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Geology 11th HSC Science (Computer Science) Maharashtra State Board Topics and Syllabus

Academic year:


100 Introduction to Geology
  • Definition, importance and Interdisciplinary nature
  • Branches of Geology
  • The earth as a planet, Origin of the earth. Distribution and evolution of continents and oceans, Major internal structure of the earth-crust, mantle and core
200 External Processes Affecting the Earth’S Crust
  • Weathering – types, erosion, denudation and deposition
  • Soil : formation and classification
  • Geological action : Running water, Glaciers, Wind, Sea waves, Ground water
300 Organization
  • Organizations with reference to location and functions – DGM, GSDA, GSI, ONGC, NIO, ISRO, CGWB, IBM, AMD
400 Minerology
  • Definition of Mineral, Crystal, Chemical – composition and Physical properties of minerals, - such as Colour, Streak, Lustre, Cleavage, Fracture, Hardness, Form, Specific– Gravity, Radioactivity, Electricity, Magnetism
  • Study of rock forming mineral groups as
  1. Feldspar group - Orthoclase
  2. Silica group - Rock crystal,, Amethyst, Agate,Opal
  3. Amphibole group - Hornblende
  4. Pyroxene group - Hypersthene
  5. Mica group Muscovite
  6. Olivine group - Olivine
  7. Other minerals - Calcite, Stilbite, Apophyllite
500 Petrology
  • Definition of rock, Three fold classification of rocks as – igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic.
  • Igneous rocks – Definition, classification plutonic, hypabyssal and volcanic. Study of Granite, Gabbro, Dunite, Pegmatite, Dolerite, Rhyolite and Basalt.
  • Sedimentary rocks – Processes of formation of sedimentary rocks, Study of Laterite and Bauxite, Conglomerate, Breceia, Sandstone, Shale, Limestone.
  • Metamorphic rocks – Definition of metamorphism; Agents and types of metamorphism. Study of Slate, Marble, Chlorite schist, Granite gneiss
  • Study of rocks used as Building material with reference to Strength, Durability, Colour, Study of Granite, Basalt, Sandstone, Limestone, Marble.
600 Maharashtra
  • Location – its relation with India
  • Physiography – Physiographic divisions, relief features, Geological structure.
  • Distribution of major rock types and their economic significance.
  • Distribution of economically important minerals – varieties of Silica, Zeolites, Kyanite,Bauxite,Iron and Manganese ores, Coal, Oil and Natural gas.
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