Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary EducationSSLC (English Medium) (5 to 8) Class 5

Science SSLC (English Medium) (5 to 8) Class 5 Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Syllabus 2024-25

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Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 5 Science Syllabus - Free PDF Download

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Syllabus 2024-25 Class 5: The Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 5 Science Syllabus for the examination year 2024-25 has been released by the , Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education. The board will hold the final examination at the end of the year following the annual assessment scheme, which has led to the release of the syllabus. The 2024-25 Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 5 Science Board Exam will entirely be based on the most recent syllabus. Therefore, students must thoroughly understand the new Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education syllabus to prepare for their annual exam properly.

The detailed Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 5 Science Syllabus for 2024-25 is below.

Academic year:

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 5 Science Revised Syllabus

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 5 Science and their Unit wise marks distribution

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 5 Science Course Structure 2024-25 With Marking Scheme

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Syllabus

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 5 Science Syllabus for Chapter 1: Term - 1

1.1 Organ Systems
  • Human Digestive System  
    • Human Digestive System
    1. Alimentary canal 
    2. Associated digestive glands
  • Human Respiratory System  
    • Conducting Part: 
    1. Nose
    2. Nasal cavity
    3. Pharynx 
    4. Larynx
    5. Trachea
    6. Bronchi
    7. Bronchioles
    8. Terminal bronchioles
    • Respiratory Part
    1. External Nostrils
    2. Nasal Chamber
    3. Pharynx
    4. Larynx
    5. Trachea
    6. Lungs: Bronchi and Alveoli
    • Stages of respiration in human being involve
  • Blood Circulatory System in Human  
  • Human Heart  
    • Location
    • Heart wall
    • Chambers of the heart
    • Blood vessels entering and leaving the heart
    • Valves regulate the flow of blood in a single direction
  • Blood Vessels – Arteries, Veins, and Capillaries  
  • Circulation of Blood in the Heart (Functioning of Heart)  
    • Circulation of blood in the heart
    • Pumping action of the heart
    • Conducting tissue of the heart
    • Conducting system of the heart
  • Blood  
    • Blood
    • Properties of blood
  • Functions of Blood  
    • Transport by blood
    • Protection by blood
  • Human Excretory System  
    • Kidneys
    • Sweat glands
    • Ureters
    • Urinary bladder
    • Urethra
    • Lungs
    • Kidneys
      ⇒ V.S. of kidney shows that there are two distinct regions:
      1) Renal Cortex
      2) Renal Medulla
    • Nephron
      ⇒ Structure of nephron: Glomerulus, Renal Tubule
      1) Bowman's capsule (Glomerular capsule)
      2) Proximal Convoluted Tubule (PCT)
      3) Loop of Henle
      4) Distal convoluted tubule (DCT)
      5) Collecting tubule (CT)
  • Human Nervous System  
    • Human Nervous system
    • Need of Nervous System
    • Components of Nervous System
  • Major Division of the Nervous System  
    • The major division of The Nervous System
    1. Central Nervous System (CNS)
    2. Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
    • Somatic Nervous System
    • Autonomic Nervous System
    • Components of the nervous system at a glance
  • The Human Brain  
    • Brain
    • How are these Tissues protected?
    • How does the Nervous Tissue cause Action?
  • Central Nervous System (CNS): Structure of Human Brain  
    • Three main parts:
    1. Cerebrum (cerebrum: brain)
    2. Cerebellum ("little brain")
    3. Medulla Oblongata
    • Three Primary Regions of the Brain:
    1. Forebrain
    2. Midbrain
    3. Hindbrain
  • The Spinal Cord  
    • Spinal Cord 
    • Functions of the spinal cord
  • Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)  
    • Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
    • Types of Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
    1. Somatic Nervous System
    2. Autonomic Nervous System
    3. Emotions and autonomic nervous system
1.2 Matter and Materials
  • Material and Its Properties  
  • States of Matter  
    1. Solid
    2. Liquid
    3. Gas
    • The Solid State  
    • The Liquid State  
    • The Gaseous State  
  • Fibre  
  • Plant Fibres: Cotton  
  • Plant Fibre: Jute Fibre  
  • Fibre to Yarn to Fabric  
  • Man-made Fibre: Synthetic Fibres  
  • Grain  
  • Household Goods  
  • Buoyancy Force (Upthrust Force)  
    • Buoyancy and upthrust
    • Condition for a body to float or sink:
      a) Volume of object
      b) Density of liquid
    • Unit of upthrust
    • Cartesian diver
  • Water - a Universal Solvent  
    • Universal Solvent
    • Experiment: To show that ordinary tap water contains dissolved solids.
    • Importance of dissolved salts in water.
    • Air dissolved in water.
    • Experiment: To show that tap water contains dissolved gases (air). 
    • Importance of air dissolved in water.
  • Density of the Fluid  
1.3 Energy
  • Concept of Energy  
    • Energy is the capacity to do work
    • Relationship between work and energy
    • Units of energy
  • Mechanical Energy and Its Different Form  
  • Mechanical Energy and Its Types  
    • Potential Energy (U)  
      • Potential Energy
      • Expression for the potential Energy
      • Some examples of potential energy
    • Kinetic Energy (K)  
      • Kinetic Energy
      • Expression for the Kinetic Energy `(K = 1/2"mv"^2)` 
      • Factors affecting the kinetic energy of a moving body
      • Relationship between kinetic energy and momentum
      • Work-energy theorem
  • Wind Energy  
    • Wind Energy
    • Windmill
    • Production of electricity from wind
    • Uses of Wind Energy
  • Heat Energy (Thermal Energy)  
  • Light Energy  
  • Electrical Energy  
    • Electrical energy
    • Application of Electrical Energy
  • Chemical Energy  
  • Transformation of Energy  
    1. Mechanical energy to electrical energy
    2. Electrical energy to mechanical energy
    3. Electrical energy to heat energy
    4. Heat energy to electrical energy
    5. Electrical energy to sound energy
    6. Sound energy to electrical energy
    7. Electrical energy to chemical energy
    8. Chemical energy to electrical energy
    9. Chemical energy to light energy
    10. Light energy to chemical energy
    11. Electrical energy to light energy
    12. Light energy to electrical energy
    13. Heat energy to mechanical energy
    14. Chemical energy to heat energy
    15. Chemical energy to mechanical energy
    16. Electrical energy to magnetic energy
    17. Nuclear energy to electrical energy
    18. Mechanical energy to heat energy
1.4 Science in Everyday Life
  • Scientists from Tamil Nadu  
  • Change  
  • Classification of Change: Reversible and Irreversible Changes  
  • Wastes Generated in Our Environment  
  • Disposal of Waste Water  
  • Five R’s of Waste Management  

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 5 Science Syllabus for Chapter 2: Term - 2

2.1 Food
  • Food and Its Types  
  • Spoilage of Food  
  • Preservation of Food  
  • Methods of Food Preservation  
  • Obesity and Its Prevention  
  • Body Mass Index  
  • Disease  
    • Diseases
    • Identification of disease
  • Categories of Disease  
    • Categories of Disease
    1. Extent of occurrence
      - Endemic diseases
      - Epidemic diseases
      - Pandemic diseases
      - Sporadic diseases
    2. Communicability: Communicable or Infectious diseases & Non- Communicable or Non-Infectious diseases
    3. Kinds of pathogens
    4. Kinds of transmitting agents
    5. Congenital diseases and acquired diseases
    6. Other types of diseases
      - Infectious diseases
      - Hereditary diseases
      - Physiological diseases
      - Deficiency diseases
  • Causes of Disease  
  • Diseases Due Deficiency in Proteins  
  • Diseases Due Deficiency in Vitamin  
  • Diseases Due Deficiency in Minerals  
  • Balanced Diet  
  • Kitchen Safety  
2.2 Water
  • Water, Our Lifeline  
    • Introduction
    • Water: A Compound
    • Occurrence of water
  • Sources of Water  
  • Biogeochemical Cycle  
    • Water Cycle  
      • Water Cycle
      • Evaporation
      • Sublimation
      • Transpiration
      • Condensation
      • Precipitation
      • Runoff
      • Infiltration
      • Percolation
      • Importance of water cycle
      • Human impacts on the water cycle
  • Availability of Water  
  • Water Management (Conservation of Water)  
    • Fresh Water Management  
    • Waste Water Management  
    • Desalination of Sea Water  
  • Water Pollution and Its Causes  
    • Water Pollution
    • Causes of Water Pollution
    • Sources of Water Pollution
  • Prevention of Water Pollution  
  • Contamination of Water and Water Borne Diseases  
    • Waterborne diseases
    • Contamination of Water
    • Prevention of Waterborne Diseases
  • Waterborne Diseases Caused by Bacteria  
    • Waterborne Diseases Caused by Bacteria:
    1. Diarrhoea
    2. Dysentery (Shigellosis)
    3. Typhoid Fever Bacteria (Salmonella)
    4. Cholera
  • Waterborne Diseases Caused by Virus  
    • Waterborne Diseases Caused by Virus
    1. Hepatitus A
    2. Hepatitus E
  • Vector Borne Diseases  
    • Vector
    • Vector Borne Diseases: Mosquitoes, Cockroaches and Rats
    1. Malaria
    2. Elephantiasis (filariasis)
    3. Yellow fever
    4. Dengue
    • Control of mosquitoes:
    1. Spraying
    2. Elimination of breeding places
    3. Spraying on stagnant water
    4. Biological control
  • Diseases Transmitted by Animals  
    • Swine Flu
    • Bird Flu
    • Dengue
    • Avian Influenza
    • Rabies
2.3 Plants
  • Plant Forms and Functions  
  • Reproduction in Plant  
  • Mode of Reproduction in Plant  
    • Mode of Reproduction in Plant:
    1. Sexual reproduction
      - Why the Sexual Mode of Reproduction?
    2. Asexual reproduction
  • Flower  
  • Pollination  
  • Kinds of Pollination  
    • Self Pollination (Autogamy)  
    • Cross Pollination  
  • Agents of Pollination  
  • Double Fertilization and Triple Fusion in Plant  
  • Fruits  
  • The Seed  
    • The seed
    • Types of seed
      A) Based on the number of cotyledons two types of seeds are recognized.
      (i) Dicotyledonous seed
      (ii) Monocotyledonous seed
      B) Based on the presence or absence of the endosperm the seed is of two types. 
      (i) Albuminous or Endospermous seed
      (ii) Ex-albuminous or non- endospermous seed
    • Significance of Seeds
  • Classification and Structure of Seeds  
    • Structure of Monocotyledonous Seed  
    • Structure of a Dicotyledonous Seed  
  • Dispersal of Seeds  
  • Formation of Seed and Fruit  
    • Formation of Seed and Fruit
    • Significance of seed and fruit formation
  • Seed Germination  
  • Germination in Some Common Seeds  
  • Agricultures  
  • Types of Soil  
  • Friends of Farmer  

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 5 Science Syllabus for Chapter 3: Term - 3

3.1 Our Environment
  • Farms  
  • Animal Husbandry (Livestock)  
    • Dairy Farming  
      • Dairy farm management
      • Composition of Cattle Feed
      • Feed Management
      • Improvement of Livestock Development in India
      • Diseases
      • Uses of Dairy Farming
    • Poultry Farming  
      • Poultry Farming
      • Poultry Feeding
      • Poultry Disease
      • Poultry product
      • Uses of Poultry Farming
      • Poultry management
    • Apiculture (Bee Farming)  
      • Apiculture
      • Types of Honey Bee
      • Useful product of Honey Bees
  • Manuring (Biomanuring)  
  • Vermicomposting  
3.2 Animals
  • Reproduction in Animal and Human  
  • Mode of Reproduction in Animal  
    • Mode of Reproduction in Animal:
    1. Sexual reproduction
    2. Asexual reproduction
  • Sexual Reproduction in Animals  
    • Why the Sexual Mode of Reproduction?
  • Asexual Reproduction  
    • Asexual Reproduction in Animal  
  • Fertilization in Human  
    • Fertilization
    • Mechanism of fertilization
    • Effect of fertilization
    • Significance of fertilization
    • Sex determination
  • Embryonic Development in Human  
    • Cleavage
    • Blastulation
    • Implantation
    • Gastrulation
  • Embryo Formation in Viviparous and Oviparous Animals - Young Ones to Adults  
  • Endangered Species  
    • Hotspots of Biodiversity
    • Endangered Species
    • Determination of Endangerment
  • Red Data Book  
  • Conservation of Forest  
  • National Park  
  • Wildlife Sanctuary  
  • Animal Welfare Organisations  
3.3 Air
  • Air Around Us  
    • Air Around us
    • Properties of air
    • Experiments with an empty bottle
  • Atmosphere and Its Layers  
  • Importance of Air  
  • Air Pollution and Its Causes  
    • Air Pollution
    • Causes of Air pollution
    • Sources of Air Pollution
  • Effects of Air Pollution  
  • Prevention of Air Pollution  
    • Measures to control air pollution
    • Devices to control air pollution
    1. Electrostatic precipitator (ESP)
    2. Scrubbers
    3. Catalytic converters
  • Airborne Diseases  
  • Airborne Diseases Caused by Bacteria  
  • Airborne Diseases Caused by Virus  
    • Airborne Diseases Caused by Virus
    1. Hepatitus A
    2. Hepatitus E
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