The police interview Chetan to get an eyewitness account of the kidnapping. In pairs conduct the interview. One of you can play the role of Chetan and tell your partner, who plays the role of the police officer, what happened when the kidnapping occurred.
Chapter 1: Integrative Grammar Practice 1
Chapter 2: Determiners
Chapter 2: Integrative Grammar Practice 2
Chapter 3: Future Time Reference
Chapter 3: Integrative Grammar Practice 3
Chapter 4: Modals
Chapter 5: Connectors
Chapter 5: Integrative Grammar Practice 4
Chapter 6: The Passive
Chapter 6: Integrative Grammar Practice 5
Chapter 7: Reported Speech
Chapter 7: Integrative Grammar Practice 6
Chapter 8: Prepositions
Chapter 8: Integrative Grammar Practice 7
CBSE Class 9 English Communicative - Workbook Interact in English
Chapter 1: Verb Forms
Chapter 1: Verb Forms Exercise Exercise solutions [Pages 1 - 17]
Simple Past and Past Perfect
Complete this story by Julius Lester. Choose the correct forms of the words
given in the brackets.
Brer Rabbit (a) ________ (decidedI had decided) gardening was too much hard work. So he (b) ________ (had gone/went) back to his old ways of eating from everybody else’s garden. Earlier, he (c)________ (made/had made) a tour through the community to see what everybody (d)________ (had been/was) planting that summer and his eye (e) ________ (was/had been) caught by Brer Fox’s peanut patch.
That night Brer Rabbit (l) _______ (came/had come) down to the peanut patch. He climbed through the hole and WHOOSH ! Next thing he (m) _______ (had known/knew), he was hanging in the air upside down. There (n) ________ (wasn’t/hadn’t been) a thing he could do, so he made himself comfortable to catch a little sleep!
Answer the following questions based on the story you have read.
(a) What had Brer Rabbit found out?
(b) What did he do when the plants grew?
(c) How did he enter Brer Fox's peanut patch?
(d) Brer Fox had an idea of who was stealing from his patch. What did he do to trap
You must have used the simple past tense and past perfect tense in your
answer. Do you know most often, when you use the past perfect, you use it with
the (simple) past?
Study the sentences from the story and write whether (a) the action happened
before the action mentioned in the simple past tense, or (b) an action happened
after the action mentioned in the past perfect tense.
(e.g.) Brer Rabbit had decided _(a)_ gardening was _(b)_too much for him. So,
he went __ back to his old ways. Earlier, he had made __ a tour through
the community to see what everybody had been __ planting that summer
and his eye was __ caught by Brer Fox's peanut patch.
Here is a news story about how crops are saved by climate-proofing them Complete it by choosing the right words from those given in the brackets.
(A) Among the most worrying aspects of climate change today (a) __________ (is/has been) the effect it (b) __________ (has had/have had) on the food supply of the world. Sctentists (c) __________ (have focussed /focus) their attention and efforts on increasing crop yield and improving crop resilience. Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa (d) __________ (have been I are) the most affected today. Their population (e) __________ (is/has been) the world’s fastest growing rice consumer. The most vulnerable agricultural systems (f) __________ (are/have been) the rain-fed uplands and lowlands that form 80% of total rice land. Until recently, scientists (g) __________ (have focussed / focussed) on improving crop yields, and in a relatively short period of time, (h) __________ (give / have given) us, higher yields. Reports warning of increased droughts and floods, (i) __________ (shift/have shifted) scientists’ attention to making crops “climate- proof”
(B). Answer the questions based on your reading of the passage above.
(a) What have been the most worrying aspects of agricultural growth?
(b) What do scientists today focus on?
(c) Where is the negative impact of climate most felt?
(d) What have the scientists focussed on so far?
(e) How has their attention shifted?
(C) Did you know
You would have used the simple present and present perfect tense in your
The main use of the simple present tense is to refer to
(i) an action that takes place now.
(ii) routine action/ s.
The present perfect tense is used to refer to an action which has happened
in the past but whose effect still remains.
(e.g.) Among the most worrying aspect of climate change is the effect it has on
the world's food supply.
Climate scientists have predicted that the cultivation of rice in Asia and SubSahara
Africa has been affected severely, since 1970. But, today lack of funds
(A) Working in pairs, fill up the table by asking your partner about what he/ she does on the following days and times.
|Day||7.00 am||1.00 pm||6.00 pm|
(B) Write a brief account of his/her actions on the specified times and days, in the
space below. Ask further questions, if necessary. Use the simple past/past
perfect tense to write your description.
e.g. (a) Rani visited the zoo on Sunday.
(b) She had.finished all her homework by 5. 00 am on that day.
Look around your classroom and observe the activities in your school in this
period. Describe what you, your teacher or class are doing in the form of a
e.g. The Blue House is practising its songs for the competition. I can hear the band
which is playing patriotic tunes, in the playground.
Simple Past and Past Continuous
There was a burglary in your neighbourhood. You saw something suspicious.
Tell the police officer all about it by filling in the blanks choosing the correct
forms of the words from the options given below.
It (a) was raining last night. I (b) _________ TV. I (c) _________ a little restless. I (d) _________ to the window and was looking out when I (e) _________ that Mr Sharma, my neighbour (f) _________ near the door. I thought he had gone to shut it. I also (g) _________ Mrs Sharma walking up and down in her garden. Then I heard Mr Sharma calling his wife to come in. I (h) _________ back to my table and opened my book. I (i) _________ when I heard a thud and a scream. I (j) _________ out of the house and saw a man in a black coat and hat running towards the gate. Mr and Mrs Sharma (k) _________ in the street. I saw a car speeding away with the burglar.
(a) (i) raining (ii) was raining (iii) were raining (iv) rained
(b) (i) were watching (ii) watched (iii) was watching (iv) watching
(c) (i) has felt (ii) felt (iii) was feeling (iv) feel
(d) (i) had gone (ii) went (iii) was going (iv) gone
(e) (i) noticing (ii) was noticing (iii) were noticing (iv) noticed
(f) (i) stood (ii) were standing (iii) was standing (iv) were stood
(g) (i) seeing (ii) saw (iii) was seeing (iv) seen
(h) (i) had come (ii) was coming (iii) came (iv) were came
(i) (i) hadread (ii) was reading (iii) were reading (iv) read
m (i) rushed (ii) was rushing (iii) were rushed (iv) rushing
(k) (i) had screamed (ii) was screaming (iii) screamed (iv) were screaming
A young girl was kidnapped from the main street of Srutipur at 3 o’clock yesterday afternoon. Chetan was there at that time.
Look at the verbs in the box and put them in the correct columns in the table that follows
|thought||emotion||possession||perception (often used with can)||measurement|
Some verbs, like the ones mentioned above, are not normally used in the continuous (- ing) form. However, we do sometimes use such verbs in the continuous form. Look at the following examples.
1. “I can’t concentrate on my work because I’m thinking about that beautiful scene.”
2. “I think it is beautiful.”
- Which sentence expresses an activity in progress at the moment?
- Which sentence expresses a decided opinion?
The verb ‘to have’
Be careful with the verb ‘to have’, which has many different uses and meanings. Study the box below and consider the sentences that follow.
|Health (H)||Possession (P)||Relationship (R)|
|Mr Sinha||headache||Maruti car||two daughters|
Put a tick (✓) or cross (✗) against each sentence according to whether it is correct or incorrect.
- Mr Sinha has a severe headache. ___________
- He is having a blue-coloured Maruti car. ___________
- Mr Sinha has two daughters and no sons. ___________
Now, work individually, and with the help of the information in the box below, write six appropriate sentences.
|Mrs Sharma||fever||Palatial house||brother-in-law living with them|
|Shyam||Sound health||Personal computer||dog|
We often use the Present Perfect with time expressions using ‘since’ or ‘for’.
Which expressions go with since and which go with for? (Indicate with a tick). (The first two have been done for you.)
We use ‘since’ to express ______ in time, whereas ‘for’ is used to express ______ of time.
|a short time|
|the day before yesterday|
Choose three ‘since’ expressions and three ‘for’ expressions from the table above. Then write six sentences using the pattern in the box below.
I haven’t seen him since the day before yesterday.
I have not seen him for ages.
(a) Narendra Singh – broke record – long jump – regional meet – Principal sent congratulations – also President Youth Federation
(b) Narendra Singh from St. Michael’s School has broken the regional long jump record. The principal of St. Michael’s has sent his congratulations. Best wishes have also come from the President of the Youth Federation.
Exchange notes with your partner. Read out your partner’s information as a news broad¬cast. Use the present perfect tense to report I express actions completed in the recent past but whose effect still remains.
Use your imagination to make the news item sound exciting
Present Perfect Continuous
“What have you been doing?”
Imagine what people have been doing or what are the things that have been happening.
|Ashok comes in wearing white shorts, a T-shirt and carrying a racquet. He is sweating.|
|i think||he has been playing||tennis|
(а) Mohan comes in wearing overalls and is covered in paint.
(b) Ramesh comes in with a smile on his face. He is holding a trophy.
(c) Monica returns home with lots of packets in her hands.
(b) Sheela comes in with red eyes and a wet handkerchief.
Now write three situations similar to (a) in the box. Exchange the information with your partner and guess the answer to each other's situations as in (b).
My dog is barking angrily and is trying to get loose.
The car is making a curious noise.
Satish enters breathing heavily.
Satish enters breathing heavily.
“Living conditions have been improving….”
——- Number of children in secondary school.
——- Number of people dying from malnutrition.
——- Number of homes with running water.
——- Number of women working outside the home.
Write a report on the changes in living conditions in Medland between 1950 and now. Suggest reasons for these changes. Use the present perfect continuous where necessary. You may wish to use the words in the vertical box above right.
(b) The number of homes with running water has been rising sharply since 1985, whereas
Used to and Would
(A) Read the passage given below. Substitute ‘used to’ with ‘would’ wherever appropriate so that the passage reads better.
When I was a student, I used to visit the library frequently. The librarian was a kind man and he used to help me select my books. There used to be a small tea shop near the library. After spending a few hours in the reading room of the library, 1 used to go to this tea shop to meet my friends. There used to be an old waiter who kept a corner table reserved for us.
No. This is because they are used differently.
Read the passage again and complete the sentences below.
1. ‘used to’ is used to describe _______ in the present as well as situations that existed in the past.
2. ‘would’ is used to describe only _______ in the past.
(B) Think of the days when you were eight years old. Write down four or five things you would do or used to do or be. Make sentences like those in the box. Share your experiences with your partner.
Understanding the tenses:
The tense forms that have been practised and discussed in this chapter, allow
you to show accurately and subtly the time and the relationship of actions and
events with it. We use them in speech and writing.
Understanding and recognising how the tense forms are used.
Can you identity the present tense forms.
Simple Present Present Perfect
1. I llli!¥ tennis 1. I have played tennis
2. You read well. 2. You have read well.
3. She sees something 3. She has seen something.
1. I am playing tennis
2. You are reading well
3. She is looking at something.
Simple Past Past Perfect
1. I knew about it 1. I had known about it
2. You took it away 2. You had taken it away
3. She finished her work. 3. She had finished her work.
Present Continuous Past Continuous
1. I am reading a book. I was reading a book.
2. They are playing football outside. They were playing football outside.
3. She is looking for her friend. Last week, she was looking for her friend.
Present Perfect Continuous
Read the following sentences with the present perfect continuous tense
1. Mr and Mrs Singh have been living in the same house in the same town
for the last five years.
2. "Have you beenkeepingyourpocketmoneysafely, Rani?"
These sentences illustrate the main use of the Present Perfect Continuous
tense to show that the action started in the past and is still in progress in
Subject Verb Agreement.
A verb must be in the same number and person as its subject e.g.
(a) A man and his wife have lived here since January 2009.
(b) Arun, a great scholar, is dead.
(c) Either James or Peter is to be promoted.
( d) The horse as well as its rider was hurt by the fall.
(e) Not only India, but also the whole world recognises Gandhiji's
(f) Eachman was rewarded.
(g) Every tree has been saved.
(h) The Adventures of Tom Jones is a great novel.
Reviewing verb forms
Edit the following letter by choosing the appropriate word for each underlined word from the given options.
Hill Mount School
20 February 20xx
National Public School
Our school (a) conducted a cultural fiesta on the 26th of this month. The events
for competition (b) includes music, dance and skit. Each school (c) are
requested to send not more than fifteen participants. We would appreciate if
the students of your prestigious institution (d) are participating in the
competition and make our show a grand success. Attractive prizes will be
awarded to the winners.
Thank you very much
Complete the following news item by choosing the correct word from the options given below.
(a) (i) has celebrated
(ii) was celebrating
(iv) was celebrated
(iii) was being
(iv) has been
(ii) had inaugurated
(iii) were planting
(iv) had planted
(ii) had been urging
(ii) was presented
(iii) were presenting
(iv) had presented
Chapter 1: Verb Forms
CBSE Class 9 English Communicative - Workbook Interact in English
Textbook solutions for Class 9
CBSE solutions for Class 9 English - Communicative chapter 1 - Verb Forms
CBSE solutions for Class 9 English - Communicative chapter 1 (Verb Forms) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the CBSE Class 9 English Communicative - Workbook Interact in English solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.
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