Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary EducationHSC Science Class 12th
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Chemistry Class 12th HSC Science Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Topics and Syllabus

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Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Syllabus For Class 12th Chemistry: Knowing the Syllabus is very important for the students of Class 12th. Shaalaa has also provided a list of topics that every student needs to understand.

The Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 12th Chemistry syllabus for the academic year 2022-2023 is based on the Board's guidelines. Students should read the Class 12th Chemistry Syllabus to learn about the subject's subjects and subtopics.

Students will discover the unit names, chapters under each unit, and subtopics under each chapter in the Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 12th Chemistry Syllabus pdf 2022-2023. They will also receive a complete practical syllabus for Class 12th Chemistry in addition to this.

Academic year:

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 12th Chemistry Revised Syllabus

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 12th Chemistry and their Unit wise marks distribution

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 12th Chemistry Course Structure 2022-2023 With Marking Scheme

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Syllabus

1 Metallurgy
2 p-block Elements-I
  • General Trends in Properties of p-block Elements 
    • Electronic configuration and oxidation state
    • Metallic nature
    • Ionisation Enthalpy
    • Electronegativity
    • Anomalous properties o f the first elements:
    • Inert pair effect
    • Allotropism in p-block elements
  • Group 13 (Boron Group) Elements 
    • Occurrence
    • Physical properties
    • Chemical properties of boron
    • Borax [Na2B4O7.10H2O]
    • Boric acid [H3BO3 or B(OH)3]
    • Diborane
    • Boron trifluoride
    • Aluminium chloride
    • Alums
  • Group 14 (Carbon Group) Elements 
    • Occurrence
    • Physical properties
    • Tendency for catenation
    • Allotropes of carbon
    • Carbon monoxide [CO]
    • Carbon dioxide
    • Silicon tetrachloride
    • Silicones
    • Silicates
    • Zeolites
3 p-block Elements - II
4 Transition and Inner Transition Elements
5 Coordination Chemistry
6 Solid State
  • General Characteristics of Solids 
  • Classification of Solids 
    • Classification of solids
    • Crystalline solids
    • Amorphous solids
    • Differences between crystalline and amorphous solids
    • Isomorphous solids and polymorphous solids
  • Classification of Crystalline Solids 
    • Classification of crystalline solids
    1. Molecular solids:
      a) Polar molecular solids
      b) Non-polar molecular solids
      c) Hydrogen-bonded molecular solids
    2. Ionic Solids
    3. Metallic solids
    4. Covalent or Network Solids
    • Structure and properties of diamond, graphite, and fullerene
  • Crystal Lattices and Unit Cells 
    • Unit cell
    • Crystal lattice or space lattice
    • Two-dimensional lattice and unit cell
    • Three-dimensional lattice and unit cell
  • Primitive and Non-primitive Unit Cell 
    • Primitive (or) simple cubic unit cell (SC)
    • Body centered cubic unit cell (BCC)
    • Face centered cubic unit cell (FCC)
    • Calculations involving unit cell dimensions
    • Calculation of density
  • Packing in Crystals 
    • Linear arrangement of spheres in one direction
    • Two dimensional close packing
    • Simple cubic arrangement
    • Body centered cubic arrangement
    • The hexagonal and face centered cubic arrangement
  • Imperfection in Solids 
    • Schottky defect
    • Frenkel defect
    • Metal excess defect
    • Metal deficiency defect
    • Impurity defect
7 Chemical Kinetics
8 Ionic Equilibrium
  • Acids and Bases 
    • Arrhenius theory of acids and bases
    • Bronsted - Lowry theory 
    • Lewis theory
  • Strength of Acids and Bases 
  • Ionisation of Water 
  • The pH Scale 
    • pH of a solution
    • pH scale
    • Relationship between pH and pOH
    • Approximate pH values of some substances
    • Acidity, basicity, and neutrality of aqueous solutions
    • pK value
    • Measurement of pH of a solution
    • Indicators
    • Titration curves
  • Ionisation of Weak Acids 
    • Ostwald’s dilution law
  • Common Ion Effect 

    Common ion effect and solubility

  • Buffer Solutions 
    • Types of buffer solutions
    • Buffer action
    • Buffer capacity and buffer index
    • Henderson - Hasselbalch equation
    • Properties of buffer solution
    • Applications of buffer solution
    1. In biochemical system
    2. Agriculture
    3. Industry
    4. Medicine
    5. Analytical chemistry
  • Ionic Equilibria 
    • Salt Hydrolysis 
      • Salts of strong acid and a strong base
      • Hydrolysis of Salt of strong base and weak acid (Anionic Hydrolysis)
      • Hydrolysis of salt of strong acid and weak base (Cationic Hydrolysis)
      • Hydrolysis of Salt of weak acid and weak base (Anionic & Cationic Hydrolysis)
  • Solubility Product 
    • Solubility product 
      • Solubility equilibria
      • Relationship between solubility and solubility product
      • Condition of precipitation
      • Determination of solubility product from molar solubility 
9 Electro Chemistry
  • Conductivity of Electrolytic Solution 
    • Molar conductivity (Λm)
    • Equivalent conductance (Λ)
    • Factors affecting electrolytic conductance
    • Measurement of conductivity of ionic solutions 
  • Variation of Molar Conductivity with Concentration 
    • Debye - Huckel and Onsager equation
    • Kohlraush's law
  • Electrochemical Cells 
    • Electrochemical reactions
    • Electrodes
    • Types of electrochemical cells
    1. Galvanic cell
    2. Electrolytic cells
  • Thermodynamics of Cell Reactions 
    • Nernst equation
    • Electrolytic cell and electrolysis
    • Cell reactions
    • Faraday’s Laws of electrolysis
    • Electrochemical equivalent and molar mass
    • Batteries
    1. Leclanche cell
    2. Mercury button cell
    3. Secondary batteries
    4. Recharge of the cell
    5. The lithium-ion Battery
    6. Fuel cell
    • Corrosion
    1. Electrochemical mechanism of corrosion
    • Electrochemical series
10 Surface Chemistry
  • Adsorption and Absorption 
    • Characteristics of adsorption
    • Types of adsorption
    • Factors affecting adsorption
    1. Surface area of adsorbent
    2. Nature of adsorbate
    3. Pressure
    4. Concentration at a given temperature
    • Adsorption isotherms and isobars
  • Catalysis 
    • Catalyst
    • Catalysis
    • Homogeneous Catalysis
    • Heterogeneous Catalysis
    • Inhibitors
    • Enzyme Catalysis 
      • Enzymes
      • Characteristics of enzymes
      • Mechanism of enzyme catalysis
      • Examples of enzyme catalysed reactions
  • Zeolite Catalysis 
  • Colloid, Dispersion Phase and Dispersion Medium 
    • Classifications of Colloidal solution
    • Preparation of Colloids
    • Purification of colloids
    • Properties of Colloids
  • Emulsions 
    • Emulsion
    • Types of emulsions
      1) Oil-in-water emulsion (O/W type)
      2) Water-in-oil emulsion (W/O type)
    • Properties of emulsions
    • Deemulsification
  • Various Application of Colloids 
11 Hydroxy Compounds and Ethers
  • Classification of Alcohols 
    • Classification of alcohols
    • On the basis of number of -OH groups
    1. Monohydric alcohol
    2. Dihydric alcohol
    3. Trihydric alcohol
    4. Polyhydric alcohol
    • On the basis of nature of C-OH bond
    1. Csp3 - OH bond: Alkyl, Allylic, Benzylic alcohols
    2. Csp2 - OH bond
  • IUPAC Nomenclature 
    • Structure of the functional group of alcohol
    • Preparation of alcohols
    • Preparation of glycol
    • Preparation of glycerol
    • Methods to differentiate primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols
    • Properties of alcohols
    1. Physical properties
    2. Chemical properties
    • Saytzeff’s rule
    • Oxidation of alcohols
    • Oxidation of glycol
    • Preparation of Phenols
  • Reactions of Benzene Ring 
    • Electrophilic aromatic substitution
    • Test to differentiate alcohol and phenols
    • Structure of functional group
    • IUPAC System
  • Preparation of Ethers from Dehydration of Alcohols and Williamson Systhesis 
    • Preparation of ethers
    1. Inter molecular dehydration of alcohol
    2. Williamson's synthesis
    • Methylation of alcohol
    • Physical Properties of ethers
    • Chemical Properties of ethers
    • Uses of ethers
12 Carbonyl Compounds and Carboxylic Acids
13 Organic Nitrogen Compounds
  • Nitro Compounds 
    • Classification of nitrocompounds
    • Nomenclature of nitroalkanes
    • ISOMERISM
    • Acidic nature of nitro alkanes
    • Preparation of nitroalkanes
    • Preparation of Nitroarenes
    • Physical properties of nitro alkane 
    • Chemical properties of nitroalkanes 
  • Classification of Amines 
    • Classification of amines
    1. Aliphatic amines
    2. Aromatic amines
  • Introduction of Diazonium Salts 
    • Introduction
    • Resonance structure 
    • Method of preparation of Diazonium salts
    • Physical properties 
    • Chemical reactions
    1. Replacement reactions involving loss of nitrogen 
    2. Reactions involving retention of diazo group
  • Cyanides and Isocyanides 
    • Introduction 
    • alkyl cyanides and alkyl isocyanides
    1. Alkyl cyanides - Preparation, Properties, and reactions
    2. Alkyl isocyanides: Preparation, Properties, and reactions
14 Biomolecules
  • Biomolecules in the Cell 
    • Carbohydrates 
      • Types of Carbohydrates based on sugar unit
      1. Monosaccharides
      2. Oligosaccharides
        a. Disaccharides
        b. Trisaccharides
        c. Tetrasaccharides
      3. Polysaccharides 
      • Biological significance of Carbohydrates
      • Nomenclature of monosaccharides
      • Glucose
      • Structure and properties of glucose
      • Optical isomerism in glucose
      • Ring structure of glucose
      • Reducing nature of glucose
      • Representation of Fructose structure
    • Lipids 
      • Lipids
      1. Saturated fatty acids
      2. Unsaturated Fatty Acids 
      • Simple Lipids
      • Compound lipids
      • Sterols
      • Biological importance of lipids
    • Nucleic Acids 
      • Nucleotides
      • Structure of DNA
      • Ribonucleic Acid (RNA)
      • DNA double helix
      • Types of RNA molecules
      • Biological functions of nucleic acids
  • Introduction of Vitamins 
    • Classification and functions of vitamins 
  • Hormones 
    • Properties of Hormones
    • Functions of hormones
    • Mechanism of hormone action
    1. Mode of hormone action through membrane receptors
    2.  Mode of action through intracellular receptors
15 Chemistry in Everyday Life
  • Drug 
    • Classification of drugs
    • Drug–target Interaction
  • Food Additives 
    • Important categories of food additives
    • Preservatives
    • Antioxidants
    • Sugar Substituents
    • Artificial sweetening agents
  • Cleansing Agents 
    • Types of cleansing agents
      a) Soaps
      b) Synthetic detergents
    • Mechanism of cleansing action
    • Differences between soaps and detergents
  • Introduction of Polymers 

Textbook SolutionsVIEW ALL [1]

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