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Thermodynamics and Biochemical Engineering Semester 5 (TE Third Year) BE Biotechnology University of Mumbai Topics and Syllabus

CBCGS [2018 - current]
CBGS [2014 - 2017]
Old [2000 - 2013]

Syllabus

100 Basic Concepts
  • System
  • Surrounding & Processes
  • Closed and Open systems
  • State and Properties
  • Intensive & Extensive Properties
  • State and Path functions
  • Equilibrium state and Phase rule
  • Zeroth law of Thermodynamics
  • Heat reservoir and Heat engines
  • Reversible and Irreversible processes
200 Laws of Thermodynamics
  • General statement of First law of Thermodynamics
  • First law for Cyclic Process
  • Non-Flow Process
  • Flow process
  • Heat capacity
  • General statements of the second law
  • Concept of entropy
  • The Carnot principle
  • Calculation of entropy changes
  • Clausius inequality
  • Entropy and Irreversibility
  • Third law of Thermodynamics
300 PVT Behaviour
  • PVT behaviour of pure fluids
  • equations of state and ideal gas law
  • Processes involving ideal gas law: Constant volume, constant pressure constant temperature, adiabatic and polytrophic processes.
  • Equations of state for real gases: Van-der Waals equation, Redlich- Kwong equation, Peng-Robinson equation, virial equation.
400 Biochemical Energetics
  • Coupled reactions and energy rise compounds
  • Reaction Stoichiometry
  • criteria of biochemical reaction equilibrium
  • equilibrium constant and standard free energy change
  • effect of temperature
  • pressure on free energy change
  • effect of temperature
  • pressure on equilibrium constants and other- factors affecting equilibrium conversion.
  • Le Chateliers principle
  • liquid phase reactions
  • heterogeneous bioreaction equilibria
  • phase rule for reacting systems
500 Properties of Pure Fluids
  • Principles of corresponding states
  • Generalized compressibility charts
  • Reference properties
  • energy properties
  • Derived properties
  • Helmholtz free energy
  • Gibbs free energy
  • Relationships among thermodynamic Properties:-
  • Exact differential equations
  • fundamental property relations
  • Maxwell’s equations
  • Clapeyron equations
  • Entropy heat capacity relations
  • modified equations for internal energy (U) & enthalpy (H)
  • Effect of temperature on U
  • H & Entropy (S)
  • Relationships between Cp & Cv
  • Gibbs- Helmholtz equation
600 Fugacity and Activity
  • Fugacity
  • Fugacity coefficient
  • effect of temperature and pressure on fugacity
  • Determination of fugacity of pure gases
  • Fugacities of solids and liquids
  • Activity: Effect of temperature and pressure on activity
  • Departure functions and generalized charts
  • thermodynamic diagrams types of diagrams and construction of thermodynamic diagrams
700 Properties of Solutions
  • Partial molar properties of solutions
  • determination of partial molar properties
  • chemical potential effect of temperature and pressure
  • lewis randall rule
  • Raoults law for ideal solutions
  • Henry’s law and dilute solutions ideal behavior of real solutions and Henrys law
  • Activity in solutions
  • Activity coeffi- cients effect of temperature and pressure
  • Gibbs - Duhem equation
  • Property changes of mixing
  • excess properties excess Gibbs free energy.
800 Phase Equilibria
  • Criteria of phase Equilibria
  • criterion of stability
  • Duhem’s theorem
  • Vapour-Liquid Equilibria
  • VLE in ideal solutions
  • Non-Ideal solutions -
  • azeotropes
  • VLE at low pressures activity co efficient equation
  • bubble point and dew point equilibria
  • Consistency test for VLE data using slope of ln ? curves
  • using partial pressure data
  • calculation of activity coefficients using Gibbs - Duhem equation
  • Liquid-Liquid Equilibrium diagrams binary liquid Equilibrium diagrams
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