serve the interests of the British?

Answer the questions briefly | Q 6.3

Answer the following question briefly:

With reference to the transport and communication system in India, answer the following question:

Explain how the improved transport and communication system proved beneficial for Indians.

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Picture Study

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics Chapter 1 Impact of British Rule on India Picture Study

Picture Study | Q 1

This is the picture of an Indian nationalist.

Identify the person.

Picture Study | Q 2

This is the picture of an Indian nationalist.

What did Dadabhai Naoroji think about the British rule in India?

Picture Study | Q 3

This is the picture of an Indian nationalist.

Explain any three ways in which Dadabhai Naoroji felt that the Indian economy was being exploited by the British.

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Chapter 1: Impact of British Rule on India

Fill in the blanksMatch the contentsTrue or FalseAnswer the questionsPicture StudyMatch the followingChoose the correct answerAnswer the questions in one or two words/sentencesAnswer the questions briefly
Class 8 Focus on History and Civics - Shaalaa.com

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics chapter 1 - Impact of British Rule on India

Goyal Brothers Prakashan solutions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics chapter 1 (Impact of British Rule on India) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the CISCE Class 8 Focus on History and Civics solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

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Concepts covered in Class 8 Focus on History and Civics chapter 1 Impact of British Rule on India are Economic Policy, The Exploitation of Artisans and Weavers, The Drain of Wealth, Introduction of Modern Education, Wood’s Despatch.

Using Goyal Brothers Prakashan Class 8 solutions Impact of British Rule on India exercise by students are an easy way to prepare for the exams, as they involve solutions arranged chapter-wise also page wise. The questions involved in Goyal Brothers Prakashan Solutions are important questions that can be asked in the final exam. Maximum students of CISCE Class 8 prefer Goyal Brothers Prakashan Textbook Solutions to score more in exam.

Get the free view of chapter 1 Impact of British Rule on India Class 8 extra questions for Class 8 Focus on History and Civics and can use Shaalaa.com to keep it handy for your exam preparation

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