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Chemistry 12th Board Exam HSC Science (General) Maharashtra State Board Topics and Syllabus

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Maharashtra State Board Syllabus For 12th Board Exam Chemistry: Knowing the Syllabus is very important for the students of 12th Board Exam. Shaalaa has also provided a list of topics that every student needs to understand.

The Maharashtra State Board 12th Board Exam Chemistry syllabus for the academic year 2021-2022 is based on the Board's guidelines. Students should read the 12th Board Exam Chemistry Syllabus to learn about the subject's subjects and subtopics.

Students will discover the unit names, chapters under each unit, and subtopics under each chapter in the Maharashtra State Board 12th Board Exam Chemistry Syllabus pdf 2021-2022. They will also receive a complete practical syllabus for 12th Board Exam Chemistry in addition to this.

Academic year:

Maharashtra State Board 12th Board Exam Chemistry Revised Syllabus

Maharashtra State Board 12th Board Exam Chemistry and their Unit wise marks distribution

Maharashtra State Board 12th Board Exam Chemistry Course Structure 2021-2022 With Marking Scheme

I  Solid State 
I  Solid State 
II  Solutions and Colligative Properties 
II  Solutions 
III  Chemical Thermodynamics and Energetic 
III  Ionic Equilibria 
IV  Electrochemistry 
IV  Chemical Thermodynamics 
V  Electrochemistry 
V  Chemical Kinetics 
VI  General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements 
VI  Chemical Kinetics 
VII  Elements of Groups 16, 17 and 18 
VII  P-block Elements 
701  Group 15 Elements 
702  Group 16 Elements 
703  Group 17 Elements 
704  Group 18 Elements 
VIII  Transition and Inner Transition Elements 
VIII  D and F Block Elements 
801  D-block Elements 
802  F-block Elements 
IX  Coordination Compounds 
IX  Coordination Compounds 
X  Halogen Derivatives 
X  Halogen Derivatives of Alkanes (And Arenes) 
1001  Haloalkanes 
1002  Haloarenes 
XI  Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers 
XI  Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers Alcohols 
1101  Alcohols 
1102  Phenols 
1103  Ethers 
XII  Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids 
XII  Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids 
1201  Aldehydes and Ketones 
1202  Carboxylic Acids 
XIII  Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen 
XIII  Amines 
1301  Amines 
1302  Cyanides and Isocyanides 
1303  Diazonium Salts 
XIV  Biomolecules 
XIV  Biomolecules 
1401  Carbohydrates 
1402  Proteins 
1403  Vitamins 
1404  Nucleic Acids 
XV  Polymers 
XV  Introduction to Polymer Chemistry 
XVI  Chemistry in Everyday Life 
XVI  Green Chemistry and Nanochemistry 
1601  Chemicals in Medicines 
1602  Chemicals in Food 
1603  Cleansing Agents 
 Total -
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I Solid State
I Solid State
  • Classification of solids based on different forces;
  • molecular ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea), unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties, Band theory of metals, conductors and semiconductors and insulators and n and p type semiconductors.
II Solutions and Colligative Properties
  • Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties –relative lowering 161 of vapor pressure,Raoult’s law elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties, abnormal molecular mass.
  • Van’t Hoff factor and calculations involving it
II Solutions
III Chemical Thermodynamics and Energetic
  • Concepts of system, types of systems, surroundings.
  • Work, heat, energy, extensive and intensive properties, state functions.
  • First law of thermodynamics – internal energy and enthalpy, Hess’ law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation. Phase transition, ionization and solution and dilution Introduction of entropy as a state function, free energy change for spontaneous and non spontaneous processes, and equilibrium constant.
  • Second and third law of thermodynamics
III Ionic Equilibria
IV Electrochemistry
  • Redox reactions
  • conductance in electrolytic solutions
  • specific and molar conductivity
  • variations of conductivity with concentration
  • Kohlrausch’s Law
  • electrolysis and laws of electrolysis (elementary idea)
  • dry cell –electrolytic and galvanic cells;
  • lead accumulator
  • EMF of a cell
  • standard electrode potential
  • Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells
  • fuel cells
  • corrosion.
  • Relation between Gibb’s energy change and emf of a cell.
IV Chemical Thermodynamics
  • Chemical Thermodynamics 
  • Terms Used in Thermodynamics 
    • System and surrounding
    • Types of system
    • Properties of system
    • State functions
    • Path Functions
    • Thermodynamic equilibrium
    • Process and its types
  • Nature of Heat and Work 
    • Nature of work (W)
    • Nature of heat (Q)
    • Sign conventions of W and Q
  • Expression for Pressure-volume (PV) Work 
    • Free expansion
    • Units of energy and work
  • Concept of Maximum Work 
    • Expression for the maximum work
  • Internal Energy (U) 
    • Joule’s mechanical equivalent of heat
    • First law of thermodynamics
    • Quasi-static process
    • Work done in volume changes
    • PV diagram
  • First Law of Thermodynamics 
    • Formulation of first law of thermodynamics
    • First law of thermodynamics for various processes
    • Mathematical statement of the first law
  • Enthalpy (H) 
    • Relationship between ΔH and ΔU for chemical reactions
    • Work done in chemical reaction
    • Enthalpy Changes for Different Types of Reactions and Phase Transitions
  • Enthalpies of Physical Transformations 
    • Enthalpy of phase transition
    • Enthalpy for the atomic / molecular change
  • Thermochemistry 
    • Enthalpy of chemical reaction (ΔrH)
    • Exothermic and endothermic reactions
    • Standard enthalpy of reaction(ΔrH0)
    • Thermochemical equation
    • Standard enthalpy of formation (ΔfH0)
    • Standard enthalpy of reaction from standard enthalpies of formation
    • Standard enthalpy of combustion (ΔcH0)
    • Bond enthalpy
    • Hess’s law of constant heat summation
  • Spontaneous (Irreversible) Process 
    • Energy and spontaneity
    • Entropy
    • Entropy and spontaneity (Second law of Thermodynamics)
    • Second law of thermodynamics
    • Gibbs energy
    • Gibbs energy and spontaneity
    • Sponaneity and ΔH or ΔS
    • Temperature of equilibrium
    • Gibbs function and equilibrium constant
V Electrochemistry
V Chemical Kinetics
  • Rate of reaction (average and instantaneous)
  • factors affecting rate of reaction concentration, temperature, catalyst;
  • order and molecularity of a reaction;
  • rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half life (only for zero and first order reactions);
  • concept of collision theory (elementary idea, no mathematical treatment).
  • Activation energy, Arrhenius equation.
VI General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
  • Principles and methods of extraction – concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic method and refining;
  • occurrence and principle of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron
VI Chemical Kinetics
VII Elements of Groups 16, 17 and 18
VII P-block Elements
701 Group 15 Elements
  • General introduction
  • electronic configuration
  • occurrence
  • oxidation states
  • trends in physical and chemical properties
  • nitrogen – preparation
  • properties and uses
  • compounds of nitrogen
  • preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid
  • oxides of nitrogen (structure only)
  • Phoshorous-allotropic forms
  • compounds of phosphorous
  • preparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCl3 ,PCl5 ) and oxoacids (elementary idea only).


702 Group 16 Elements
  • General introduction
  • electronic configuration
  • oxidation states
  • occurrence
  • trends in physical and chemical properties
  • dioxygen
  • preparation
  • properties and uses
  • Classification of oxides
  • simple oxides
  • Ozone
  • Sulphur – allotropic forms
  • compounds of sulphur
  • preparation
  • properties and uses of sulphur dioxide
  • sulphurc acid
  • industrial process of manufacture
  • properties and 162 uses
  • oxoacids of sulphur (structures only)
703 Group 17 Elements
  • General introduction
  • electronic configuration
  • oxidation states
  • occurrence
  • trends in physical and chemical properties
  • compounds of halogens
  • preparatio
  • properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid
  • interhalogen compounds
  • oxoacids of halogens (structure only)
704 Group 18 Elements
  • General introduction
  • electronic configuration
  • Occurrence
  • trends in physical and chemical properties
  • uses.
VIII Transition and Inner Transition Elements
VIII D and F Block Elements
801 D-block Elements
  • General introduction
  • electronic configuration
  • occurrence and characteristics of transition metals
  • general trends in properties of the first row transition metals – metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation preparation and properties of K2 Cr2 O7 and KMnO4 .
802 F-block Elements
  • F-block Elements 
    • The Lanthanoids 

      Electronic Configurations, Atomic and Ionic Sizes, Oxidation States, General Characteristics, Chemical Reactivity and Lanthanoid Contraction and Its Consequences

    • The Actinoids 

      Electronic Configurations, Ionic Sizes, Oxidation States, General Characteristics and Comparison with Lanthanoids

  Lanthanoids –

  • Electronic configuration
  • oxidation states
  • chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences.

Actinoids –

  • Electronic configuration, oxidation states.
  • Comparison with lanthanoids
IX Coordination Compounds
IX Coordination Compounds

Coordination compounds –

  • Introduction
  • ligands
  • coordination number
  • colour
  • magnetic properties and shapes
  • IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds
  • bonding
  • Werner’s theory
  • VBT
  • CFT
  • isomerism
  • (structural and stereo) importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and biological systems)
X Halogen Derivatives
X Halogen Derivatives of Alkanes (And Arenes)
1001 Haloalkanes
  • Nomenclature
  • nature of C-X bond
  • physical and chemical properties
  • mechanism of substitution reactions
  • Stability of carbocations
  • R-S and d-l configuration
1002 Haloarenes


  • Nature of C-X bond,
  • substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds only) stability of carbocations, R-S and d-l configurations.
  • Uses and environmental effects of – dichloromethane
  • thrichloromethane
  • tetrachloromethane
  • iodoform
  • freons
  • DDT
XI Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
XI Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers Alcohols
1101 Alcohols
  • Nomenclature
  • methods of preparation
  • physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only)
  • identification of primary
  • secondary and tertiary alcohols
  • mechanism of dehydration
  • uses of methanol and ethanol.
1102 Phenols
  • Nomenclature
  • methods of preparation
  • physical and chemical properties
  • acidic nature of phenol
  • electrophillic substitution reactions
  • uses of phenols.
1103 Ethers
  • Nomenclature
  • methods of preparation
  • physical and chemical properties
  • uses.
XII Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
XII Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
1201 Aldehydes and Ketones
  • Nomenclature
  • nature of carbonyl group
  • methods of preparation
  • Physical and chemical properties
  • mechanism of nucleophilic addition
  • reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes
  • uses
1202 Carboxylic Acids
  • Nomenclature
  • acidic nature
  • methods of preparation
  • physical and chemical properties
  • uses
XIII Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
XIII Amines
1301 Amines
  • Nomenclature
  • classification
  • structure
  • methods of preparation
  • physical and chemical properties
  • uses
  • identification of primary
  • secondary and tertiary amines.
1302 Cyanides and Isocyanides
  • Cyanides and Isocyanides 
    • Introduction 
    • Methods of preparation of cyanides 
    • Properties Of Cyanides
    • Chemical properties
    • Alkyl Isocyanides (Carbylamines) 
    • Methods of preparation of isocyanides
    • Properties of isocyanides
    • Chemical properties 
    • Uses of organic nitrogen compounds
  • Will be mentioned at relevant places in context
1303 Diazonium Salts
  • Preparation
  • chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry
XIV Biomolecules
XIV Biomolecules
  • Principal Molecules of the Living World 
  • Carbohydrates 
    • Monosaccharides – The Simple Sugars
    • Disaccharides
    • Polysaccharides
    • Starch
    • Test for Starch
    • Celluloses
    • Chitin
    • Test for Reducing Sugars
    • Configuration of carbohydrates
    • Classification of carbohydrates
    • Glucose 
    • Fructose 
    • Importance of carbohydrates
  • Proteins 
    • α-Amino acids
    • Peptide bond and protein
    • Types of proteins
    • Structure of proteins
    • Denaturation of proteins
    • Enzymes
    • Classification of a-amino acids 
    • Properties of amino acid 
    • Peptide bond formation 
    • Importance of proteins 
    • Mechanism of enzyme action
  • Nucleic Acids 
    • Nucleotides
    • Structure of nucleic acids
    • DNA double helix
1401 Carbohydrates
  • Classification (aldoses and ketoses)
  • monosaccahrides d-l configuration (glucose and fructose)
  • oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose)
  • polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen)
  • importance
1402 Proteins
  • Elementary idea of α -amino acids
  • peptide
  • linkage
  • polypeptides
  • proteins
  • structure of amines-primary, secondary, tertiary structure and quaternary structures (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins
  • enzymes
  • Lipids and hormones (elementary idea) excluding structure, their classification and functions
1403 Vitamins

Classification and functions

1404 Nucleic Acids


XV Polymers

Classification -

  • natural and synthetic,
  • methods of polymerization (addition and condensation),
  • copolymerization
  • Some important polymers
  • natural and synthetic like polythene
  • nylon
  • polyesters
  • bakelite
  • rubber
  • Biodegradable and non biodegradable polymers.
XV Introduction to Polymer Chemistry
XVI Chemistry in Everyday Life

Chemicals in medicines : analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines elementary idea of antioxidants 2. Chemicals in food : Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents. 3. Cleansing agents : Soaps and detergents, cleansing action.

XVI Green Chemistry and Nanochemistry
1601 Chemicals in Medicines
  • analgesics
  • tranquilizers
  • antiseptics
  • disinfectants
  • antimicrobials
  • antifertility drugs
  • antibiotics
  • antacids
  • antihistamines elementary idea of antioxidants
1602 Chemicals in Food
1603 Cleansing Agents
  • Soaps and detergents
  • cleansing action
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