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Transducers and Sensors for Medical Application Semester 4 (SE Second Year) BE Biomedical Engineering University of Mumbai Topics and Syllabus

CBCGS [2017 - current]
CBGS [2013 - 2016]
Old [2000 - 2012]


100 Introduction
  • Generalized Instrumentation System.
  • General Properties of Input Transducer.
  • Static Characteristics: Accuracy, Precision, Resolution, Reproducibility, Sensitivity, Drift, Hysteresis, Linearity, Input Impedance and Output Impedance.
  • Dynamic Characteristics: First Order and Second Order Characteristics, Time Delay, Error Free Instrument, Transfer Functions.
  • Design Criteria.
  • Generalized Instrument Specifications.
200 Displacement, Motion and Pressure Measurement
  • Resistive: Potentiometers, Strain Gauges and Bridge Circuits.
  • Inductive: Variable Inductance and LVDT.
  • Capacitive type, Piezoelectric Transducers.
  • Types of Diaphragms, Bellows, Bourdon Tubes.
300 Temperature Measurement
  • Thermistor
  • Thermocouple
  • Resistive Temperature Detector
  • IC based Temperature Measurement
  • Radiation Sensors and Applications.
400 Biopotential Electrodes
  • Electrodes Electrolyte Interface
  • Half-Cell Potential
  • Polarization
  • Polarizable and Non Polarizable
  • Electrodes
  • Calomel Electrode
  • Electrode Circuit Model
  • Electrode Skin-Interface and Motion Artifact.
  • Body Surface Electrodes.
  • Internal Electrodes: Needle and Wire Electrodes (Different Types).
  • Microelectrodes: Metal, Supported Metal Micropipette (Metal Filled Glass And Glass Micropipette Electrodes).
500 Chemical Sensors
  • Blood gas and Acid- Base Physiology Potentiometric Sensors
  • Ion Selective Electrodes
  • Amperometric Sensors
  • Clark Electrode with examples - pH, pO2, pCO2 Electrodes
  • Transcutaneous Arterial Oxygen Tension, Carbon Dioxide measurements: capnostat.
600 Fiber Optic Sensors
  • Design Principles in Fabrication of Fiber Optic Sensors - Temperature, Chemical, Pressure.
700 Biosensor
  • Classifications: Biological phenomenon, Transduction Phenomenon i.e. Enzyme Sensor and Electrode based: Affinity Sensors (Catalytic Biosensors)
  • Two examples of each Biosensors and Immunosensors.
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