Maharashtra State BoardSSC (English Medium) 7th Standard

Science SSC (English Medium) 7th Standard Maharashtra State Board Syllabus 2024-25

Advertisements

Maharashtra State Board 7th Standard Science Syllabus - Free PDF Download

Maharashtra State Board Syllabus 2024-25 7th Standard: The Maharashtra State Board 7th Standard Science Syllabus for the examination year 2024-25 has been released by the MSBSHSE, Maharashtra State Board. The board will hold the final examination at the end of the year following the annual assessment scheme, which has led to the release of the syllabus. The 2024-25 Maharashtra State Board 7th Standard Science Board Exam will entirely be based on the most recent syllabus. Therefore, students must thoroughly understand the new Maharashtra State Board syllabus to prepare for their annual exam properly.

The detailed Maharashtra State Board 7th Standard Science Syllabus for 2024-25 is below.

Academic year:
Advertisements
Advertisements
Advertisements

Syllabus

1 The Living World: Adaptations and Classification
  • Biodiversity  
    • Biodiversity
    • Type of biodiversity
      (i) Genetic diversity
      (ii) Species diversity
      (iii) Ecosystem diversity
    • Global biodiversity and a proportionate number of species of major taxa of plants, invertebrates and vertebrates
  • Adaptations and Its Types  
    • Adaptation
    • Some more examples of adaptations
    • Three basic types of adaptations
    1. Structural adaptations
    2. Physiological adaptations
    3. Behavioural adaptations
  • Adaptations of Plants  
    • Adaptation in Aquatic Plants (Hydrophytes)  
    • Adaptation in Desert Plants (Xerophytes)  
    • Adaptation in Mountain Plant  
    • Adaptation in Forest Plants  
    • Adaptation in Grassland Plants (Mesophytes)  
    • Adaptation for Ingestion of Food in Plants  
  • Adaptation in Animals  
    • Adaptation in Aquatic Animals  
    • Adaptation in Forest and Grassland Animals  
    • Adaptation in Desert Animals  
    • Adaptations in Polar Regions  
    • Adaptation in Aerial Animals  
    • Adaptation in Reptiles  
    • Adaptation for Food in Animals  
    • Adaptation for Blending with the Surroundings  
  • Classification  
    • Classification
    • Why do we classify things?
    • Need for Classification
    • Advantage of Classification
  • Taxonomic Hierarchy of Living Organisms: Unit of Classification  
    • Taxonomic Hierarchy of Living Organisms
    1. Species
    2. Genus
    3. Family
    4. Order
    5. Class
    6. Phylum
    7. Kingdom
  • Nomenclature  
2 Plants: Structure and Function
3 Properties of Natural Resources
  • Air Around Us  
    • Air Around us
    • Properties of air
    • Experiments with an empty bottle
  • Physical Properties of Water  
    • Physical Properties of Water:
    1. Nature
    2. Boiling point
    3. The freezing point of water or melting point of ice
    4. Density
    5. Anomalous expansion of water
    6. Latent heat of fusion of ice
    7. Latent heat of vaporization of water
    8. Specific heat capacity
  • Water - a Universal Solvent  
    • Universal Solvent
    • Experiment: To show that ordinary tap water contains dissolved solids.
    • Importance of dissolved salts in water.
    • Air dissolved in water.
    • Experiment: To show that tap water contains dissolved gases (air). 
    • Importance of air dissolved in water.
  • Importance of Water  
  • Soil: "Teeming with Life"  
  • Types of Soil  
  • Structure of Soil  
  • Uses of Soil  
  • Soil Testing  
  • Soil Degradation  
    • Causes of Diminished Soil Fertility
4 Nutrition in Living Organisms
  • Nutrients and Nutrition  
    • What are Nutrients?
    • Types of Nutrients
    • Functions of Nutrients/Need of Nutrients
    • Some important Nutrients
    • What do various nutrients do for our body?
  • Nutrition in Plants  
  • Mode of Nutrition in Plant  
    • Autotrophic Nutrition  
    • Symbiotic Nutrition  
    • Heterotrophic Nutrition  
    • Insectivorous Plants  
    • Saprotrophic Nutrition  
  • Transportation of Water and Food in Plants  
  • Permanent Tissue  
    • Complex Permanent Tissue: Xylem Structure and Function (Conducting Tissue)  
    • Complex Permanent Tissue: Phloem Structure and Function (Conducting Tissue)  
  • Nitrogen Fixation  
  • Nutrition in Animals  
  • Mode of Nutrition in Animals  
    • Holozoic Nutrition  
    • Saprozoic Nutrition  
    • Parasitic Nutrition  
  • Classification of Animal  
    • Animal and their food
    • Classification of animal on the basis of food
    1. Herbivores
    2. Carnivores
    3. Omnivores
    4. Scavengers
    5. Decomposers
5 Food Safety
  • Spoilage of Food  
  • Food Wastage  
  • Preservation of Food  
  • Methods of Food Preservation  
  • Food Adulteration  
    • Food adulteration and its harmful effect
6 Measurement of Physical Quantities
  • Physical Quantities  
    • Physical Quantities
    • Types of Physical Quantities
      1. Fundamental Quantities
      2. Derived quantities
      3. Scalar quantities
      4. Vector Quantities
  • Mass and Weight  
  • Unit and Its Types  
    • Units
    • Types of units : Fundamental and Derived units
  • Unit Systems  
    1. FPS: Foot Pound Second system
    2. CGS: Centimetre Gram Second system
    3. MKS: Metre Kilogram Second system
    4. SI: System International
  • International System of Units (SI System)  
    • SI System of unit
    • Why do we need SI Units?
    • Multiples and Sub-multiples of SI Units
  • Accuracy in Measurements  
7 Motion, Force and Work
  • Motion and Rest  
    • What is rest?
    • What is motion?
    • Rest and motion are relative
  • Distance and Displacement  
    • Distance
    • Displacement
    • Distinction between Distance and Displacement
  • Speed  
    • Speed
    • Formula of Speed
    • Unit of Speed
    • Examples of Speed
  • Types of Speed  
    • Types of Speed
    1. Uniform Speed
    2. Non-Uniform speed
    3. Instantaneous Speed
    4. Average Speed
  • Velocity  
    • Velocity
    • Formula of Velocity
    • Unit of Velocity
    • Examples of Velocity
  • Types of Velocity  
    • Types of Velocity
    1. Uniform Velocity
    2. Non-Uniform Velocity
    3. Instantaneous Velocity
    4. Average Velocity
  • Acceleration and Retardation  
    • Acceleration
    • Formula of Acceleration
    • Unit of Acceleration
    • Relation for acceleration
  • Types of Acceleration  
    • Types of Acceleration
    1. Positive acceleration
    2. Negative acceleration or Deceleration or Retardation
    3. Uniform acceleration
    4. Variable acceleration
  • Force and Accleration  
  • Newton’s Laws of Motion  
    • Newton's First Law of Motion  
  • Concept of Work  
    • Definition of work
    • Units of work
    • Relationship between joule and erg
    • Positive, Negative, and Zero Work
  • Measurement of Work  
    • Measurement of work
    • Expression for work (W = F S cos θ)
    • Positive, Negative, and Zero Work
    • Special cases of θ = 0°, 90°
8 Static Electricity
  • Static Electricity  
  • Electric Charge  
    • Charge
    • Unit of charge
    • Electric charges
    • What is the origin of an electric charge?
    • Measuring the electric charge
  • Transfer of Charges  
  • Frictional Electricity  
  • Electroscope  
  • Lightning and Lightning Safety  
9 Heat
  • Heat and Its Unit  
    • Heat
    • Unit of Heat
  • Transfer of Heat  
    • Conduction  
    • Convection  
    • Radiation  
      • Radiations
      • Sources of harmful radiations
      • Harmful effects of radiations
      • Some important applications of black and white surfaces in daily life.
  • Hot and Cold Objects  
  • Expansion of Substances (Thermal Expansion)  
    • Thermal Expansion
    • Uses of Thermal Expansion
    • Thermal Expansion Examples
    • Expansion of Solids  
      • Linear Expansion
      • Superficial or areal expansion
      • Cubical Expansion or volumetric expansion
      • Some applications in daily life
    • Expansion of Liquids  
      • Expansion in liquids
      1. Real expansion
      2. Apparent expansion
      • Experiment to measure real and apparent expansion of liquid
    • Expansion of Gases  
  • Thermos Flask (Dewar Flask)  
10 Disaster Management
  • Disaster  
    • Disasters 
    • Types of Disasters 
      1) Geophysical
      2) Biological
      3) Man Made
  • Disaster Management  
    • Disaster management
    • Objectives of Disaster Management
  • Drought (Famine)  
  • Cloudburst  
  • Flood  
  • Lightning and Lightning Safety  
  • Volcanoes  
  • Tsunami  
  • Storm  
11 Cell Structure and Micro-organisms
  • Cell: the Fundamental Unit of Life  
    • Cell
    • Totipotency
    • Experiment: Microscopic examination of onion peel.
  • Cell to Organism  
  • The Invention of the Microscope and the Discovery of Cell  
  • Organisms Show Variety in Cell Number, Shape and Size  
    • Cell Numbers
    • Cell Size
    • Smallness of Cells: A Greater Efficiency
    • Cell Shapes: To suit Functional Requirement
  • Plant Cell and Animal Cell  
  • Structure of a Cell  
    • Structure of a Cell
    • Organ and Organelle
    • Cell Wall - “Supporter and Protector”  
    • Plasma Membrane  
    • Cytoplasm - “Area of Movement”  
    • Nucleus - “Brain” of the Cell  
      • Nuclear Membrane
      • Nucleoli
      • Nucleoplasm
      • Chromatin fibres
      • Experiment: An experiment on amoeba to show that the nucleus is essential for a normal life.
    • Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)  
    • Golgi Apparatus - "The delivery system of the cell"  
    • Lysosome - “Suicidal Bag”  
    • Mitochondria - “Power House of the Cell”  
    • Non-living Substances Or Cell Inclusion  
      • Granules
      • Vacuoles
    • Plastids  
      • Plastids
      • Leucoplasts
      • Chromoplasts
      • Chloroplast - “Food Producers”
  • Microorganisms (Microbes) and Microbiology  
  • Harmful Effects of Microorganisms (Microbes)  
    • Fungi, Clostridium and others
  • Uses of Microorganisms (Microbes)  
    • Dairy Products
    • Yoghurt Products
    • Butter
    • Cheese production
    • Probiotics
    • Bread
    • Vinegar Production
    • Production of beverages
    • Microbial Enzymes
    • Organic acids used in various commercial products and microbes useful for the same
    • Substances obtained by microbial processing and their roles
    • Antibiotics
    • Microbes and Fuels
    • Bio-fuel
    • Microbial Pollution Control
    • Land-filling site
    • Sewage Management
    • Clean Technology
    • Microbes and Farming
    • Microbial Inoculants
    • Bioinsecticides
  • Pathogens: Disease-producing Micro-organisms  
12 The Muscular System and Digestive System in Human Beings
13 Changes – Physical and Chemical
14 Elements, Compounds and Mixtures
  • Matter (Substance)  
    • Matter
    • Creation of Matter
    • Physical Nature of matter
    1. The matter is made up of particles
    2. How small is this particles of matter
    3. Colour, odour, melting point, boiling point, density
    • Chemical properties: Composition, combustibility, activity with acids and bases
  • Elements  
    • Element
    • Characteristics of Element
    • Common Element
    1. In the universe
    2. In the Earth's crust
    3. Elements in the human Body
    4. Elements in air
    • Birth of the Element
  • Symbols Used to Represent Atoms of Different Elements  
  • Compound  
  • Molecular Formula of an Compounds  
  • Mixture  
  • Separation of Mixtures  
  • Methods of Separation  
    • Simple Distillation Method  
    • Solvent Extraction (Using a Separating Funnel Method)  
    • Centrifugation Method  
    • Chromatography Method  
      • Chromatography
      • Types of chromatography
      1. Adsorption chromatography
        i) Column chromatography
        ii) Thin layer chromatography (TLC)
      2. Partition chromatography: paper chromatography
15 Materials We Use
  • Toothpaste  
  • Detergents  
    • Detergents
    • Types of Detergents
    • Preparation of detergents
  • Soap  
    • Soap
    • Types of soaps
    1. Hard soaps
    2. Soft soaps
    • Manufacture of soap
    • Effect of hard water on soap
  • Cleansing Action of Soap  
  • Cement  
16 Natural Resources
  • Natural Resources  
  • Mineral Resources  
    • Minerals
    • Formation of minerals
  • Classification of Minerals  
  • Distribution of Minerals and Ores  
    • Oil - Mumbai High (Offshore Oil Field);
    • Iron – Singhbhum
    • Coal – Jharia
  • Ores  
    • Ores
    • Types of ore
    • Importance of ores
  • Fuel  
  • Non-crystalline/Amorphous Forms: Coal  
  • Petroleum  
  • Mineral Oil  
  • Natural Gas  
  • Forest Resources  
  • Medicinal Plant  
  • Ocean Resources  
17 Effects of Light
  • Colour  
  • Scattering of Light and Its Types  
    • Scattering of Light
    • Types of Scattering of Light
    1. Elastic scattering
    2. Inelastic scattering
      (a) Rayleigh scattering
      (b) Rayleigh’s scattering law
      (c) Mie scattering
      (d) Tyndall scattering
      (e) Raman scattering
  • Experiment of Scattering of Light  
  • Shadow  
  • Formation of Shadow  
  • Eclipses  
  • Zero Shadow Day  
18 Sound: Production of Sound
  • Sound  
    • Sound
    • Types of Sound
    1. Longitudinal wave
    2. Transverse wave
    • Categories of sound waves based on their frequencies
    1. Audible waves
    2. Infrasonic waves
    3. Ultrasonic waves
  • Musical Instruments  
  • Oscillator, Oscillation and Oscillatory Motion  
  • A Time Period of Oscillation and Frequency  
  • Properties of Sounds  
    • Pitch (or shrillness) and frequency  
      • Pitch (or shrillness)
      • Examples of change in pitch
      • Subjective nature of pitch and objective nature of frequency
    • Loudness and Intensity  
      • Loudness and Intensity
      • Subjective nature of loudness and objective nature of intensity
      • Factors affecting the loudness of sound
      • Relationship between loudness and intensity
      • Noise pollution
    • Audibility and Range  
      • Audibility and Range
      1. Audible sound
      2. Infrasonic sound
      3. Ultrasonic sound
  • Ultrasonic Sound Or Ultrasound  
    • Ultrasonic Sound or Ultrasound
    • Applications of ultrasonic waves
    • Difference between ultrasonic and supersonic
19 Properties of a Magnetic Field
  • Magnet and Its Characteristics  
    • Magnet
    • Properties of a magnet
      1) Attractive Property
      2) Directive Property
      3) Laws of magnetic poles
      4) Poles exist in pairs
      5) Sure test of polarity
      6) Magnetic induction
  • Earth’s Magnetism  
    • Earth’s Magnetism
    • Earth’s Magnetic Field
  • Finding Directions with a Magnet  
  • Magnetic Field  
  • Magnetic Field Lines  
    • Magnetic Field Lines
    • Magnetic flux
    • Properties of magnetic lines of force
  • Metal Detectors  
20 In the World of Stars
  • Universe  
  • Galaxy and Its Types  
  • Stars and Its Types  
  • Sky Watching  
  • Constellation  

Textbook SolutionsVIEW ALL [1]

Advertisements
Share
Notifications



      Forgot password?
Use app×