Chapter 1.2: Integrative Grammar Practice 1
Chapter 2.1: Determiners
Chapter 2.2: Integrative Grammar Practice 2
Chapter 3.1: Future Time Reference
Chapter 3.2: Integrative Grammar Practice 3
Chapter 4: Modals
Chapter 5.1: Connectors
Chapter 5.2: Integrative Grammar Practice 4
Chapter 6.1: The Passive
Chapter 6.2: Integrative Grammar Practice 5
Chapter 7.1: Reported Speech
Chapter 7.2: Integrative Grammar Practice 6
Chapter 8.1: Prepositions
Chapter 8.2: Integrative Grammar Practice 7
Chapter 5: Connectors
CBSE solutions for Class 9 English Communicative - Workbook Interact in English Chapter 5 Connectors Exercise [Pages 65 - 71]
Read the English folktale given below and fill up the blank spaces with suitable words.
There were once three tortoises – a father, a mother (a) ________. a baby (b) ________ one fine morning during Spring, they decided (c) ________ picnic. They picked the place (d) ________ they would go; a nice wood at some distance, (e) ________ they began to put their things together. They got tins of cheese, vegetables, meat and fruit preserves. In about three months, they were ready. They set out carrying their baskets (f) ________ eighteen months, they sat down for a rest. They knew (g) ________ they were already half way to the picnic place.
In three years they reached there. They unpacked (h) ________ spread out the canned food. Then, mother began to search inside the basket. She turned it upside down and shook it (i) ________ something important was missing.
“We’ve forgotten the tin-opener. Baby, you’ll have to go back. We can’t start without a tin-opener. We’ll wait for you”. .
“Do you promise (j) ________ you won’t touch a thing (k) ________ I come back?”
“Yes, we promise faithfully,” Mother and father said together.
Soon after, he was lost among the bushes.
So, they waited and waited. A year went by and they were getting hungry. They had promised (l) ________ they waited. They began to feel really hungry (m) ________ the sixth year was about to end.
Mother tortoise said, “He’d never know the difference.” “No,” said the father tortoise.
Mother tortoise said, “He ought to be back by now. Let’s just have one sandwich (n) ________ we are waiting.”
They picked up the sandwiches, (o) ________ as they were going to eat them, a little voice said, “Aha! I knew you’d cheat! It’s a good thing I didn’t start for that tin opener,” baby Tortoise said.
Based on your reading of the passage, complete the statements using given connectors.
(a) The mother, father ______ thought ______ (and)
(b) They planned to walk to the woods ______ (which)
(c) They reached the place ______ in eighteen months (which)
(d) They eagerly unpacked their picnic basket ______ (but)
(e) It was ______, when the three tortoises arrived at the picnic place, (after)
(f) The mother tortoise ordered the baby to go home for the opener, saying ______ (that).
(g) ______ (but) was not willing at first.
(h) The mother and father promised to wait ______ (until)
(i) ______ they began to get very hungry, (after)
Notice how ideas are connected in the story.
Write what the following words you just used in 1.1 imply by choosing suitable options from the box.
- so :
connects similar actions, objects
The words given above are called connectors. Connectors do not simply join sentences together; they also show how ideas are related.
There are many different ways of classifying connectors according to their meaning. We shall start with the ones you are already familiar with.
Look at the table below, showing the different meanings of connectors. Put words from the box into the correct categories. Some have been done for you as examples.
More complex Connectors
Read through the following text. Pay special attention to the underlined words. These help the reader to understand the relationship between sentences, or the parts of sentences, clearly.
Select as many appropriate words as possible from the list given below to replace the underlined words. Be careful not to change the basic meaning too much.
|to his amazement||even though|
|although||in actual fact|
|as a matter of fact||lastly|
|besides||to his surprise|
|asarule||all the same.|
Margin wasn’t a very bright boy. Normally, he never came more than second from the bottom in any test. But, that morning in the art lesson, he had drawn a beautiful picture of a scarecrow in a field of yellow corn. To his astonishment, the drawing was the only one given full marks – ten out of ten – which made him for the first time in his life the best in the class! He had proudly pinned the picture up on the wall behind his desk, where it could be admired by all. It seemed though, that not everyone admired it. Some unknown member of the class had, in fact, taken a violent dislike to it.
During the lunch break, when the classroom had been deserted, the picture had been torn off the wall. Moreover, it had been trodden or stamped on. As if that wasn’t enough, the words ‘ROTTEN RUBBISH’ had been written on the back in big round letters. And finally, the paper was so creased that it looked as though it had been screwed up into a tight ball and perhaps thrown about the room.
“Who could have done it?” Martin wondered.
Now rewrite the text.
Martin wasn’t a very bright boy.
As a rule, He never came more than second from the bottom in any test.
What comes next
Connectors are indicators or markers of what comes next in a text.
Look at these extracts from longer texts. Decide which marker/connector could be used in the blanks to indicate what comes next. e.g.
There are many good players in the cricket team: for instance, Tendulkar and Dhoni.
- There are two main types of elephant in the world: ___________ , the Indian and the African.
- He is good at swimming, tennis and hockey. ___________, he has also represented the school in cricket.
- Many environmentalists strongly object to the mill being built at Srutipur, ___________ the unemployed are very happy at the proposal.
- Her performance in the Olympics did not match our expectations. ___________, she hasn’t improved much in the recent past.
- In the field of research the computer, has proved immensely useful. ___________, it has become an indispensable tool for all kinds of scientific endeavour
- The import of petrol has been banned in the Midlands. ___________, the price of it has gone up.
Look at the text below. The sentences have been jumbled up. Write them in order out to produce a complete paragraph. The first sentence has been given to help you.
(a) To conclude, like many things in life it is up to the individual to use TV wisely, or to abuse it and become its slave.
(b) By contrast, those who attack TV state that it makes people lazy by doing everything for them.
(c) Television is here to stay.
(d) In other words, it stifles rather than stimulates the imagination.
(e) Defenders of TV say that it is a wonderful source of information about things we can never hope to see or do in person.
(f) Moreover, they say it makes topics interesting which would otherwise be boring and difficult in books. .
(g) However, is it a boon or a curse?
(h) In fact, it has become an indispensable part of our lives.
(a) Television is here to stay. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
(b) What helped you to put the sentence back in the correct order?
Understanding the Connectors.
Connectors are joining words. They join any of the following:
|1. One word with another||tired but happy.|
|2. One phrase with the other||ready to go and eager to start.|
|3. One clause with another||I went home because I had finished my
|4. One sentence with another||It was raining along heavily. So we took
along an umbrella.
Chapter 5: Connectors
CBSE solutions for Class 9 English Communicative - Workbook Interact in English chapter 5 - Connectors
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Concepts covered in Class 9 English Communicative - Workbook Interact in English chapter 5 Connectors are Writing and Grammar, Reading, Literature Textbook and Extended Reading Text.
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