Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary EducationHSC Commerce Class 11th
Advertisement Remove all ads

Commerce Class 11th HSC Commerce Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Topics and Syllabus

Advertisement Remove all ads
Academic year:

Syllabus

1 Historical Background of Commerce in the Sub-Continent
  • Historical Background of Commerce in the Sub-continent 
    • Trade and Traders in the Pandiya Dynasty
    • Coastal Trade in AncientTamil Nadu
    • Role of the Government during Ancient Tamil Nadu
    • Contribution of ‘Kautilya’ to Trade
    • Commerce and Trade in North India
    • Trade with Rome, China and Europe
  • Barter System 
    • Constraints in Barter System
    1. Lack of double coincidence of Wants 
    2. Non – existence of common measure of value
    3. Lack of direct contact between producer and consumers
    4. Lack of surplus stock
    • Invention of Money 
  • Hindrances of Commerce 
  • Elimination of Hindrances of Commerce 
    • Hindrance of person
    • Hindrance of place
    • Hindrance of time
    • Hindrance of risk of deterioration in quality
    • Hindrance of risk of loss
    • Hindrance of knowledge
    • Hindrance of exchange
    • Hindrance of finance
    • Hindrance of developing the exact product
    • Hindrance of both selection and delivery at doorsteps
2 Objectives of Business
3 Classification of Business Activities
4 Sole Proprietorship
5 Hindu Undivided Family and Partnership
  • Introduction to Hindu Undivided Family 
    • Meaning of Hindu Undivided Family
    • Characteristics of Hindu Undivided Family
    1. Governed by Hindu Law
    2. Management
    3. Membership by Birth
    4. Liability
    5. Permanent Existence
    6. Implied Authority of Karta
    7. Minor also a co-parcener
    8. Dissolution
  • Meaning and Definition of Partnership 
    • Introduction
    • Characteristics
    • Advantages
    • Disadvantages
  • Partnership Deed 
    • Contents of the Partnership Deed
    • Importance of Partnership Deed
    • Provisions Relevant for Accounting
    • Format of Partnership Deed
  • Rights and Duties of Partners 
    • Rights of a Partner
    • Duties of Partner
    • Liabilities of Partner
  • Types of Partners 
    • Active
    • Sleeping
    • Secret
    • Nominal
    • Partner by estoppel
    • Minor Partner
    • Partner by Holding out
    • Partner in profit only
  • Registration of Partnership 
  • Procedure for Registration 
  • Drawbacks of Non-registration of Partnership 
  • Dissolution of Partnership 
    • Dissolution of firm
    • Dissolution of partnership
    • Dissolution of Partnership can take the following forms
    1. Change in the existing profit sharing ratio
    2. Admission of a Partner
    3. Retirement or Death of a Partner
    4. Insolvency of a partner
    5. Expiry of the term of the partnership
    6. Completion of the specified venture
    7. Dissolution by agreement
    • Dissolution of a partnership firm is taken place in two ways
    1. Without the order of the court
    2. Dissolution through court
6 Joint Stock Company
7 Cooperative Organisation
  • Meaning and Definition of Cooperative Organisation 
  • Principles of Cooperation 
    • Voluntary and Open Membership
    • Democratic Member Control
    • Member’s Economic Participation
    • Autonomy and Independence
    • Education, Training, and Information
    • Cooperation among Cooperatives 
    • Concern for Community
  • Features of Cooperatives 
    • Voluntary Membership
    • Equal Rights
    • Democracy
    • Honesty
    • Mutual Confidence
    • Welfare Main Objective
    • Cash Payment
    • Economy
    • Distribution of Profit
    • Self Service
  • Advantages and Disadvantages of Cooperative 
    • Advantages
    1. Voluntary organization
    2. Easy formation
    3. Democracy
    4. Equal distribution of surplus
    5. Limited liability
    6. Separate legal entity
    7. Each for all and all for each
    8. Greater identity of interests
    9. Government support
    10. Elimination of middlemen
    11. Tax concessions
    12. Rural credit
    • Disadvantages 
    1. Limited funds
    2. Over reliance on Government funds
    3. Imposed by Government
    4. Benefit to rural rich
    5. Inadequate rural credit
    6. Lack of managerial skills
    7. Government intervention
    8. Misuse of funds
    9. Inefficiencies leading to losses
    10. Lack of secrecy
    11. Conflicts among members
    12. Limited scope
  • Types of Cooperative 
    • Consumers Cooperatives
    • Producers Cooperatives
    • Marketing Cooperatives
    • Credit Cooperatives
    •  Housing Cooperatives
    • Cooperative Farming Societies
8 Multi National Corporations (MNCs)
  • Meaning and Definition of Multi National Corporations 
  • Advantages and Disadvantages of Multi National Corporations 
    • Advantages
    1. Low Cost Labour
    2. Quality Products
    3. Proper Use of Idle Resources
    4. Improvement in Balance of Payment Position
    5. Technical Development
    6. Managerial Development
    7. End of Local Monopolies
    8. Improvement in Standard of Living
    9. Promotion of international brotherhood and culture
    • Disadvantages 
    1. Danger for Domestic Industries
    2. Transfer of Outdated Technology
    3. No Benefit to Poor People
    4. Danger to Independence
    5. Deprivation of Job Opportunity of Local People
    6. Misuse of Mighty Status
    7. Careless Exploitation of Natural Resources
    8. Selfish Promotion of Alien Culture
    9. Neglect of Industrial and Economic Growth of Home Country
  • Examples of Multi National Corporations (MNCs) 
    • List of Indian subsidiary companies of Foreign MNCs
    • List of Indian Multinational Companies and their Logo
9 Government Organisation
  • Introduction of Government Organisation 
  • Meaning and Features of Departmental Undertaking 
    • Features ofDepartmental Undertaking
    1. Ultimate Responsibility
    2. Governmental Financing
    3. Accounting and Audit 
    4. Managed by Civil Servants
    5. Sovereign Immunity
  • Advantages and Disadvantages of Departmental Undertaking 
    • Advantages
    1. Easy Formation
    2. Direct and Control of Parliament or State Legislature
    3. Secrecy Maintained
    4. Lesser Burden of Tax on Public
    5. Instrument of Social Change
    6. Lesser Risk of Misuse of Public Money
    7. Guided by Rules and Regulations of the Ministry
    • Disadvantages 
    1. Red-tapism
    2. Incidence of Additional Taxation
    3. Lack of Competition
    4. Casual Approach to Work
    5. Government Interference
    6. Lack of Professional Management and Fear of Criticism
    7. Financial Dependence
  • Meaning and Features of Public Corporation 
    • List of Indian Departmental Undertaking and their Logo
    • Features of Public Corporation
    1. Special Statute
    2. Separate Legal Entity
    3. Capital Provided by the Government
    4. Financial Autonomy
    5. Management by Board of Directors
    6. Own Staff
    7. Service Motive
    8. Public Accountability
  • Advantages and Disadvantages of Public Corporation 
    • Advantages
    1. Bold Management due to Operational Autonomy
    2. Legislative Control
    3. Qualified and Contented Staff
    4. Tailor-Made Statute
    5. Not Affected by Political Changes
    6. Lesser Likelihood of Exploitation
    7. Reasonable Pricing Policy
    • Disadvantages 
    1. Autonomy and Flexibility, Only in Theory
    2. Misuse of Monopolistic Power
    3. Rigid Constitution
    4. Low Managerial Efficiency
    5. Problem of Passing a Special Act
    6. Clash of Divergent Interests
  • Government Company 
    • Meaning
    • Features
    • Merits
    • Demerits
10 Reserve Bank of India
  • Reserve Bank of India 
    • Indian banks,
    • Foreign banks,
    • Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFC)
  • Need for the Study on Service Business 
  • Banking Service 
  • The Historical Development of Banks in India 
  • Bank 
    • Introduction
    • Meaning
    • Definition
  • Definition - Central Bank 
  • Origin of RBI 
  • Organisational Structure of RBI 
  • Functions of RBI 
    • Leadership and Supervisory Functions
    1. India’s Representative in World Financial Institutions 
    2. Regulator and Supervisor of Indian Banking System
    3. Monetary Authority
    4. Closely Monitoring Economic Parameters
    5. Promptly Responding to New Challenges
    • Traditional Functions
    1. Banker and Financial Advisor to the Government
    2. Monopoly of Note Issue
    3. Banker’s Bank
    4. Controller of Credit and Liquidity
    5. Lender of the Last Resort
    6. Clearing House Services
    7. Custodian of Foreign Exchange Reserves
    8. Maintenance of Foreign Exchange Rate
    9. Collection and Publication of Authentic Data
    • Promotional Functions
    1. Nurturing Banking Habits among the Public
    2. Grievance Settlement Measures
    3. Agricultural Development
    4. Promotion of Small Scale Industries
    5. Facilitates Foreign Trade
    6. Supports Cooperative Sector
11 Types of Banks
  • Bank 
    • Introduction
    • Meaning
    • Definition
  • Types of Bank 
    • Based on the functions of banks
    1. Central Bank 
    2. Commercial Banks
    3. Development Banks
    4. Cooperative Banks
    5. Foreign Banks
    6. Regional Rural Banks - RRBs
    7. Specialised Banks
    8. Local Area Banks
    9. Small Finance Banks
    10. Payment Bank
    11. Multilateral Development Banks - MDBs
    • Based on the Status given by the RBI
    1. Scheduled Banks and Non Scheduled Banks 
    •  Based on the Ownership Pattern
12 Functions of Commercial Banks
  • Functions of Commercial Banks 
    • Primary Functions 
      • Accepting Deposits
      1. Demand Deposits
      2. Time Deposits
      • Granting Loans and Advances
      1. Advances
      2. Loans
      • Creation of Credit
  • Diversified Banking Functions 
    • Bank Assurance
    • Merchant Banking
    • Retail Banking (Personal Banking
    • Housing Finance
    • Mutual Fund
    • Venture Capital Fund
    • Factoring
  • Electronic Banking Functions 
    • NEFT - National Electronic Funds Transfer
    • RTGS - Real Time Gross Settlement Systems
    • Electronic Clearing Services (ECS) 
    • CORE Banking Solutions
    • Internet Banking or Virtual Banking
    • Mobile Banking
    • Automated Teller Machine (ATM) and CDM Facilities
    • IMPS - Immediate Payment Service
    • Funds Transfer Through SMS
    • Debit Cards
    • Credit Cards
  • Functions of All Commercial Banks in Totality 
    • More production and economic growth
    • Capital formation
    • Consortium finance 
    • Service coverage to non-monetised sector
    • Balanced regional development
    • Smoothing of trade and commerce
    • Development of industry, agriculture, MSMEs and SHGs
    • Implementation of monetary policy
    • Encourages export and international trade
    • New entrepreneurs and employment opportunities
13 Warehousing
  • Meaning of Warehouse and Warehousing 
    • Introduction
    • Warehouse
    • Warehousing
  • Differences Between Warehouse and Warehousing 
    • Need for Warehousing
    1. Mass production
    2. Nature of commodities
    3. Seasonal production but regular consumption
    4. Regular production but seasonal consumption
    5. Proximity to production centers
  • Types of Warehouses 
    • On the Basis of Ownership
    1. Private Warehouses
    2. Government Warehouses
    3. Public Warehouses
    4. Co-operative Warehouses 
    5. Bonded Warehouses 
    6. Institutional Warehouses
    7. Distribution Centre Warehouses
    • On the Basis of Commodities Stored
    1. General Warehouses
    2. Special Commodity Warehouses 
    3. Cold Storages or Refrigerated Warehouses
    4. Climate Controlled Warehouses
  • Functions of Warehouses 
    • Storage
    • Price Stabilization 
    • Equalization of Demand and Supply
    • Business Finance
    • Risk bearing
    • Preparation for sale
    • Widening the marketing area
    • Value added services
  • Advantages and Drawbacks of Warehousing 
    • Advantages
    • Drawbacks of Warehousing
  • Warehousing Documents 
    • Warehouse Warrants
    • Warehouse Keeper’s Receipt
    • Dock Warrant
    • Dock Receipt
    • Delivery Order
  • Warehousing in India 
    • Main Warehousing Agencies in the Public Sector
    1.  Food Corporation of India (FCI)
    2. Central Warehousing Corporation (CWC)
    3. State Warehousing Corporation (SWC)
    4. Tamil Nadu Warehousing Corporation (TNWC)
Advertisement Remove all ads

BooksVIEW ALL [1]

Advertisement Remove all ads
Share
Notifications

View all notifications


      Forgot password?
View in app×