Maharashtra State BoardHSC Science (General) 11th
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Balbharati solutions for Chemistry 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board chapter 16 - Chemistry in Everyday Life [Latest edition]

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Chapters

Chemistry 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board - Shaalaa.com

Chapter 16: Chemistry in Everyday Life

Exercises
Exercises [Pages 269 - 270]

Balbharati solutions for Chemistry 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board Chapter 16 Chemistry in Everyday Life Exercises [Pages 269 - 270]

Exercises | Q 1. (A) | Page 269

Choose the correct option.

Oxidative Rancidity is a ______ reaction.

  • addition

  • subtitution

  • Free radical

  • combination

Exercises | Q 1. (B) | Page 269

Choose the correct option.

Saponification is carried out by ______.

  • oxidation

  • alkaline hydrolysis

  • polymarisation

  • free radical formation

Exercises | Q 1. (C) | Page 269

Choose the correct option.

Aspirin is chemically named as ______.

  • Salicylic acid

  • acetyl salicylic acid

  • chloroxylenol

  • thymol

Exercises | Q 1. (D) | Page 269

Choose the correct option.

Find the odd one out from the following:

  • Dettol

  • chloroxylenol

  • paracetamol

  • trichlorophenol

Exercises | Q 1. (E) | Page 269

Choose the correct option.

Arsenic based antibiotic is ______.

  • Azodye

  • prontosil

  • salvarsan

  • sulphapyridine

Exercises | Q 1. (F) | Page 269

Choose the correct option.

The chemical used to slow down the browning action of cut fruit is ______.

  • SO3

  • SO2

  • H2SO4

  • Na2CO3

Exercises | Q 1. (G) | Page 269

Choose the correct option.

The chemical is responsible for the rancid flavour of fats is ______.

  • Butyric acid

  • Glycerol

  • Protein

  • Saturated fat

Exercises | Q 1. (H) | Page 269

Choose the correct option.

Health benefits are obtained by consumption of ______.

  • Saturated fats

  • trans fats

  • monounsaturated fats

  • all of these

Exercises | Q 2. (A) | Page 269

Explain the following:

Cooking makes food easy to digest.

Exercises | Q 2. (B) | Page 269

Explain the following:

On cutting, some fruits and vegetables turn brown.

Exercises | Q 2. (C) | Page 269

Explain the following:

Vitamin E is added to packed edible oil.

Exercises | Q 2. (D) | Page 269

Explain the following:

Browning of cut apple can be prolonged by applying lemon juice.

Exercises | Q 2. (E) | Page 269

Explain the following:

A diluted solution (4.8% w/v) of 2, 4, 6-trichlorophenol is employed as antiseptic.

Exercises | Q 2. (F) | Page 269

Explain the following:

Turmeric powder can be used as an antiseptic.

Exercises | Q 3. (A) | Page 269

Identify the functional group in the following molecule:

Aspirin

Exercises | Q 3. (B) | Page 270

Identify the functional group in the following molecule:

Paracetamol

Exercises | Q 3. (C) | Page 270

Identify the functional group in the following molecule:

Penicillin

Exercises | Q 3. (D) | Page 270

Identify the functional group in the following molecule:

Chloramphenicol

Exercises | Q 3. (E) | Page 270

Identify the functional group in the following molecule:

Sulphanilamide

Exercises | Q 3. (F) | Page 270

Identify the functional group in the following molecule:

Glycerine

\[\begin{array}{cc}\ce{CH2 - OH}\\|\phantom{.........}\\\ce{CH - OH}\\|\phantom{.........}\\\ce{CH2 - OH}\end{array}\]

Exercises | Q 4. (A) | Page 270

Give two differences between the Disinfectant and antiseptic.

Exercises | Q 4. (B) | Page 270

Give two differences between the Soap and synthetic detergent.

Exercises | Q 4. (C) | Page 270

Give two differences between Saturated and unsaturated fats.

Exercises | Q 4. (D) | Page 270

Give two differences between the Rice flour and cooked rice.

Exercises | Q 5 | Page 270

Match the pairs.

A group B group
A. Paracetamol a. Antibiotic
B. Chloramphenicol b. Synthetic detergent
C. BHT c. Soap
D. Sodium stearate d. Antioxidant
  e. Analgesic
Exercises | Q 6 | Page 270

Name two drugs which reduce body pain.

Exercises | Q 7. (A) | Page 270

Explain with an example of Antiseptics.

Exercises | Q 7. (B) | Page 270

Explain with an example Disinfectant.

Exercises | Q 7. (C) | Page 270

Explain with an example of Cationic detergents.

Exercises | Q 7. (D) | Page 270

Explain with an example of Anionic detergents.

Exercises | Q 7. (E) | Page 270

Explain with an example of Nonionic detergents.

Exercises | Q 8 | Page 270

Explain the Mechanism of cleansing action of soap with flow chart.

Exercises | Q 9 | Page 270

What is meant by broad-spectrum antibiotic and narrow-spectrum antibiotics?

Exercises | Q 10. (A) | Page 270

Answer in one sentence.

Name the pain killer obtained from acetylation of salicylic acid.

Exercises | Q 10. (B) | Page 270

Answer in one sentence.

Name the class of drug often called as a painkiller.

Exercises | Q 10. (C) | Page 270

Answer in one sentence.

Who discovered penicillin?

Exercises | Q 10. (D) | Page 270

Answer in one sentence.

Draw the structure of chloroxylenol.

Exercises | Q 10. (D) | Page 270

Answer in one sentence.

Draw the structure of salvarsan.

Exercises | Q 10. (E) | Page 270

Answer in one sentence.

Write molecular formula of Butylated hydroxytoluene.

Exercises | Q 10. (F) | Page 270

Answer in one sentence.

What is the tincture of iodine?

Exercises | Q 10. (G) | Page 270

Answer in one sentence.

Draw the structure of BHT.

Exercises | Q 10. (H) | Page 270

Write a chemical equation for saponification.

Exercises | Q 10. (I) | Page 270

Write the molecular formula and name of 

Exercises | Q 11. (A) | Page 270

Write two examples of the following:

  1. Analgesics
  2. Antiseptics
  3. Antibiotics
  4. Disinfectant
Exercises | Q 11. (B) | Page 270

What do you understand by antioxidants?

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Chapter 16: Chemistry in Everyday Life

Exercises
Chemistry 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board - Shaalaa.com

Balbharati solutions for Chemistry 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board chapter 16 - Chemistry in Everyday Life

Balbharati solutions for Chemistry 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board chapter 16 (Chemistry in Everyday Life) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the Maharashtra State Board Chemistry 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

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Concepts covered in Chemistry 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board chapter 16 Chemistry in Everyday Life are Chemistry in Everyday Life, Basics of Food Chemistry, Compounds with Medicinal Properties, Cleansing Agents.

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