# Thermodynamics and Biochemical Engineering Semester 5 (TE Third Year) BE Biotechnology University of Mumbai Topics and Syllabus

CBCGS [2018 - current]
CBGS [2014 - 2017]
Old [2000 - 2013]

## Syllabus

100 Basic Concepts
• System
• Surrounding & Processes
• Closed and Open systems
• State and Properties
• Intensive & Extensive Properties
• State and Path functions
• Equilibrium state and Phase rule
• Zeroth law of Thermodynamics
• Heat reservoir and Heat engines
• Reversible and Irreversible processes
200 Laws of Thermodynamics
• General statement of First law of Thermodynamics
• First law for Cyclic Process
• Non-Flow Process
• Flow process
• Heat capacity
• General statements of the second law
• Concept of entropy
• The Carnot principle
• Calculation of entropy changes
• Clausius inequality
• Entropy and Irreversibility
• Third law of Thermodynamics
300 PVT Behaviour
• PVT behaviour of pure fluids
• equations of state and ideal gas law
• Processes involving ideal gas law: Constant volume, constant pressure constant temperature, adiabatic and polytrophic processes.
• Equations of state for real gases: Van-der Waals equation, Redlich- Kwong equation, Peng-Robinson equation, virial equation.
400 Biochemical Energetics
• Coupled reactions and energy rise compounds
• Reaction Stoichiometry
• criteria of biochemical reaction equilibrium
• equilibrium constant and standard free energy change
• effect of temperature
• pressure on free energy change
• effect of temperature
• pressure on equilibrium constants and other- factors affecting equilibrium conversion.
• Le Chateliers principle
• liquid phase reactions
• heterogeneous bioreaction equilibria
• phase rule for reacting systems
500 Properties of Pure Fluids
• Principles of corresponding states
• Generalized compressibility charts
• Reference properties
• energy properties
• Derived properties
• Helmholtz free energy
• Gibbs free energy
• Relationships among thermodynamic Properties:-
• Exact differential equations
• fundamental property relations
• Maxwell’s equations
• Clapeyron equations
• Entropy heat capacity relations
• modified equations for internal energy (U) & enthalpy (H)
• Effect of temperature on U
• H & Entropy (S)
• Relationships between Cp & Cv
• Gibbs- Helmholtz equation
600 Fugacity and Activity
• Fugacity
• Fugacity coefficient
• effect of temperature and pressure on fugacity
• Determination of fugacity of pure gases
• Fugacities of solids and liquids
• Activity: Effect of temperature and pressure on activity
• Departure functions and generalized charts
• thermodynamic diagrams types of diagrams and construction of thermodynamic diagrams
700 Properties of Solutions
• Partial molar properties of solutions
• determination of partial molar properties
• chemical potential effect of temperature and pressure
• lewis randall rule
• Raoults law for ideal solutions
• Henry’s law and dilute solutions ideal behavior of real solutions and Henrys law
• Activity in solutions
• Activity coeffi- cients effect of temperature and pressure
• Gibbs - Duhem equation
• Property changes of mixing
• excess properties excess Gibbs free energy.
800 Phase Equilibria
• Criteria of phase Equilibria
• criterion of stability
• Duhem’s theorem
• Vapour-Liquid Equilibria
• VLE in ideal solutions
• Non-Ideal solutions -
• azeotropes
• VLE at low pressures activity co efficient equation
• bubble point and dew point equilibria
• Consistency test for VLE data using slope of ln ? curves
• using partial pressure data
• calculation of activity coefficients using Gibbs - Duhem equation
• Liquid-Liquid Equilibrium diagrams binary liquid Equilibrium diagrams
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