Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary EducationSSLC (English Medium) Class 9th
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Social Science Class 9th SSLC (English Medium) Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Topics and Syllabus

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Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Syllabus For Class 9th Social Science: Knowing the Syllabus is very important for the students of Class 9th. Shaalaa has also provided a list of topics that every student needs to understand.

The Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 9th Social Science syllabus for the academic year 2021-2022 is based on the Board's guidelines. Students should read the Class 9th Social Science Syllabus to learn about the subject's subjects and subtopics.

Students will discover the unit names, chapters under each unit, and subtopics under each chapter in the Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 9th Social Science Syllabus pdf 2021-2022. They will also receive a complete practical syllabus for Class 9th Social Science in addition to this.

Academic year:
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Syllabus

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 9th Social Science Syllabus for History

1.01 Evolution of Humans and Society - Prehistoric Period
1.02 Ancient Civilisations
  • Introduction of Ancient Civilisations 
  • Ancient Civilisations 
  • The Egyptian Civilisation 
    • Geography of Egyptian Civilisation
    • Pharaohs, Society and Administration
    • Agriculture and Trade
    • Art and Architecture
    • Religion
    • Philosophy, Science and Literature
    • Writing System
    • Characteristics and Contributions of the Egyptian Civilisation
  • The Mesopotamian Civilisations 
    • Geography
    • The Sumerians
    • The Akkadians
    • The Babylonians
    • The Assyrians
    • Society, State and Administration 
    • Food and Agriculture
    • Trade and Exchange
    • Cities and Town Planning
    • Religion
    • The Hammurabi’s Law Code
    • Cuneiform: The Sumerian Writing System
    • Art
    • Science
    • Contributions of the Mesopotamian Civilisation
  • The Chinese Civilisation 
    • Polity and Emperors
    • The Han Empire (206–220 AD (CE))
    • Philosophy and Literature
    • Chinese Script
    • Contribution of the Chinese Civilisation
  • Indus Civilisation 
    • Planned Towns
    • Agriculture and Animal Domestication
    • Pottery
    • Metal Tools and Weapons
    • Textiles and Ornaments
    • Trade and Exchange
    • Weights and Measures
    • Seals, Sealings and Scripts
    • Arts and Amusement
    • Religion
    • Original Inhabitants and their Culture
    • Decline of Indus Culture
1.03 Early Tamil Society and Culture
1.04 Intellectual Awakening and Socio-Political Changes
1.05 The Classical World
1.06 The Middle Ages
1.07 State and Society in Medieval India
1.08 The Beginning of the Modern Age
1.09 The Age of Revolutions
  • American War of Independence 
    • Introduction of American War of Independence
    • Colonies of European Powers
    • Plantations and the Slave Labour
    • Increasing incidence of Taxation
    • Townshend Acts
    • Boston Tea Party
    • American War of Independence
    1. First Continental Congress, September 5, 1774
    2. Second Continental Congress, May - 10, 1775
    3. Battle of Bunker Hill
    • Declaration of Independence
    • War
    1. French Alliance
    2. Victory at Yorktown
    • Results
  • The French Revolution 
    • Introduction of French Revolution
    • Causes of the Outbreak
    1. Political
    2. Economic
    3. Social
    4. Inspiration from French Philosophers
    5. American War of Independence
    • Course of the French Revolution
    1. The Fall of Bastille
    2. National Assembly
    3. March to Versailles
    4. Flight to Varennes
    5. Girondins and Jacobins 
    6. Constitution of 1791 
    7. Emigres and the Revolutionary War
    8. National Convention and the Reign of Terror, June 1793-July 1794
    • Impact of French Revolution
1.1 Industrial Revolution
1.11 Colonialism in Asia and Africa

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 9th Social Science Syllabus for Geography

2.01 Lithosphere – 1 Endogenetic Processes
  • Introduction of Lithosphere – I Endogenetic Processes 
  • Spheres of the Earth 
  • Earth’s Structure 
    1. Crust
    2. Mantle
    3. Core
  • Geomorphic Processes 
    1. Internal Processes
    • Plate Tectonics
    • Types of Plate Boundaries
    1. Convergent Boundary
    2. Divergent Boundary
    3. Conservative/Transform Boundary
    • Movements of Continental Plates
    • Earthquake
    • Seismic Waves
    • Tsunami
    • Volcanoes
    1. Active Volcano
    2. Dormant Volcano (or) Sleeping Volcano
    3. Extinct or Dead Volcano
    4. Composite Volcano
    5. Volcanic Dome
    6. Shield Volcano
    • Distribution of Earthquakes and Volcanoes
    • Effect Of Volcanoes
    1. Constructive Effects
    2. Destructive Effects 
  • Rock and it's Types 
    • Igneous Rocks 
      • Igneous Rocks
      • Characteristics of Igneous Rocks
      • Types of Igneous Rocks
      1. Extrusive Igneous Rocks
      2. Intrusive Igneous Rocks
    • Sedimentary Rocks 
      • Sedimentary Rocks
      • Characteristics of Sedimentary rocks
      • Types of Sedimentary Rocks
      1. Organic Sedimentary Rocks
      2. Mechanical Sedimentary Rocks
      3. Chemical Sedimentary rocks
    • Metamorphic Rocks 
      • Metamorphic Rocks
      • Types of Metamorphic Rocks
      1. Thermal Metamorphism
      2. Dynamic Metamorphism
      • Formation of Metamorphic Rocks from Igneous rocks
      • Formation of Metamorphic Rocks from Sedimentary rocks
      • Characteristics of Metamorphic Rocks
  • Rock Cycle 
2.02 Lithosphere – 2 Exogenetic Processes
  • Introduction of Lithosphere – II Exogenetic Processes 
  • Weathering 
    • Meaning
    • Factors Affecting Weathering
  • Gradation 
    • Agents of Gradation 
    1. Running water (River)-(Fluvial Land forms)
    2. Courses of River
    • The Upper Course
    • The Middle Course
    • The Lower course
    • Erosional Landforms of River
    1. Gorges and Canyons
    2. Waterfall 
    3. V-shaped valley
    4. Pot hole
    5. Meander
    6. Ox bow lake
    • Depositional Landforms of River
    1. Alluvial Fan 
    2. Flood Plain
    3. Estuary
    4. Delta
    5. Karst Topography
    • Erosional Landforms of Underground Water
    1. Terra Rossa (Italian term for Red soil)
    2. Lappies
    3. Sinkhole
    4. Caves and Caverns
    • Depositional Landforms of Underground Water
    1. Stalactite, Stalagmite and Column
    2. Glaciers
    • Erosional Landforms of Glacier
    1. Cirque
    2. Arete
    3. Pyramidal Peak
    4. U-Shaped Valley 
    5. Hanging Valley
    6. Fjord
    • Depositional Landforms of glacier
    1. Moraine
    2. Drumlin(Basket of Egg Topography)
    3. Esker
    4. Outwash Plain 
    5. Wind
    • Erosional Landforms of wind
    1. Mushroom Rock
    2. Inselberg
    3. Yardang
    • Depositional Landforms of wind
    1. Sand Dune
    2. Barchan
    3. Transverse Dunes
    4. Longitudinal Dunes(Seif dunes)
    5. Loess
    6. Wave
    • Erosional Land Forms of Waves 
    1. Sea Cliffs
    2. Sea Cave 
    3. Sea Arch
    4. Sea Stack
    5. Wave Cut Platforms
    • Depositional Landforms of Waves
    1. Beach
    2. Bar
    3. Spit

     

2.03 Atmosphere
2.04 Hydrosphere
2.05 Biosphere
  • Introduction of Biosphere 
  • Ecosystem 
    • Ecosystem
    • Types of Ecosystem
    1. Natural Ecosystem
    2. Artificial Ecosystem
  • Biodiversity 
  • Biomes 
    • Terrestrial Biomes
    1. Tropical Forest Biomes
    2. Tropical Savanna (Grasslands) Biomes
    3. Desert Biomes 
    4. Temperate Grassland Biomes 
    5. Tundra Biomes
    • Aquatic Biomes
    1. Fresh water Biomes
    2. Marine Biomes
    • Conservation
2.06 Man and Environment
  • Introduction of Man and Environment 
    • Classification of Environment
    1. Natural Environment
    2. Human Environment
    3. Man Made Environment
  • Population 
    • Population
    • What is Demography?
    • Census
  • Human Settlements 
    • Classification of Settlements

          A) Rural Settlements

    • Patterns of Rural Settlements
    1. Rectangular pattern
    2. Linear pattern
    3. Circular or semicircular pattern
    4. Star like pattern
    5. Triangular pattern
    6. T-Shaped, Y-Shaped, Cross-Shaped or Cruciform settlements
    7. Nebular pattern

         B)  Urban Settlements

    • Classification of Urban Settlements
    1. Town
    2. City
    3. Metropolitan cities
    4. Megacities
    5. Conurbation
  • Economic Activity 
    • Basics of Economic Activities
    1. Primary Economic Activity
    2. Secondary Economic Activity
    3. Tertiary Economic Activity
    4. Quaternary Economic Activity
    5. Quinary Economic Activity
  • Environmental Issues 
  • Sustainable Development 
    • Social Sustainability
    • Economic Sustainability
    • Environmental Sustainability
    • Why is sustainability important?
2.07 Mapping Skills
  • Introduction of Mapping Skills 
  • Map as a Tool 
    • Maps and Cartography
    • Components of a map

    A) Title

    B) Scale

    1. Statement scale
    2. The Representative Fraction (R.F)
    3. Linear (or) Graphical scale

    C) Direction

    D) Grid System

    E) Projection

    F) Legend

    G) Conventional signs and
    symbols

    • Survey
  • Remote Sensing as a Source of Map Data 
    • Aerial photography
    • Satellite Remote Sensing
    • Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS)
    1. Global Positioning System (GPS)
    2. Geographic Information System (GIS)
  • Bhuvan 
2.08 Disaster Management: Responding to Disasters
  • Introduction of Disaster Management: Responding to Disasters 
  • Disaster Response 
    • Who are the first responders?
    • Earthquake
    • What to do during an earthquake?
    • If indoors
    • If outdoors
    • If in a moving vehicle
    • Tsunami
    • How to respond to Tsunami?
    • What to do after a Tsunami?
    • Riot
    • Surviving a Riot
    • At Travel Destination: What to Do
    • If caught in a riot
    • Fire
    • Fire Safety Do’s and Don’ts
    • What you should do during a fire

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 9th Social Science Syllabus for Civics

3.01 Forms of Government and Democracy
  • Introduction of Forms of Government and Democracy 
  • Forms of Government 
    • Aristocracy
    • Monarchy
    • Autocracy
    • Oligarchy
    • Theocracy
    • Democracy
    • Republic
  • What is Democracy? 
    • Meaning of Democracy
    • Definition
    • Salient Features of Democracy
    • Evolution of Democracy
    • Forms of Democratic government
    • Types of Democracy
    1. Direct Democracy
    2. Indirect Democracy / Representative Democracy
    • Merits and Demerits of Democracy
    • Democracy in India
    • Elections in India
    • The First Elections in Democratic India
    • Major challenges to Indian Democracy
    • Conditions for the Success of Democracy in India
3.02 Election, Political Parties and Pressure Groups
3.03 Human Rights
3.04 Forms of Government
  • Introduction of Forms of Government and Democracy 
  • Meaning of Government 
  • Types of Constitution 
    • Unitary Form of Government
    • Merits of unitary form of government
    • De-merits of unitary form of government
    • Unitary features of the indian constitution 
    • Federal form of government
    • Merits of federal form of government
    • De-merits of federal form of government
    • Federal features of the Indian constitution
    • Difference between Unitary form and Federal form of Government
    • Parliamentary form of government
    • Features of parliamentary form of government
    • Merits of the parliamentary form of government
    • Demerits of the parliamentary form of government
    • The presidential form of government
    • Features of presidential form of government
    • Merits of the presidential system of government
    • Demerits of the presidential system of government
    • Difference between the Parliamentary Form of Government and Presidential Form of Government
3.05 Local Self Government
  • Meaning of Local Self Government 
  • Historical Background 
  • Local Self Governments since Independence 
    • Salient Features of the 73rd and 74th Constitution Amendment Acts (1992)
    • Salient Features of the Tamil Nadu Panchayat Raj Act, 1994
  • Village Panchayat 
    • Functions of the Village Panchayat
    • Voluntary Functions
    • Revenue
    • Taxes
    • Meeting of Gram Sabha
    • Meetings of the Grama Sabha are conducted four times a year
    • Panchayat Union
    • Functions of the Panchayat Union
    • District Panchayat
    • Functions of District Panchayat
    • Urban Local Government
    • Town Panchayat
    • Municipality
    • Corporation
    • Important functions of the Mayor
    • Types of other Urban Panchayats
    • Elections to the local government in Tamil Nadu
    • Problems and Challenges facing the Local Self Governments

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 9th Social Science Syllabus for Economics

4.01 Understanding Development: Perspectives, Measurement and Sustainability
4.02 Employment in India and Tamil Nadu
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