Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary EducationSSLC (English Medium) Class 8th
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Social Science Class 8th SSLC (English Medium) Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Topics and Syllabus

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Academic year:

Units and Topics

#Unit/TopicMarks
1 History -
2 Geography -
3 Civics -
4 Economics -
 Total -

Syllabus

1 History
1.1 Advent of the Europeans
1.2 From Trade to Territory
1.3 Rural Life and Society
  • Rural Life and Society 
    • Villages
    • Farmers or Cultivators
  • The Land Revenue Policy Under the British 
    • Permanent Settlement
    • Salient Features of the Permanent Settlement
    • Merits
    • Demerits
    • Ryotwari system
    • Salient Features of the Ryotwari system
    • Effects of the Ryotwari Settlement
    • Mahalwari system
    • Salient Features of the Mahalwari Settlement
    • Effects of the Mahalwari Settlement
    • Impact of the British land revenue system on the cultivators
  • Peasants Revolts 
    • The Santhal Rebellion (1855-56)
    • Indigo Revolt (1859-60)
    • Pabna Revolt (1873-76)
    • Deccan Riots (1875)
    • Punjab Peasant Movement (1890-1900)
    • Champaran Satyagraha (1917-18)
    • Kheda (Kaira) Satyagraha (1918)
    • Moplah Rebellion (1921)
    • Bardoli Satyagraha (1929-30)
1.4 People‚Äôs Revolt
  • Introduction of People's Revolt 
  • Origin of Palayam 
  • Early Revolts of South India 
    • Revolt of the Palayakkars
    • Puli Thevar
    • Virapandya Kattabomman
    • Nawab of Arot
    • Kattabomman met Jackson
    • Edward Clive and Kattabomman
    • The confederacy of Palayakkarars
    • Fall of Panchalamkuruchi
    • Velu Nachiyar
    • Marudu Brothers
    • Causes for the conflict
    • The South Indian Rebellion (1800-1801)
    • The Tiruchirappalli Proclamation (1801)
    • English annexed Sivagangai
    • Dheeran Chinnamalai
  • Vellore Revolt (1806) 
    • Causes for the revolt
    • Immediate Cause
    • Course of the Revolt
    • Suppression of the Revolt
    • Effects of the Vellore Revolt
    • Causes for the failure of the Revolt
  • The Revolt of 1857 
    • Causes of the Revolt
    • Immediate cause
    • The Outbreak of the Revolt
    • Course of the Revolt
    • Suppression of the Revolt
    • The Causes for the Failure of the Revolt
1.5 Educational Development in India
1.6 Development of Industries in India
  • Introduction of Development of Industries in India 
    • Traditional Crafts of India
    • Decline of Indian Industries
    1. Loss of Royal Patronage
    2. Transition from producer to exporter of raw materials
    3. Competition of Machine-Made Goods
    4. Trading policy of the British
    5. De-Industrialisation
    • Beginning of Modern Industries
    1. Plantation Industries
    2. Machine-based Industries
    3. Heavy Industries
    • Growth of Modern Industries
    • Confederation of Indian Industry (CII)
    • Industrial Growth in India
    • Phases of Industrial development in India
    1. Industrial development during 1950s to1965
    2. Industrial development during 1965–1980
    3. Industrial Development during 1980s till 1991
    4. Industrial Development Post 1991 Reforms
    • Modernisation
    • Self-Reliance
  • Tamils Around the World 
    • Sri Lankan Tamils
    • Malaysia
    • Singapore
    • Fiji
    • Myanmar
    • Mauritius
    • Reunion
1.7 Urban Changes During the British Period
  • Introduction of Urban Changes During the British Period 
  • Ancient Towns 
  • Medieval Towns 
  • Modern Towns 
    • Unique features of urbanisation under the British
    1. De-industrialisation
    2. De-urbanisation
    3. The Growth of New Urban Centres
    1. Port cities
    2. Cantonment towns
    3. Hill stations
    4. Railway towns
    • Creation of Municipalities and Corporation
    1. First phase (1688-1882)
    2. Second phase (1882-1920)
    3. Third phase (1920-1950)
    • Administration of the Presidency Towns
    • Origin and Growth of Madras
    • Madrasapatnam
    • Making of Chennai
    • Bombay
    • Calcutta
  • Tamils Around the World 
    • Sri Lankan Tamils
    • Malaysia
    • Singapore
    • Fiji
    • Myanmar
    • Mauritius
    • Reunion
1.8 Status of Women in India Through the Ages
2 Geography
2.2 Weather and Climate
2.3 Hydrologic Cycle
2.4 Migration and Urbanisation
2.5 Hazards
  • Introduction of Hazards 
  • Hazards 
  • Types of Hazards 
    • Based on their causes of occurrence
    1. Natural hazards
    2. Human-made hazards
    3. Socio-natural hazards (Quasi-natural hazards)
    • Based on their origin
    1. Atmospheric hazard
    2. Geologic/Seismic hazard
    3. Hydrologic hazard
    4. Volcanic hazard
    5. Environmental hazard
    6. Biological hazard
    7. Technological hazard
    8. Human-induced hazard
  • Major Hazards in India 
    1. Earthquakes
    2. Floods
    3. Cyclonic Storms
    4. Droughts
    5. Landslides
    6. Tsunami
    7. Hazardous Wastes
    8. Pollution of Air
    9. Pollution of Water
  • Need for Prevention Measures 
2.6 Industries
  • Introduction of Industries 
  • Industry 
  • Economic Activity 
    • Basics of Economic Activities
    1. Primary Economic Activity
    2. Secondary Economic Activity
    3. Tertiary Economic Activity
    4. Quaternary Economic Activity
    5. Quinary Economic Activity
  • Factors Responsible for Location of Industries 

    I) Geographical Factors

    • Raw Material
    • Power
    • Labour
    • Transport
    • Storage and Warehousing
    • Topography
    • Climate
    • Water Resources

    II) Non-Geographical Factors

    • Capital
    • Availability of Loans
    • Government Policies/Regulations
  • Classification of Industries 
    • On the basis of Raw Materials
    1. Agro Based Industries
    2. Mineral Based Industries
    3. Marine Based Industries
    4. Forest Based Industries
    • On the basis of Size and Capital
    1. Large Scale Industries
    2. Small Scale Industries
    • On the basis of Ownership
    1. Private Sector Industries
    2. Public Sector Industries
    3. Joint Sector Industries
    4. Co-operative Sector Industries
2.7 Exploring Continents Africa, Australia and Antarctica
  • Introduction of Exploring Continents Africa, Australia and Antarctica 
  • Continent: Africa 
    • Location and size
    • Political Divisions
    • Physiographic Divisions
    1. Sahara
    2. Sahel
    3. Savanna
    4. The Great Rift Valley and the Great Lakes of Africa
    5. East African Highlands
    6. Swahili Coast
    7. The Congo Basin or Zaire Basin
    8. Southern Africa
    • Drainage of Africa 
    1. River Nile
    2. River Congo or Zaire
    3. River Niger
    4. River Zambezi
    • Climate
    1. Arid and semi-arid climate
    2. Tropical savanna climate
    3. Equatorial climate
    4. Temperate climate
    5. Mediterranean climate
    6. Tropical Monsoon climate
    • Flora and Fauna
    • Agriculture
    • Minerals
    • Transport
    1. Land ways
    2. Waterways
    3. Airways
    • Population
  • Continent: Australia 
    • Location and Size
    • Political Divisions
    • Physical Divisions
    • The Great Western Plateau
    • The Central Low lands
    • The Eastern Highlands
    • The Great Artesian Basin
    • Great Barrier Reef
    • Drainage
    • Climate
    • Flora and Fauna
    • Economic Activities
    • Mineral Resources
    • Industries
    • Transport
    • Population
  • Continent: Antarctica 
    • Location and Size
    • Climate
    • Flora and Fauna
    • Minerals
    • Expedition to Antarctica
    • Aurora
2.8 Map Reading
  • Introduction of Map Reading 
    • What is a map?
    • Map Reading
    • Diff erence Between a Map and a Globe.
    • Components of a map
    1. Title
    2. Scale
    3. Legend or key
    4. Direction
    5. Source
    6. Map Projection and locational information
    7. Coventional signs and symbols
  • Types of Maps 
    • Large Scale: Cadastral maps and Topographical maps
    • Small scale maps: Wall maps and Atlas
    • Types of Atlas: School Atlas, Advanced Atlas, Regional Atlas and National Atlas
    • Physical maps: Relief maps, Geological maps,Climatic maps and Soil maps
    • Cultural maps: Political maps, Population maps, Economic maps and Transportation maps 
    • Thematic Map
    • Kinds of Thematic maps
    1. Choropleth Mapping
    2. Isoline Maps
    3. Dot Density Map
  • Uses of Maps 
3 Civics
3.1 How the State Government Works
  • Introduction of How the State Government Works 
  • The State Executive 
    • The Governor
    • Powers and functions
    • Position of the Governor
    • The Chief Minister
    • Powers and Functions
  • The Legislature 
    • Legislative Council
    • Legislative Assembly
    • Election to the Assembly
    • The States Council of Ministers
    • The working of the State Government
    • How laws are made in State Government?
    • Executing Laws
  • Judiciary of State 
    • High Courts:
    • Jurisdiction and Powers of High Court:
      - Original Jurisdiction
      - Appellate Jurisdiction
      - Writ Jurisdiction
      - Supervisory Jurisdiction 
      - Court of Record
3.2 Citizens and Citizenship
3.3 Understanding Secularism
  • Introduction of Understanding Secularism 
    • What does Secularism mean?
    • Objectives of Secularism
    • The Characteristic Features of a Secular State
    • Importance of Secularism
    • Constitution and Secularism
    • The Constitution of India has the following distinguishing features
    • Mosaic of Constitutional Provisions
    • Why do we need secular education?
  • Tamils Around the World 
    • Sri Lankan Tamils
    • Malaysia
    • Singapore
    • Fiji
    • Myanmar
    • Mauritius
    • Reunion
3.4 Human Rights and UNO
  • Introduction of Human Rights 
    • What are Human Rights?
    • Where do Human Rights come from?
    • Written Precursors of Human Rights Documents
    • The Birth of United Nations
    • The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)
    • Human Rights are based on the values of
    • Dignity
    • Justice
    • Equality
    • Basic Characteristics of Human Rights
    • Kinds of Human Rights
    • Human Rights Commission
    • Human Rights Organisations
    • Child Rights
    • Women Rights
  • Tamils Around the World 
    • Sri Lankan Tamils
    • Malaysia
    • Singapore
    • Fiji
    • Myanmar
    • Mauritius
    • Reunion
3.5 Road Safety Rules and Regulations
  • Introduction of Road Safety Rules and Regulations 
    • Importance of Road Safety
    • Reasons for the Road Accidents
    • Over Speeding
    • Drunken Driving
    • Distraction to Drivers
    • Red Light Jumping
    • Other different factors
    • Safety Measures
    • Traffic Signs
    • Traffic Signals
    • Red
    • Amber (Yellow)
    • Green
    • Steady Green Arrow Signal
    • Flashing Red Signal
    • Flashing Yellow Signal
    • Traffic Rules in India
    • Different colour Number Plates
    • Steps taken by the Government to prevent Road Accidents
    • Road Safety Week 
    • Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011 - 2020
    • The international Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)
  • Tamils Around the World 
    • Sri Lankan Tamils
    • Malaysia
    • Singapore
    • Fiji
    • Myanmar
    • Mauritius
    • Reunion
3.6 Defence and Foreign Policy
3.7 The Judiciary
  • Introduction of The Judiciary 
    • Evolution of Indian Judiciary
    1. Judiciary during ancient period
    2. Judiciary during Medieval period
    3. Judiciary during Modern period
    • Judiciary and constitution
    • Structure of courts in India
    • Role of the Judiciary
    • Jurisdiction of Supreme Court
    1. Original Jurisdiction
    2. Appellate Jurisdiction
    3. Advisory Jurisdiction
    4. Writs Jurisdiction
    5. Court of Record
    6. Special Powers
    • High Court
    • The Litigation Process
    • Independent and impartial function of Judiciary
  • Tamils Around the World 
    • Sri Lankan Tamils
    • Malaysia
    • Singapore
    • Fiji
    • Myanmar
    • Mauritius
    • Reunion
4 Economics
4.1 Money, Savings and Investments
  • Introduction of Money, Savings and Investments 
  • Evolution of Money 
    • Barter system
    • Major stages of Evolution of Money
    • Commodity Money
    • Metallic Money
    • Paper Money
    • Credit Money or Bank Money
    • Near Money
    • Recent forms of Money
    • Plastic Money
    • E-Money
    • Online Banking (Net Banking)
    • E-Banking
  • Value of Money 
  • Nature of Money 
  • Functions of Money 
    • Primary or main functions 
    1. Medium of exchange or means of payment
    2. Measure of value
    • Secondary functions
    1. Standard of deferred payment
    2. Store of value or store of purchasing power
    3. Transfer of value or transfer of purchasing power
    • Contingent functions
  • Savings in Banks and Investments 
    • Savings
    1. Student Savings Account
    2. Savings Deposits
    3. Current Account Deposit
    4. Fixed Deposits
    • Benefits of Savings
    • Intensity to save among the students
    • Investments
    • Comparison of Savings and Investments
  • Black Money 
    • Effects of Black Money on economy
    • Recent steps against Black Money
    • Some Legislative Framework in India against to Black Money
4.2 Public and Private Sectors
  • Introduction of Public and Private Sector 
    • Definition of Public Sector
    • History of public Sector
    • The objectives of Public Sector
    • Socio-Economic Development
    • Indicators of Socio-Economic Development
    • Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
    • Life Expectancy
    • Literacy
    • Employment
    • Provision of House , Clean Drinking Water and Sanitation
    • Importance of Public sector
    1. Public Sector and Capital Formation
    2. Economic Development
    3. Balanced Regional Development
    4. Employment Generation
    5. Export Promotion and Foreign Exchange Earnings
    6. Protection to Sick Industries
    7. Import Substitution
    • Difference between Public sector and private sector
    • Definition of Private sector
    • Functions of Private Sector
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