Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary EducationHSC Arts Class 12th
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Economics Class 12th HSC Arts Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Topics and Syllabus

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Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Syllabus For Class 12th Economics: Knowing the Syllabus is very important for the students of Class 12th. Shaalaa has also provided a list of topics that every student needs to understand.

The Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 12th Economics syllabus for the academic year 2021-2022 is based on the Board's guidelines. Students should read the Class 12th Economics Syllabus to learn about the subject's subjects and subtopics.

Students will discover the unit names, chapters under each unit, and subtopics under each chapter in the Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 12th Economics Syllabus pdf 2021-2022. They will also receive a complete practical syllabus for Class 12th Economics in addition to this.

Academic year:

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 12th Economics Revised Syllabus

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 12th Economics and their Unit wise marks distribution

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 12th Economics Course Structure 2021-2022 With Marking Scheme

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Syllabus

1 Introduction to Macro Economics
2 National Income
3 Theories of Employment and Income
4 Consumption and Investment Functions
  • Introduction to Consumption and Investment Functions 
  • Consumption Function 
    • Meaning of Consumption Function
    • Technical Attributes of the Consumption Function
    1. The Average Propensity to Consume
    2. The Marginal Propensity to Consume
    3. The Average Propensity to Save (APS)
    4. The Marginal Propensity to Save (MPS)
    • Keynes’s Psychological Law of Consumption
    • Determinants of Consumption function: Subjective and Objective Factors
  • Investment Function 
    • Meaning of investment
    • Types of investment
    • Determinants of Investment Function
    • Relationship between rate of interest and Investment
    • Marginal Efficiency of Capital
    • Marginal Efficiency of Investment
  • Multiplier 
    • Assumptions of Multiplier
    • Marginal propensity to consume and multiplier
    • Working of Multiplier
    • Classification of Multiplier
    • Leakages of multiplier
    • Uses of multiplier
  • The Accelerator Principle 
    • Meaning
    • Definition
    • Assumptions
    • Operation of the Acceleration Principle
    • Limitations
  • Super Multiplier: (K and β Interaction) 
    • Leverage Effect
5 Monetary Economics
6 Banking
  • Introduction to Banking 
  • The Historical Development of Banks in India 
  • Commercial Banks 
    • Functions of Commercial Banks
    1. Primary Functions
    2. Secondary Functions
    3. Other Functions
    • Mechanism / Technique of Credit Creation by Commercial Banks
    • Primary / Passive Deposit and Derived / Active Deposit
    •  Role of Commercial Banks in Economic Development of a Country
    1. Capital Formation
    2. Creation of Credit
    3.  Channelizing the Funds towards Productive Investment
    4. Encouraging Right Type of Industries
    5. Banks Monetize Debt
    6. Finance to Government
    7. Employment Generation
    8. Banks Promote Entrepreneurship
  • Non-banking Financial Institution (NBFI) 
  • Central Bank 
    •  Functions of Central Bank (Reserve Bank of India)
    • Credit Control Measures
    • Methods of Credit Control
    1. Quantitative or General Methods
    2. Qualitative or Selective Method of Credit Control
    • Reserve Bank of India and Rural Credit
    • Role of RBI in agricultural credit
    • Functions of Agriculture Credit Department
  • The Agricultural Refinance Development Corporation (ARDC) 
    • Objectives of the ARDC
  • Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) 
    • Concessions to RRBs
  • NABARD and Its Role in Agricultural Credit 
    • Functions of NABARD
  • Reserve Bank of India and Industrial Finance 
    • Institutional Set-up
    • All-India Level Institutions
    1. Industrial Finance Corporation of India (IFCI)
    2. Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India (ICICI)
    3. Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI)
    • State Level Institutions
    1. State Financial Corporation (SFCs)
    2. State Industrial Development Corporations (SIDCOs)
  • Monetary Policy 
    • Monetary Policy: Expansionary Vs. Contractionary
    • Objectives of Monetary Policy
    • The specific objectives of monetary policy are
    1. Neutrality of Money
    2. Stability of Exchange Rates
    3. Price Stability
    4. Full Employment
    5. Economic Growth
    6. Equilibrium in the Balance of Payments
  • Recent Advancements in Banking Sector 
    • E- Banking
    • RTGS and NEFT
    • ATM (Automated Teller Machine)
    • Paytm
    • Debit card and Credit Card
    • Recent Issues
    • Merger of Banks 
  • Money Market 

    Money Market - Money Market Instruments

  • Capital Market 

    Capital Market

    • Primary Market
    • Secondary Market
  • Demonetisation 
    • Objectives of Demonetisation
7 International Economics
  • Introduction to International Economics 
  • Meaning of International Economics 
  • Subject Matter of International Economics 
    • Pure Theory of Trade
    • Policy Issues
    • International Cartels and Trade Blocs
    • International Financial and Trade Regulatory Institutions
  • Meaning of Trade 
    • Introduction
    • Meaning
    • Classification of Trade
    1. Internal Trade
    2. External trade 
    • Differences between ‘Internal Trade’ and ‘International Trade’
  • Theories of International Trade 
    • The Classical Theory of International Trade
    • Adam Smith’s Theory of Absolute Cost Advantage
    • Ricardo’s Theory of Comparative Cost Advantage
    • Modern Theory of International Trade
    • Comparison of Classical Theory and Modern Theory
  • Gains from International Trade 
    • Efficient Production
    • Equalization of Prices between Countries
    • Equitable Distribution of Scarce Materials
    • General Advantages of International Trade
  • Terms of Trade 
    • Meaning
    • Types of Terms of Trade
    1. Net Barter Terms of Trade
    2. Gross Barter Terms of Trade
    3. Income Terms of Trade
    • Terms of Trade related to the Interchange between Productive Resources
    1. The Single Factoral Terms of Trade
    2. Double Factoral Terms of Trade
  • Balance of Trade Vs Balance of Payments 
    • Balance of Trade (BOT)
    • Balance of Payments (BOP)
    • Components of BOPs
    • Balance of Payments Disequilibrium
    • Types BOP Disequilibrium
    • Causes for BoP Disequilibrium
    • Measures to Correct BOP Disequilibrium
    1. Automatic Correction
    2. Deliberate Measures
    3. Trade Measures
    4. Miscellaneous Measures
  • Exchange Rate 
    • Meaning of Foreign Exchange (FOREX)
    • Definition of FOREX
    • Rate of Exchange
    • Defi nition of Equilibrium Exchange Rate
    • Determination of Equilibrium Exchange Rate
    • Types of Exchange Rate Systems
    1. Fixed Exchange Rates
    2. Flexible Exchange Rates
    • Types of Exchange Rates 
    • Determinants of Exchange Rates
    1. Differentials in Inflation
    2. Differential in Interest Rates
    3. Current Account Deficits
    4. Public Debt
    5. Terms of Trade
    6. Political and Economic Stability
    7. Recession
    8. Speculation
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and Trade 
    • Meaning of FDI
    • Objectives of FDI 
    • Advantages of FDI
    • Disadvantages of FDI
    • FDI in India 
    1. The major sectors benefited from FDI in India
    2. FDI is not permitted in the industrial sectors
8 International Economic Organisations
9 Fiscal Economics
  • Introduction to Fiscal Economics 
  • Meaning of Public Finance 
    • Definitions
  • Subject Matter / Scope of Public Finance 
    • Public Revenue 
    • Public Expenditure
    • Public Debt
    • Financial Administration
    • Fiscal Policy
  • Public Finance and Private Finance 
    • Similarities
    • Dissimilarities
  • Functions of Modern State 
    • Defence
    • Judiciary
    • Enterprises
    • Social Welfare
    • Infrastructure
    • Macro-economic policy
    • Social Justice
    • Control of Monopoly
  • Structure of Public Finance 
    • Public Expenditure 
      • Meaning
      • Definition
      • Classification of public expenditure are as follows
      1. Classification on the Basis of Benefit
      2. Classification on the Basis of Function
      • Causes for the Increase in Government Expenditure
    • Public Debt 
      • Definitions 
      • Types of Public Debt
      • Causes for the Increase in Public debt
      • Methods of Redemption of Public Debt
  • Tax Revenue 
    • Meaning
    • Definitions 
    • Characteristics of Tax 
    • Non-Tax Revenue
    • Canons of Taxation
    • Direct Tax and Indirect Tax
    • Merits of Direct Taxes
    • Demerits of Direct Taxes
    • Indirect Tax
    • Merits of Indirect Taxes
    • Demerits of Indirect Taxes
    • Comparison Chart
    • GST (Goods and Service Tax)
  • Budget 
    • Definitions
    • Union Budget and State Budget 
    • Types of Budget
    1. Revenue and Capital Budget 
    • Budgetary Procedure
    • Budgetary Deficits
  • Federal Finance 
    • Central State Financial Relationship
    • Principles of Federal Finance
    1. Principle of Independence
    2. Principle of Equity
    3. Principle of Uniformity
    4. Principle of Adequacy
    5. Principle of Fiscal Access
    6. Principle of Integration and coordination
    7. Principle of Efficiency
    8. Principle of Administrative Economy
    9. Principle of Accountability
  • History of Finance Commission 
    • History of Finance Commission
  • Local Finance 
    • Types of Local Bodies
    1. Village Panchayats
    2. District Boards Or ZilaParishads
    3. Municipalities
    4. Municipal Corporations
    • Meaning of Fiscal Policy
    • Definitions
    • Fiscal Instruments
    • Objectives of Fiscal Policy
    1. Full Employment
    2. Price stability
    3. Economic growth
    4.  Equitable distribution
    5. External stability
    6. Capital formation
    7. Regional balance
10 Environmental Economics
11 Economics of Development and Planning
12 Introduction to Statistical Methods and Econometrics
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