Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary EducationHSC Science Class 11th
Advertisement Remove all ads

Botany Class 11th HSC Science Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Topics and Syllabus

Advertisement Remove all ads

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Syllabus For Class 11th Botany: Knowing the Syllabus is very important for the students of Class 11th. Shaalaa has also provided a list of topics that every student needs to understand.

The Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 11th Botany syllabus for the academic year 2022-2023 is based on the Board's guidelines. Students should read the Class 11th Botany Syllabus to learn about the subject's subjects and subtopics.

Students will discover the unit names, chapters under each unit, and subtopics under each chapter in the Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 11th Botany Syllabus pdf 2022-2023. They will also receive a complete practical syllabus for Class 11th Botany in addition to this.

Academic year:

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 11th Botany Revised Syllabus

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 11th Botany and their Unit wise marks distribution

Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 11th Botany Course Structure 2022-2023 With Marking Scheme

Advertisement Remove all ads
Advertisement Remove all ads
Advertisement Remove all ads

Syllabus

1 Living World
  • Attributes of Living Organisms 
    • Growth
    • Cellular structure
    • Reproduction
    • Response to stimuli
    • Homeostasis
    • Metabolism
  • Viruses 
    • Viruses
    • Virology
    • Milestones in Virology
    • Size and Shape
    • Characteristic Features of Viruses
  • Classification of Living World 
    • Need of Classification
  • Bacteria 
    • Bacteria - Bacteria Friends or Foes?
    • Bacteriology - Milestones in Bacteriology
    • Characteristic features of Bacteria
    1. Habitat
    2. Size and Shape
    3. Cellular Structure
    4. Nutrition
    5. Locomotion
    6. Life Cycle
    7. Reproduction
  • Fungi 
    • Fungi - World War II and Penicillin History speaks on fungi
    • Mycology - Milestones in Mycology
    • General characteristic features 
    1. Habitat
    2. Size and Shape
    3. Cellular Structure
    4. Nutrition
    5. Locomotion
    6. Life Cycle
    7. Reproduction
2 Plant Kingdom
3 Vegetative Morphology
  • Habit 
    • Herbs
    • Shrubs
    • Climbers (Vine)
    • Trees
  • Plant Habitat 
    • Terrestrial
    • Aquatic
  • Life Span 
    • Annuals
    • Biennials
    • Perennials
  • Parts of a Flowering Plant 
  • Root System 
    • Root system
    • Characteristic of the root system
    • Type of Root:
      1) Primary root
      2) Secondary root
    • Regions of root
      1) Meristematic Zone
      2) Zone of Elongation
      3) Zone of Maturation
    • Types of the root system
      1) Tap root system
      2) Fibrous root system
      3) Adventitious root system
    • Functions of root
      1) Primary function
      2) Secondary function
    • Modifications of root
  • Shoot System 
    • The steam
    • Characteristic features of the stem
    • Functions of the stem
      (i) Primary functions
      (ii) Secondary functions
    • Buds
    • Types of Stem - Excurrent, Decurrent, Caudex, and Culm
    • Modification of Stem
      1) Aerial modification of stem
      2) Subaerial stem modifications
      3) Underground stem modifications
      4) Stem Branching
  • The Leaf 
    • The Leaf
    • Characteristics of leaf
    • Functions of the leaf -
      1) Primary functions
      2) Secondary functions
    • Parts of the leaf -
      1) Leaf base (hypopodium)
      2) Petiole (stipe or mesopodium)
      3) Lamina (Leaf blade)
    • Venation -
      1) Reticulate venation
      2) Parallel venation
    • Phyllotaxy -
      1) Alternate Phyllotaxy
      2) Opposite Phyllotaxy
      3) Ternate phyllotaxy
      4) Whorled (verticillate) type of phyllotaxy
    • Leaf mosaic
    • Types of Leaves -
      1) Simple leaf
      2) Compound leaf - Pinnately and palmately compound leaf
    • Modifications of Leaves
      1) Leaf tendrils
      2) Leaf hooks
      3) Leaf Spines and Prickles
      4) Storage Leaves
      5) Phyllode
      6) Pitcher
      7) Bladder
      8) Floral leaves
    • Leaf duration - Caducuous (Fagacious), Deciduous, Evergreen and Marcescent
4 Reproductive Morphology
  • The Inflorescence 
    • Inflorescence
    • Types of Inflorescence
      1) Based On Position - Terminal, Auxillary, and Cauliflorous
      2) Based on branching pattern and other characters -Indeterminate (Racemose), Determinate (Cymose), Mixed inflorescence and Special inflorescence
    • Racemose Inflorescence
      1) Main axis elongated - Simple raceme, Spike, Spikelet, Catkin, Spadix and Pancile
      2) Main axis shortened - Corymb, Umbel
      3) Main axis flattened - Head, 
    • Cymose inflorescence - 
      1) Simple cyme (solitary)
      2) Monochasial Cyme (uniparous) - Helicoid and Scorpioid
      3) Simple dichasium (Biparous)
      4) Compound dichasium:
      5) Polychasial Cyme (multiparous)
    • Mixed Inflorescence
      1) Thyrsus
      2) Verticillaster
    • Special Inflorescence
      1) Cyathium
      2) Hypanthodium
      3) Coenanthium
  • The Flower 
    • Flower
    • Whorls of flower - Complete and Incomplete
    • Flower sex 
      1) Perfect or bisexual
      2) Imperfect or unisexual: Staminate and Pistillate flowers
    • Plant sex
      1) Hermaphroditic
      2) Monoecious
      3) Dioecious
      4) Polygamous
    • Flower symmetry
      1) Actinomorphic (or) radial or polysymmetric
      2) Zygomorphic (bilateral symmetry) or monosymmetric
      3) Asymmetric (amorphic)
    • Types of Flower
      1) Types of flower depending upon the number of floral appendages
      i) Trimerous
      ii) Tetramerous
      iii) Pentamerous
      2) Types of flowers depending on presence of bracts
      i) Bracteate
      ii) Ebracteate
      3) Types of flower based on the position of calyx, corolla and androecium in respect of the ovary on thalamus
      i) Hypogynous
      ii) Perigynous
      iii) Epigynous
  • Parts of Flower 
    • Accessory Organs 
      • Accessory organs
      1. Arrangement of whorls
      2. Calyx
      3. Corolla
      4. Perianth
      5. Aestivation
  • Androecium 
    • Fusion of stamens
    • Arrangement of stamens relate to length of stamens
    • Anther types
    • Anther attachment
  • Gynoecium 
    • Number of carpel
    • Fusion of carpels
    • Number of locules
    • Extension of the condensed internode of the receptacle
    • Ovary position
    • Perianth / Androecial position on thalamus
  • Construction of Floral Diagram and Floral Formula 
  • Fruits 
    • Structure of Fruit
    • Types of Fruit
    1. Simple Fruits
    2. Aggregate Fruits
    3. Multiple or Composite Fruit
    • Functions of Fruit
  • The Seed 
    • The seed
    • Types of seed
      A) Based on the number of cotyledons two types of seeds are recognized.
      (i) Dicotyledonous seed
      (ii) Monocotyledonous seed
      B) Based on the presence or absence of the endosperm the seed is of two types. 
      (i) Albuminous or Endospermous seed
      (ii) Ex-albuminous or non- endospermous seed
    • Significance of Seeds
5 Taxonomy and Systematic Botany
6 Cell: the Unit of Life
7 Cell Cycle
8 Biomolecules
  • Water 
    • Chemistry of Water
    • Properties of Water
  • Primary and Secondary Metabolites 
  • Biomolecules in the Cell 
    • Carbohydrates 
      • Types of Carbohydrates based on sugar unit
      1. Monosaccharides
      2. Oligosaccharides
        a. Disaccharides
        b. Trisaccharides
        c. Tetrasaccharides
      3. Polysaccharides 
      • Biological significance of Carbohydrates
      • Nomenclature of monosaccharides
      • Glucose
      • Structure and properties of glucose
      • Optical isomerism in glucose
      • Ring structure of glucose
      • Reducing nature of glucose
      • Representation of Fructose structure
    • Lipids 
      • Lipids
      1. Saturated fatty acids
      2. Unsaturated Fatty Acids 
      • Simple Lipids
      • Compound lipids
      • Sterols
      • Biological importance of lipids
    • Enzymes 
      • Enzymes
      • Properties of Enzymes
    • Nucleic Acids 
      • Nucleotides
      • Structure of DNA
      • Ribonucleic Acid (RNA)
      • DNA double helix
      • Types of RNA molecules
      • Biological functions of nucleic acids
  • Proteins 
    • Proteins
    • Based on our nutritional requirements, amino acids are classified as:
      1) Non-essential amino acids 
      2) Essential amino acids
    • Functions of proteins
    • Bonding and protein structure
      1) Peptide bond of proteins or polypeptides
    • Classification of proteins
      1) Primary (Basic) structures
      2) Secondary structure
      3) Tertiary structure
      4) Quaternary structure
    • Amino acids
9 Tissue and Tissue System
10 Secondary Growth
  • Secondary Growth in Dicot Stem 
    • Vascular Cambium
    • Origin and Formation of Vascular 
    • Organization of Vascular Cambium
    • Storied (Stratified cambium) and Non-Storied (Non-stratified cambium)
    • Activity of Vascular Cambium
    • Dendroclimatology
    • Tyloses
    • Secondary Phloem
    • Periderm
    • Bark
    • Lenticel
  • Secondary Growth in Dicot Root 
    • Differences Between Secondary Growth in Dicot Stem and Root
  • Cambial Variants (Anomalous Secondary Growth) 
    • Anomalous position of Vascular Cambium
    • Abnormal behavior of Normal Cambium
    • Successive Cambium
    • Interxylary or Included Phloem
    • Presence of medullary bundles along with normal cambial activity
    • Presence of Cortial Bundles along with normal cambial activity
    • Intarxylary or Internal Phloem
    • Secondary Growth in Monocot
    • Anomalous Primary Growth
  • Timber 
    • Seasoning of wood
    • Grain, Texture, and Figure of wood
11 Transport in Plants
  • Types of Transport 
    • Surface Transport
    1. Pack Animals
    2. Bullock Carts
    3. Road Transport
    4. Motor Lorries and Buses
    5. Tramways
    6. Railway Transport
    • Water Transport
    1. Inland Waterways
    2. Ocean Waterways
    • Air Transport
  • Cell to Cell Transport 
    • Passive Transport
    • Characteristics of diffusion
    • Significance of diffusion in Plants
    1. Channel Protein
    2. Carrier Protein
    • Active Transport
  • Plant Water Relation 
  • Absorption of Water 
    • Absorption of Water
    • Path of Water Across Root Cells
    • Mechanism of Water Absorption
  • Translocation of Water (Ascent of Sap) 
    1. Root Pressure Theory (Vital Theory)
    2. Capillarity theory (physical force theory)
    3. Cohesion- tension theory (Transpiration pull theory)
    4. Adhesion
  • Transpiration 
    • Transpiration
    • Demonstration of Transpiration
    • Exchange of Gases
  • Translocation of Organic Solutes 
    • Path of Translocation
    • Ringing or girdling experiment
    • Direction of Translocation
    • Source and Sink
    • Phloem Loading
    • Phloem Unloading
    • Mechanism of Translocation
  • Mineral Absorption 
    • Passive Absorption
    • Active Absorption
    • Donnan equilibrium
12 Mineral Nutrition
13 Photosynthesis
14 Respiration
15 Plant Growth and Development

Textbook SolutionsVIEW ALL [1]

Advertisement Remove all ads
Share
Notifications

View all notifications


      Forgot password?
View in app×