HSC Science (General) 12th Board ExamMaharashtra State Board
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Physics 12th Board Exam HSC Science (General) Maharashtra State Board Topics and Syllabus

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Topics with syllabus and resources

100.00 Circular Motion
  • Angular displacement
  • Angular velocity and angular acceleration
  • Relation between linear velocity and angular velocity
  • Uniform circular motion
  • Radial acceleration
  • Centripetal and centrifugal forces
  • Banking of roads
  • Vertical circular motion due to earth’s gravitation
  • Equation for velocity and energy at different positions of vertical circular motion.
  • Kinematical equations for circular motion in analogy with linear motion.
200.00 Gravitation
  • Newton’s law of gravitation
  • Projection of satellite
  • Periodic time
  • Statement of Kepler’s laws of motion
  • Binding energy and escape velocity of a satellite
  • Weightlessness condition in orbit
  • Variation of ‘g’ due to altitude, lattitude, depth and motion
  • Communication satellite and its uses
300.00 Angular Momentum
  • Definition of M.I., K.E. of rotating body
  • Rolling motion
  • Physical significance of M.I.
  • Radius of gyration, Torque
  • Principle of parallel and perpendicular axes
  • M.I. of some regular shaped bodies about specific axes
  • Angular momentum and its conservation
400.00 Oscillations
  • Explanation of periodic motion
  • S.H.M.
  • Differential equation of linear S.H.M.
  • Projection of U.C.M. on any diameter
  • Phase of S.H.M.
  • K.E. and P.E. in S.H.M.
  • Composition of two S.H.M.’s having same period and along same line
  • Simple pendulum
  • Damped S.H.M.
500.00 Elasticity
  • General explanation of elastic property, Plasticity, Deformation
  • Definition of stress and strain
  • Hooke’s law
  • Poisson’s ratio
  • Elastic energy, Elastic constants and their relation
  • Determination of ‘Y’
  • Behaviour of metal wire under increasing load
  • Applications of elastic behaviour of materials
600.00 Surface Tension
  • Surface tension on the basis of molecular theory, Surface energy, Surface tension, Angle of contact, Capillarity and capillary action, Effect of impurity and temperature on surface tension.
700.00 Wave Motion
  • Simple harmonic progressive waves
  • Reflection of transverse and longitudinal waves
  • Change of phase
  • Superposition of waves
  • Formation of beats
  • Doppler effect in sound
800.00 Stationary Waves
  • Study of vibrations in a finite medium
  • Formation of stationary waves on string
  • Study of vibrations of air columns
  • Free and Forced vibrations
  • Resonance
900.00 Kinetic Theory of Gases and Radiation
  • Concept of an ideal gas
  • Assumptions of kinetic theory, Mean free path, Derivation for pressure of a gas
  • Degrees of freedom
  • Derivation of Boyle’s law
  • Thermodynamics- Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature, 1st law of thermodynamics, 2nd law of thermodynamics
  • Heat engines and refrigerators, Qualitative idea of black body radiation
  • Wein’s displacement law
  • Green house effect
  • Stefan’s law
  • Maxwell distribution
  • Law of equipartition of energy and application to Specific heat capacities of gases
1000.00 Wave Theory of Light
  • Wave theory of light
  • Huygens’ Principle
  • Construction of plane and spherical wave front
  • Wave front and wave normal
  • Reflection at plane surface
  • Refraction at plane surface
  • Polarisation, Polaroids, Plane polarised light
  • Brewster’s law
  • Doppler effect in light
1100.00 Interference and Diffraction
  • Interference of light
  • Conditions for producing steady interference pattern
  • Young’s experiment
  • Analytical treatment of interference bands
  • Measurement of wavelength by biprism experiment
  • Diffraction due to single slit
  • Rayleigh’s criterion
  • Resolving power of a microscope and telescope
  • Difference between interference and diffraction
1200.00 Electrostatics
  • Gauss’ theorem proof and applications
  • Mechanical force on unit area of a charged conductor
  • Energy density of a medium
  • Dielectrics and electric polarisation
  • Concept of condenser
  • Capacity of parallel plate condenser
  • Effect of dielectric on capacity
  • Energy of charged condenser
  • Condensers in series and parallel
  • van-deGraaff generator
1300.00 Current Electricity
  • Kirchhoff’s law, Wheatstone’s bridge, Meter bridge, Potentiometer.
1400.00 Magnetic Effects of Electric Current
  • Ampere’s law and its applications, Moving coil galvanometer, Ammeter, Voltmeter, Sensitivity of moving coil galvanometer, Cyclotron.
1500.00 Magnetism
  • Circular current loop as a magnetic dipole, Magnetic dipole moment of revolving electron, Magnetisation and magnetic intensity, Diamagnetism, Paramagnetism, Ferromagnetism on the basis of domain theory, Curie temperature.
1600.00 Electromagnetic Inductions
  • Laws of electromagnetic induction, proof of, e = – dØ/dt Eddy currents
  • Self induction and mutual induction
  • Need for displacement current, Transformer
  • Coil rotating in uniform magnetic induction
  • Alternating currents
  • Reactance and impedance
  • LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only) Power in a.c circuit with resistance, inductance and capacitance
  • Resonant circuit
  • Wattless current
  • AC generator
1700.00 Electrons and Photons
  • Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations, Einstein’s equation, Particle nature of light.
1800.00 Atoms, Molecules and Nuclei
  • Alpha particle scattering experiment, Rutherford’s model of atom.
  • Bohr’s model
  • Hydrogen spectrum
  • Composition and size of nucleus
  • Radioactivity
  • Decay law, massenergy relation, mass defect
  • B.E. per nucleon and its variation with mass number
  • Nuclear fission and fusion, de Broglie hypothesis
  • Matter waves – wave nature of particles
  • Wavelength of an electron
  • Davisson and Germer experiment
  • Continuous and characteristics X-rays.
1900.00 Semiconductors
  • Energy bands in solids
  • Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors
  • P-type and N-type semiconductor
  • P-N junction diode
  • I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, Rectifiers
  • Zener diode as a voltage regulator, Photodiode, Solar cell
  • I-V characteristics of LED
  • Transistor action and its characteristics
  • Transistor as an amplifier (CE mode)
  • Transistor as a switch
  • Oscillators and Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND, NOR)
2000.00 Communication Systems
  • Elements of communication system, bandwidth of signals, bandwidth of transmission medium
  • Need for modulation
  • Production and detection of an amplitude modulated wave
  • Space communication
  • Propagation of electromagnetic waves in atmosphere
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