# Applied Physics 2 Semester 2 (FE First Year) BE Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering University of Mumbai Topics and Syllabus

CBCGS [2016 - current]
CBGS [2012 - 2015]
Old [2000 - 2011]

## Syllabus

100 Interference and Diffraction of Light Old
101 Interference in Thin Film Old
• Introduction, interference due to reflected and transmitted light by thin transparent parallel film
• Origin of colours in thin film
• Wedge shaped thin film
• Newton’s rings.
102 Diffraction of Light Old
• Introduction
• Fraunhoffer diffraction at single slit
• Fraunhoffer diffraction at Double slit
• Diffraction due to N- slits ( Diffraction Grating)
• Missing orders
• Highest possible orders
• Determination of wavelength of light with a plane transmission grating
• Resolving power of a grating
• Dispersive power of a grating.
103 Applications of Interference Old
• Determination of thickness of very thin wire or foil
• Determination of refractive index of liquid
• Wavelength of incident light
• Radius of curvature of lens
• Testing of surface flatness
• Non-reflecting films
• Highly reflecting film.
200 Fiber Optics and Lasers Old
201 Fiber Optics Old
• Introduction
• Total internal reflection
• Basic construction
• Optical fibre as light guide and types of optical fibre
• Numerical Aperture and maximum angle of acceptance
• Numerical Aperture for graded index fibre
• V-number
• Maximum number of possible orders
• Losses in optical fibre
• Merits of optical fibre
• Applications.
202 Laser Old
• Quantum processes as absorption
• Spontaneous emission and stimulated emission
• Metastable states
• Population inversion
• Pumping
• Resonance cavity
• Einsteins’s equations
• Helium Neon laser
• Nd:YAG laser
• Semiconductor laser
• Applications of laser- Holography (construction and reconstruction of holograms) and other applications.
300 Quantum Mechanics Old
• Introduction
• Wave particle duality
• De Broglie wavelength
• Experimental verification of de Broglie theory
• Properties of matter waves
• Wave packet
• Group velocity and phase velocity
• Wave function
• Physical interpretation of wave function
• Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle
• Electron diffraction experiment and Gama ray microscope experiment
• Applications of uncertainty principle
• Schrodinger’s time dependent wave equation
• Time independent wave equation
• Motion of free particle
• Particle trapped in one dimensional infinite potential well.
400 Motion of Charged Particle in Electric and Magnetic Fields Old
• Electrostatic focusing
• Magnetostatic focusing
• Cathode ray tube (CRT)
• Cathod ray Oscilloscope (CRO)
• Application of CRO.
500 Superconductivity Old
• Introduction
• Meissner Effect
• Type I and Type II superconductors
• BCS Theory(concept of Cooper pair)
• Josephson effect
• Applications of superconductors- SQUID, MAGLEV
600 Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Old
601 Nano Materials Old
• Methods to produce nanomaterials
• Applications of nanomaterials
• Different forms of carbon nanoparticles, carbon nanotubes, properties and applications.
602 Introduction to Nano-science and Nanotechnology Old
• Two main approaches in nanotechnology - Bottom up technique and top down technique
• Tools used in nanotechnology such as Scanning electron microscope, Scanning Tunneling Microscope, Atomic Force Microscope.
700 Interference and Diffraction of Light

Interference by division of amplitude and by division of wave front; Interference in thin film : of constant thickness due to reflected and transmitted light; origin of colours in thin film; Wedge shaped film(angle of wedge and thickness measurement); Newton’s rings Applications of interference - Determination of thickness of very thin wire or foil;
determination of refractive index of liquid; wavelength of incident light; radius of curvature Of lens; testing of surface flatness; Anti-reflecting films and Highly reflecting film. Diffraction of Light –Fraunhoffer diffraction at single slit, Fraunhoffer diffraction at double slit, Diffraction Grating, Resolving power of a grating, dispersive power of a grating Application of Diffraction - Determination of wavelength of light with a plane transmission grating

800 Lasers

Quantum processes as absorption, spontaneous emission and stimulated emission; metastable states, population inversion, pumping, resonance cavity, Einsteins’s equations;  Helium Neon laser; Nd:YAG laser; Semiconductor laser, Applications of laser- Holography (construction and reconstruction of holograms) and industrial applications(cutting, welding etc), Applications in medical field

900 Fibre Optics

Total internal reflection; Numerical Aperture; critical angle; angle of acceptance; Vnumber; number of modes of propagation; types of optical fiber; Losses in optical fibre(Attenuation and dispersion)
Applications of optical fibre - Fibre optic communication system; sensors (Pressure, temperature, smoke, water level), applications in medical field

1000 Electrodynamics

Cartesian, Cylindrical and Spherical Coordinate system, Scaler and Vector field, Physical significance of gradient, curl and divergence, Determination of Maxwell’s four equations. Applications-design of antenna, wave guide, satellite communication etc.

1100 Charge Particle in Electric and Magnetic Fields

Fundamentals of Electromagnetism, Motion of electron in electric field (parallel ,perpendicular, with some angle); Motion of electron in magnetic field (Longitudinal and Transverse); Magnetic deflection; Motion of electron in crossed field; Velocity Selector; Velocity Filter, Electron refraction; Bethe’s law; Electrostatic focusing; Magnetostatic
focusing; Cathode ray tube (CRT);Cathod ray Oscilloscope (CRO)
Application of CRO: Voltage (dc,ac), frequency, phase measurement .

1200 Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Introduction to nano-science and nanotechnology, Surface to volume ratio, Two main approaches in nanotechnology -Bottom up technique and top down technique; Important tools in nanotechnology such as Scanning Electron Microscope, Transmission Electron Microscope, Atomic Force Microscope. Nano materials: Methods to synthesize nanomaterials (Ball milling, Sputtering, Vapour deposition, solgel), properties and applications of nanomaterials.