## Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 11 Physics Syllabus - Free PDF Download

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Syllabus 2023-24 Class 11: The Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 11 Physics Syllabus for the examination year 2023-24 has been released by the , Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education. The board will hold the final examination at the end of the year following the annual assessment scheme, which has led to the release of the syllabus. The 2023-24 Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 11 Physics Board Exam will entirely be based on the most recent syllabus. Therefore, students must thoroughly understand the new Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education syllabus to prepare for their annual exam properly.

The detailed Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 11 Physics Syllabus for 2023-24 is below.

## Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 11 Physics Revised Syllabus

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 11 Physics and their Unit wise marks distribution

### Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 11 Physics Course Structure 2023-24 With Marking Scheme

# | Unit/Topic | Weightage |
---|---|---|

1 | Nature of Physical World and Measurement | |

2 | Kinematics | |

3 | Laws of Motion | |

4 | Work, Energy and Power | |

5 | Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Bodies | |

6 | Gravitation | |

7 | Properties of Matter | |

8 | Heat and Thermodynamics | |

9 | Kinetic Theory of Gases | |

10 | Oscillations | |

11 | Waves | |

Total | - |

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## Syllabus

- What is Science?
- What is Science?
- Types of science : Natural and Social Science

- The Scientific Method
- What is Physics?
- What is Physics?
- Two thrusts in physics : Unification and Reductionism

- Physics in Relation to Technology and Society
- Physics in relation to Chemistry
- Physics in relation to biology
- Physics in relation to mathematics
- Physics in relation to astronomy
- Physics in relation to geology
- Physics in relation to oceanography
- Physics in relation to psychology

- Measurement
- Definition of Physical Quantity
- Types of Physical Quantities
- Definition of Unit and its Types
- Different types of Measurement Systems
- SI unit System

- Measurement of Basic Quantities
- Measurement of length
- Measurement of mass
- Measurement of Time intervals

- Theory of Errors
- Accuracy and Precision
- Errors in Measurement

- Systematic errors
- Random errors
- Gross Error

- Error Analysis

- Absolute Error
- Mean Absolute error
- Relative error
- Percentage error

- Propogation of Errors

- Significant Figures
- Order of magnitude
- Significant figures
- Addition and subtraction of significant figures
- Multiplication and division of significant figures
- Rules for limiting the result to the required number of significant figures
- Rules for arithmetic operations with significant figures
- Rounding-off in the measurement

- Dimensions and Dimensional Analysis
- Dimensions and Dimensional Analysis
- Uses of Dimensional Analysis
- Limitations of Dimensional Analysis

- Introduction to Kinematics
- Concept of Rest and Motion
- Types of motion

- Linear motion
- Circular motion
- Rotational motion
- Vibratory motion

- Motion in One, Two and Three Dimensions

- Elementary Concept of Vector Algebra
- Magnitude of a Vector
- Different types of Vectors
- Addition of Vectors
- Subtraction of vectors

- Components of Vector
- Vector addition using components
- Components of a vector in two dimensions space
- Components of a vector in three-dimensional space

- Multiplication of Vector by a Scalar
- Scalar Product of Two Vectors
- The Vector Product of Two Vectors
- Properties of the components of vectors

- Position Vectors
- Distance and Displacement
- Displacement Vector in Cartesian Coordinate System

- Differential Calculus
- Meaning
- Some Standard Forms of Differentiation
- Application of Differential Calculus
- Marginal concepts
- Marginal Products
- Marginal Cost
- Marginal Revenue
- Elasticity of Demand

- Integral Calculus
- Integration
- Meaning
- Basic Rule of Integration
- Application of Integration
- Consumer’s Surplus

- Motion Along One Dimension
- Average velocity
- Relative Velocity in One and Two Dimensional Motion
- Equations of Uniformly Accelerated Motion by Calculus Method

- Projectile Motion
- Introduction
- Projectile in horizontal projection
- Projectile under an angular projection
- Introduction to Degrees and Radians
- Angular displacement
- Circular Motion

- Introduction to Laws of Motion
- Newton's Law
- Newton’s First Law

- Inertia of rest:
- Inertia of motion
- Inertia of direction

- Newton’s Second Law
- Newton’s Third Law
- Discussion on Newton’s Laws

- Application of Newton's Law
- Free Body Diagram
- Particle Moving in an Inclined Plane
- Two Bodies in Contact on a HorizontalSurface
- Motion of Connected Bodies
- Concurrent Forces and Lami’s Theorem

- LAMI's Theorem
- Law of Conservation of Total Linear Momentum
- Impulse

- Friction
- Friction
- Static friction
- Kinetic friction
- Types of kinectic friction

1) Sliding friction

2) Rolling friction - Laws of friction
- Coefficient of static friction
- Coefficient of kinetic friction
- Angle of Friction
- Angle of Repose
- Application of Angle of Repose
- Advantages and disadvantages of friction
- Methods to Reduce Friction
- Lubrication
- Motion of a body on an inclined plane

- Dynamic of Circular Motion
- Centripetal force
- Vehicle on a leveled circular road
- Banking of Tracks
- Centrifugal Force
- Effects of Centrifugal Force
- Centrifugal Force due to Rotation of the Earth
- Centripetal Force Versus Centrifugal Force

- Introduction to Work
- Work
- Work done by a constant force
- Work done by a variable force

- Energy
- Sources of Energy
- Non-conventional Sources of Energy
- Consumption Pattern of Commercial Energy
- Power/Electricity
- Some Challenges in the Power Sector
- Kinetic energy
- Work–Kinetic Energy Theorem
- Relation between Momentum and Kinetic Energy
- Potential Energy
- Potential energy near the surface of the Earth
- Elastic Potential Energy
- Conservative and non-conservative forces
- Law of conservation of energy
- Motion in a vertical circle

- Power
- Definition of power
- Unit of power
- Measurement of power
- Relation between power and velocity

- Collisions
- Collisions
- Features of collision
- Types of collisions

1) Elastic collision

2) Inelastic collision - Coefficient of restitution
- Collisions in One Dimension - Elastic collision in one dimension, Inelastic collision in one dimension
- Collisions in Two Dimensions - Elastic collision in two dimensions, Inelastic collision in two dimensions

- Centre of Mass
- Torque and Angular Momentum
- Moment of a Force (Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body)
- Angular Momentum and Law of Conservation of Angular Momentum and Its Applications
- Moment of force (Torque)
- Angular momentum of a particle
- Torque and angular momentum for a system of particles
- conservation of angular momentum

- Equilibrium of Rigid Bodies
- Types of Equilibrium
- Couple
- Principle of Moments
- Centre of Gravity
- Bending of Cyclist in Curves

- Moment of Inertia
- Moment of Inertia of a Uniform Rod
- Moment of Inertia of a Uniform Ring
- Moment of Inertia of a Uniform Disc
- Radius of Gyration
- Theorems of Moment of Inertia
- Moment of Inertia of Different Rigid Bodies

- Rotational Dynamics
- Introduction

- Rolling Motion
- Kinetic Energy of Rolling Motion
- Rolling motion on an inclined plane

- Introduction to Gravitation
- Gravitational Field and Gravitational Potential
- Gravitational field
- Superposition principle for Gravitational field
- Gravitational Potential Energy
- Gravitational potential energy near the surface of the Earth
- Gravitational potential V(r)

- Acceleration Due to Gravity of the Earth
- Variation of g with altitude, depth and latitude

- Escape Speed and Orbital Speed
- Satellites, orbital speed and time period
- Energy of an Orbiting Satellite
- Geo-stationary and polar satellite
- Weightlessness Weight of an object

- Elementary Ideas of Astronomy
- Heliocentric system over geocentric system
- Kepler’s Third Law and The Astronomical Distance
- Measurement of radius of the Earth
- Interesting Astronomical Facts
- Recent developments of astronomy and gravitation

- Introduction to Properties of Matter
- Microscopic Understanding of Various States of Matter
- Solids
- Liquids
- Gases
- Elastic behaviour of materials
- Stress and strain
- Hooke’s law and its experimental verification
- Moduli of elasticity
- Poisson’s ratio
- Elastic energy
- Applications of elasticity

- Fluids
- Introduction
- Pressure due to fluid column at rest
- Pascal’s law and its applications
- Buoyancy

- Viscous Force or Viscosity
- Viscosity
- Newton's law of viscosity
- Coefficient of viscosity
- Applications of coefficient of viscosity

- Surface Tension
- Surface Tension
- Force due to surface tension
- Factors affecting surface tension

1) Nature of liquid

2) Impurities

3) Temperature

4) Electrification - Applications of surface tension

- Bernoulli's Theorem
- Bernoulli's theorem
- Equation of continuity
- Poiseuille's formula
- Special cases

1) Series combination of capillary tubes

2) Parallel combination of capillary tubes

- Heat and Temperature
- Heat and Temperature
- Factors affecting the quantity of heat absorbed to increase the temperature of a body

- The mass of the body
- The increase in temperature of the body
- The material (or substance) of the body

- Difference between heat and temperature

- Introduction to Thermal Properties of Matter
- Law of Heat Transfer
- Prevost theory of heat exchange
- Stefan Boltzmann law
- Wien’s displacement law

- Thermodynamics
- Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
- Internal Energy (U)
- Specific Heat Capacity
- Specific Heat Capacity
- Units of specific heat capacity
- Measurement of specific heat: (mixing method) and calorimeter

- Thermodynamic Process
- Thermodynamic Process
- Work Done During a Thermodynamic Process
- Heat Added During a Thermodynamic Process

- Heat Engine
- Heat engine

- Source
- Working substance
- Sink
- Working

- Efficiency of heat engine

- Refrigerator

- Kinetic Theory
- Introduction
- Postulates of kinetic theory of gases

- Expression for Pressure Exerted by a Gas
- The pressure exerted by the molecules depends on:

(i) Number density

(ii) Mass of the molecule

(iii) Mean square speed

- The pressure exerted by the molecules depends on:
- Interpretation of Temperature in Kinetic Theory
- Kinetic energy of gas
- Different forms of K.E. of gas
- Relation between K.E. and temperature of the gas

- Relation Between Pressure and Mean Kinetic Energy
- Some Elementary Deductions from Kinetic Theory of Gases
- Boyle’s law
- Charles’ law
- Avogadro’s law

- Root Mean Square (RMS) Speed
- Impact of v
_{rms}in nature:

1. Moon has no atmosphere

2. No hydrogen in Earth’s atmosphere

- Impact of v
- Mean (or) Average Speed
- Most Probable Speed (Vmp)
- Comparison of v
_{rms}, `barv`, and v_{mp}

- Comparison of v
- Maxwell-Boltzmann Speed Distribution Function
- Degrees of Freedom
- Degrees of freedom

- Degrees of freedom of mono, di, and triatomic gases

1) Monoatomic gas

2) Diatomic gas

3) Triatomic gas

4) Polyatomic gas - Degrees of freedom for different gases at room temperature

- Law of Equipartiton of Energy
- Application of law of equipartition energy in specific heat of a gas

- Mean Free Path
- Free path

- Mean free path

- Brownian Motion

- Oscillations
- Simple Harmonic Motion (S.H.M.)
- Simple Harmonic Motion (S.H.M.)
- Equation of S.H.M

1) Equation of displacement - Phase: Initial phase or epoch or phase constant, Phase angle
- S.H.M. as a projection of UCM

2) Equation of velocity

3) Equation of acceleration

4) Equation of time period

5) Equation of frequency

- Angular Simple Harmonic Motion
- Time period and frequency of angular SHM
- Comparison of Simple Harmonic Motion and Angular Simple Harmonic Motion

- Linear Simple Harmonic Oscillator
- Horizontal oscillations of a spring-mass system
- Vertical oscillations of a spring
- Combinations of springs

- Energy in Simple Harmonic Motion
- Energy in S.H.M. Kinetic and Potential Energies
- Energy of S.H.M
- Graphical representation of energy (E) versus displacement for a particle performing S.H.M. from mean position
- Graphical representation of energy (E) versus period of S.H.M. (T) for a particle performing S.H.M. from mean position

- Types of Oscillations
- Free oscillations
- Damped oscillations
- Maintained oscillations
- Forced oscillations
- Resonance

- Introduction to Waves
- Ripples and wave formation on the water surface
- Formation of waves on stretched string
- Formation of waves in a tuning fork
- Characteristics of wave motion
- Mechanical wave motion and its types
- Transverse wave motion
- Longitudinal wave motion

- Terms and Definitions Used in Wave Motion
- Velocity of Waves in Different Media
- Velocity of transverse waves in a stretched string
- Velocity of longitudinal waves in an elastic medium

- Propagation of Sound Waves
- Newton’s formula for speed of sound waves in air
- Laplace’s correction
- Factors affecting speed of sound in gases

- Reflection of Sound
- Reflection of Sound
- Reflection of sound in a different medium

- Reflection at the boundary of a denser medium
- Reflection at the boundary of a rarer medium
- Reflection of sound in the plane and curved surfaces

- Progressive Wave Or Travelling Waves
- Characteristics of progressive waves
- Equation of a plane progressive wave
- Graphical representation of the wave
- Particle velocity and wave velocity

- Superposition Principle
- Interference of waves
- Formation of Beats

- Standing Waves
- Explanation of stationary waves
- Characteristics of stationary waves
- Stationary waves in sonometer
- Fundamental frequency and
- Laws of transverse vibrations in stretched strings overtones

- Intensity and Loudness
- Intensity of sound
- Loudness of sound
- Intensity and loudness of sound

- Vibration of Air Column
- Resonance air column apparatus

- Doppler Effect
- Musical Sound
- Source Moving and Listener Stationary
- Listener Approaching a Stationary Source with Velocity v
_{L} - Both Source and Listener are Moving
- Common Properties between Doppler Effect of Sound and Light
- Major Differences between Doppler Effects of Sound and Light
- Effect of wind velocity on Doppler's effect in sound
- Applications of Doppler's effect