Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary EducationSSLC (English Medium) Class 10th
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Social Science Class 10th SSLC (English Medium) Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Topics and Syllabus

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Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Syllabus For Class 10th Social Science: Knowing the Syllabus is very important for the students of Class 10th. Shaalaa has also provided a list of topics that every student needs to understand.

The Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 10th Social Science syllabus for the academic year 2022-2023 is based on the Board's guidelines. Students should read the Class 10th Social Science Syllabus to learn about the subject's subjects and subtopics.

Students will discover the unit names, chapters under each unit, and subtopics under each chapter in the Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 10th Social Science Syllabus pdf 2022-2023. They will also receive a complete practical syllabus for Class 10th Social Science in addition to this.

Academic year:

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 10th Social Science Revised Syllabus

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 10th Social Science and their Unit wise marks distribution

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 10th Social Science Course Structure 2022-2023 With Marking Scheme

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Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 10th Social Science Syllabus for History

1.01 Outbreak of World War 1 and Its Aftermath
  • Introduction of Outbreak of World War I and Its Aftermath 
  • Scramble for Colonies 
    • Capitalist Countries’ Race for Markets
    • Rise of Monopoly Capitalism
    • Imperialism and its Essential Characteristics
  • Rivalry of Great Powers 
    • Europe
    • Clashes amongst Great Powers
    • Asia: The Rise of Japan
    • Strong-arm Diplomacy of Japan
    • Colonisation and its Fallout
  • Causes, Course and Results of World War I 

    A. Causes:

    • European Alliances and Counter-Alliances
    • Violent Forms of Nationalism
    • Aggressive Attitude of German Emperor
    • Hostility of France towards Germany
    • Imperial Power Politics in the Balkans  
    • The Balkan Wars
    • Immediate Cause

    B. Course of the War:

    • Two Warring Camps Central Powers
    • Allies
    • Tsar’s Abortive Attempts for Peace
    • War in Western or French Front
    • Battles of Tannenberg and Marne
    • Battle of Verdun
    • War in Eastern or Russian front
    • Minor Theatres of War: In the Middle East, In the Far East, In the Balkans.
    • Fate of Colonies of Germany in Africa
    • Italy falls to Austrian onslaught
    • Central Powers’ Victories
    • Naval Battles and America’s entry into the War

    C. The Armistice and Treaty of Versailles:

    • Peace Conference in Paris
    • Provisions of the Treaty
    • Fallout of the First World War
    • Impact on India
  • Russian Revolution and Its Impact 

    A. Introduction 

    B. Causes of the Revolution

    • Social Causes 
    • Role of Revolutionaries
    • Autocracy of the Tsar
    • Opposition to Tsar and Dissolution of Duma
    • Popular Uprisings
    • Abdication of Tsar 
    • Provisional Government
    • Failure of Provisional Government
    • Takeover by the Bolshevik Party under Lenin’s leadership 
    • Outcome of the Revolution
    • Global Influence of the Russian Revolution
  • League of Nations 
    • Structure and Composition
    • Objectives of the League
    • Activities of the League
    • Violations
    • Causes of Failure
1.02 The World Between Two World Wars
  • Introduction of the World Between Two World Wars 
  • The Great Depression 
    • Developments in the post-World War I
    • Stock Market Crash in the US 
    • Breakdown of the International System of Exchange
    • Repercussion in Politics
  • Rise of Fascism and Nazism 

    A. The Impact of War in Italy  

    • Emergence of Mussolini
    • Fascists under Mussolini 
    • Mussolini’s Pact with Pope
    • Italy during the Great Depression

    B. Germany in the post-War

    • Evolution of German Fascism
    • The Nazi State of Hitler
    • Nazi Policy towards Jews
    • Defiance of the Treaty of Versailles
  • Anti-colonial Movements and Decolonisation Processes in Asia 

    A. French Indo-China

    • Rise of Anti-Colonialism 
    • The Emergence of Viet Minh

    B. Decolonisation in India

    • Dyarchy in Provinces
    • Lack of Measures to Industrialise India
    • Impact of Depression on Indian Agriculture
    • Government of India Act, 1935
  • Anti-colonial Movements in Africa 
    • Colonisation of Africa
    • Boer Wars
    • Nationalist Politics in South Africa
    • Racist Policy against the Blacks
  • Political Developments in South America 
    • Mayas and Aztecs
    • European Colonisation and its Impact
    • Impact of Napoleonic Invasion of Spain and Portugal
    • The Monroe Doctrine
    • Disunity among Latin American Nationalists
    • US Imperial Interests 
    • Great Depression in South America
1.03 World War 2
  • Introduction of World War II 
  • Causes, Course and Effects of World War II 

    A. Causes:

    • Germany and the Treaty of Versailles, 1919
    • Failure of League of Nations
    • Post-War Crisis and Germany
    • The Rise of Adolf Hitler
    • Allies and Non-Intervention
    • Munich Pact

    B. Course of World War II:

    • Nature of the War
    • Outbreak of War
    • Important Events
    • Lend Lease 1941–1945
    • Invasion of Russia 1941-1942
    • Battle of Stalingrad (17 July 1942 to 2 February 1943)
    • Battle of El Alamein 1942
    • Surrender of Italy 1943
    • End of Hitler
    • War in the Asia-Pacific Region
    • Pearl Harbour 1941
    • Japanese Aggression in South-east Asia
    • Battle of Midway and Battle of Guadalcanal 1942
    • Hiroshima and Nagasaki, August 1945

    C. Effects of the War:

  • Holocaust and Its Fallout 
    • Universal Declaration of Human Rights
    • Birth of Israel
  • New International Order 
    • United Nations
    • General Assembly and Security Council  
    • Administrative Structure
    • Other Important Organs of the UN 
    • Activities of the UN
    • World Bank
    • International Monetary Fund (IMF)
  • Post-War Welfare States in Europe 
1.04 The World After World War 2
1.05 Social and Religious Reform Movements in the 19th Century
1.06 Early Revolts Against British Rule in Tamil Nadu
  • Introduction of Early Revolts Against British Rule in Tamil Nadu 
  • Resistance of Regional Powers Against the British 
    • Palayams and Palayakkarars: Eastern and Western Palayams
  • Palayakkarars’ Revolt 1755-1801 

    A. Revolt of Puli Thevar 1755–1767:

    • Confederacy and Alliance with Enemies of the British
    • Kalakadu Battle
    • Yusuf Khan and Puli Thevar
    • Fall of Puli Thevar 

    B. Velunachiyar (1730–1796):

    C. Rebellion of Veerapandya Kattabomman 1790-1799:

    • Confrontation with Jackson
    • Appearance before Madras Council 
    • Kattabomman and the Confederacy of Palayakkarars
    • The Siege of Panchalamkurichi 
    • Execution of Kattabomman

    D. The Marudhu Brothers:

    • Rebellion of Marudhu Brothers (1800–1801) 
    • Proclamation of 1801
    • Fall of Sivagangai
    • Carnatic Treaty, 1801

    E. Dheeran Chinnamalai (1756–1805):

  • Vellore Revolt 1806 
    1. Grievances of Indian Soldiers
    2. Outbreak of the Revolt: Gillespie’s Brutality
    3. Consequences of Revolt
    4. Estimate of Revolt
1.07 Anti-colonial Movements and the Birth of Nationalism
1.08 Nationalism: Gandhian Phase
1.09 Freedom Struggle in Tamil Nadu
1.1 Social Transformation in Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 10th Social Science Syllabus for Geography

2.01 India - Location, Relief and Drainage
  • Introduction of India – Location, Relief and Drainage 
    • India’s Land and Water Frontiers
    • India and the World
    • India: A Subcontinent
  • India - Location and Extent 
    • Indian Standard Time (IST)
  • Major Physiographic Divisions of India 

    A. The Northern Mountains:

    1. The Trans-Himalayas
    2. The Himalayas
      (i) The Greater Himalayas or the Himadri
      (ii) The Lesser Himalayas or The Himachal
      (iii) The Outer Himalayas/The Siwaliks
    3. Purvanchal Hills
      Importance of Himalayas 

    B. The Great Northern Plains:

    1. The Bhabar Plain
    2. The Tarai Tract
    3. The Bhangar Plains
    4. The Khadar Plains
    5. Delta

    C. The Peninsular Plateaus 

    1. Central Highlands
    2. Deccan Plateau
      1. The Western Ghats
      2. The Eastern Ghats

    D. The Coastal Plains:

    1. The Western Coastal Plain
    2. The Eastern Coastal Plain

    E. The Islands:

    1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
    2. Lakshadweep Islands
    3. Offshore Islands
  • Drainage Systems in India 

    A. Himalayan Rivers:

    1. The Indus River System
    2. The Ganga River System
    3. The Brahmaputra River System
    • Characteristics of Himalayan Rivers

    B. Peninsular Rivers
    1. East Flowing Rivers

    1. Mahanadi
    2. Godavari
    3. Krishna
    4. Kaveri

    2. West Flowing Rivers

    1. Narmada
    2. Tapti
    • Characteristics of South Indian Rivers
2.02 Climate and Natural Vegetation of India
2.03 India - Agriculture
2.04 India - Resources and Industries
  • Introduction of India - Resources and Industries 
  • Minerals of North America 
    • Types of Minerals:
      a) Metallic Minerals:  Iron ore, Manganese, Copper, and Bauxite.
      b) Non-Metallic Minerals: Mica, Lime Stone, Gypsum.
  • Energy Resources 
    • Conventional Sources of Energy
    1. Coal
    2. Petroleum
    3. Natural Gas
    4. Electricity
    • Non-Conventional Sources of Energy
    1. Nuclear or Atomic Energy
    2. Solar Energy
    3. Wind power
    4. Biogas
    5. Tidal Energy
    6. Geo Thermal Energy
  • Industries in North Amercia 
    • Agro-based industries:
      a) Cotton Textile Industry
      b) Jute Textiles
      c) Silk Industry
      d) Sugar Industry
    • Forest-based industries:
      a) Paper industry
    • Mineral-based industries:
      a) Iron and steel industries
    • Automobile Industry 
    • Electrical and Electronic Industries
    • Software Industry
    • Heavy Engineering Industries
    • The Meat - Packing Industry
    • Major challenges of Indian Industries
2.05 India - Population, Transport, Communication and Trade
  • Introduction of India - Population, Transport, Communication and Trade 
  • Population 
    • Population
    • What is Demography?
    • Census
  • Migration 
    • Population composition
    • Age composition
    • Sex Ratio 
    • Literacy Rate 
    • Occupational structure  
    • Population Dynamics 
    • Problems of over Population
  • Urbanization 
    • Urbanization in India
    • Impact of Urbanization
  • Transportation 
    • Roadways
    • Classification of Roads in India:
      a) National Highways (NH)
      b) State Highways
      c) District Roads 
      d) Rural Roads (Village Roads)
      e) Border Roads
      f) Golden Quadrilateral
      g) North-South and East-West Corridors
      h) Expressways
      i) International Highways
    • Railways:
      a) Metro Railways in India
    • Pipeline transport:
    • Waterways:
      a) Inland Waterways
      National Waterway 1
      National Waterway 2
      National Waterway 3 
      b) Oceanic Routes
    • Air Transport:
      Pavan-Hans Helicopter Ltd
      Airports Authority of India (AAI)
  • Communication in India 
    • Personal Communication
    • Mass Communication Systems
    • Satellite Communication
  • Trade of South America 
    • Types of Trade 
      1. Internal trade
      2. International trade
    • Exports
    • Imports
2.06 Physical Geography of Tamil Nadu
2.07 Human Geography of Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 10th Social Science Syllabus for Civics

3.01 Indian Constitution
3.02 Central Government
  • Introduction of Central Government 
  • The President of India 
    • Qualification for the election as President 
    • Election of the President
    • Powers of the President
    1. Executive Powers
    2. Legislative Powers
    3. Financial Power
    4. Judicial Powers
    5. Military Powers
    6. Diplomatic Powers
    7. Emergency Powers  
    • Removal of the President
  • Vice-President 
    • Qualification for the election as Vice President
    • Election and term of the Vice-President
    • Removal of the Vice President
    • Functions of the Vice President
  • Prime Minister 
    • Duties and functions of Prime Minister
    • Council of Ministers
    • Categories of the Ministers
      (i) Cabinet Ministers
      (ii) Ministers of State
      (iii) Deputy Ministers
  • Parliament of India 
    • Rajya Sabha:
      Qualification of the Members
      Term of House
    • Lok Sabha:
      Qualification of the Members
      The term of the House
      Functions of the Lok Sabha
    • The Speaker:
    • Powers and Functions of the Parliament:
  • Attorney General of India 
    • Duties and Functions of Attorney General of India:
  • The Judiciary 
    • Supreme Court
    • Composition of the Supreme Court
    • Appointment of Judges
    • Qualification of Supreme Court Judges
    • Powers and Functions of the Supreme Court
      (a) Original Jurisdiction
      (b) Appellate Jurisdiction 
      (c) Advisory Jurisdiction
      (d) Miscellaneous Jurisdiction
      (e) Judicial Review
3.03 State Government
  • Introduction of State Government 
  • The Executive 
    • The Governor:
    • Appointment:
    • Qualification:
    • Powers and Functions of the Governor:
      Executive Powers
      Legislative Powers
      Financial Powers  
      Judicial Powers
      Discretionary Powers
      Emergency Powers
    • Privileges of the Governor:
  • Chief Minister 
    • The appointment of the Chief Minister:
    • Powers and functions of the Chief Minister:
      - Relating to the Council of Ministers 
      - Relating to the Governor 
      - Relating to State Legislature
    • Council of Ministers:
      - Other Provisions relating to Ministers
      - The functions and powers of the Council of Ministers
  • The State Legislature 
    • The Legislative Assembly (Lower House):
      - Composition
      - Cabinet and Cabinet Committees
      - The Speaker
    • The Legislative Council (Upper House):
      - Election to Legislative Council
      - The Chairman
      - Abolition or Creation of Legislative Councils
  • Functions of the State Legislature 
    • Legislative powers
    • Financial Powers
    • Controls over the Executive
  • Judiciary of State 
    • High Courts:
    • Jurisdiction and Powers of High Court:
      - Original Jurisdiction
      - Appellate Jurisdiction
      - Writ Jurisdiction
      - Supervisory Jurisdiction 
      - Court of Record
3.04 India’s Foreign Policy
3.05 India’s International Relations

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 10th Social Science Syllabus for Economics

4.01 Gross Domestic Product and Its Growth: an Introduction
4.02 Globalization and Trade
4.03 Food Security and Nutrition
4.04 Government and Taxes
  • Introduction of Government and Taxes 
  • Role of Government in Development Policies 
    1. Defence
    2. Foreign policy
    3. Conduct of periodic elections
    4. Law and order
    5. Public administration and provision of public goods
    6. Redistribution of income and poverty alleviation
    7. Regulate the economy
  • Tax 
    • Why Taxes?
  • Types of Taxes 
    • Proportional Tax
    • Progressive Tax
    • Regressive Tax
    • Degressive Tax
    • Direct Taxes:
      1. Income tax
      2. Corporate tax
      3. Wealth tax
    • Indirect Taxes:
      1. Stamp duty 
      2. Entertainment tax
      3. Excise duty
    • Service Tax
    • Sales Tax or VAT
    • Goods and Services Tax (GST)
  • How Are Taxes Levied? 
    • Progressive tax
    • Proportionate taxes
    • Regressive Taxes
  • Black Money 
    • Black Money
    • Causes of Black Money
  • Tax Evasion 
    • Tax evasion penalties
  • Taxes and Development 
    1. Resource mobilisation
    2. Reduction inequalities of income
    3. Social welfare
    4. Foreign exchange
    5. Regional development
    6. Control of inflation
4.05 Industrial Clusters in Tamil Nadu

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