Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary EducationSSLC (English Medium) Class 10

Social Science SSLC (English Medium) Class 10 Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Syllabus 2024-25

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Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 10 Social Science Syllabus - Free PDF Download

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Syllabus 2024-25 Class 10: The Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 10 Social Science Syllabus for the examination year 2024-25 has been released by the , Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education. The board will hold the final examination at the end of the year following the annual assessment scheme, which has led to the release of the syllabus. The 2024-25 Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 10 Social Science Board Exam will entirely be based on the most recent syllabus. Therefore, students must thoroughly understand the new Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education syllabus to prepare for their annual exam properly.

The detailed Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 10 Social Science Syllabus for 2024-25 is below.

Academic year:

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 10 Social Science Revised Syllabus

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 10 Social Science and their Unit wise marks distribution

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 10 Social Science Course Structure 2024-25 With Marking Scheme

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Syllabus

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 10 Social Science Syllabus for Chapter 1: History

1.01 Outbreak of World War 1 and Its Aftermath
  • Introduction of Outbreak of World War I and Its Aftermath  
  • Scramble for Colonies  
    • Capitalist Countries’ Race for Markets
    • Rise of Monopoly Capitalism
    • Imperialism and its Essential Characteristics
  • Rivalry of Great Powers  
    • Europe
    • Clashes amongst Great Powers
    • Asia: The Rise of Japan
    • Strong-arm Diplomacy of Japan
    • Colonisation and its Fallout
  • Causes, Course and Results of World War I  

    A. Causes:

    • European Alliances and Counter-Alliances
    • Violent Forms of Nationalism
    • Aggressive Attitude of German Emperor
    • Hostility of France towards Germany
    • Imperial Power Politics in the Balkans  
    • The Balkan Wars
    • Immediate Cause

    B. Course of the War:

    • Two Warring Camps Central Powers
    • Allies
    • Tsar’s Abortive Attempts for Peace
    • War in Western or French Front
    • Battles of Tannenberg and Marne
    • Battle of Verdun
    • War in Eastern or Russian front
    • Minor Theatres of War: In the Middle East, In the Far East, In the Balkans.
    • Fate of Colonies of Germany in Africa
    • Italy falls to Austrian onslaught
    • Central Powers’ Victories
    • Naval Battles and America’s entry into the War

    C. The Armistice and Treaty of Versailles:

    • Peace Conference in Paris
    • Provisions of the Treaty
    • Fallout of the First World War
    • Impact on India
  • Russian Revolution and Its Impact  

    A. Introduction 

    B. Causes of the Revolution

    • Social Causes 
    • Role of Revolutionaries
    • Autocracy of the Tsar
    • Opposition to Tsar and Dissolution of Duma
    • Popular Uprisings
    • Abdication of Tsar 
    • Provisional Government
    • Failure of Provisional Government
    • Takeover by the Bolshevik Party under Lenin’s leadership 
    • Outcome of the Revolution
    • Global Influence of the Russian Revolution
  • League of Nations  
    • Structure and Composition
    • Objectives of the League
    • Activities of the League
    • Violations
    • Causes of Failure
1.02 The World Between Two World Wars
  • Introduction of the World Between Two World Wars  
  • The Great Depression  
    • Developments in the post-World War I
    • Stock Market Crash in the US 
    • Breakdown of the International System of Exchange
    • Repercussion in Politics
  • Rise of Fascism and Nazism  

    A. The Impact of War in Italy  

    • Emergence of Mussolini
    • Fascists under Mussolini 
    • Mussolini’s Pact with Pope
    • Italy during the Great Depression

    B. Germany in the post-War

    • Evolution of German Fascism
    • The Nazi State of Hitler
    • Nazi Policy towards Jews
    • Defiance of the Treaty of Versailles
  • Anti-colonial Movements and Decolonisation Processes in Asia  

    A. French Indo-China

    • Rise of Anti-Colonialism 
    • The Emergence of Viet Minh

    B. Decolonisation in India

    • Dyarchy in Provinces
    • Lack of Measures to Industrialise India
    • Impact of Depression on Indian Agriculture
    • Government of India Act, 1935
  • Anti-colonial Movements in Africa  
    • Colonisation of Africa
    • Boer Wars
    • Nationalist Politics in South Africa
    • Racist Policy against the Blacks
  • Political Developments in South America  
    • Mayas and Aztecs
    • European Colonisation and its Impact
    • Impact of Napoleonic Invasion of Spain and Portugal
    • The Monroe Doctrine
    • Disunity among Latin American Nationalists
    • US Imperial Interests 
    • Great Depression in South America
1.03 World War 2
  • Introduction of World War II  
  • Causes, Course and Effects of World War II  

    A. Causes:

    • Germany and the Treaty of Versailles, 1919
    • Failure of League of Nations
    • Post-War Crisis and Germany
    • The Rise of Adolf Hitler
    • Allies and Non-Intervention
    • Munich Pact

    B. Course of World War II:

    • Nature of the War
    • Outbreak of War
    • Important Events
    • Lend Lease 1941–1945
    • Invasion of Russia 1941-1942
    • Battle of Stalingrad (17 July 1942 to 2 February 1943)
    • Battle of El Alamein 1942
    • Surrender of Italy 1943
    • End of Hitler
    • War in the Asia-Pacific Region
    • Pearl Harbour 1941
    • Japanese Aggression in South-east Asia
    • Battle of Midway and Battle of Guadalcanal 1942
    • Hiroshima and Nagasaki, August 1945

    C. Effects of the War:

  • Holocaust and Its Fallout  
    • Universal Declaration of Human Rights
    • Birth of Israel
  • New International Order  
    • United Nations
    • General Assembly and Security Council  
    • Administrative Structure
    • Other Important Organs of the UN 
    • Activities of the UN
    • World Bank
    • International Monetary Fund (IMF)
  • Post-War Welfare States in Europe  
1.04 The World After World War 2
  • Introduction of The World After World War II  
  • Chinese Revolution  
    1. China in the Pre-War Period
    2. The Chinese Revolution 1911
    3. Yuan Shih-kai and After
    4. Communist Party of China
    • Kuomintang and Chiang Kai Shek
    • Mao as Organizer of Peasants 
    • The Long March 1934
    • Japanese Aggression
    • Communist Victory
    • National People’s Congress
    • Denial of UNO Membership
  • Cold War: Rivalry Between the Us and the Soviet Union  
    1. Truman’s Policy of Containment of Communism
    2. Marshall Plan
  • Formation of Military Alliances  
    1. NATO
    2. SEATO or Manila Pact (1954)
    3. Warsaw Pact 
    4. CENTO or the Baghdad Pact
  • Korean War  
    • Third World Countries
  • The Non-aligned Movement (NAM) in 1961  
    • India's Foreign Policy during the Cold War Era 
    • New Developments: in the 1990s and the 20th Century
    • India in the Resurgent 21st Century
  • The Cuban Revolution  
    • Cuban Missile Crisis
  • Arab-Israeli War  
    • Suez Canal Crisis (1956)
    • Arab–Israeli War 1967
    • Israel’s Offensive
    • Arab–Israeli War 1973
  • Vietnam War  
  • Towards European Union  
    1. Council of Europe
    2. European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC)
    3. European Economic Community (EEC)
    4. Single European Act (SEA)
    5. European Union (EU)
  • Fall of Berlin Wall and End of Cold War Era  
    • Disintegration of the Soviet Union
1.05 Social and Religious Reform Movements in the 19th Century
  • Introduction of Social and Religious Reform Movements in the 19th Century  
  • Early Reform Movements in Bengal  
    1. Raja Rammohan Roy and Brahmo Samaj
    2. Maharishi Debendranath Tagore  
    3. Keshab Chandra Sen & Brahmo Samaj of India
    4. Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
    5. Prarthana Samaj
  • Hindu Revivalism  
    1.  Swami Dayanand Saraswati and Arya Samaj 1875
    2. Ramakrishna Paramahamsa
    3. Swami Vivekananda
    4. Theosophical Movement - Contribution of Annie Besant
  • Anti-Caste Movements  
    1. Jyotiba Phule
    2. Narayana Guru
    3. Ayyankali
  • Islamic Reforms  
    • Sir Sayyid Ahmed Khan
    • Aligarh Movement
    • Deoband Movement
  • Parsi Reform Movement  
  • Sikh Reform Movement (Nirankaris and Namdharis)  
  • Social Reformers of Tamilnadu  
    1. Ramalinga Swamigal
    2. Iyothee Thassar
1.06 Early Revolts Against British Rule in Tamil Nadu
  • Introduction of Early Revolts Against British Rule in Tamil Nadu  
  • Resistance of Regional Powers Against the British  
    • Palayams and Palayakkarars: Eastern and Western Palayams
  • Palayakkarars’ Revolt 1755-1801  

    A. Revolt of Puli Thevar 1755–1767:

    • Confederacy and Alliance with Enemies of the British
    • Kalakadu Battle
    • Yusuf Khan and Puli Thevar
    • Fall of Puli Thevar 

    B. Velunachiyar (1730–1796):

    C. Rebellion of Veerapandya Kattabomman 1790-1799:

    • Confrontation with Jackson
    • Appearance before Madras Council 
    • Kattabomman and the Confederacy of Palayakkarars
    • The Siege of Panchalamkurichi 
    • Execution of Kattabomman

    D. The Marudhu Brothers:

    • Rebellion of Marudhu Brothers (1800–1801) 
    • Proclamation of 1801
    • Fall of Sivagangai
    • Carnatic Treaty, 1801

    E. Dheeran Chinnamalai (1756–1805):

  • Vellore Revolt 1806  
    1. Grievances of Indian Soldiers
    2. Outbreak of the Revolt: Gillespie’s Brutality
    3. Consequences of Revolt
    4. Estimate of Revolt
1.07 Anti-colonial Movements and the Birth of Nationalism
  • Introduction of Anti-Colonial Movements and the Birth of Nationalism  
  • Peasant and Tribal Resistance  
    • Changes in the Revenue System
    • Subletting of Land

    A. Peasant Uprising

    • Farazi Movement
    • Wahhabi Rebellion in Barasat

    B. Tribal Uprising

    1. Kol Revolt
    2. Santhal Hool (Insurrection): Outbreak  

    C. Munda Rebellion

  • The Freedom Struggle of 1857  
    • The outburst
    • Scope of the struggle
    • Leadership of the struggle
    • Crushing of the struggle 
  • Peasant Revolts Under Crown  
    • Indigo Revolt 1859-60
    • Deccan Riots 1875
  • The Foundation of Indian National Congress (1870 – 1885)  
    • Rise of Nationalism
    • Economic Critique of Colonialism
    • Objectives and Methods
    • Militant Nationalism
  • Partition of Bengal  
    1.  Hindu–Muslim Divide
    2. Anti- Partition Movement
    3. Boycott and Swadeshi Movement in Bengal (1905–1911) 
    • Constructive Swadeshi 
    • Passive Resistance
    • Militant Nationalism
    • Swaraj or Political Independence
  • Home Rule Movement (1916–1918)  
    • Objectives of the Home Rule Movement
    • Lucknow Pact (1916)
    • British Response
1.08 Nationalism: Gandhian Phase
  • Introduction of Nationalism: Gandhian Phase  
  • Gandhi and Mass Nationalism  
    • Evolution of Gandhi: Satyagraha as a Strategy in South Africa.
  • Gandhi’s Early Satyagrahas in India  
    • Champaran Satyagraha
    • Kheda Satyagraha
    • Workers movement at Ahmedabad
    • Rowlatt Satyagraha and Jallianwala Bagh Massacre: General Dyer’s Brutality
    • Khilafat Movement
  • Non-cooperation Movement and Its Fallout  
    1. No-Tax Campaign and Chauri Chaura Incident
    2. Swarajists
    3. Constructive Programme of Gandhi 
    4. Boycott of Simon Commission
    5. Nehru Report
  • The Struggle for Poorna Swaraj and Launch of Civil Disobedience Movement  
    1. Salt Satyagraha Movement: Salt Satyagraha in Provinces
    2. Round Table Conferences
    3. Gandhi-Irwin Pact
    4. Renewal of Civil Disobedience Movement
    5. Communal Award and Poona Pact 
    6. Campaign Against Untouchability
  • Beginnings of Socialist Movements  
    1. Foundation of Communist Party
    2. Revolutionary Activities
    3. Left Movement in the 1930s
  • First Congress Ministries Under Government of India Act, 1935  
    1. Congress Ministries and their Work
    2. Resignation of Congress Ministries
    3.  National Movement during the Second World War, 1939–45
  • Developments Leading to Quit India Movement  
    1. Individual Satyagraha
    2. Cripps Mission
    3. "Do or Die" Call by Gandhi 
    4. Role of Socialists
    5. People’s Response
    6. Subhas Chandra Bose and INA
  • Towards Freedom  
    1. Royal Indian Navy Revolt
    2. Negotiating Independence: Simla Conference
    3. Cabinet Mission
    4. Direct Action Day Call by Muslim League
    5. Mountbatten Plan
    6. Independence and Partition
1.09 Freedom Struggle in Tamil Nadu
  • Introduction of Freedom Struggle in Tamil Nadu  
  • Early Nationalist Stirrings in Tamil Nadu  
    • Madras Native Association
    • Beginnings of the Nationalist Press: The Hindu and Swadesamitran
    • Madras Mahajana Sabha
    • Moderate Phase
  • Swadeshi Movement  
    1. Response in Tamilnadu
      - Swadeshi Steam Navigation Company
      - Tirunelveli Uprising
    2. Revolutionary Activities in Tamil Nadu 
      - Ashe Murder
    3. Annie Besant and the Home Rule Movement.
  • Non-Brahmin Movement and the Challenge to Congress  
    1. The South Indian Liberal Federation 
      - Justice Ministry
    2. Government’s Repressive Measures: Rowlatt Act 
      - Rowlatt Satyagraha
    3. Khilafat Movement
  • Non-Cooperation Movement (1919-1922)  
    • No Tax Campaigns and Temperance Movement 
    • Swarajists-Justicites Rivalry
    • Subbarayan Ministry
    • Simon Commission Boycott
  • Civil Disobedience Movement  
    1. Towards Poorna Swaraj
    2. Salt March to Vedaranyam
    3. Widespread Agitations in Tamil Districts: Martyrdom of Tirupur Kumaran
    4. First Congress Ministry
    5. Anti-Hindi Agitation
  • Quit India Struggle  
    • Undying Mass Movement
1.1 Social Transformation in Tamil Nadu
  • Introduction of Social Transformation in Tamil Nadu  
  • Tamil Renaissance  
    • Advent of the Printing Technology
    • V.G. Suryanarayana Sastri (Parithimar Kalaignar) 
    • Maraimalai Adigal
    • Tani Tamil Iyakkam (Pure Tamil Movement)
  • Rise of the Dravidian Movement  
  • South Indian Liberal Federation (Justice Party)  
    • Programmes and Activities
  • Self-Respect Movement (Suyamariyathai Iyakkam)  
    • Periyar E.V.R.
    • Periyar, a Feminist
    • Rettaimalai Srinivasan
    • M.C. Rajah
  • Labour Movements in Tamil Nadu  
  • Language Agitation before Indian Independence  
  • Women’s Movements  

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 10 Social Science Syllabus for Chapter 2: Geography

2.01 India - Location, Relief and Drainage
2.02 Climate and Natural Vegetation of India
2.03 India - Agriculture
  • Soil: "Teeming with Life"  
  • Types of Soils in India  
    • Alluvial Soil  
    • Black Soil  
    • Red Soil  
    • Laterite Soils  
    • Forest and Mountain Soils  
    • Arid and Desert Soils  
    • Saline and Alkaline Soils  
    • Peaty and Marshy Soils  
  • Irrigation  
  • Sources of Irrigation in India  
    • Canal Irrigation  
    • Well Irrigation  
    • Tank Irrigation  
    • Modern Irrigation Methods  
      1. Drip irrigation method
      2. Springler Method
      3. Rain Gun
      4. Central - Pivot Irrigation
      5. Furrow Irrigation
      6. Multipurpose River Valley Projects
  • Agriculture in India  
  • Types of Farming in India  
    • Subsistence Farming  
    • Shifting Agriculture  
    • Intensive Farming  
    • Dry Farming  
    • Mixed Farming  
    • Terrace Farming  
  • Major Crops Cultivated in India  
  • Food Crops  
    • Rice
    • Wheat
    • Jowar
    • Bajra
    • Barley
    • Pulses
  • Cash Crops  
    • Sugarcane
    • Cotton
    • Jute
    • Oil Seeds
  • Plantation Crops  
    • Tea
    • Coffee
    • Rubber
    • Spices
  • Horticulture Crops  
  • Livestock  
    • Cattle
    • Goats
    • Buffaloes 
    • Dairy, Meat, and Wool Production
  • Fisheries  
  • Major Issues Faced by Farmers in India  
2.04 India - Resources and Industries
  • Introduction of India - Resources and Industries  
  • Minerals of North America  
    • Types of Minerals:
      a) Metallic Minerals:  Iron ore, Manganese, Copper, and Bauxite.
      b) Non-Metallic Minerals: Mica, Lime Stone, Gypsum.
  • Industries in North Amercia  
    • Agro-based industries:
      a) Cotton Textile Industry
      b) Jute Textiles
      c) Silk Industry
      d) Sugar Industry
    • Forest-based industries:
      a) Paper industry
    • Mineral-based industries:
      a) Iron and steel industries
    • Automobile Industry 
    • Electrical and Electronic Industries
    • Software Industry
    • Heavy Engineering Industries
    • The Meat - Packing Industry
    • Major challenges of Indian Industries
  • Minerals of India  
    • Metallic Minerals
      1) Iron ore
      2) Manganese
      3) Copper 
      4) Bauxite
    • Non-Metallic Minerals
      1) Mica
      2) Lime Stone
      3) Gypsum
  • Energy Resources  
    • Conventional Sources of Energy
    1. Coal
    2. Petroleum
    3. Natural Gas
    4. Electricity
    • Non-Conventional Sources of Energy
    1. Nuclear or Atomic Energy
    2. Solar Energy
    3. Wind power
    4. Biogas
    5. Tidal Energy
    6. Geo Thermal Energy
  • Non-renewable Energy Resources in India  
    • Coal
    • Petroleum or Crude oil
    • Natural Gas
  • Conventional Energy Sources in India  
    • Thermal power
    • Nuclear power
  • Renewable Energy Resources  
    • Hydro power
    • Solar Energy
    • Wind Energy
    • Biomass Energy
    • Tidal and wave Energy
  • Agro Based Industries in India  
  • Forest Based Industries in India  
2.05 India - Population, Transport, Communication and Trade
  • Introduction of India - Population, Transport, Communication and Trade  
  • Population  
    • Population
    • What is Demography?
    • Census
  • Migration  
    • Population composition
    • Age composition
    • Sex Ratio 
    • Literacy Rate 
    • Occupational structure  
    • Population Dynamics 
    • Problems of over Population
  • Urbanization  
    • Urbanization in India
    • Impact of Urbanization
  • Transportation  
    • Roadways
    • Classification of Roads in India:
      a) National Highways (NH)
      b) State Highways
      c) District Roads 
      d) Rural Roads (Village Roads)
      e) Border Roads
      f) Golden Quadrilateral
      g) North-South and East-West Corridors
      h) Expressways
      i) International Highways
    • Railways:
      a) Metro Railways in India
    • Pipeline transport:
    • Waterways:
      a) Inland Waterways
      National Waterway 1
      National Waterway 2
      National Waterway 3 
      b) Oceanic Routes
    • Air Transport:
      Pavan-Hans Helicopter Ltd
      Airports Authority of India (AAI)
  • Communication in India  
    • Personal Communication
    • Mass Communication Systems
    • Satellite Communication
  • Trade of South America  
    • Types of Trade 
      1. Internal trade
      2. International trade
    • Exports
    • Imports
2.06 Physical Geography of Tamil Nadu
  • Introduction of Physical Geography of Tamil Nadu  
  • Location and Size  
    • Boundaries and Neighbours
    • Administrative Divisions
    • Physiographic Divisions
  • Western Ghats  
    • Nilgiri Hills
    • Anaimalai
    • Palani Hills
    • Cardamom Hills
    • Varusanadu and Andipatti Hills
    • Pothigai Hills
    • Mahendragiri Hills
  • The Eastern Ghats  
    • Javadhu Hills
    • Kalvarayan Hills
    • Servarayan Hills
    • Kolli Hills
    • Pachaimalai
  • Plateaus  
    • Plateaus : Deccan Plateau, Chota Nagpur Plateau.
  • Plains  
    • Beaches
  • Drainage  
    • Cauvery
    • Palar
    • Then Pennaiyar/Then Ponnaiyar
    • Vaigai
    • Thamirabarani
  • Climate  
  • Soils of Tamil Nadu  
    • Alluvial Soil
    • Black Soil
    • Red Soil
    • Laterite Soil
    • Saline Soil
  • Soil Erosion  
  • Natural Vegetation  
  • Wild Life  
  • Hazard Mitigation  
    • Warning System in India
    • Disaster Management in India
    • State Disaster Management plan
    • General Survival Techniques
  • Natural Disasters in Tamil Nadu  
    • Landslide 
    • Flood
    • Cyclone
    • Drought
    • Fire Accident
    • Tsunami
    • Earthquakes
2.07 Human Geography of Tamil Nadu
  • Introduction of Human Geography of Tamil Nadu  
  • Agriculture  
  • Geographical Determinants of Agriculture  
    • Landform
    • Climate 
    • Soil
    • Irrigation
  • Cropping Seasons in Tamil Nadu  
  • Distribution of Major Crops in Tamil Nadu  
    • Paddy
    • Millets
    • Pulses
    • Oil Seeds
    • Sugarcane
    • Cotton
    • Plantation crops
  • Animal Husbandry (Livestock)  
    • Animal Husbandry
    • Role of Animal Husbandry in Human Welfare
    • Advantages of Animal Husbandry
    • Management of farms and farm animals
  • Water Resource  
    • Multipurpose River Valley Projects
    • Mettur Dam
    • Bhavani Sagar Dam
    • Amaravathi Dam
    • Krishnagiri Dam
    • Sathanur Dam
    • Mullaiperiyar Dam
    • Vaigai Dam
    • Manimuthar Dam 
    • The Papanasam Dam 
    • Parampikulam Aliyar Project
    • Water Resource Management
  • Mineral Resources  
    • Minerals
    • Formation of minerals
  • Industries  
    • Textile Industry 
    • Silk Textiles
    • Leather Industry
    • Paper Industry
    • Cement Industry
  • Information Technology  
    • Special Economic Zones
    • Manufacturing & Engineering Industry
    • Automobile Industries
    • Handlooms and Powerlooms 
    • Sugar Industry
    • Tourism Industry
  • Population  
    • Population
    • What is Demography?
    • Census
  • Transport of North America  
    • roadways
    • railways
    • waterways
    • airways
  • Communication  
  • Trade of South America  
    • Types of Trade 
      1. Internal trade
      2. International trade
    • Exports
    • Imports
  • Imports of Tamil Nadu  

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 10 Social Science Syllabus for Chapter 3: Civics

3.01 Indian Constitution
  • Introduction of Indian Constitution  
  • The Need for a Constitution  
  • Making of the Indian Constitution  
    • The path to Constitution
    • The Constituent Assembly
  • Salient Features of Indian Constitution  
  • Preamble to the Constitution  
  • Citizenship  
    • Citizenship Act (1955) 
    • Acquisition of Citizenship
    • Loss of Citizenship 
  • Fundamental Rights  
    • Right to constitutional remedies (Articles - 32)
    • Suspension of Fundamental Rights
    • Differences between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy
  • Directive Principles of State Policy  
  • Fundamental Duties  
    • List of Fundamental Duties
  • Centre-State Relations  
    • Legislative relations
    • Administrative relations
    • Financial relations
  • Official Language  
  • Emergency Provisions  
    • National Emergency (Article 352)
    • State emergency (Article 356)
    • Financial emergency (Article 360)
  • Amendment of the Constitution  
    • Procedure of Amendment
    • Types of Amendments
  • Constitutional Reform Commissions  
3.02 Central Government
  • Introduction of Central Government  
  • The President of India  
  • Vice-President  
    • Qualification for the election as Vice President
    • Election and term of the Vice-President
    • Removal of the Vice President
    • Functions of the Vice President
  • Prime Minister  
    • Appointment of Prime Minister
    • Duties and functions of Prime Minister
    • Council of Ministers
    • Categories of the Ministers
      (i) Cabinet Ministers
      (ii) Ministers of State
      (iii) Deputy Ministers
  • Parliament of India  
    • Rajya Sabha:
      Qualification of the Members
      Term of House
      Election
    • Lok Sabha:
      Qualification of the Members
      The term of the House
      Election
      Functions of the Lok Sabha
    • The Speaker:
    • Powers and Functions of the Parliament:
  • Attorney General of India  
    • Duties and Functions of Attorney General of India:
  • The Judiciary  
    • Supreme Court
    • Composition of the Supreme Court
    • Appointment of Judges
    • Qualification of Supreme Court Judges
    • Powers and Functions of the Supreme Court
      (a) Original Jurisdiction
      (b) Appellate Jurisdiction 
      (c) Advisory Jurisdiction
      (d) Miscellaneous Jurisdiction
      (e) Judicial Review
3.03 State Government
  • Introduction of State Government  
  • The Executive  
    • The Governor:
    • Appointment:
    • Qualification:
    • Powers and Functions of the Governor:
      Executive Powers
      Legislative Powers
      Financial Powers  
      Judicial Powers
      Discretionary Powers
      Emergency Powers
    • Privileges of the Governor:
  • Chief Minister  
    • The appointment of the Chief Minister:
    • Powers and functions of the Chief Minister:
      - Relating to the Council of Ministers 
      - Relating to the Governor 
      - Relating to State Legislature
    • Council of Ministers:
      - Other Provisions relating to Ministers
      - The functions and powers of the Council of Ministers
  • The State Legislature  
    • The Legislative Assembly (Lower House):
      - Composition
      - Cabinet and Cabinet Committees
      - The Speaker
    • The Legislative Council (Upper House):
      - Election to Legislative Council
      - The Chairman
      - Abolition or Creation of Legislative Councils
  • Functions of the State Legislature  
    • Legislative powers
    • Financial Powers
    • Controls over the Executive
  • Judiciary of State  
    • High Courts:
    • Jurisdiction and Powers of High Court:
      - Original Jurisdiction
      - Appellate Jurisdiction
      - Writ Jurisdiction
      - Supervisory Jurisdiction 
      - Court of Record
3.04 India’s Foreign Policy
  • Introduction of India’s Foreign Policy  
  • Main Objectives of Our Foreign Policy  
  • Panchsheel  
  • Basic Determinants of a Foreign Policy  
    • Foreign Policy in the 1950s and 1960s
  • The Non-aligned Movement (NAM) in 1961  
    • India's Foreign Policy during the Cold War Era 
    • New Developments: in the 1990s and the 20th Century
    • India in the Resurgent 21st Century
  • Basic Concepts of India’s Foreign Policy  
    • Policy of Disarmament
  • SAARC – South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation  
  • Contemporary Context: Change and Continuity in India’s Foreign Policy  
    • Difference between Domestic Policy and Foreign Policy
    • Conclusion
3.05 India’s International Relations
  • Introduction of India’s International Relations  
  • India and Its Neighbours  
    • India and Afghanistan
    • India and Bangladesh
    • India and Bhutan
    • India and China
    • India and Maldives
    • India and Myanmar
    • India and Nepal
    • India and Pakistan
    • India and Sri Lanka
  • India’s Relationships with Developed Countries  
  • India and West Asia  
  • India and International Organisations  
    • BRICS:
      1. Reason for the formation of BRICS 
      2. Objectives of BRICS
      3. The financial architecture of BRICS
      4. BRICS payment system
      5. The factors that bolster co-operation among members
    • OPEC:
      1. OPEC’s mission
      - How does OPEC help other countries?
      2. India’s relationship with OPEC
    • Conclusion:

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 10 Social Science Syllabus for Chapter 4: Economics

4.01 Gross Domestic Product and Its Growth: an Introduction
  • Gross Domestic Product and Its Growth: an Introduction  
    • Definition of GDP.
  • National Income  
    • Various terms associated with measuring of National Income
      1. Gross National Product (GNP)
      2. Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
      3. Net National Product (NNP)
      4. Net Domestic Product (NDP) 
      5. Per Capita Income (PCI)
      6. Personal Income (PI)
      7. Disposable Income (DI)
  • Gross Domestic Product (GDP)  
    • Methods of GDP Calculating
    • Importance of GDP
    • Limitations of GDP
  • Composition of Gross Domestic Product (GDP)  
    1. Primary Sector: (Agricultural Sector)
    2. Secondary Sector: (Industrial Sector)
    3. Tertiary: (Service Sector)
  • Contribution of different sectors in GDP of India  
  • Economic Growth and Development  
    • Economic Growth
    • Economic Development
  • Developmental Path based on GDP and Employment  
    • Factors supporting Indian development
  • Growth of GDP and Economic Policies  
4.02 Globalization and Trade
  • Introduction of Globalization and Trade  
  • Globalisation  
  • History of Globalization  
    • Archaic Globalization
    • Proto Globalization
    • Modern Globalization
  • Trade and Traders in South India Historical Perspective  
    • Early Traders
    • European Traders
    • The Portuguese
    • The Dutch
    • The British 
    • The Danes
    • The French
  • Globalization in India  
    • Reforms made to adopt Globalization: (New Economic policy in India)
  • Multi National Corporation (MNC)  
    • Evolution of MNC
    • Growth of MNCs in India
    • Reasons for the growth MNC
      1. Expansion of Market territory
      2. Marketing superiorities
      3. Financial Superiorities 
      4. Technological superiorities
      5. Product innovations
    • Advantages of MNC
    • Disadvantages of MNC
  • Fair Trade Practices and World Trade Organization  
    • Principles of Fairtrade Organization
    • GATT: (General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
    • Objectives of W.T.O
    • Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs)
  • Impact and Challenges of Globalization  
    • Positive Impact
    • Negative Impact
    • Challenges of Globalization
4.03 Food Security and Nutrition
  • Introduction of Food Security and Nutrition  
  • Food Security  
    • Basic components of food and nutrition security
  • Availability and Access to Food Grains  
    • Public Distribution System
    • Role of Consumer Cooperatives in Food Security
  • Purchasing Power  
    • Factors affecting Purchasing Power:
      1. Overpopulation
      2. Increasing prices of essential goods
      3. Demand for goods
      4. Price of goods affect the value of the currency
      5. Production and supply of goods
      6. Poverty and inequality
  • Agricultural Policy in India  
  • Multi-dimensional Nature of Poverty  
    • Multi-dimensional Poverty Index 2018 Report in Tamil Nadu
  • Nutrition and Health Status  
    • Status of Nutrition
    • Nutrition and Health Status in Tamil Nadu
4.04 Government and Taxes
  • Introduction of Government and Taxes  
  • Role of Government in Development Policies  
    1. Defence
    2. Foreign policy
    3. Conduct of periodic elections
    4. Law and order
    5. Public administration and provision of public goods
    6. Redistribution of income and poverty alleviation
    7. Regulate the economy
  • Tax  
    • Why Taxes?
  • Types of Taxes  
    • Proportional Tax
    • Progressive Tax
    • Regressive Tax
    • Degressive Tax
    • Direct Taxes:
      1. Income tax
      2. Corporate tax
      3. Wealth tax
    • Indirect Taxes:
      1. Stamp duty 
      2. Entertainment tax
      3. Excise duty
    • Service Tax
    • Sales Tax or VAT
    • Goods and Services Tax (GST)
  • How Are Taxes Levied?  
    • Progressive tax
    • Proportionate taxes
    • Regressive Taxes
  • Black Money  
    • Black Money
    • Causes of Black Money
  • Tax Evasion  
    • Tax evasion penalties
  • Taxes and Development  
    1. Resource mobilisation
    2. Reduction inequalities of income
    3. Social welfare
    4. Foreign exchange
    5. Regional development
    6. Control of inflation
4.05 Industrial Clusters in Tamil Nadu
  • Introduction of Industrial Clusters in Tamil Nadu  
  • Importance of Industrialisation  
    • What benefits does industrialisation bring to an economy?
  • Types of Industries  
  • Industrial Clusters  
    • How Do Clusters Originate?
  • Historical Development of Industrialisation in Tamil Nadu  
    • Industrialisation in the Colonial Period
    • Post-Independence to early 1990s
    • Industrialisation in Tamil Nadu - Liberalization Phase
  • Major Industrial Clusters and Their Specialisation in Tamil Nadu  
    • Automotive Clusters
    • Truck and Bus Body Building Industry Clusters
    • Textile Clusters
    • Leather and Leather Goods Clusters 
    • Fireworks, Matches, and Printing Cluster
    • Electronics and Information Technology (IT) Clusters
  • The Policy Factors that Helped the Industrialisation Process in Tamil Nadu  
    • Education
    • Infrastructure
    • Industrial Promotion
      The following are some agencies that have played a key role in industrialization in the state
      1. SIPCOT (State Industries Promotion Corporation of Tamil Nadu)
      2. TANSIDCO (Tamil Nadu Small Industries Development Corporation)
      3. TIDCO (Tamil Nadu Industrial Development Corporation), 1965
      4. TIIC (Tamil Nadu Industrial Investment Corporation Ltd.), 1949
      5. TANSI (Tamil Nadu Small Industries Corporation Ltd.), 1965
    • Issues with Industrialisation
  • Entrepreneur  
    • Entrepreneurship
    • Role of an Entrepreneur

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