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Balbharati solutions for Science and Technology Part 1 10th Standard SSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 9 - Carbon Compounds [Latest edition]

Chapters

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Chapter 9: Carbon Compounds

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[Pages 133 - 134]

Balbharati solutions for Science and Technology Part 1 10th Standard SSC Maharashtra State Board Chapter 9 Carbon Compounds [Pages 133 - 134]

Q 1 | Page 133

Match the pairs.

Group 'A' Group 'B'
a. C2H6 1. Unsaturated hydrocarbon
b. C2H2 2. Molecular formula of an alcohol
c. CH4O 3. Saturated hydrocarbon
d. C3H6 4. Triple bond
Q 2.1 | Page 133

Draw an electron dot structure of the following molecule. (Without showing the circle) :
Methane

Q 2.2 | Page 133

Draw an electron dot structure of the following molecule. (Without showing the circle) :
Ethene

Q 2.3 | Page 133

Draw an electron dot structure of the following molecule. (Without showing the circle) :
Methanol

Q 2.4 | Page 133

Draw an electron dot structure of the following molecule. (Without showing the circle) :
Water

Q 3.1 | Page 133

Draw all possile structural formulae of compound from their molecular formula given below.
C3H8

Q 3.2 | Page 133

Draw all possile structural formulae of compound from their molecular formula given below.
C4H10

Q 3.3 | Page 133

Draw all possile structural formulae of compound from their molecular formula given below.
C3H4

Q 4.01 | Page 133

Explain the Structural isomerism term with example.

Q 4.02 | Page 133

Explain the following term with example.
Covalent bond

Q 4.03 | Page 133

Explain the following term with example.
Hetero atom in a carbon compound

Q 4.04 | Page 133

Explain the following term with example.
Functional group

Q 4.05 | Page 133

Explain the following term with example.
Alkane

Q 4.06 | Page 133

Explain the following term with example.
Unsaturated hydrocarbon

Q 4.07 | Page 133

Explain the following term with example.
Homopolumer

Q 4.08 | Page 133

Explain the following term with example.
Monomer

Q 4.09 | Page 133

Explain the following term with example.

Reduction

Q 4.1 | Page 133

Explain the following term with example.
Oxydant

Q 5.1 | Page 134

Write the IUPAC name of the following structural formulae.
 CH3-CH2-CH2-CH3

Q 5.2 | Page 134

Write the IUPAC name of the following structural formulae.
CH3-CHOH-CH3

Q 5.3 | Page 134

Write the IUPAC name of the following structural formulae.
CH3-CH2-COOH

Q 5.4 | Page 134

Write the IUPAC name of the following structural formulae.
CH3-CH2-NH2

Q 5.5 | Page 134

Write the IUPAC name of the following structural formulae.
CH3-CHO

Q 5.6 | Page 134

Write the IUPAC name of the following structural formulae.
CH3-CO-CH2-CH3

Q 6.1 | Page 134

Identify the type of the following reaction of carbon compound.
CH3 -CH2 -CH2-OH → CH3 -CH2 -COOH

Q 6.2 | Page 134

Identify the type of the following reaction of carbon compound.
CH3 -CH2 -CH3 → 3CO2 + 4H2O

Q 6.3 | Page 134

Identify the type of the following reaction of carbon compound.
CH3 -CH = CH -CH3 + Br2 → CH3 -CHBr - CHBr -CH3

Q 6.4 | Page 134

Identify the type of the following reaction of carbon compound.
CH3 -CH3 + Cl→ CH3 -CH2 -Cl + HCl

Q 6.5 | Page 134

Identify the type of the following reaction of carbon compound.
 CH-CH2 -CH2 -CH2 -OH → CH3 -CH2 -CH=CH2 + H2O

Q 6.6 | Page 134

Identify the type of the following reaction of carbon compound.
CH-CH2 -COOH + NaOH → CH3 -CH2 -COO - Na+ + H2O

Q 6.7 | Page 134

Identify the type of the following reaction of carbon compound.
CH3 -COOH + CH3 -OH → CH3 -COO- CH3 + H2O

Q 7.1 | Page 134

Write structural formulae for the following IUPAC name.
pent-2-one

 
Q 7.2 | Page 134

Write structural formulae for the following IUPAC name.
2-chlorobutane

Q 7.3 | Page 134

Write structural formulae for the following IUPAC name.
propan- 2 ol

Q 7.4 | Page 134

Write structural formulae for the following IUPAC name.
methanal

Q 7.5 | Page 134

Write structural formulae for the following IUPAC name.
butanoic acid

Q 7.6 | Page 134

Write structural formulae for the following IUPAC name.
1- bromopropane

Q 7.7 | Page 134

Write structural formulae for the following IUPAC name.
ethanamine

Q 7.8 | Page 134

Write structural formulae for the following IUPAC name.
butanone

Q 8.1 | Page 134

Write answer as directed.
What causes the existance of very large number of carbon compound ?

Q 8.2 | Page 134

Write answer as directed.
Saturated hydrocarbons are classified into three types. Write these names giving one example each.

Q 8.3 | Page 134

Write answer as directed.
Give any four functional groups containing oxygen as the heteroatom in it. Write name and structural formula of one example each.

Q 8.4 | Page 134

Write answer as directed.
Give names of three functional groups containing three different hetero atoms. Write name and structural formula of one example each.

Q 8.5 | Page 134

Write answer as directed.
Give names of three natural polymers. Write the place of their occurance and names of monomers from which they are formed.

Q 8.6 | Page 134

Write answer as directed.

What is meant by vinegar and gashol? What are their uses?

Q 8.7 | Page 134

Write answer as directed.
What is a catalyst ? Write any one reaction which is brought about by use of catalyst ?

Chapter 9: Carbon Compounds

Balbharati solutions for Science and Technology Part 1 10th Standard SSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 9 - Carbon Compounds

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Concepts covered in Science and Technology Part 1 10th Standard SSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 9 Carbon Compounds are Functional Groups in Carbon Compounds, Macro Molecules and Polymers, The Covalent Bond, Homologous Series of Carbon Compound, Ethanol, Ethanoic Acid, IUPAC Nomenclature of Hydrocarbons, Nomenclature of Organic Compounds, Types of Covalent Bond, Formation of Covalent Bond, Classification of Compounds of Carbon, Physical Properties of Carbon Compound, Chemical Properties of Carbon Compound, Hydrocarbons, Saturated and Unsaturated Carbon Compounds, Chains, Branches and Rings of Carbon Compound, Carbon: a Versatile Element, IUPAC Nomenclature of other classes.

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