Maharashtra State BoardHSC Science (General) 11th
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Biology 11th HSC Science (General) Maharashtra State Board Topics and Syllabus

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Maharashtra State Board Syllabus For 11th Biology: Knowing the Syllabus is very important for the students of 11th. Shaalaa has also provided a list of topics that every student needs to understand.

The Maharashtra State Board 11th Biology syllabus for the academic year 2022-2023 is based on the Board's guidelines. Students should read the 11th Biology Syllabus to learn about the subject's subjects and subtopics.

Students will discover the unit names, chapters under each unit, and subtopics under each chapter in the Maharashtra State Board 11th Biology Syllabus pdf 2022-2023. They will also receive a complete practical syllabus for 11th Biology in addition to this.

Academic year:

Maharashtra State Board 11th Biology Revised Syllabus

Maharashtra State Board 11th Biology and their Unit wise marks distribution

Maharashtra State Board 11th Biology Course Structure 2022-2023 With Marking Scheme

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Syllabus

1 Living World
  • The Living World 
    • Introduction
    • What is ‘Living’?
    • Characteristics of living organisms
    1. Growth
    2. Reproduction
    3. Cellular structure
    4. Response to stimuli
    5. Homeostasis
    6. Metabolism
    • Difference  between anabolism and catabolism
  • Taxonomical Aids 
    • Taxonomical Aids
    • Usage of Taxonomical Aids
    • Herbarium
    • Botanical Gardens
    • Biological museums
    • Zoological Parks
    • Key
    • Molecular taxonomy
    • Automated species identification tools


2 Systematics of Living Organisms


3 Kingdom Plantae


4 Kingdom Animalia
  • Criteria Used for Animal Classification 
  • Animal Body Plan 
    • Cell aggregate plan
    • Blind sac body plan
    • Tube within the tube body plan
  • Animal Classification 
    • Phylum: Porifera (Pori-pores; Feron-bearing)
    • Phylum: Cnidaria
    • Phylum: Ctenophora
    • Phylum: Platyhelminthes (platy -flat, helminth -worms)
    • Phylum: Aschelminthes (ascus-sac, helminth-worm) / Nemathelminthes (NEMA-thread)
    • Phylum: Annelida (Annulus: Ring)  
    • Phylum: Arthropoda (Atheros: Joint, Podos: leg)
    • Phylum: Mollusca (Mollis: soft)
    • Phylum: Echinodermata (Echinus - Spines, derma - skin)
    • Phylum: Hemichordata (Hemi: Half, Chordata: Rod)
    • Phylum: Chordata
      a) Subphylum: Urochordata or Tunicata
      b) Subphylum: Cephalochordata
      c) Subphylum: Vertebrata -
      1. Division: A Gnathostomata
      2. Division: Gnathostomata
      i) Superclass: Pisces
      - Class Chondrichthyes: (chondron: cartilage, ichthyes: fish)
      - Class: Osteichthyes (Osteon: bone, ichthyes: fish) 
      ii) Superclass: Tetrapod
      - Class: Amphibia (Amphi: both, bias: life)
      - Class: Reptilia (Repere: to creep or to crawl)
      - Class: Aves (Avis: bird)
      - Class: Mammalia (mammae: breasts, nipples)


5 Cell Structure and Organization
  • Cell: the Fundamental Unit of Life 
    • Cell
    • Totipotency
    • Experiment: Microscopic examination of onion peel.
  • Types of Cells 
    • Prokaryotic cells
    • Eukaryotic Cells 
    • Mesokaryotes Cells
  • Components of Eukaryotic Cell 

    Components of Eukaryotic cell:

    1. Cell wall
    2. Cell membrane / Plasma membrane/ biomembrane
    3. Cytoplasm
    4. Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
    5. Golgi complex
    6. Lysosomes
    7. Vacuoles
    8. Glyoxysomes
    9. Mitochondria (Singular: Mitochondrion)
    10. Plastids
    11. Ribosomes
    12. Nucleus
    13. Cytoskeleton


6 Biomolecules


7 Cell Division
  • Introduction of Cell Division 
    • Amitosis (Direct Cell Division)
    • Mitosis
    • Closed and Open Mitosis
    • Cytokinesis
    • Significance of Mitosis
    • Meiosis
    • Meiosis I-Reduction Division
    • Significance of Meiosis
  • Cell Cycle 
    • Interphase
    • G1-phase
    • G0 Phase
    • S-phase
    • G2 phase
    • M-phase or period of division
    • Duration of Cell Cycle
  • Types of Cell Division 
    • Amitosis
    • Mitosis
      1. Prophase
      2. Metaphase
      3. Anaphase
      4. Telophase
    • Cytokinesis
    • Significance of mitosis
    • Death of cell
    • Meiosis
      A. First meiotic division or Heterotypic division (Meiosis I)
    • Prophase -I - Zygotene, Pachytene, Diplotene, Diakinesis
    • Metaphase - I
    • Anaphase - I
    • Telophase - I
    • Cytokinesis-I
      B. Second meiotic division or Homotypic Division (Meiosis II)
    • Prophase-II
    • Metaphase-II
    • Anaphase-II
    • Telophase-II
    • Cytokinesis-II
    • Significance of Meiosis
  • Significance of Mitosis 
  • Significance of Mitosis 


8 Plant Tissues and Anatomy


9 Morphology of Flowering Plants
  • Angiosperms 
    • Angiosperms
    • Characteristics of Angiosperms
  • Morphology 

    A. Root:

    • Typical Root Structure
    • Function of Root
    • Types of Root -  Tap root, Adventitious roots,
    • Modification of root - Modifications of tap root, For Respiration
    • Modifications of Adventitious Roots -
      a) Food storage
      b) For mechanical support
      1. Prop roots
      2. Stilt roots
      3. Climbing roots
      4. Clinging Roots
      5. Plank Roots/Buttresses
      6. Buoyont roots
      c) For special functions 
      1. Epiphytic roots
      2. Sucking roots or Haustoria

    B. Stem:

    • Modifications of stem
      a. Underground stem
      1. Rhizome
      2. Stem Tuber
      3. Bulb
      4. Corm
      b. Subaerial stem
      1. Trailer
      2. Runner 
      3. Stolons
      4. Sucker
      5. Offset
      c. Aerial modification
      1. Thorn
      2. Phylloclade
      3. Cladodes
      4. Cladophylls
      5. Bulbils

    C. Leaf

    1. Typical leaf structure
      Leaf base
      Petiole or mesopodium
      Lamina or epipodium
    2. Leaf venation
    3. Types of leaf
      a. Pinnately compound
      b. Palmately compound
    4. Modification of leaves
      a. Leaf spines
      b. Leaf tendril
      c. Leaf hooks
      d. Phyllode
    5. Phyllotaxy

    D. Inflorescence

    • Types of inflorescence - Racemose, Cymose

    E. Flower 

    1. Insertion of floral whorls - Hypogyny, Perigyny, Epigyny.
    2. Floral parts and their structure
      1. Calyx (K) 
      2. Corolla (C) - Perianth (P), Aestivation, Epicalyx
      3. Androecium (A)
      Typical stamen shows three different parts: Anther, Filament, Connective
      4. Gynoecium (G)
      - Placentation
      - Types of Placentation: Marginal, Axile, Parietal, Basal, Free central.

    F. Fruit

    G. Seed

  • Study of Some Important Families 
    • Fabaceae 
    • Solanaceae
10 Animal Tissue
  • Animal Tissues 
    • Epithelial Tissue 
      1. Simple epithelial tissue
        1. Squamous epithelial tissue
        2. Cuboidal epithelial tissue
        3. Columnar epithelium
        4. Ciliated epithelium
        5. Glandular epithelium
        6. Sensory epithelial tissue
        7. Germinal epithelial tissue
      2. Compound epithelial tissue
        a. Stratified epithelium
        b. Transitional epithelium
      • Cell junctions 
        Types of Cell junction
        - Tight junctions (TJs)
        - Hemidesmosomes (HDs)
        - Gap Junctions (GJs)
        - Adherens Junctions (AJs)
        - Desmosomes (Ds)
    • Connective Tissue 
      1. Connective Tissue Proper
        1. Areolar tissue (Areola: air pockets)
        2. Adipose tissue (adipo: fat)
      2. Dense Connective Tissue
      3. Supporting Connective Tissue - Cartilage, Hyaline cartilage (Hyline: Glass-like), Elastic cartilage, Fibrocartilage, Calcified cartilage, Bone
      4. Fluid Connective tissue (Vascular)
    • Muscular Tissue 
      • Types of Muscular Tissue
      • Skeletal muscles,
      • Smooth or Non-striated muscles,
      • Cardiac Muscles
  • Histology 
  • Neural Tissue 
    • Neural tissue
    • Types of Neural tissue
    1. Neurons/Nerve cells 
    2. Neuroglial cells
11 Study of Animal Type : Cockroach
12 Photosynthesis
13 Respiration and Energy Transfer
14 Human Nutrition
15 Excretion and Osmoregulation
16 Skeleton and Movement
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