Topics with syllabus and resources
Application areas of thermodynamics, Systems and Control volumes, Properties of system, Continuum, State and equilibrium, Processes and cycles, Temperature and Zeroth law of thermodynamics, Heat and thermodynamic concept of work.
Statement, Heat and work calculations, Application of first law to non-flow and flow systems, steady flow energy equation as applied to boiler, condenser, nozzle and turbine.
Statements and their equivalence, thermal energy reservoirs, concept of heat engine, refrigerator, heat pump and perpetual motion machines, Carnot cycle and principles.
Concept of entropy, Temperature- entropy plot, Clausius inequality theorem, Principle of Increase of entropy, entropy balance, entropy generation in daily life, first and second law combined,entropy changes of an ideal gas during reversible processes.
Available and unavailable energy, Available energy (AE) referred to cycle and energy source, Availability in steady flow process, availability in non-flow process, Irreversibility, Definition of second law efficiency.
Introduction to Maxwell relations, ClausiusClapeyron equation, volume expansivity and isothermal compressibility, Mayer relation, Joule-Thomson coefficient.
Dryness fraction, enthalpy, internal energy and entropy, steam table and Mollier chart, First law applied to steam processes.
Carnot vapour cycle, Rankine cycle, Ideal reheatRankine cycle, Introduction to cogeneration.
Air standard assumptions, Otto cycle, Diesel cycle, dual cycle, Stirling cycle, Ericsson cycle, Atkinson cycle, Brayton cycle.
Combustion, theoretical and actual combustion processes, enthalpy of formation and enthalpy of combustion, Adiabatic flame temperature, first law analysis of reactive system.