Maharashtra State BoardSSC (English Medium) 7th Standard
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General Science 7th Standard SSC (English Medium) Maharashtra State Board Topics and Syllabus

Academic year:

Syllabus

1 The Living World: Adaptations and Classification
  • Diversity in living things
  • Adaptation
  • Adaptation in plants
    -Adaptation in aquatic plants
    -Adaptation in desert plants
    -Adaptation in plants of snowy regions
    -Adaptation in plants of forest regions
    -Adaptation in grassland plants
  • Adaptation for ingestion of food in plants
  • Adaptation in animals
    -Adaptation in forest and grassland animals
    -Adaptation in desert animals
    -Adaptation in animals of snowy regions
    -Adaptation in aerial animals
    -Adaptation in reptiles
  • Adaptation for food in animals
  • Adaptation for blending with the surroundings
  • Darwin’s theory of evolution
  • Classification of living organisms
  • Binomial nomenclature by Carl Linnaeus
2 Plants: Structure and Function
  • Introduction of Plants
  • Plant Root
  • Plant Stem
  • Plant Leaf
  • Plant Flower
  • Plant Fruit
3 Properties of Natural Resources
  • Properties of air
    Temperature regulation
    Transmission of sound
  • Properties of water
    -Anomalous behaviour of water
    -Density of water
  • Uses of water according to its properties
  • Properties of soil
  • Soil texture
    -Sandy soil
    -Silt soil
    -Clay soil
  • Soil structure
    -Importance of soil structure
  • Uses of soil
    -Plant conservation
    -Water conservation
    -Plasticity
  • Some useful types of soil
    -China clay: (Kaolin)
    -Shadu soil
    -Terracotta soil
    -Multani soil
  • Soil testing
  • Causes of diminished soil fertility
4 Nutrition in Living Organisms
  • Nutrition
    -macro
    -nutrients
    -micro
    -nutrients.
    -Autotrophic nutrition
    -Heterotrophic nutrition
  • Need for nutrition
  • Autotrophic plants
  • The transport system in plants
  • Biological fixation of nitrogen
  • Symbiotic nutrition
  • Heterotrophic plants
  • Insectivorous plants
  • Saprophytic plants
  • Role of nutrients and effects of their deficiency on plants
  • Nutrition in animals
    -Steps in nutrition
  • Types of nutrition in animals
    -(A) Holozoic nutrition
    -(B) Saprozoic nutrition
    -(C) Parasitic nutrition
  • classification of animals According to the type of food
    -Herbivores
    -Carnivores
    -Omnivores
    -Scavengers
    -Decomposers
5 Food Safety
  • Food spoilage
  • Factors responsible for food spoilage
  • Food wastage
    -Quantitative wastage of food
    -Qualitative wastage of food
  • Food storage and preservation
    -Food protection and food preservation
    -Methods of Food Protection
  • Food adulteration
6 Measurement of Physical Quantities
  • Physical quantity
    -Scalar quantity
    -Vector quantity
  • Mass
  • Weight
  • Standardized measurement
    -Prevailing systems of measurement
  • Fundamental quantities
  • International system of units
  • Importance of accurate measurement
  • Major causes of errors in measurement
7 Motion, Force and Work
  • Introduction of Motion, Force, and Work
  • Distance
  • displacement
  • Speed
  • velocity
    -Average velocity and instantaneous velocity
  • Acceleration
    -Force and acceleration
  • Newton’s First Law of Motion
  • Force, displacement, and work
8 Static Electricity
  • Introduction of Static Electricity
  • Electric charge
    -Repulsion
    -Attraction
  • Origin of an electric charge
  • Frictional electricity
    -Generation of electric charge
    -Effects of electric charge
  • Atmospheric electric charge
    -Lightning
    -A lightning strike
    -Lightning conductor
9 Heat
  • Introduction of Heat
  • Transfer of heat
  • Modes of heat transfer:
    -Conduction
    -convection
    -radiation
  • Good and bad conductors of heat
  • Expansion and contraction of a solid substance due to heat
  • Expansion and contraction of liquids due to heat
  • Expansion and contraction of gases due to heat
  • Thermos flask (Dewar Flask)
10 Disaster Management
  • Introduction of disaster management
  • Famine
    -Causes of famine
    -Are we responsible for famine?
  • Cloudburst
    -causes of Cloudburst
  • Flood
    -Effects of flood
    -Protective measures in view of floods
  • Lightning
  • Volcano
    -Effects of a volcano
  • Tsunami
    -Destructive effects of a tsunami
  • Storms
11 Cell Structure and Micro-organisms
  • Cell
  • Cell size
  • Plant cell
  • Micro-organisms
  • Occurrence of micro-organisms
  • Nature of micro-organisms
  • Growth of micro-organisms
  • Useful micro-organisms
    -Fermentation
  • Harmful micro-organisms
    -Food poisoning
  • Pathogens
12 The Muscular System and Digestive System in Human Beings
  • Muscular system
  • Muscle
    -Voluntary muscles
    -Involuntary muscles
  • Types of muscles
    1. Skeletal muscle
    2. Heart or cardiac muscles
    3. Smooth muscles
  • Digestive system
  • Important Glands of the Digestive System, their Secretions and Functions
  • Teeth
  • Effects of tobacco, alcohol, smoking, on the digestive system
13 Changes –Physical and Chemical
  • Introduction of changes –physical and chemical
  • Various form of Changes
    -natural change
    -useful changes
    -harmful changes
    -fast/quick changes
    -slow changes
    -reversible changes
    -periodic changes
    -non-periodic changes
    -physical change
    -chemical change
  • Corrosion
14 Elements, Compounds and Mixtures
  • Matter
  • Elements
  • Compounds
  • Mixtures
  • Method of distillation
  • Method of separation using separating funnel
  • Method of centrifugation
  • Method of chromatography
15 Materials We Use
  • Toothpaste 
  • Detergents 

    -Natural detergent
    -Man-made detergent

  • Soap 

    -Types of soaps
    -Synthetic detergent
    -Preparation of soap

  • Cement 

    -Cement production
    -Concrete

  • Toothpaste
  • Detergents
    -Natural detergent
    -Man-made detergent
  • Soap
    -Types of soaps
    -Synthetic detergent
    -Preparation of soap
  • Cement
    -Cement production
    -Concrete
16 Natural Resources
  • Natural resources in the earth’s crust
  • Minerals and ores
  • Classification of minerals according to their properties.
  • Some important minerals and ores
    -Iron ore
    -Manganese
    -Bauxite
    -Copper
    -Mica
  • Fuel
  • Coal
  • Formation of mineral oil and natural gas
    -mineral oil
    -natural gas
    -Characteristics of CNG
    -Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG)
  • Forest resources
    -Protective functions of forests
  • Ocean resources
    -Mineral and bio-resources from oceans
17 Effects of Light
  • Introduction of Effects of Light
  • Scattering of light
  • The shadow obtained from a point source and extended source.
  • Eclipses
    -Solar eclipse
    -Lunar eclipse
  • Zero shadow day
18 Sound: Production of Sound
  • Introduction of Sound
  • Oscillator, oscillation and oscillatory motion
  • A time period of oscillation and frequency
  • The high and low pitch of the sound
  • The intensity of the sound-sound level
  • Audible sound•Infrasonic sound
  • Ultrasonic sound
    -Uses of ultrasonic sound
19 Properties of a Magnetic Field
  • Magnetism
  • Earth: A gigantic magnet
  • Magnetic needle
  • Magnetic field
  • Properties of magnetic lines of force
  • Penetrating ability of the magnetic field
  • Metal detectors
20 In the World of Stars
  • Introduction of In the World of Stars
  • Skywatching
    1. Zenith
    2. Nadir
    3. Celestial poles
    4. Meridian
    5. Celestial equator
    6. Ecliptic
  • Constellations
    -Zodiac sign
    -Nakshatra
  • Getting to know some constellations
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