Maharashtra State BoardSSC (English Medium) 6th Standard
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General Science 6th Standard SSC (English Medium) Maharashtra State Board Topics and Syllabus

Academic year:


1 Natural Resources – Air, Water and Land

Natural resources

Natural Resources: Air

  • Five layers of the atmosphere-Some uses of gases in the air
  • Air pollution
  • Ozone layer–the protective shell

Natural Resources: Water

  • Distribution of water on the earth
  • Uses of water on the earth

Natural Resources: Land

  • Layers of land
  • The process of soil formation
2 The Living World
  • Characteristics of Living Things 
    • Growth
    • Food is necessary for growth
    • Respiration
    • Excretion
    • Responsiveness to stimuli and movement
    • Reproduction
    • A definite lifespan
    • A cellular structure
    • Useful living things
    • Harmful living things
    • Wild animals

Characteristics of living things

  • Growth
  • Food is necessary for growth
  • Respiration
  • Excretion
  • Responsiveness to stimuli and movement
  • Reproduction
  • A definite lifespan
  • A cellular structure
  • Useful living things
  • Harmful living things
  • Wild animals
3 Diversity in Living Things and Their Classification
  • Diversity in plants
    -autotrophic plants, heterotrophic plants, an insectivorous plant
    -Method of nutrition in plants
  • The structure of a plant
  • Need for classification of plants (maybe not required)
  • Classification of plants
  • Diversity and classification in animals
4 Disaster Management

Disasters and their types


  • Effects of earthquake


  • Effects of floods


  • Effects of storms

Forest fires

  • Effects of forest fires

Disaster management

  • Remedial and preventive measures

First aid

  • 1. External bleeding
  • 2. Burns and scalds
  • 3. Sunstroke
  • 4. Snakebite
  • 5. Dog bite
5 Substances in the Surroundings –Their States and Properties

Change of state of substances

Heat and change of physical state

The temperature and a thermometer



Various uses of changes in the physical state


Properties of substances

Properties of metals

6 Substances in Daily Use
  • Substances and objects
  • Natural and man made substances
  • Production of substances
    - Rubber, Vulcanization of rubber
    - Paper, Manufacturing paper
    - Synthetic fibres or threads (Nylon, Rayon, Dacron, Terylene, Terene)
    - Advantages and Shortcomings of Synthetic Fibres
7 Nutrition and Diet
  • Nutrients and foodstuffs
    -Energy-giving nutrients –Carbohydrates, Fats, Proteins, Minerals and Vitamins, Probiotics
  • A balanced diet
    -Fibre, water
  • Malnutrition and overnutrition
    -How to avoid obesity?
    -Junk food
  • Adulteration of Food
8 Our Skeletal System and the Skin
  • Bone
    -Types of Bones
    Flat bones, Small bones, Irregular bones, Long bones
  • The human skeletal system
  • The axial skeleton
    -Rib cage
    -The Spine (Backbone or Vertebral Column)
  • The appendicular skeleton
  • Joints
    -Types of joints (Hinge joint, Ball and socket joint, Gliding joint)
  • The skin
    -Functions of the skin
    -The structure of the skin
9 Motion and Types of Motion
  • Motion
  • Types of motion
    -1. Linear motion
    -2. Non-linear motion
    -Oscillatory motion, Periodic motion, Random motion.
  • Speed
10 Force and Types of Force
  • Force
  • Types of force
    -1. Muscular force
    -2. Mechanical force
    -3. Gravitational force
    -4. Magnetic force
    -5. Frictional force
    -6. Electrostatic force
  • Combined forces
11 Work and Energy
  • Work
  • The relationship between work and energy
  • Forms of energy
    -A. Mechanical energy
    -B. Heat energy
    -C. Light energy
    -D. Sound energy
    -E. Chemical energy
  • Transformation of energy
  • Energy resources
    -Conventional energy resources or non-renewable energy resources
    ( coal and fossil fuels such as petrol, diesel and natural gas)
    -Non-conventional energy resources or renewable energy resources
    (Solar energy, Wind energy, Hydroelectric or hydel power, Energy obtained from oceanic waves, Atomic energy)
    -Energy-saving and green energy
12 Simple Machines
  • Machines
  • Machines > Simple Machines
    -An inclined plane
    -A wedge
    -A lever
    -A pulley
    -A wheel and axle
  • Machines > Complex Machines
  • Maintenance of machines
13 Sound
  • Sound
  • Production of sound
  • How sound is heard
  • Propagation of sound
  • Noise pollution
  • Measures for preventing noise pollution
14 Light and the Formation of Shadows
  • Introduction of Light
  • The propagation of light
  • Reflection of light
  • Images in a plane mirror
  • A pinhole camera
  • Formation of shadow
15 Fun with Magnets
  • Magnet
  • Magnetism
  • Characteristics of a magnet
  • Electromagnet.
  • How is magnetism destroyed?
16 The Universe
  • Introduction of The Universe
  • Types of galaxies: Various types identified according to their shapes
  • Stars -Some types of stars
  • The solar system
    -The sun
    -Dwarf planet
  • A comet
  • A meteor
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