Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary EducationHSC Science Class 12th
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Physics Class 12th HSC Science Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Topics and Syllabus

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Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Syllabus For Class 12th Physics: Knowing the Syllabus is very important for the students of Class 12th. Shaalaa has also provided a list of topics that every student needs to understand.

The Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 12th Physics syllabus for the academic year 2021-2022 is based on the Board's guidelines. Students should read the Class 12th Physics Syllabus to learn about the subject's subjects and subtopics.

Students will discover the unit names, chapters under each unit, and subtopics under each chapter in the Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 12th Physics Syllabus pdf 2021-2022. They will also receive a complete practical syllabus for Class 12th Physics in addition to this.

Academic year:

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 12th Physics Revised Syllabus

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 12th Physics and their Unit wise marks distribution

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 12th Physics Course Structure 2021-2022 With Marking Scheme

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Syllabus

1 Electrostatics
2 Current Electricity
  • Electric Current 
    • Electric Current and Electrical Resistance
    • Conventional Current
    • Drift velocity
    • Microscopic model of current
  • Ohm's Law 
    • Ohm's law
    • Statement of Ohm's law
    • Unit of resistance
    • Conductance
    • I-V graph
    • Slope of I-V graph
    • Limitation of Ohm's law
  • Energy and Power in Electrical Circuits 
  • Electric Cells and Batteries 
    • Electromotive force and internal resistance
    • Determination of internal resistance
    • Cells in series
    • Cells in parallel
  • Kirchhoff’s Rules 
    • Kirchhoff's Laws and Simple Applications
    • Kirchhoff’s first rule (Current rule or Junction rule)
    • Kirchhoff’s Second rule (Voltage rule or Loop rule)
    • Wheatstone’s bridge
    • Meter bridge
    • Potentiometer
    • Comparison of emf of two cells with a potentiometer
    • Measurement of internal resistance of a cell by potentiometer
  • Heating Effect of Electric Current 
    • Joule’s law
    • Application of Joule’s heating effect
  • Thermoelectric Effect 
    • Seebeck effect
    • Peltier effect
    • Thomson effect
3 Magnetism and Magnetic Effects of Electric Current
  • Introduction to Magnetism 
    • Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements
    • Basic properties of magnets
  • Coulomb’s Inverse Square Law of Magnetism 
    • Magnetic field at a point along the axial line of the magnetic dipole (bar magnet) 
    • Magnetic field at a point along the equatorial line due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet)
  • Torque Acting on a Bar Magnet in Uniform Magnetic Field 
    • Potential energy of a bar magnet in a uniform magnetic field
  • Magnetic Properties 
    • Magnetic properties:
    1. Magnetising field
    2. Magnetic permeability
    3. Intensity of magnetisation
    4. Magnetic induction or total magnetic field
    5. Magnetic susceptibility
  • Classification of Magnetic Materials 
    • Classification of Magnetic Materials:
    1. Diamagnetic
    2. Paramagnetic
    3. Ferromagnetic
    4. Ferrimagnetic
    5. Antiferromagnetic
    6. Piezoelectricity
    7. Pyroelectricity
  • Hysteresis 
  • Magnetic Effects of Current 
    • Oersted experiment
    • Magnetic field around a straight current-carrying conductor and circular loop
    • Right hand thumb rule
    • Maxwell’s right hand cork screw rule
  • Biot - Savart Law 
    • Definition and explanation of Biot- Savart law
    • Magnetic field due to long straight conductor carrying current
    • Magnetic field produced along the axis of the current-carrying circular coil 
    • Tangent law and Tangent Galvanometer
    • Current loop as a magnetic dipole
    • Magnetic dipole moment of revolving electron
  • Ampere’s Circuital Law 
    • Ampere's Law and Its Applications to Infinitely Long Straight Wire
    • Magnetic field due to the current carrying wire of infinite length using Ampère’s law 
    • Magnetic field due to a long current carrying solenoid
    • Toroid
  • Lorentz Force 
    • Force on a moving charge in a magnetic field
    • Motion of a charged particle in a uniform magnetic field 
    • Motion of a charged particle under crossed electric and magnetic field (velocity selector) 
    • Cyclotron
    • Force on a current carrying conductor placed in a magnetic field
    • Force between two long parallel current carrying conductors
  • Torque on a Current Loop in Magnetic Field 
    • Moving Coil Galvanometer
4 Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Current
  • Electromagnetic Induction 
    • Electromagnetic Induction
    • Demonstration of the phenomenon of electromagnetic induction
    • Faraday's explanation of Electromagnetic Induction
  • Eddy Currents 
  • Self–Induction 
    • Introduction 
    • Self-inductance of a long solenoid
    • Mutual induction
    • Mutual inductance between two long co-axial solenoids
  • Methods of Producing Induced Emf 
    • Introduction
    • Production of induced emf by changing the magnetic field 
    • Production of induced emf by changing the area of the coil
    • Production of induced emf by changing relative orientation of the coil with the magnetic field
  • Ac Generator 
  • Transformers 
  • Alternating Currents 
    • Introduction
    • Mean or Average value of AC
    • RMS value of AC
    • AC circuit containing pure resistor
    • AC circuit containing only an inductor
    • AC circuit containing only a capacitor
    • AC circuit containing a resistor, an inductor and a capacitor in series – Series RLC circuit
    • Resonance in series RLC Circuit
    • Quality factor or Q–factor
  • Power in AC Circuits 
    1. Average power associated with resistance (power in AC circuit with resistance)
    2. Average power associated with an inductor
    3. Average power associated with a capacitor
    4. Average power in LCR Circuit
  • Oscillation in LC Circuits 
    • Energy conversion during LC oscillations
    • Conservation of energy in LC oscillations
    • Analogies between LC oscillations and simple harmonic oscillations 
5 Electromagnetic Waves
6 Ray Optics
  • Introduction to Light 
    • Ray optics
    • Reflection
    • Angle of deviation due to reflection
    • Image formation in plane mirror
    • Characteristics of the image formed by plane mirror
    • Real and virtual images by a plane mirror
  • Spherical Mirrors 
    • Paraxial Rays and Marginal Rays
    • Relation between f and R
    • Image formation in spherical mirrors
    • Cartesian sign convention
    • The mirror equation
    • Lateral magnification in spherical mirrors
  • Speed of Light 
    • Fizeau’s method to determine speed of light
    • Speed of light through different media
    • Refractive index
    • Optical path
  • Refraction 
  • Refraction at Single Spherical Surface 
    • Equation for Refraction at Single Spherical Surface
    • Lateral magnification in single spherical surface
  • Thin Lens 
    • Primary and secondary focal points
    • Sign conventions for lens on focal length
    • Lens maker’s formula and lens equation
    • Lateral magnification in thins lens
    • Silvered lenses
    • Power of a lens
    • Focal length of lenses in contact
    • Focal length of lenses in out of contact
  • Prism 
    • Angle of deviation produced by prism
    • Angle of minimum deviation
    • Refractive index of the material of the prism
    • Dispersion of white light through prism
    • Dispersive Power
    • Scattering of sunlight
  • Theories on Light 
    • Corpuscular theory
    • Wave theory
    • Electromagnetic wave theory
    • Quantum theory
  • Wave Nature of Light 
    • Wave optics
    • Huygens’ Principle
    • Proof for laws of reflection using Huygens’ Principle
    • Proof for laws of refraction using Huygens’ Principle
  • Interference 
    • Coherent Sources of Light
    • Young’s Double Slit Experiment
    • Intensity distribution
    • Conditions for Obtaining Well Defined and Steady Interference Pattern
    • Methods for Obtaining Coherent Sources
    • Optical Path
  • Diffraction 
    • Fresnel and Fraunhofer diffractions
    • Diffraction at single slit
    • Discussion on first minimum
    • Fresnel’s distance
    • Difference between interference and diffraction
    • Diffraction in grating
    • Experiment to determine the wavelength of monochromatic light
    • Determination of wavelength of different colours
    • Resolution
  • Polarisation 
    • Uses of Plane Polarised Light and Polaroids
    • Polarisation by scattering
    • Polarisation by reflection
    • Plane polarised light
    • Polarisation Techniques
    • Polarisation by selective absorption
    • Polarisation by reflection
    • Polarisation by double refraction
    • Types of optically active crystals
    • Nicol prism
  • Optical Instruments 
    • Magnifying power
    • Simple microscope or a reading glass
    • Limiting cases
    • Compound microscope
    • Telescope
    • Magnifying power of a telescope
7 Wave Optics
  • Theories on Light 
    • Corpuscular theory
    • Wave theory
    • Electromagnetic wave theory
    • Quantum theory
  • Wave Nature of Light 
    • Wave optics
    • Huygens’ Principle
    • Proof for laws of reflection using Huygens’ Principle
    • Proof for laws of refraction using Huygens’ Principle
  • Interference 
    • Coherent Sources of Light
    • Young’s Double Slit Experiment
    • Intensity distribution
    • Conditions for Obtaining Well Defined and Steady Interference Pattern
    • Methods for Obtaining Coherent Sources
    • Optical Path
  • Diffraction 
    • Fresnel and Fraunhofer diffractions
    • Diffraction at single slit
    • Discussion on first minimum
    • Fresnel’s distance
    • Difference between interference and diffraction
    • Diffraction in grating
    • Experiment to determine the wavelength of monochromatic light
    • Determination of wavelength of different colours
    • Resolution
  • Polarisation 
    • Uses of Plane Polarised Light and Polaroids
    • Polarisation by scattering
    • Polarisation by reflection
    • Plane polarised light
    • Polarisation Techniques
    • Polarisation by selective absorption
    • Polarisation by reflection
    • Polarisation by double refraction
    • Types of optically active crystals
    • Nicol prism
  • Optical Instruments 
    • Magnifying power
    • Simple microscope or a reading glass
    • Limiting cases
    • Compound microscope
    • Telescope
    • Magnifying power of a telescope
8 Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
  • Electron Emission 
    • Introduction
    • Electron emission
  • Photo Electric Effect 
    • Hertz, Hallwachs and Lenard’s observation
    • Effect of intensity of incident light on photoelectric current
    • Effect of potential difference on photoelectric current
    • Effect of frequency of incident light on stopping potential
    • Laws of photoelectric effect
    • Concept of quantization of energy
    • Particle nature of light: Einstein’s explanation
    • Photo electric cells and their applications
  • Matter Waves 
    • Introduction - Wave nature of particles
    • De Broglie wave length
    • De Broglie wave length of electrons
    • Davisson – Germer experiment
    • Electron Microscope
9 Atomic and Nuclear Physics
10 Electronics and Communication
11 Recent Developments in Physics
  • Introduction to Physics 
    • Branches of Physics
    • Scope and Excitement of Physics
  • Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 
    • Nanoscience
    • Interdiscilinary nature of Nanotechnology
    • Nano in Nature
    • Early Beginning and Development
    • Nano in Laboratories
    • Application of Nano Technology
    • Possible harmful e ects of nanoparticles
  • Robotics 
    • What is robotics?
    • Components of robotics
    • Types of robots
    • Applications of Robotics
    • Advantages of Robotics
    • Disadvantages of Robotics
  • Physics in Medical Diagnosis and Therapy 
    • The development in medical field has been proportional to the evolution of physics as indicated below
    • The recent advancement in medical technology includes
    1. Virtual reality
    2. Precision medicine
    3. Health wearables
    4. Artificial organs
    5. 3D printing
    6. Wireless brain sensors
    7. Robotic surgery
    8. Smart inhalers
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