Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary EducationHSC Commerce Class 12th
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Commerce Class 12th HSC Commerce Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Topics and Syllabus

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Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Syllabus For Class 12th Commerce: Knowing the Syllabus is very important for the students of Class 12th. Shaalaa has also provided a list of topics that every student needs to understand.

The Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 12th Commerce syllabus for the academic year 2021-2022 is based on the Board's guidelines. Students should read the Class 12th Commerce Syllabus to learn about the subject's subjects and subtopics.

Students will discover the unit names, chapters under each unit, and subtopics under each chapter in the Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 12th Commerce Syllabus pdf 2021-2022. They will also receive a complete practical syllabus for Class 12th Commerce in addition to this.

Academic year:
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Syllabus

1 Principles of Management
  • Concept of Management 
    • Meaning and Features of Management
    • Body of Knowledge
    • Management Tools
    • Separate Discipline
    • Specialisation
    • Code of Conduct
    • Professional Association
  • Definitions of Management 
    • Drucker stresses three jobs of management
    1. Managing a business
    2. Managing manager
    3. Managing workers and work
    • Management is an Art or Science
  • Management is Differ from Administration 
  • Management Process 
    • There are twin purposes of the management process
    1. Management is Co-Ordination
    2. Management is a Process
    3. Management is a Purposive Process
    4. Management is a Social Process
    5. Management is a Cyclical Process
  • Fredrick Winslow Taylor's Scientific Management Theory 
    • Principles of Scientific Management 
      • Science, Not Rule of Thumb
      • Harmony, Not Discord
      • Mental Revolution
      • Cooperation, Not Individualism
      • Division of Responsibility
      • Development of employer and employees for greater efficiency and maximum prosperity
  • Principles of Modern Management 
    • Division of Work
    • Authority and Responsibility
    • Discipline
    • Unity of Command
    • Unity of Direction:
    • Subordination of Individual Interest to Mutual Interest
    • Remuneration
    • The Degree of Centralization
    • Line of Authority/Scalar Chain
    • Order
    • Equity
    • Stability of tensure of Personnel
    • Initiative
    • Esprit de Corps/Team Spirit
  • Span of Management 
2 Functions of Management
3 Management by Objectives (MBO) and Management by Exception (MBE)
4 Introduction to Financial Markets
5 Capital Market
  • Capital Market 

    Capital Market

    • Primary Market
    • Secondary Market
  • Characteristics of Capital Market 
    • Securities Market
    • Price
    • Participants
    • Location 
    • Market for Financial Assets
  • Kinds of Capital Market 
    • Primary Market
    1. Public Issue
    2. Rights Issue
    3. Private Placement
    • Secondary Market
  • Functions and Importance of Capital Market 
    • Savings and Capital Formation
    • Permanent Capital
    • Industrial Growth
    • Ready and Continuous Market
    • Reliable Guide to Performance
    • Proper Channelizationof Funds
    • Provision of Variety of Services
    • Development of Backward Areas
    • Foreign Capital 
    • Easy Liquidity
  • Indian Capital Market – Evolution and Growth 
  • New Financial Institutions 
    • Venture Fund Institutions
    • Mutual Funds
    • Factoring Institutions
    • Over the Counter Exchange of India (OTCEI)
    • National Stock Exchange of India Limited (NSEI)
    • National Clearance and Depository System (NCDS)
    • National Securities Depositories Limited
    • Stock Holding Corporation of India Limited (SHCIL)
    • Foreign Exchange Market
    1. Commodity Market
    2. Derivatives Market
6 Money Market
7 Stock Exchange
8 Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI)
10 Recruitment Methods
11 Employee Selection Process
12 Employee Training Method
13 Concept of Market and Marketer
14 Marketing and Marketing Mix
  • Concept of Marketing 
    • Introduction
    • Meaning
    • Definition
    • Features of Marketing
  • Evolution of Marketing 
    • Barter System
    • Production Orientation
    • Sales Orientation
    • Marketing Orientation
    • Consumer Orientation
    • Management Orientation
  • Definition of Marketing 
  • Objectives and Importance of Marketing 
    • Objectives of Marketing
    • Importance of Marketing
    1. To the Society
    2. To the Individual Firms
  • Functions of Marketing 
    1. Marketing Research
    2. Buying and Assembling
    3. Market Planning
    4. Product Development
    5. Standardisation and Grading
    6. Packaging and Labelling
    7. Branding
    8. Customer Support Service
    9. Pricing of Product
    10. Promotional Channels
    11. Distribution
    12. Transportation
    13. Warehousing
  • Marketing Mix 
    • Benefits from Marketing Mix
    • Marketing Mix Variables
    • Product Mix
    • Place or Physical Distribution
    1. Channels of Distribution
    2. Factors Determining the Choice of Channel
    • Promotion Mix
    • Price Mix
    • Factors Affecting Marketing Mix
  • Elements of Marketing Mix 
    • Advertising, sales promotion, personal selling and publicity
  • Marketing Mix Matrix 
15 Recent Trends in Marketing
16 Consumerism
17 Rights, Duties and Responsibilities of Consumers
  • Rights of Consumers 
    • Right to Safety
    • Right to Information
    • Right to Choose
    • Right to be heard
    • Right to Consumer Education
    • Right to Represent
    • Right to Redress
    • Right to Healthy Environment
    • Right to protect from unfair business practices
    • Right against spurious goods
  • Duties of Consumers 
    • Buying Quality Products at Reasonable Price
    • Ensure the Weights and Measurement before Making Purchases
    • Reading the Label Carefully
    • Beware of False and Attractive Advertisements
    • Misleading Schemes
    • Ensuring the Receipt of Cash Bill
    • Buying from Reputed Shops
    • Never Purchase from Black Market
    • Buying Standardized Products
    • Follow the Instruction of the Manufacturer
    • Knowledge of Consumer Rights
  • Responsibilities of Consumers 
    • Consumer should use his rights
    • Cautious consumer
    • Filing of complaint
    • Quality conscious
    • Beware from exaggerated advertisement
    • Demand of Invoice and Guarantee, Warranty Card
    • Pre-planned buying
    • Organised Efforts
18 Grievance Redressal Mechanism
19 Environmental Factors
21 The Sale of Goods Act, 1930
  • Formation of Contract of Sale 
    • Essential Elements of a Contract of Sale
    1. Two Parties
    2. Transfer of Property
    3. Goods
    4. Price
    5. Includes both ‘Sale’ and ‘Agreement to Sell’
  • Difference Between Sale and Agreement to Sell 
  • Types of Goods 
    • Existing Goods
    • Future Goods
    • Contingent Goods
  • Transfer of Ownership 
    • Passing of Property
    1. Specific Goods
    2. Unascertained Goods
    3. Goods Sent ‘On Approval’ or ‘On Sale or Return’ Basis
  • Conditions and Warranties 
    • Implied Conditions
    1. Conditions as to Title
    2. Conditions as to Description
    3. Sale by Sample
    4. Conditions as to Quality or Fitness
    5. Conditions as to Merchantability
    6. Condition as to Wholesomeness
    7. Condition Implied by Trade Usage
    • Implied Warranties
    1. Quiet Possession
    2. Free from Any Encumbrances
    3. Warranty in the case of Dangerous Goods
    • Unpaid Seller - Meaning
  • Rights of an Unpaid Seller 
    • Right of Lien is Lost
    • Termination of Right of Stoppage
22 The Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881
  • Introduction to Negotiable Instruments 
    • Negotiable Instruments– Meaning, Characteristics, Assumptions
    • Characteristics of a Negotiable Instrument
    1. Transferability
    2. Title of the holder free from all defects
    3. Right of the transferee to sue
  • Negotiability and Assignability 
    • Difference between Negotiability and Assignability
  • Bills of Exchange, Cheque, Promissory Note – Comparison 
    • Bill of Exchange – Definition
    • Characteristics of a Bill of Exchange
    • Cheque - Definition
    • Features of a Cheque
    • Difference between a Bill of Exchange and a Cheque
    • Promissory Note
    • Characteristics of a Promissory Note
    • Distinction between a Cheque and Promissory note
    • Distinction between a Bills of Exchange and Promissory note
  • Crossing of Cheque 
    • Crossing is of two types 
    1. General Crossing
    2. Special Crossing
    • Types of Crossing
    • Significance of General Crossing
    • Significance of Special Crossing
    • Not Negotiable Crossing
    • Account Payee Crossing
    • Payee’s Position when Crossing is obliterated
  • Endorsements 
    • Requisites of a Valid Endorsement
    • Kinds of Endorsements
23 Elements of Entrepreneurship
  • Entrepreneurship 
    • Introduction
    • History
    • Definition
    • Concept
    1. Entrepreneur as a Risk Bearer
    2. Entrepreneur as an Organiser
    3. Entrepreneur as an Innovator
    • Characteristics of Entrepreneurship
    • Competencies of Entrepreneurship
    • Concept of Entrepreneur
  • Characteristics of Entrepreneurship 
    • Innovation
    • Economic activity
    • Organization Building
    • Creative activity
    • Managerial skill and leadership
    • Skillful management
    • Risk Bearing
    • Gap filling function
    • Spirit of Enterprise
    • Self Confidence
    • Flexibility
    • Resource Mobilisation
    • Hard work
    • Leadership
    • Foresight
    • Analytical Ability
    • Decision Making
  • Importance of Entrepreneurship 
    • Innovation 
    • Contribution to Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
    • Balanced Regional Development
    • Export Promotion
    • Full utilisation of Latent Resource
    • Reduction of Concentration of Economic Power in Few hands
    • Better Standard of Living
  • Entrepreneur, Intrapreneur and Manager – a Comparison 
    • Intrapreneur
    • Differences between Entrepreneur and Intrapreneur
    • Difference between ‘Entrepreneur’ Vs.‘Manager’
  • Women Entrepreneurs – Opportunities and Challenges 
    • Definition
    • Opportunities Based on Business
    • Financial Opportunities
    • Non-Financial support
    • Opportunities Created by Associations
    • Opportunities Created by Government
    • Opportunities Created through Training Programme
    • Consortium of Women Entrepreneurs of India (CWEI)
    • Challenges of Women Entrepreneurs
    1. Problem of Finance
    2. Limited Mobility 
    3. Lack of Education
    4. Lack of Network Support
    5. Stiff Competition
    6. Sensitivity
    7. Lack of Information
    8. Dependent culture
    1. Promotional Functions
    2. Managerial Functions
    3. Commercial Functions
24 Types of Entrepreneurs
25 Government Schemes for Entrepreneurial Development
26 Companies Act, 2013
27 Company Management
28 Company Secretary
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