HSC Science (General) 12th Board ExamMaharashtra State Board
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# Physics 12th Board Exam HSC Science (General) Maharashtra State Board Topics and Syllabus

## Topics with syllabus and resources

100.00 Circular Motion
• Angular displacement
• Angular velocity and angular acceleration
• Relation between linear velocity and angular velocity
• Uniform circular motion
• Centripetal and centrifugal forces
• Vertical circular motion due to earth’s gravitation
• Equation for velocity and energy at different positions of vertical circular motion.
• Kinematical equations for circular motion in analogy with linear motion.
200.00 Gravitation
• Newton’s law of gravitation
• Projection of satellite
• Periodic time
• Statement of Kepler’s laws of motion
• Binding energy and escape velocity of a satellite
• Weightlessness condition in orbit
• Variation of ‘g’ due to altitude, lattitude, depth and motion
• Communication satellite and its uses
300.00 Angular Momentum
• Definition of M.I., K.E. of rotating body
• Rolling motion
• Physical significance of M.I.
• Principle of parallel and perpendicular axes
• M.I. of some regular shaped bodies about specific axes
• Angular momentum and its conservation
400.00 Oscillations
• Explanation of periodic motion
• S.H.M.
• Differential equation of linear S.H.M.
• Projection of U.C.M. on any diameter
• Phase of S.H.M.
• K.E. and P.E. in S.H.M.
• Composition of two S.H.M.’s having same period and along same line
• Simple pendulum
• Damped S.H.M.
500.00 Elasticity
• General explanation of elastic property, Plasticity, Deformation
• Definition of stress and strain
• Hooke’s law
• Poisson’s ratio
• Elastic energy, Elastic constants and their relation
• Determination of ‘Y’
• Behaviour of metal wire under increasing load
• Applications of elastic behaviour of materials
600.00 Surface Tension
• Surface tension on the basis of molecular theory, Surface energy, Surface tension, Angle of contact, Capillarity and capillary action, Effect of impurity and temperature on surface tension.
700.00 Wave Motion
• Simple harmonic progressive waves
• Reflection of transverse and longitudinal waves
• Change of phase
• Superposition of waves
• Formation of beats
• Doppler effect in sound
800.00 Stationary Waves
• Study of vibrations in a finite medium
• Formation of stationary waves on string
• Study of vibrations of air columns
• Free and Forced vibrations
• Resonance
900.00 Kinetic Theory of Gases and Radiation
• Concept of an ideal gas
• Assumptions of kinetic theory, Mean free path, Derivation for pressure of a gas
• Degrees of freedom
• Derivation of Boyle’s law
• Thermodynamics- Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature, 1st law of thermodynamics, 2nd law of thermodynamics
• Heat engines and refrigerators, Qualitative idea of black body radiation
• Wein’s displacement law
• Green house effect
• Stefan’s law
• Maxwell distribution
• Law of equipartition of energy and application to Specific heat capacities of gases
1000.00 Wave Theory of Light
• Wave theory of light
• Huygens’ Principle
• Construction of plane and spherical wave front
• Wave front and wave normal
• Reflection at plane surface
• Refraction at plane surface
• Polarisation, Polaroids, Plane polarised light
• Brewster’s law
• Doppler effect in light
1100.00 Interference and Diffraction
• Interference of light
• Conditions for producing steady interference pattern
• Young’s experiment
• Analytical treatment of interference bands
• Measurement of wavelength by biprism experiment
• Diffraction due to single slit
• Rayleigh’s criterion
• Resolving power of a microscope and telescope
• Difference between interference and diffraction
1200.00 Electrostatics
• Gauss’ theorem proof and applications
• Mechanical force on unit area of a charged conductor
• Energy density of a medium
• Dielectrics and electric polarisation
• Concept of condenser
• Capacity of parallel plate condenser
• Effect of dielectric on capacity
• Energy of charged condenser
• Condensers in series and parallel
• van-deGraaff generator
1300.00 Current Electricity
• Kirchhoff’s law, Wheatstone’s bridge, Meter bridge, Potentiometer.
1400.00 Magnetic Effects of Electric Current
• Ampere’s law and its applications, Moving coil galvanometer, Ammeter, Voltmeter, Sensitivity of moving coil galvanometer, Cyclotron.
1500.00 Magnetism
• Circular current loop as a magnetic dipole, Magnetic dipole moment of revolving electron, Magnetisation and magnetic intensity, Diamagnetism, Paramagnetism, Ferromagnetism on the basis of domain theory, Curie temperature.
1600.00 Electromagnetic Inductions
• Laws of electromagnetic induction, proof of, e = – dØ/dt Eddy currents
• Self induction and mutual induction
• Need for displacement current, Transformer
• Coil rotating in uniform magnetic induction
• Alternating currents
• Reactance and impedance
• LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only) Power in a.c circuit with resistance, inductance and capacitance
• Resonant circuit
• Wattless current
• AC generator
1700.00 Electrons and Photons
• Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations, Einstein’s equation, Particle nature of light.
1800.00 Atoms, Molecules and Nuclei
• Alpha particle scattering experiment, Rutherford’s model of atom.
• Bohr’s model
• Hydrogen spectrum
• Composition and size of nucleus
• Decay law, massenergy relation, mass defect
• B.E. per nucleon and its variation with mass number
• Nuclear fission and fusion, de Broglie hypothesis
• Matter waves – wave nature of particles
• Wavelength of an electron
• Davisson and Germer experiment
• Continuous and characteristics X-rays.
1900.00 Semiconductors
• Energy bands in solids
• Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors
• P-type and N-type semiconductor
• P-N junction diode
• I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, Rectifiers
• Zener diode as a voltage regulator, Photodiode, Solar cell
• I-V characteristics of LED
• Transistor action and its characteristics
• Transistor as an amplifier (CE mode)
• Transistor as a switch
• Oscillators and Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND, NOR)
2000.00 Communication Systems
• Elements of communication system, bandwidth of signals, bandwidth of transmission medium
• Need for modulation
• Production and detection of an amplitude modulated wave
• Space communication
• Propagation of electromagnetic waves in atmosphere
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