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CBSE solutions for Class 10 English - Communicative chapter 4 - Non - Finites - Infinitives And Participles (Integrated Grammar practice 2)

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CBSE English Course Communicative: Work Book Interact in English - Class 10

English Course Communicative: Work Book Interact in English - Class 10 - Shaalaa.com

Chapter 4: Non - Finites - Infinitives And Participles (Integrated Grammar practice 2)

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CBSE solutions for Class 10 English - Communicative Chapter 4 Exercise A [Pages 51 - 56]

A | Q 1 | Page 51

Read the items given below. Some are sentences and have a finite verb. Others are phrases and have a non-finite verb. Write [S] for sentences and [P] for phrases in the boxes provided.
1. Subroto is playing with my brother. .........
2. Playing the piano ........
3. Trees fallen on the road .......
4. Rohan fell down and hurt himself. ........
5. The medals won by our house ..........
6. This year we won the gold medal. .........
7. Hanging on a silver chain ........
8. Sheetal is hanging the decorations in the room. ......
9. It is impossible to ignore the beggars on the roads. ........
10. Ignoring my warnings ........
11. I swim for an hour daily. .......
12. To swim in the pool. .........

A | Q 2 | Page 51

Now read the items again. Circle the non-finite verbs. Write them in the box below. How many types of non-finite verbs do you have?

A | Q 3 | Page 53

Look at the pictures and complete the story below them, using an appropriate form of one of the verbs in the box below.

look, watch, view, steal, find,
jump, climb, run, search, live,
stay, land, peer, speed  

One night Bhola, while + ____________the sky from his verandah,
heard a strange sound. Just about + _____________in the forest nearby was a
spacecraft. Next day the people of the town were +________ away from
their homes, frightened by the strange creatures who had landed in their
midst. The intruders ran all over the town, +_________ food, money
and all that they could lay their hands on. Scared out of his wits, Bhola hid in
the bushes. +__________ through his binoculars, Bhola* ________one of
the intruders +_______ into a box. On +_______ a small mouse
+_________ out of the box, the intruder* _______off in terror. This gave
Bhola an idea. He spent the next day+________ for mice.
Next morning Bhola* ________ a cage full of mice to the spacecraft
and set them free. On+ ________ the mice, the intruders were
too frightened + ________on Earth any longer, and they
* ______ in their spacecraft immediately.

A | Q 4 | Page 53

Now put the verbs you have just filled in above, in column A (verbs marked+) and B (verbs marked*) below.

COLUMN A (verbs marked +)  COLUMN B (verbs marked*)
  Non-finites

Study the verbs given in Column A and Column B. How do they differ from each other?

The verbs in Column A are not controlled by the number, person and tense of their subject. Therefore, they are ...............

The verbs in Column B are controlled by the number, person and tense of their subject. Therefore, they are ...............

What are the verbs in Column A called (Write in the box below)?

A | Q 5 | Page 54

Here is part of a letter that Anuradha wrote to Raji about her experience in a city that she was visiting. Complete the letter using suitable nonfinites.

When I saw a beggar__________ near the Big Temple, I decided to help him. But when the other beggars saw me_________ him some money, they started ____ around me. I was a little embarrassed and_______ the menace, I entered a hotel nearby. The manager of the hotel made me _______the need for caution while _______beggars. After _____me, he went on to ask me if I would like __________a guide _________me round the city. I politely refused his offer of help and went back to my own hotel.

A | Q 6 | Page 55

Given below is an extract from the story 'The Iron Man and The Space Being'. Complete the story using suitable non-finite verbs. You may choose words from the box given below.

worry   change    peer   hit    frighten    blaze

One day there came some strange news. Everybody was talking about it.
Round eyes, busy mouths,_________ voices - everybody was talking about it.

One of the stars of the night sky had begun______This star had always been a very tiny star, of no importance at all. It had shone up there for billions and trillions and zillions of years in the Constellation of Orion. In all its time this tiny star had never changed in any way.

Now suddenly, it began to get bigger. Astronomers, _______through their telescopes, noticed it first. They watched it with _______  frowns.

The tiny star was definitely getting bigger. And not just bigger. But bigger and bigger and Bigger. Each night it was BIGGER. Bigger than the Dog-star, the large, coloured twinkler the heel of the Hunter
Orion.

Bigger than Jupiter, the great __________  planet. Everybody could see it clearly, night after night, as it grew and Grew and GREW. They stared up with frightened faces.

Till at last it hung there in the sky over the world, blazing down, the size of the moon, a deep gloomy red. And now there could be only one explanation. The star was getting bigger because it was getting nearer. And nearer and Nearer and, NEARER.

It was rushing towards the world.
Faster than a bullet.
Faster than any rocket.
Faster even than a meteorite.

And if it hit the world at that speed, the whole world would simply be blasted to bits in the twinkling of an eye. It would be like an express train _________ a bowl of goldfish.

No wonder the people stared up with frightened faces. No wonder the astronomers watched it through their telescopes with worried frowns.

A | Q 7 | Page 56

While reading a magazine advertising home products, Sakshi Aggarwal came across an advertisement for a stain remover called Dr. Clean. She decided to buy the product but it caused more harm than good. Complete the letter of complaint she writes to the company using appropriate words.

Dear Sir
I wish____________ to your notice the ridiculous product you have recently launched. I saw a TV advertisement for Dr. Clean and its ability _______ '99 top stains'. I bought the product and _________the least, I regret the money I spent on it.

You claim that your Dr Clean stain removal keeps clothes in wearable condition for a long time and thus helps reduce clothing costs. However, let me tell you what happened when I tried _________a stain left by tea from my shirt. _________the stain remover on the stain does seem to make the stain

fainter temporarily. But here is the problem: a little after you have sprayed Dr. Clean on the fabric, the area around the stain seems to melt away. Soon, there is no stain. In fact, there is a hole where the stain was!
Surely this is NOT what you meant when you advertised The stain will no longer be visible to the naked eye?
Yours truly
A Disillusioned Customer

CBSE solutions for Class 10 English - Communicative Chapter 4 Exercise B [Pages 58 - 62]

B | Q 2 | Page 58

Underline the present participle and circle the noun it describes in the
following sentences as shown in the example above.

a) The policeman saw a thief escaping on a motorbike.
b) Hearing a loud sound, the students rushed out of the classroom.
c) I can hear the school choir practicing in the auditorium.
d) The player was happy seeing that his opponent was growing tired.

B | Q 3 | Page 58

 Fill in the blanks using the correct from of the words given in the box
below.

When the teacher caught the boy _________ in the examination, he stood there _____________and ___________ .____________the loud admonition of the teacher, the headmaster rushed in. The boy started to cry ________ that he would be expelled from the school. ___________ the situation very quickly, the
headmaster asked the boy to follow him to his room.

                                fear, cheat, hear, assess, quiver, tremble
B | Q 5 | Page 59

 Complete the sentences using 'ing' form of the verbs from the box.

apply               buy             use             meet

1. The doctor advised Neelam to avoid ____ ghee as a cooking medium.
2. I have had to put off _____ a scooter for my son until he completes
his college studies.
3. How about for the post of teacher in the neighbouring
school?
4. By the time we finished the house, the children had become
hungry.
5. She went around all the tenants in the apartment house,
canvassing support for her cleanliness campaign.
6. I am afraid the doctor is busy now. Would you mind _____ a few
minutes?

B | Q 6.1 | Page 60

 Now combine the following pair of sentence using a suitable verb in its
'ing' form.

We all make mistakes. It is human.

B | Q 6.2 | Page 60

 Now combine the following pair of sentence using a suitable verb in its
'ing' form.

Sheela tells lies. It has made her unpopular.

B | Q 6.3 | Page 60

 Now combine the following pair of sentence using a suitable verb in its
'ing' form.

We tried to enter the pavilion. The police prevented us.

B | Q 6.4 | Page 60

 Now combine the following pair of sentence using a suitable verb in its
'ing' form.

Our neighbours made a lot of noise. They apologised.

B | Q 6.5 | Page 60

 Now combine the following pair of sentence using a suitable verb in its
'ing' form.

Murari passed the examination. I congratulated him.

B | Q 6.6 | Page 60

 Now combine the following pair of sentence using a suitable verb in its
'ing' form.

She talks too much. I don't like it.

B | Q 6.7 | Page 60

 Now combine the following pair of sentence using a suitable verb in its
'ing' form.

We must appreciate other people's achievements. It promotes goodwill.

B | Q 7.1 | Page 61

Give the solution to the problem below using the 'ing' form or the verb.
Make the solution as unusual as possible.

There's a fly in my soup.

 

B | Q 7.2 | Page 61

Give the solution to the problem below using the 'ing' form or the verb.
Make the solution as unusual as possible.

My car isn't starting.

B | Q 7.3 | Page 61

Give the solution to the problem below using the 'ing' form or the verb.
Make the solution as unusual as possible.

My hand sand feet are frozen!

B | Q 7.4 | Page 61

Give the solution to the problem below using the 'ing' form or the verb.
Make the solution as unusual as possible.

A man is trying to steal my ear!

B | Q 7.5 | Page 61

Give the solution to the problem below using the 'ing' form or the verb.
Make the solution as unusual as possible.

My sister /brother doesn't stop talking.

B | Q 7.6 | Page 61

Give the solution to the problem below using the 'ing' form or the verb.
Make the solution as unusual as possible.

I have a headache.

B | Q 8 | Page 62

No accounting for tastes

Fill in the blanks with verb + ing. Share your lists with your partner.

What I love doing What I hate doing What I don't mind doing
  • Playing Video Games
  • _____________
  • _____________
  • _____________
  • _____________
  • _____________
  • _____________
  • Writing Exams
  • _____________
  • _____________
  • _____________
  • _____________
  • _____________
  • going For Movies 
  • _________________
  • _________________
  • _________________
  • _________________

 

CBSE solutions for Class 10 English - Communicative Chapter 4 Exercise C [Pages 63 - 66]

C | Q 2.1 | Page 63

Explain the following sign using to+ verb :

You are not allowed ____________ your vehicles here.

C | Q 2.2 | Page 63

Explain the following sign using to+ verb :

_____________________________________-

 

C | Q 2.3 | Page 63

Explain the following sign using to+ verb :

___________________________________

C | Q 2.4 | Page 63

Explain the following sign using to+ verb :

Workers ___________

C | Q 2.5 | Page 63

Explain the following sign using to+ verb :

_______________________________-

C | Q 2.6 | Page 63

Explain the following sign using to+ verb :

________________________________________

C | Q 3.1 | Page 64

Work in pair. One of you will ask the question, the other will give the answer with the help of the clue in bracket. Write down in the spaces provided.

  • Why are you waiting here? (meet the teacher)
  • __________________________________________
C | Q 3.2 | Page 64

Work in pair. One of you will ask the question, the other will give the answer with the help of the clue in bracket. Write down in the spaces provided.

  • Why did you return home early? (help with the housework)
  • _______________________________________________________
C | Q 3.3 | Page 64

Work in pair. One of you will ask the question, the other will give the answer with the help of the clue in bracket. Write down in the spaces provided.

  • Why is Raju going abroad? (visit his sister)
  • ______________________________________________
C | Q 3.4 | Page 64

Work in pair. One of you will ask the question, the other will give the answer with the help of the clue in bracket. Write down in the spaces provided.

  • Why did Kiran sell her car? (buy a van)
  • _________________________________________
C | Q 3.5 | Page 64

Work in pair. One of you will ask the question, the other will give the answer with the help of the clue in bracket. Write down in the spaces provided.

  • Why did you travel by bus? (save money)
  • ____________________________________________
C | Q 4 | Page 65

Complete the sentences as in the example, using the verbs given in the box. Do not use any verb more than once.

remind     warn      encourage     advise     ask       permit

Example : "Don't forget to return my book."

He reminded me not to forget to return his book.

1. "You promised that you would not tell mother about our quarrel."

He _________________________________________

2. "If I were you, I'd go to the police."

______________________________________________

3. "Go on, buy a new dress," Sushila said.

__________________________________________

4. "Please don't drive so fast," Anil said.

___________________________________________

5. "Rupa, you can go to the library," said the teacher.

The teacher ___________________________________________

C | Q 5 | Page 66

Rewrite the sentences using an infinitive instead of the underlined clause.

1. Shah found that Rs. 20,000 of the sales money was missing from the box.

2. The Court declared that the officer was guilty of gross negligence.

3. Evidence showed that the document was a fabrication.

4. The court warned the representatives that they should not tamper with the
evidence.

5. The minister was annoyed when he learnt that he had lost the elections.

6. You would be silly if you dyed your hair green.

CBSE solutions for Class 10 English - Communicative Chapter 4 Exercise D [Pages 66 - 70]

D | Q 1 | Page 66

Verb+ ing and Infinitives
1. I saw her cross the road.
2. I saw her crossing the road.
What is the difference in the use of the underlined verb in the two sentences?

_____________________________________________

D | Q 2 | Page 67

In pairs, use the grid below to complete the following sentences.

1.Our English teacher refused to allow us ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________-

2.Ram's mother let all of us_________________________________________________________

3.Making students ________________ against their will is unfair

4.'Dear Sir,

Would you kindly permit-------------

Make let              a person  do Something
Allow Permit refuse to do Something 

Then read your answers out to the rest of the class

D | Q 3 | Page 67

Complete the following letter. Put the verbs in brackets into either the
'ing' form or the infinitive with to. Use the box below to help you.

+ -ing +to do

Suggest

be Worth

Mind

look Forward to

Want                                  Offer

hope                                 Propose 

arrange

promise

hesitate

Dear Mr. Banerjee
Thank you for your letter offering (offer) to help build an auditorium for our
school. You will be happy to learn that the parents of our school have
suggested___________ (approach) their association for funds. It is an idea worth
_____ (pursue) and we propose _____________(hold) a meeting on the
15th of this month. I would very much like you to attend the meeting as I want
_____ (introduce) you to the parents and I hope ____________(be) able to
use your kind offer as a motivating factor for others.
The architect has arranged ____________(supply} us with the blueprints
of the building. The contractor has promised _____________(deliver) the
materials within a month. So our management does not mind ________ _
(start) the work even before the funds have been arranged in full.
Please do not hesitate _____ (contact} me if your have any further queries.
I look forward to _____________(hear) from you soon.
Yours sincerely
K.S. Bhatt
(Principal}

D | Q 4 | Page 68

Study the following table

                      with verb+ing                        with to+verb
Avoid imagine  agree learn
Consider involve allow manage
delay prevent ask promise
deny resent decide refuse
excuse risk expect seem
mind enjoy  fail want
favour stop intend wish
finish suggest    

Now complete the following sentences appropriately using 'ing' or
infinitive construction. Use the grid given above to write your answers.
You may have to add prepositions in some sentences.

1) Would you mind______________________________________
2) Most children enjoy___________________________________
3) I'll never forget ___________ when I was 18 years old.
4) I remember_________________________________________
5) Our teacher dislikes__________________________________
6) The commander told the soldiers________________
7) I do not intend________________________________
8) The inspector is certain______________________
9) My father was vecy angry with the grocer ________________
10) My brother likes________________________________

D | Q 5.1 | Page 69

'Remember to do' and 'Remember doing'
Study the examples given below.
(a) I must remember to take my science book.
(b) I remember meeting you in the park.
Some verbs might take either form depending on their meaning.

Which sentence refers to something which actually happened?

___________________________________________________________________

Which sentence refers to something which hasn't actually happened?

__________________________________________________________________________

D | Q 5.2 | Page 70

Complete the sentences using the correct non-finite form of the verbs
given in brackets.
1. I regret (be) rude to you.
2. I regret _______ (inform) you that you have not qualified in
the interview.
3. I want to stop now ____ (eat) lunch.
4. I must stop ______ (eat) so much.
5. It was rude of him ____ (say) that.

D | Q 6 | Page 70

Make a list of four things you remember doing as a young child •

  • _________________________________________________________________
  • _________________________________________________________________
  • _________________________________________________________________
  • _________________________________________________________________

Now, make a list of things you must remember to do this coming week •

  • _________________________________________________________________
  • _________________________________________________________________
  • _________________________________________________________________
  • _________________________________________________________________

CBSE solutions for Class 10 English - Communicative Chapter 4 Exercise E [Pages 72 - 74]

E | Q 2 | Page 72

Combine each of the following pairs of sentences, using the correct form of the verbs. The first one has been done for you as an example:

Nithin was irritated by the noise.
Nithin left the place.
Irritated by the noise, Nithin left the place.

1. Leander was surprised by Asifs return of service.
Leander started playing in earnest.

__________________________________________

2 Rajani has completed her homework.
She wants to go to play.

__________________________________________

3 Gopal was utterly bored with his studies.
He went out for a walk.

__________________________________________

4 Sita was startled by the noise.
She jumped out of her bed.

__________________________________________

5 The police chased the smuggler. The smuggler hid in a thicket.

__________________________________________

6 The news stunned Meenu. She stood rooted to the spot.

E | Q 3 | Page 73

Match the news items with the headlines. Write the correct headline above each news item.

1. Business Firms Involved in Pooja Celebrations 3. Mr. Das Appointed MD of ODC
2. NPI Taxation Relaxed 4. Schoolboy Kidnapped
a . The UMI board has cleared the appointment of Mr. Das as the new Managing Director of the Overseas Development Council .......... c. Vinodh, an eight year old boy studying in a local public school, has been missing since yesterday. An eye-witness saw the boy being forcibly taken in a black car and reported the matter to the police. Unfortunately, the car's registration number was not noted down.
b. The Advance Ruling Authority, functioning under the Income Tax Law, has relaxed procedure rules governing taxation of non-resident Indians ...... d. While people are gearing up to celebrate the 'Pooja' with customaiy zest, sponsors have not been slow to take advantage.

Discuss
How do these words - appointed, relaxed and kidnapped - help in framing the headlines ?

E | Q 4 | Page 74

Provide suitable headlines for the following news items. In your headlines, use the past participle form or appropriate verbs.

LYON (France): Playing in his
first tournament since walking
off the court in the Davis Cup
in Brazil, top-seeded Thomas
Muster was beaten in the first
round of the Lyon Grand Prix
by American Chris Woodruff,
6-3, 6-3 on Wednesday.
NEW DELHI: A man allegedly posing as a police officer from Punjab was arrested by Chandni Chowk police on Tuesday. Harinder Sharma
had introduced himself as a
superintendent of police from
Amritsar to a police official at
the Chandni Chowk police
station. He wanted to see
records to get details of how
many militants had been
arrested by the police.
NEW DELHI: The Supreme
Court has said that the job of
reporting court proceedings
should be assigned only to
journalists having experience
of legal reporting.
RAIGANJ (West Bengal): Nine
persons, including one woman
and two children, were roasted
alive and 65 others suffered
serious bums when a mob of
about one thousand people
torched 156 houses at
Bhangapara village under
Karanighi police station in north
Dinajpur district on Thursday.

CBSE solutions for Class 10 English - Communicative Chapter 4 Exercise F [Pages 75 - 78]

F | Q 1.1 | Page 75

Look at the picture. Describ picture with an appropriate non-finite as shown. Try not to repeat the verb .

  • ________________________
F | Q 1.2 | Page 75

Look at the picture. Describ picture with an appropriate non-finite as shown. Try not to repeat the verb .

  • ____________________________
F | Q 1.3 | Page 75

Look at the picture. Describ picture with an appropriate non-finite as shown. Try not to repeat the verb .

  • ______________________________
F | Q 1.4 | Page 75

Look at the picture. Describ picture with an appropriate non-finite as shown. Try not to repeat the verb .

  • ________________________
F | Q 1.5 | Page 75

Look at the picture. Describ picture with an appropriate non-finite as shown. Try not to repeat the verb .

  • ___________________________________
F | Q 1.6 | Page 75

Look at the picture. Describ picture with an appropriate non-finite as shown. Try not to repeat the verb .

  • __________________________
F | Q 2 | Page 76

Rewrite the following sentences making the necessary changes so that they convey the intended meaning:

1. Having bitten the postman, the farmer decided to punish the dog.
2. Being a rainy day, the organizers decided to postpone the match.
3. Being fond of sweets, we planned to gift Mazy a big box of chocolates on her
birthday.
4. Having finished his work for the day, the supervisor let him leave the
factory early.
5. Riding on a horse, the tiger jumped at him.

F | Q 3.1 | Page 76

Correct the following sentence :

  • Her actions make my blood to boil.
F | Q 3.2 | Page 76

Correct the following sentence :

  • They are counting on me playing for their team.
F | Q 3.3 | Page 76

Correct the following sentence :

  • He is thinking to write his autobiography.
F | Q 3.4 | Page 76

Correct the following sentence :

  • I am hopeful to secure full marks in the Mathematics paper.
F | Q 3.5 | Page 76

Correct the following sentence :

  • We were prevented to enter the classroom.
F | Q 3.6 | Page 76

Correct the following sentence :

  • You had better to send your application by fax.
F | Q 4 | Page 76

A student has written a letter to Sagarika Sen asking for advice. Complete the letter using appropriate non-finites(· ing, - ed, and to +verb form)

Dear Sagarika Sen,
I am a Class XII student. My exams are a few months away and I need ______all

my time to my studies. But whenever I start____________ in the morning, a friend
of mine who is in the same class comes to my house. He stays for about 30
minutes and keeps__________ all kinds of nonsense. I feel very _______ as it hampers my studies at the start of the day.

Please advise me how I can ensure that he never comes to my house while I am
busy________ for my examination. How can I ask him _________away without hurting him?

Som Shankar Lahir
Kolkata

F | Q 5 | Page 77

Here is the advice that Sagarika Sen has given to Som Shankar. Complete the letter using non-finites:

Dear Som Shankar,
The easy way out would be__________ your servant to say that you are not at home, or that you have left strict instructions that you are not___________ at any cost. If you feel that your friend would be offended by this, then tell him that your parents do not approve of your_______ and_____ when you should be spending your time______ . Explain to him how you are getting_______ (by you parents) because he wants ___ time with you.

But please make it clear that your parents do not disapprove of him. (It's just, at the moment, they would rather want you to spent your time _______).
Once the exams are over, he would be welcome to your house any time. But, for now, he should stay away.
Sagarika Sen
(Source: The Telegraph Weekend, 5/ 10/96)

F | Q 6 | Page 78

Working in pairs, seek advice on some of the issues listed below. Your partner will give you the advice.

Advice to be given on .......

wony about examination
parental pressure
holiday homework
pocket money
making friends

Now write a letter to Sagarika Sen seeking her advice on any one of the issues

you have discussed. Non-finites will make your writing more concise.

__________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________

Chapter 4: Non - Finites - Infinitives And Participles (Integrated Grammar practice 2)

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CBSE English Course Communicative: Work Book Interact in English - Class 10

English Course Communicative: Work Book Interact in English - Class 10 - Shaalaa.com

CBSE solutions for Class 10 English - Communicative chapter 4 - Non - Finites - Infinitives And Participles (Integrated Grammar practice 2)

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