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CBSE solutions for Class 10 English - Communicative chapter 8 - Comparison (Integrated Grammar practice 4)

English Course Communicative: Work Book Interact in English - Class 10

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CBSE English Course Communicative: Work Book Interact in English - Class 10

English Course Communicative: Work Book Interact in English - Class 10 - Shaalaa.com

Chapter 8: Comparison (Integrated Grammar practice 4)

ABCDEF

Chapter 8: Comparison (Integrated Grammar practice 4) Exercise A solutions [Pages 133 - 143]

A | Q 2 | Page 133

Study the table below and notice how the words of comparison are used.

Example Notes
These mangoes are sweeter than those. Ramesh Krishnan can run faster than Leander. -er for adjectives and adverbs of one syllable.
The Hero Honda is a more expensive motorcycle than the Kawasaki Bajaj. White rice cooks more guickly than brown. more ..... than for adjectives and adverbs of two or more syllables

The sponge soaked up the water and became heavier.

Govind is happier than he used to be.

The red dress is nearly as good as the blue.

The President is the same age as the Prime Minister.

Adjectives of two syllables ending in -y take -ier form

Comparison with as ... as Expresses

eguality (or near eguality with words such as nearly. almost. about. etc. )

Kiran is not as heavy as Amber.

Swapna is not as 'fri.endly as her brother.

Travelling by bus is less expensive fhan by train.

Geetesh works less enthusiastically than his brother.

We use not as+ adjective or adverb and less+ adjective or adverb.

Ice-cream tastes better than Lassi.

Life in a village is worse than in a city.

Irregular comparative form

Have you noticed that the above examples have expressions like as ... as, more ... than, -er ... than, the ... -est or the most .... ? Why? Discuss with a partner.

The examples in the followin Example .

Adjective Comparative Superlative
tall tall{er) all{est)
bright bright(er) brighter( est)
simple simple(r) simple( st)
clever clever( er) clever{ est)
happy happi(er) happi(est)
busy busi(er) busi(est)
beautiful more beautiful most beautiful
dangerous more dangerous most dangerous
good better best
well better best
bad worse worst
ill worse worst
old elder/ older eldest/ older
far farther/ further farthest/ furthest

Write your conclusions here:

Adjective Comparative form Superlative form
Single syllable adjectives    
Adjectives of two syllables    
Adjectives ending in 'y'    
Adjectives of more than two syllables    
Adjectives that do not have regular forms    

Now write six comparative sentences. Use the information in Table A.1 that you worked out with your partner.

Example    : My partner is tallerthan me.
                   His family isn't as rich as mine.

1.__________________
2.__________________
3._________________
4._________________
5._________________
6._________________

A | Q 3 | Page 135

Work with your partner and fill in the table with information about yourselves. You may add other characteristics, if you like. When you have
finished, compare the results.

Characteristics

You (Write your name

here:____ )

Your partner (Write his/her name here: _____)
• Height    
• Weight    
• Age (years and months)    
• Hair    
• Number of members in the family    
• Distance of home from school    
• _____    
• ______    
A | Q 4 | Page 136

Read this feature article in which the writer compares the treatment or
boys and girls. Complete the article by filling in the spaces with ONE appropriate word from the box given below. You may have to change the
form or the word you need to use and some words may have to be used more than once.

than      much      few    less      as         many

For many parents, especially those who are poor and illiterate, a girl is a 'lesser child'. Doesn't it make you mad to know that girls aren't given an equal chance to be born? Though female infanticide was banned by law over a century ago, thousands of girls are killed before they are born orwhen they are babies.

Even the girls who are allowed to survive live with less of everything. ______ girls are sent to school _______ boys. They get _____ medical care, so _________girls die. Boys get _________nutritious food and also________ time to play.______ jobs are open to girls, and even if they are employed, they are not paid ________as boys. Most of all, they get ____ respect. They are not given as _______opportunities as boys tospeak out on matters that concern them. And yet a girl usually does twice as ___ work ___ a boy, not only in the house but also in the fields. This discrimination and bias must end, and end now! Can we count on your support?

A | Q 5 | Page 136

Work with your partner and list the names of magazines that you know.

Name of Magazine
 

Now make as may sentences as you can from the table below to express your own opinions about the magazines you have listed. Write your sentences in your notebook.

I think

 

 

 

I don't think

(name of a magazine)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

contains

less more

fewer

as much

as many

information

news

pictures

advertisements

advice

fun

Than

as

(name of another magazine)

Note: You may add more information if you like
When do we use (a) less than/ as much as and
When do we use (b) fewer than/ as many as?
Create some sentences, and try to work out the "rule".

A | Q 6 | Page 137

Compare the two rockets shown below and complete the paragraph which follows.

  Helios Selene
Height 20 metres 25 metres
Weight 15 tonnes 18 tonnes
Diameter 1 metre 1 metre
Date of first launch 1993 1991
Payload capacity 1 tonne 1.1 tonne
Range 3000 kms 2300 kms

The Selene, first launched in 1991, is five metres ____ (height) and three tonnes.__________ (weight) _________the Helios. The diameter of the Helios is

_____ the Selene. However, the payload capacity of the Helios is 1 tonne, which is 0.1 tonne_________ the Selene. Interestingly, the Heliios has a range of 3000 km, which is 700km_________ the Selene

A | Q 7 | Page 138

The chart below shows information on the economics of the Annual
Sports Meet. Study the chart carefully.

The Economics of the Annual Sports Meet

 

The total cost estimated of the Meet will be~ 11, 00, 000/-

No of athletes : 1250 (750 Girls+ 500 Boys; Category wise: sub-junior:                                    350, junior: 500 and senior: 400)

Staff on Duty :    Teachers: 95 (35 men + 60 women), Support Staff 40                               (21 men + 19 women), Staff on Parking and Security                                  duty : 25 (20 men+ 5 women)

No of events :    100 ( 70 Track & Field events and 30 Jumps and                                          Throws)

Medals           : 100 Gold, 100Silver& 100Bronze

Best Athlete Trophies :  Boys: 3, Girls: 3

Best House Trophies :  4( 1 for each category and 1 over all)

Suppose you are the Prin cipal of the school. Taking information from the chart, prepare an oral presentation for the Management Committee of the school. Use as many expressions of comparison as you can. You have been given some examples.

A | Q 8.01 | Page 140

Compare the items in the picture using -er, more, less or an irregular
form. Use the word under the picture. You may write your answer in
more than one way.

  • _____________________________________________
A | Q 8.02 | Page 140

Compare the items in the picture using -er, more, less or an irregular form. Use the word under the picture. You may write your answer in more than one way.

A | Q 8.03 | Page 140

Compare the items in the picture using -er, more, less or an irregular form. Use the word under the picture. You may write your answer in more than one way.

A | Q 8.04 | Page 140

Compare the items in the picture using -er, more, less or an irregular form. Use the word under the picture. You may write your answer in more than one way.

A | Q 8.05 | Page 140

Compare the items in the picture using -er, more, less or an irregular form. Use the word under the picture. You may write your answer in more than one way.

A | Q 8.06 | Page 140

Compare the items in the picture using -er, more, less or an irregular form. Use the word under the picture. You may write your answer in more than one way.

A | Q 8.07 | Page 140

Compare the items in the picture using -er, more, less or an irregular form. Use the word under the picture. You may write your answer in more than one way.

A | Q 8.08 | Page 140

Compare the items in the picture using -er, more, less or an irregular form. Use the word under the picture. You may write your answer in more than one way.

A | Q 8.09 | Page 140

Compare the items in the picture using -er, more, less or an irregular form. Use the word under the picture. You may write your answer in more than one way.

A | Q 8.1 | Page 140

Compare the items in the picture using -er, more, less or an irregular form. Use the word under the picture. You may write your answer in more than one way.

A | Q 8.11 | Page 140

Compare the items in the picture using -er, more, less or an irregular form. Use the word under the picture. You may write your answer in more than one way.

A | Q 9 | Page 143

Complete the following paragraph by filling in the blanks with the
comparative form of words given in the box below:

expensive    cheap    good     costly     low

Goods this year are _______ last year, and next year things may be
____ they are now.

Here are some suggestions for saving money! Compare the prices of similar products. Some brands are others, but the quality may not be much______.

Before you go shopping make a list of the items that you need and buy only those things! Don't buy things that you don't need just because they are _____ the usual price, and don't buy anything just to 'keep up' with your
neighbours.

Chapter 8: Comparison (Integrated Grammar practice 4) Exercise B solutions [Pages 144 - 145]

B | Q 1 | Page 144

Avoiding Repetition

The comparisons below involve some unnecessary repetition. Cross out
any unnecessary word, to avoid repetition.

I can run faster than Asha can run.
I can run faster than Asha can.
I can run faster than Asha.

1. Today, Asia has far less forest cover than Asia had in the past.
2. The questions in the Physics test weren't as easy as the questions in the Maths  test.
3. The population oflndia is rising more quickly than the population of China.
4. Children were reading more in 1990 than they are reading now.
5. Children now spend far more time watching TV than they spend reading books.

B | Q 2 | Page 144

Rewrite the following passage by removing the words that have been repeated. Use that or those, wherever necessary. You may have to make certain other changes, too.

Apes are in many ways similar to humans. The skeleton of an ape resembles the skeleton of a human and it has the same number of teeth as a human has. An ape's brain is smaller than the brain of a human, but its structure is the same as the structure of a human brain. It is not surprising then, that apes behave rather like humans behave.

Of all apes, the chimpanzee is most similar to man. It is the most intelligent of all the apes and can be trained more easily than other apes. Some chimpanzees have been taught to communicate with humans through gestures like the gestures used in deaf and dumb language.

B | Q 3 | Page 145

What does this proverb mean?
The higher you climb, the harder you fall.
Match the clauses from column A with those in column B to form meaningful sentences.

A B
1. The longer a candle burns, a) the shorter it becomes.
2. The lower the sun is, b) the higher it sounds.
3. The faster a guitar string vibrates, c) the less oxygen there is.
4. The smoother an object is, d) the redder it appears.
5. The higher we climb, e) the less friction it creates.
B | Q 4 | Page 145

Now complete the sentences below
1. The harder I work,

__________________________
2. The older you become,

__________________________
3. The more he earns,

__________________________
4. The sooner she realizes her mistake,

__________________________
5. The faster our team scores,

__________________________

Chapter 8: Comparison (Integrated Grammar practice 4) Exercise C solutions [Pages 147 - 148]

C | Q 1 | Page 147

Look at the graph and the paragraph below which provides an interpretation of the data given in the graph.
Graph to show number of whales caught in Antarctic (1985-2010)

As whalers reduced catching of the large/r whales, they switched to smaller species. This is evident when we compare figures for the Antarctic catch of the larger sei whale with those for small minke whale. In 1985, fifteen times as many sei whales as minke whales were caught. By 1995, catches of both the species were virtually the same (9000). By the 2000, the situation had reversed and the number of minke whales killed more than doubled as compared to sei whales (6000). The graph shows that while the sei catch was reduced by 95% between 1985 and 2010, over the same period the minke whale catch was eight times greater. If these trends continue, the situation for the smaller species will be as bad as it used to be for the larger ones.

Discuss with a partner:

1. What expressions have been used for comparing the data? Underline them.
2. Does the analysis identify the main trends? Has any projection or guess been made based on the available data?
3. Can you spot a sentence that summarizes the data or draws a conclusion based on it?
4. Has the analysis been supported with figures from the given data?
5. Is there any unnecessary repetition?
6. How many times has the verb 'be' in its different forms been used? Some useful expressions :

{much ,many, far ,slightly, a little}

more, greater,higher, less, lower, further, farther

{half, twice, ten times, (etc.)}

as  { adj. adv.} as

10 percent

150 percent

{more  less } than

almost the same ____ as  
as {adj adv.} as  
C | Q 2 | Page 148

The graph below describes the average number of hours spent by students aged 11-15 years on two activities (per student per week) in India between 1985 and 2010 and gives projections for 2015. Study the information carefully and then write a paragraph interpreting the data. Include the following:

• A comparison of the trends in the two activities
• A comparison of the situation in 1985
• A comparison of the situation between 1985 and 2010
• Predictions for the future

Chapter 8: Comparison (Integrated Grammar practice 4) Exercise D solutions [Pages 149 - 150]

D | Q 1 | Page 149

A survey was conducted among the teachers of New Hope High School to find out whether Class X students should be allowed to use mobile phones in the campus. The results of the survey are shown in the pie-chart below.

Look at the pie chart and the useful expressions above. Fill in the gaps in the following summary of results.

As can be seen from the above pie-chart, nearly a__________ of the teachers felt that Class X students must not be allowed to use mobile phones in the school campus. However, nearly one____________ believed
the phones should be permitted but not during class hours. About __________were of the opinion that the students may be allowed to use these phones only in times of emergency while a very__________ did not favour any restrictions on their use in the campus.

D | Q 2 | Page 150

A school carried out two surveys in Class X. Look at the pie charts below and write short summaries of the results as in the model above.

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________

Chapter 8: Comparison (Integrated Grammar practice 4) Exercise E solutions [Pages 152 - 153]

E | Q 1 | Page 152

Study the following sentences

Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa.
The Pacific is the deepest of all the oceans in the world.
The Nile is the longest river in the world.

Now make similar sentences about the following. Use your general knowledge and imagination.

1. Diamonds  __________________________________________

2. The Himalayas __________________________________________

3. The Ganga __________________________________________

4. Leh __________________________________________

5. The Taj Mahal __________________________________________

6. Kolkata __________________________________________

7. Jupiter __________________________________________

8. The elephant __________________________________________

9. Mt.Everest __________________________________________

10. Russia __________________________________________

E | Q 2 | Page 153

Which of the following do you like most? Write one or two sentences
comparing your choice as shown in the example.

Comics, sfwrt stories, novels
I like comics most because they have the most colourful pictures. They are also the funniest.
I like short stories most because they don't take much time to read.
I like novels most because they make the most interesting reading.
  1. Cricket, football, hockey
  2. Fruit, chocolate, ice-cream
  3. Theatre, TV, Cinema
  4. Cartoon films, Sci-fi(ScienceFiction) films, comedy films
  5. (Think of three items of your own)

Chapter 8: Comparison (Integrated Grammar practice 4) Exercise F solutions [Page 154]

F | Q 1 | Page 154

Each sentence below contains an error. Identify and remove the error and rewrite the sentence correctly. One example has been given below.

*The population of China is greater than India.

The population of China is greater than that oflndia.

(Explanation: China's population is not greater than India, but India's population)

1. *Saeed runs quicker than Johnson.

___________________________________________________________

2. *The faster land animal in the world is the cheetah.

___________________________________________________________

3. *Our house is bigger than your.

___________________________________________________________

4. *On an average, people in cities earn more money than that living in villages.

___________________________________________________________

5. *His grade is the same than mine.

___________________________________________________________

6. *Ranvir is slightly taller as Javed.

___________________________________________________________

7. *Developed countries consume twice more resources as developing countries.

___________________________________________________________

8. *The clock tower is most prominent landmark in this area.

___________________________________________________________

Chapter 8: Comparison (Integrated Grammar practice 4)

ABCDEF

CBSE English Course Communicative: Work Book Interact in English - Class 10

English Course Communicative: Work Book Interact in English - Class 10 - Shaalaa.com

CBSE solutions for Class 10 English - Communicative chapter 8 - Comparison (Integrated Grammar practice 4)

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