# Physics 12th Board Exam HSC Science (General) Maharashtra State Board Topics and Syllabus

## Syllabus

1 Rotational Dynamics
1 Circular Motion
• Angular displacement
• Angular velocity and angular acceleration
• Relation between linear velocity and angular velocity
• Uniform circular motion
• Centripetal and centrifugal forces
• Vertical circular motion due to earth’s gravitation
• Equation for velocity and energy at different positions of vertical circular motion.
• Kinematical equations for circular motion in analogy with linear motion.
2 Gravitation
• Newton’s law of gravitation
• Projection of satellite
• Periodic time
• Statement of Kepler’s laws of motion
• Binding energy and escape velocity of a satellite
• Weightlessness condition in orbit
• Variation of ‘g’ due to altitude, lattitude, depth and motion
• Communication satellite and its uses
2 Mechanical Properties of Fluids
3 Angular Momentum
• Definition of M.I., K.E. of rotating body
• Rolling motion
• Physical significance of M.I.
• Principle of parallel and perpendicular axes
• M.I. of some regular shaped bodies about specific axes
• Angular momentum and its conservation
3 Kinetic Theory of Gases and Radiation
4 Oscillations
• Explanation of periodic motion
• S.H.M.
• Differential equation of linear S.H.M.
• Projection of U.C.M. on any diameter
• Phase of S.H.M.
• K.E. and P.E. in S.H.M.
• Composition of two S.H.M.’s having same period and along same line
• Simple pendulum
• Damped S.H.M.
4 Thermodynamics
5 Elasticity
• General explanation of elastic property, Plasticity, Deformation
• Definition of stress and strain
• Hooke’s law
• Poisson’s ratio
• Elastic energy, Elastic constants and their relation
• Determination of ‘Y’
• Behaviour of metal wire under increasing load
• Applications of elastic behaviour of materials
6 Surface Tension
• Surface tension on the basis of molecular theory, Surface energy, Surface tension, Angle of contact, Capillarity and capillary action, Effect of impurity and temperature on surface tension.
7 Wave Motion
• Simple harmonic progressive waves
• Reflection of transverse and longitudinal waves
• Change of phase
• Superposition of waves
• Formation of beats
• Doppler effect in sound
8 Stationary Waves
• Study of vibrations in a finite medium
• Formation of stationary waves on string
• Study of vibrations of air columns
• Free and Forced vibrations
• Resonance
9 Current Electricity
9 Kinetic Theory of Gases and Radiation
10 Magnetic Fields Due to Electric Current
10 Wave Theory of Light
11 Interference and Diffraction
12 Electrostatics
13 Current Electricity
14 Magnetic Effects of Electric Current
15 Structure of Atoms and Nuclei
15 Magnetism
16 Electromagnetic Inductions
18 Atoms, Molecules and Nuclei
19 Semiconductors
20 Communication Systems