Maharashtra State BoardHSC Commerce 12th Board Exam
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Balbharati solutions for English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 3 - Summary Writing [Latest edition]

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Chapters

English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board - Shaalaa.com

Chapter 3: Summary Writing

Ice BreakersBrainstorming (A1)Brainstorming (A2)Brainstorming (A3)Brainstorming (A4)
Ice Breakers [Page 135]

Balbharati solutions for English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board Chapter 3 Summary Writing Ice Breakers [Page 135]

Ice Breakers | Q 1.1 | Page 135

Discuss in pairs and guess the correct alternative for the following.

To summarise means _______ .

  • Put information in chronological order

  • To recapitulate the main points in selection

  • To introduce new information

  • To write one’s opinion about selection

Ice Breakers | Q 1.2 | Page 135

Discuss in pairs and guess the correct alternative for the following.

The type of summary that consists of a paragraph to express the main idea is _______.

  • Outline

  • Report

  • Synopsis

  • Written summary

Ice Breakers | Q 2 | Page 135

There are various ways of incorporating other writers’ works into your own writing. They differ according to the closeness of your writing to the source writing. Match the ways of writing in brief given in column (A) with their descriptions in column (B).

Sr.no. (A) Ways of writing   (B) Descriptions
1. Summarising a. It includes not just the main idea but every detail expressed clearly and to the point
2. Paraphrasing b. It includes selection of proper lines from the given text for correction, condensation and organization
3. Précis writing c. It includes the most essential part or the crux of the matter.
4. Quoting d. It includes taking a broader segment of the source and condensing it slightly.
5. Editing e. It includes the presentation of main ideas into one’s own words.
6. Gist writing f. It must be identical to the original and match the document word by word.
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Brainstorming (A1) [Page 138]

Balbharati solutions for English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board Chapter 3 Summary Writing Brainstorming (A1) [Page 138]

Brainstorming (A1) | Q 1 | Page 138

Complete the following as instructed. Read the passage and write its summary according to the given steps.

Communication is a part of our everyday life. We greet one another, smile or frown, depending on our moods. Animals, too, communicate, much to our surprise. Just like us, interaction among animals can be both verbal or non-verbal. Singing is one way in which animals can interact with one another. Male blackbirds often use their melodious songs to catch the attention of the females. These songs are usually rich in notes variation, encoding various kinds of messages. Songs are also used to warn and keep off other blackbirds from their territory, usually a place where they dwell and reproduce.
Large mammals in the oceans sing too, according to adventurous sailors. Enormous whales groan and grunt while smaller dolphins and porpoises produce pings, whistles, and clicks. These sounds are surprisingly received by other mates as far as several hundred kilometers away.

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Brainstorming (A2) [Page 139]

Balbharati solutions for English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board Chapter 3 Summary Writing Brainstorming (A2) [Page 139]

Brainstorming (A2) | Q 1 | Page 139

Cut redundant words:

We’re often inefficient in our language, using more words than necessary. Consider the following phrases. Find five more redundant words.

a. “Circle around” can become “circle.”

b. “Write down” can become “write.”

c. “Added bonus” is simply a “bonus.”

d. “Get to the point as quickly as possible” is really “get to the point.”

e. “Close proximity” is “close.”

f. “During the course of” is “during.”

Brainstorming (A2) | Q 2.1 | Page 139

Adverbs clutter up your copy. You can usually live without them. Just delete italicized word and rewrite.

“That’s usually a good thing to do.”

Brainstorming (A2) | Q 2.2 | Page 139

Adverbs clutter up your copy. You can usually live without them. Just delete italicized word and rewrite.

“That’s fairly good coffee.” 

Brainstorming (A2) | Q 2.3 | Page 139

Adverbs clutter up your copy. You can usually live without them. Just delete italicized word and rewrite.

“I totally agree.”

Brainstorming (A2) | Q 2.4 | Page 139

Adverbs clutter up your copy. You can usually live without them. Just delete italicized word and rewrite.

Actually, I disagree.” 

Brainstorming (A2) | Q 3 | Page 139

One word substitutes are words that replace a group of words or a full-sentence effectively without creating any ambiguity in the meaning of the sentences.

(a) The life story of man written by himself: autobiography

(b) A sound that cannot be heard: inaudible

(c) A list of books: catalogue

(d) A sentence whose meaning is unclear: ambiguous

Find as many examples as you can from the internet and make a list.

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Brainstorming (A3) [Pages 139 - 140]

Balbharati solutions for English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board Chapter 3 Summary Writing Brainstorming (A3) [Pages 139 - 140]

Brainstorming (A3) | Q 1 | Page 139

Use of noun in apposition:

Apposition is a grammatical construction in which two elements, normally noun phrases, are placed side by side, with one element serving to identify the other in a different way; the two elements are said to be in apposition.
Apposition can be used to make compound sentences short and simple.
Neha is their eldest child and she is very intelligent.
- Neha, their eldest child, is very intelligent. [Here, Neha and their eldest child are the same person.] Provide two such examples of apposition.

Brainstorming (A3) | Q 2.1 | Page 140

Transforming Complex to Simple: By using phrases like ‘too...to’ or using noun phrase instead of a clause:

Nagpur is the city where oranges grow.
- Oranges grow in Nagpur

The old man is so weak that he cannot walk.
- The old man is too weak to walk.

Change the following sentence into simple:

Mr Rohit is the member and he is also the director.

Brainstorming (A3) | Q 2.2 | Page 140

Transforming Complex to Simple: By using phrases like ‘too...to’ or using noun phrase instead of a clause:

Nagpur is the city where oranges grow.
- Oranges grow in Nagpur

The old man is so weak that he cannot walk.
- The old man is too weak to walk.

Change the following sentence into simple:

The room is so small that it cannot accommodate many people.

Brainstorming (A3) | Q 2.3 | Page 140

Transforming Complex to Simple: By using phrases like ‘too...to’ or using noun phrase instead of a clause:

Nagpur is the city where oranges grow.
- Oranges grow in Nagpur

The old man is so weak that he cannot walk.
- The old man is too weak to walk.

Change the following sentence into simple:

You have to prove that you are innocent.

Brainstorming (A3) | Q 2.4 | Page 140

Transforming Complex to Simple: By using phrases like ‘too...to’ or using noun phrase instead of a clause:

Nagpur is the city where oranges grow.
– Oranges grow in Nagpur.

The old man is so weak that he cannot walk.
– The old man is too weak to walk.

Change the following sentence into simple:

He was late so he walked in a great hurry.

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Brainstorming (A4) [Page 140]

Balbharati solutions for English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board Chapter 3 Summary Writing Brainstorming (A4) [Page 140]

Brainstorming (A4) | Q 1 | Page 140

Read any book of your choice and write its summary according to the steps explained in the chapter.

Brainstorming (A4) | Q 2 | Page 140

Find some professions that require the skill of summary writing and editing. Write them in your notebook.

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Chapter 3: Summary Writing

Ice BreakersBrainstorming (A1)Brainstorming (A2)Brainstorming (A3)Brainstorming (A4)
English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board - Shaalaa.com

Balbharati solutions for English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 3 - Summary Writing

Balbharati solutions for English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 3 (Summary Writing) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the Maharashtra State Board English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

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Concepts covered in English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 3 Summary Writing are Listening Skill, Speaking Skill, Reading Skill, Writing Skill, Vocabulary, Grammar.

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