Maharashtra State BoardHSC Commerce 11th
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Environment Education 11th HSC Commerce Maharashtra State Board Topics and Syllabus

Academic year:

Syllabus

100 People and Environment
  • Humans as an integral part of the environment
  • Growth in human numbers over historical times
  • Migrations of people
  • Dispersion of human populations
  • Rural and urban settlements
  • Environment and health
  • Gender and environment
200 Institutions (Social, Economic, Political, Legal, Cultural) and Environment
  • Evolution of technology, social, economic and political organisation, and growing resource demands
  • Impact of economic growth on environment
  • Inequitable economic growth, poverty and environment
  • India as a country where many different modes of resource co-exist
  • Open access, community controlled, private and state management of resources
  • Evolution of environmental concerns in different societies over the course of history
  • India‚Äôs manifold traditions of conservation and sustainable use
  • Shift of environmental regulation from nature worship, customary law to Wildlife Act, Forest Conservation Act, Environmental Impact Assessment and Biological Diversity Act, etc
  • Tools of environmental management, efficiency of resource use, sustaining harvests, pollution control
  • Concept of sustainable development
  • Concept of sustainable consumption
  • Ecological footprints
  • International economic regimes, forces of globalisation
  • International regimes of environmental regulation, Framework Convention on Climate Change, Law of Sea, Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes, etc
300 Knowledge, Science, Technology and Environment
  • Growth of knowledge and human colonisation of new environments
  • Growth of knowledge and use of newer resources
  • Growth of knowledge, control of diseases and population growth
  • Implications of intellectual property rights for environment
  • Biotechnology, agriculture, health and environment
  • Intellectual property rights over living organisms
  • Traditional indigenous knowledge, its implication for environment
400 Man-made Artefacts and Environment
  • Technological advances and ever accelerating pace of manufacture of artefacts
  • Impact of agriculture, animal husbandry, aquaculture
  • Impact of agrochemicals on environment
  • Impact of industry, mining, transport
  • Generation and provision of energy, water and other natural resources
  • Impact of synthetic chemicals
  • Life cycle analysis of: Newspaper, household consumables, house construction, transport, personal computer, cell phones, etc.
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