CBSE Class 10CBSE
Share
Notifications

View all notifications

CBSE solutions for Class 10 English - Communicative chapter 2 - Tenses (Integrated Grammar practice 1)

English Course Communicative: Work Book Interact in English - Class 10

Login
Create free account


      Forgot password?

Chapters

CBSE English Course Communicative: Work Book Interact in English - Class 10

English Course Communicative: Work Book Interact in English - Class 10 - Shaalaa.com

Chapter 2: Tenses (Integrated Grammar practice 1)

ABCDEFG

Chapter 2: Tenses (Integrated Grammar practice 1) Exercise A solutions [Pages 11 - 12]

A | Q 1 | Page 11

Let us begin by studying the relationship between the different verb forms and the time they denote.

Work individually

Indicate the tense and time of each of the highlighted verbs in the table below.
The first has been done as an example.

  Sentence Tense Time
1. We are planning to go out for a picnic tomorrow. Present Future
2. India has made tremendous
progress in the past few decades.
   
3. It has been raining since morning.    
4. Could you please send your e-mail
address as soon as possible?
   
5. The train must have reached Delhi
by now.
   
6. It always rains in July here.    
7. Cold wave intensifies further.
(A news headline)
   
8. He was playing here a minute ago.    
9. She won the Student of the Year
award last year.
   
10. All incomplete forms will be
rejected.
   
A | Q 2 | Page 12

Now compare your answers with those of your partner and discuss the
following questions and write your observations in the given space.

a.  Is the time referred to in the sentences always the same as the tense of
the verb? What conclusion can you draw from your observation? Write
your observation below.

...............................................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................................

b.  How have you found the tense of the verbs in the sentences above? Are
there any indicators or markers that reveal the tense of the verb? Write
your observation below.

...............................................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................................

c.  Did you find any verb form that could be called 'future form'? (You will
learn more about the different ways of talking about future later in this
unit.)

...............................................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................................

d.  Why do you think verb forms are often labelled as 'simple' or 'indefinite', 'progressive' or 'continuous', 'perfect' and 'perfect continuous'?

...............................................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................................

Chapter 2: Tenses (Integrated Grammar practice 1) Exercise B solutions [Pages 13 - 19]

B | Q 1 | Page 13

Present Progressive 

(Progressive = continuous)

Form

S +is/ am/ are +verb+ ing

S +is/ am/ are+ not+ verb+ ing.

Is/am/me+ S + verb+ing?

S + is/ am/ are +being+ Verb (past participle)

  • Complete the following sentences by filling in the blanks with the present progressive form of the given verbs.

i. "You've put on weight, Cheryl."
"Yes. I.. .... (eat) a lot these days."

ii. "Hurry up! We ... (get) late for school."
"Justa second, please! I ... (come}."

iii. Temperatures ... (rise} all over the world.

iv. "You .... not ... (wear) this dirty shirt to office. Wait, I'll give you another."

v. "l...not ... (do) your homework-forget it. I still haven't forgotten how you
fought with me in the morning."

vi. The Prime Minister ... (leave) for Russia tomorrow on a 5 day state visit.

Vii "You ... (be) ver:yrude, Abhi."

viii. She ... always (make) excuses for coming late.

ix. Aabha ... (write) a novel these days.

  • The table below shows different uses or meanings of the present progressive. Match the verbs in the above sentences with the uses or meanings they convey.
a. Something pre-arranged or a fixed plan ............
b. Insistence.............
c. Annoyance............
d. Repeated action.............
e. Some development or change...........
f. Emphatic refusal.............
g. Something happening 'around now'..............
h. An action just starting..........
i. Temporary action not necessarily taking place at the moment
of speaking............

*It is a little difficult to match the sentences with uses of present progressive
tense. Here are the answers:
a-vi, b-iv, c-vii, d-i, e-iii, f-v, g-ix, h-ii, i-viii.
Compare your answers with these and have a class discussion.

B | Q 2 | Page 15

Verbs that are normally NOT used in the progressive form.

1. Which sentence in each of the following pairs is acceptable and
why?

1. a. I am respecting you.
    b. I respect you.
2. a. My son loves to draw and paint.
    b. My son is loving to draw and paint.
3. a. We are having two cars.
    b. We have two cars.
4. a. I am thinking you are new to this place.
    b. I think you are new to this place.
5. a. The cake smells good.
    b. The cake is smelling good.

Verbs referring to mental states (eg. know, think, believe etc) and to the use of the senses (eg. smell, taste etc) are never, or hardly ever, used in progressive forms. Some of these verbs are:
believe         prefer         know          suppose      feel     sound
(dis)like        love            realise        understand  hear     taste
see               hate            recognise   want             see      belong
doubt           imagme      remember   wish            smell     agree
possess          own            owe             involve      include   depend

Can you explain the difference between?
1. a. l justcan'timaginehowyougotintosuchamess.
b. You're imagining things nothing will happen.

2. a. The coffee tastes bitter
b. Mother is tasting coffee to check ifit is too bitter.

3. a. My teacher admires my art work
b. She is admiring the latest painting I have made.

4. a. The doctor is feeling the patient's pulse.
b. The patient is feeling better.

 

B | Q 3 | Page 16

Complete the following sentences with the appropriate forms of the given verbs.

1. Every day I(go) to school in a bus but today I (go) by car because the bus operators are on strike.

2. "Baichung Bhutia (pass) the ball to Bannerjee; Bannerjee (take) a shot at the goal but it (be) way above the goal post. The Indians (attack) much more now ... "

3. I (think) you (make) a mistake by signing this contract.

4. The doctor (say) mother (respond) to the treatment well.

5. Farzana (be) not well. She (not come) to school today.

B | Q 4 | Page 17

Study the following picture carefully and then write a paragraph to describe what is happening.

B | Q 5 | Page 18

Here is a letter Nikita wrote to her friend Susie who lives in Milan, Italy. What verb forms has she used in this letter? Bas she used a mix of verb forms? Is there any particular form that has been used more frequently?
Dear Susie
It's a beautiful Sunday morning. Rakesh is busy with some office work and the kids are playing in the park outside and I've time enough to write a quick letter to you.

So, how are you doing? How's your new novel coming along? I hear you're learning Bharatnatyam these days. Couldn't believe it when Sharon told me about it. Bhartnatyam in Milani Never knew there is an Indian Dance school in Italy. Interesting! By the way, who are you taking dance lessons from? I mean, who is your Guru? And why are you learning Bharatnatyam? Must you do everything that I do?
What happened to your plan to visit us this winter? Well, winter is round the corner. When are you coming? How long do you plan to stay? What places would you like to visit? Do let me know, will you? I'll make your itinerruy accordingly. Remember, this time when you come, you are not staying at any hotel as you did last time. You will stay with us. I have a room spare for you to stay as long as you wish. OK? As for the weather, I've already told you, winter is setting in. It's beginning to get cold, especially in the mornings and the evenings. The temperature is falling with each passing day and it's just the right kind of weather for some travel and adventure. Delhi is at its best in the early winter and it is waiting to welcome you with open arms. And how's your mom's health now? Is she keeping well? Is she getting physiotherapy done regularly? I continue to pray for her speedy recovery. I think I got to go now. The kids seem to have had a fight. I can hear the youngerone crying. These boys are giving me a difficult time! Catchyoulater. Bye
Yours
Nikita

B | Q 6 | Page 19

As Susie, write a reply to Nikita's letter. Do take care to answer all the
questions Nikita has asked you. What verb forms would you like to use?
Milan
25th October, 2011
Dear Nikita

.............................................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................................................

Yours
Susie

Chapter 2: Tenses (Integrated Grammar practice 1) Exercise C solutions [Pages 20 - 23]

C | Q 1 | Page 20

Form
• Have/has+ past participle
• Have/ has+ been + past participle
Work individually

Complete the following sentences by using the present perfect form (as
given in C.l)ofthe given verbs.
a) The kids (work) really hard for the show. Now, don't cancel it, please.
b) Yippyl I (select) for the interschool dance competition!
c) I ... (contest) five elections so far.
d) John? 0, he is a delightful boy. I (know) him since his childhood.
e) ... you ever (be) to the Taj Mahal?
The box below shows different uses or meanings of the present perfect. Match the sentences above with the uses or meanings of the present perfect they illustrate.
i) Something that has happened several times up to the present.
ii) Announcement or news of a recent event.
iii) Finished event connected with the present.
iv) An action or situation that has continued up to the present.
v} Finished event at some/ any time up to now.
Answer: i - c; ii - b; iii - a; iv - d; v - e

C | Q 3.1 | Page 21

Present Perfect vs. Simple Past

a. Explain the difference in the meaning of the following pairs of
sentences. You may like to use the given hints.

1. a. I have been a teacher for five years.
b. I was a teacher for five years.
(Hint: Is the speaker still a teacher?)
2. a. I always got good marks in English.
b. I have always got good marks in English.
(Hint: Is the speaker still studying?)
3. a. Geeta has never met her cousin.
b. Geeta never met her cousin.
(Hint: Is Geeta's cousin alive?)
4. a. I have never been to Timbuktu.
b. I never went to Timbuktu.
(Is the speaker talking about a particular journey or his travels so far?)
5. a. Jose has completed seven assignments today.
b. Jose completed seven assignments today.
(Hint: Is the day over? Has Jose more assignments to write?)

C | Q 3.2 | Page 21

Present Perfect vs. Simple Past

b. What conclusion can you draw from these sentences about the use of present perfect and simple past forms of verbs?

-----------------------------------

-----------------------------------

-----------------------------------

C | Q 4 | Page 22

Look at the incomplete sentences below. Using the information provided, complete each sentence using a suitable tense. Follow the examples:

1947 until now India I has been (be) independent since 1947.

1947 India became (become) independent in 1947.

1. 1947 until now l There --------- (be) manywars.
2. 1991 There ------- (be) a war in the Persian Gulf.
3. 1953 -------- Edmund Hilary and Tensing first (climb) Everest.
4. 1953 until now Many people ________ (climb)Everest.
5. 1983 India --------- (win) the Prudential Cricket World Cup in England.
6. 1983 until now India -------- (win) many limited-overs cricket trophies.

 

C | Q 5 | Page 22

The present perfect is often used with the following time expressions:

until now                                          for many years                    

so far                                                over the last few years

lately                                                in the past few months
not yet                                             since20xx

recently
in recent years

Choose five of these time expressions and make sentences about interesting
items of news concerning yourself.

------------------------------------------

------------------------------------------

Now make groups of four, and tell (not read) each other your news.

C | Q 6 | Page 23

What has been the situation of your village/town/city five to ten years ago and how has it changed since then? Write a short paragraph describing the changes in its size, population, traftlc, buildings, lifestyle etc. Which verb forms would you mainly use to describe the changes? (Hint: Simple Past and Present Perfect forms.)

Chapter 2: Tenses (Integrated Grammar practice 1) Exercise D solutions [Pages 24 - 27]

D | Q 1 | Page 24

Simple Past Tense-Past Perfect Tense

Underline the main verbs in the sentences below. Then, rewrite the sentences in the correct order of events.

1) The people began to starve.
2) In 1925, a disease destroyed the crops in one village.
3) Later, the village people came to retrieve their children
4) The chief decided to send the children of the village to live in a settlement in the next valley.
5) However, they had married outside the village.
6) This caused a war between the two villages.

__________________

__________________

Now work with your partner and tick (✓) the sentence in which a different tense has been used. In pairs, discuss why this has been done.
Sentence No: 5 uses a different tense because ..................................................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................................

D | Q 2 | Page 25

Study the following sentences.
1) I didn't know Jim had migrated to the United States.
2) When we arrived at the theatre, the show had already begun.
3) The patient had died before the ambulance reached the hospital.
4) He had got married by the time he started working.
5) I couldn't open the locker because I had mislaid the keys.
6) Byom Bakshi felt that he had seen the man somewhere before.
As you can see, each of the above sentences describes two different actions, events or situations. Work with a partner and list them as shown in the example.

A. Occurred First B. Occurred Later
1. Example: Jim had migrated to the United States. 1. I did not know it. The speaker came to know the fact later.)
2. 2.
3. 3.
4. 4.
5. 5.
6. 6.

What verb forms have been used in (A) and (B) respectively?
A. ....................................................................
B ....................................................................

What conclusion can you draw from your analysis?

...................................................................

...................................................................

D | Q 3 | Page 26

Complete the following sentences correctly by using the simple past or
past perfect forms of the given verbs.
1) We ____ already (reach) home when Irlan __ (say) that he (forget) his books at school.

 2) Wendy (wake up) late, then she ____ (miss) her school bus, so by the time she (reach) school, it already (start).

3) I ___ (visit) my town again ten years after I _____ (leave) it and ___ (find) thatit completely (change).

4) When Feroze and Mehr (meet) for the first time, they ___ _ (not like) each other but now they are married.

D | Q 4 | Page 26

Find the incorrect sentences and then rewrite them correctly. Put a tick mark (✓)against the sentences that you think are correct.
1) By 2005, the singer recorded ten albums.
2) When I got to the bank, it had closed.
3) Timothy, the tiger, had killed five calves yesterday.
4) When Rehman met Mini ten years later, she grew up into a young girl.
5) By the time we reached the airport, the flight had left.
6) We hardly went a kilometre or so when the car broke down.

D | Q 5 | Page 27

Carefully study each of the following events or situations described in a set of three sentences/phrases. Then, write a short paragraph to describe each event/situation as shown in the example. Your paragraph should begin with the description of the second event in each case. Use the verb form had+ past participle to describe the earliest of the past events.

• Somebody burgled the office on Sunday night.

• Our arrival at work on Monday morning .

• Police informed

We arrived at work on

Monday and found that

somebody had burgled the

office the previous night. So,

we immediately informed the police.

• (I) Mayank went out with his family.

(ii) I tried to phone him this morning.

(iii) His servant answered.

I tried to phone Mayank this

morning but the servant

...........................................

...........................................

• (i) Rohit returned from holiday.(ii) Jayanti met Rohit.
(iii) Went to see a film.

Jayanti met Rohit, who

...........................................

...........................................

• (I) All the arrangements were finalised for the seminar.

(ii) The seminar participants arrived in Gangtok.

(iii) Met the professors from the UK the same evening.

The participants arrived in

Gangtok. They found

...........................................

...........................................

Chapter 2: Tenses (Integrated Grammar practice 1) Exercise E solutions [Pages 28 - 29]

E | Q 1 | Page 28

The following graph shows the number of visitors (in millions) visiting the famous Salarjung Museum in Hyderabad between 2000 and 2010 as well  as the number of visitors expected to visit it in the next ten years.

E | Q 2 | Page 29

Now write short paragraphs to describe the trends in the other groups of visitors featured in the graph.

• Overseas Visitors

....................................................

....................................................
• Domestic Visitors

....................................................

....................................................
• Total Number ofVisitors

....................................................

....................................................

Chapter 2: Tenses (Integrated Grammar practice 1) Exercise F solutions [Pages 30 - 31]

F | Q 1 | Page 30

Work with apartner
In the following sentences, choose and circle the verb form you think best fits the meaning of each sentence. You have been provided an example.

1. Tomorrow is will be is going to be Wednesday.
2. The train has left will have left is going to leave by the time you reach the station.
3. Hurry! The film does will is about to start.
4. The Minister opens is opening is about to open the new Art Centrenext week.
5. This time next year, he will live is living will be living in Mumbai.
6. I am going to be will be will have been a nurse when I grow up
F | Q 2 | Page 31

Working with the same partner, use the information given below and
discuss the reasons for choosing a particular verb form in F .1. Then match
the information in the bubbles below with the sentences, and put the
sentence number in the space provided, as shown in the example.

1. e.g. Something is expected to happen before a particular time in the future. (Sentence No 2)

2.Statement of a universal truth or fact.

(                                          )

3.Something is expected to
happen almost immediately

(                                                        )

4.Simple statement of future
plan or intention.

(                                            )

5.Sure to happen at a particular time in the future, as arrangements for it
have been made.

(                                      ) 

6.Statement of a planned
event expected.
(                                     }

Chapter 2: Tenses (Integrated Grammar practice 1) Exercise G solutions [Page 31]

G | Q 1 | Page 31

Tenses -Summary

Read the biodata of Sangeeta Rani Puri, India's swimming sensation. Then, complete the interview in the spaces provided. Do NOT add any extra information. Use appropriate tenses.

Natne                          : Sangeeta Rani Puri

Status                          : Non-resident Indian

Place of Birth               :  Trinidad

Place of Residence       :  USA

Parents                         : Raj Krishna Puri (Father) -fatnous  immigration   lawyer Moyna Margaret  Puri (mother) - (from Trinidad)

Achievements  records  : i) six new national records in five day (Junior National Swimming Meet, Vijaywada)
                                        ii) Senior Nationals, October 1995 (Kolkata) - Winner of seven events,  five new national 29. 02 seconds - no medal.
Future Plans                   :  I) Swimming scholarship and  training in USA
                                           ii) To represent India
                                           iii) To win an Olympic Medal.

Interviewer: Sangeeta, since you were in India for only a short while before
you flew to Atlanta, would you tell us a little about yourself?
 Sangeeta : Well, I'm an Indian and I'm proud to be one.
I: Please tell us about your parents.
S: My father ____________________
_______________________ from Trinidad.

I: Have you taken part in any of the National Championships?
S: (Very excited) Yes,_________at Vijaywada.

I: How ______________________________________________ Senior Nationals?

S: I won seven events and __________
I: How do you rate your performance in the Altanta Olympics in 1996?
S: I ___________________________ in the 50 metres freestyle. It's true that I _____________in Atlanta. But _____________________
I: Haveyou ___________________ forthefuture?
S: I in the USA. And of course I ____________for as long as possible. Also I _______________________ in the olympics.
I: Thank you, Sangeeta. I wish you all the best.
S: Thankyouverymuch.

Chapter 2: Tenses (Integrated Grammar practice 1)

ABCDEFG

CBSE English Course Communicative: Work Book Interact in English - Class 10

English Course Communicative: Work Book Interact in English - Class 10 - Shaalaa.com

CBSE solutions for Class 10 English - Communicative chapter 2 - Tenses (Integrated Grammar practice 1)

CBSE solutions for Class 10 English - Communicative chapter 2 (Tenses (Integrated Grammar practice 1)) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the CBSE English Course Communicative: Work Book Interact in English - Class 10 solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

Further, we at Shaalaa.com provide such solutions so that students can prepare for written exams. CBSE textbook solutions can be a core help for self-study and acts as a perfect self-help guidance for students.

Concepts covered in Class 10 English - Communicative chapter 2 Tenses (Integrated Grammar practice 1) are Writing Skill, Grammar.

Using CBSE Class 10 solutions Tenses (Integrated Grammar practice 1) exercise by students are an easy way to prepare for the exams, as they involve solutions arranged chapter-wise also page wise. The questions involved in CBSE Solutions are important questions that can be asked in the final exam. Maximum students of CBSE Class 10 prefer CBSE Textbook Solutions to score more in exam.

Get the free view of chapter 2 Tenses (Integrated Grammar practice 1) Class 10 extra questions for English - Communicative and can use Shaalaa.com to keep it handy for your exam preparation

S
View in app×