PUC Karnataka Arts Class 12Department of Pre-University Education, Karnataka
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Sociology Class 12 PUC Karnataka Arts Department of Pre-University Education, Karnataka Topics and Syllabus

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Topics with syllabus and resources

100.00 Making of Indian Society
  • Demographic Profile of India; Major Characteristics of Demographic Profile of India; Population Policy of India.
  • Emergence of Pluralistic Society; Racial Groups in India, Origin of Indian Civilization, The Process of Aryanization, Development of Religio-Philosophical Literature, Christianity in India, Islam in India, Arrival of the Europeans
  • Unity in Diversity; Nature of Diversity; Regional, Linguistic, Religious, Cultural & Ethnic : The Nature of Unity in India; Regional Unity, Linguistic Unity, Religious Unity and Cultural Unity
  • National Integration – Meaning & Definitions
  • Challenges to National Integration – Regionalism, Communalism, Linguism, Extremism and Terrorism
  • Measures to Strengthen National Integration
200.00 Social Inequality; Exclusion and Inclusion
  • Social Inequality and Exclusion - Meaning & Definition of Social Inequality, Exclusion and Inclusion
  • Exclusion based on Caste: Meaning and Definition of Caste,
  • Changes in Caste System – Caste in Pre-Independence Period, Caste in Post Independence India: Functional Changes in the Caste System, The Changes in the Role of Caste System
  • Concept of Dominant Caste (M. N. Srinivas)
  • The Backward Classes in India; Meaning of Scheduled Castes, Problems or Disabilities of Scheduled Castes – Economic, Social & Religious
  • Tribes – Changing Concept of Tribe, Demographic Aspects, Geographical Distribution of Indian Tribes - Scheduled Tribes - Problems of Indian Tribes - Three views on Tribal Welfare-Tribal Panchasheela.
  • Other Backward Classes (OBCs) – Problems of Other Backward Classes (OBCs), Criteria of Backwardness; Kalelkar & Mandal Commissions; Karnataka State Backward Class Commissions - An Overview
  • Gender Inequality; Concept of Sex and Gender, Gender discrimination, Towards Equality Report 1974
300.00 Inclusive Strategies
  • Affirmative Action Related to SCs, STs & Women: Meaning of Affirmative Action and Protective Discrimination;
  • Constitutional Safeguards for the Upliftment of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, Legislative Measures for the Upliftment of Scheduled Castes, Developmental Measures for the Upliftment of Scheduled Castes, The Role of Gandhi and B. R. Ambedkar, The Role of Non-Governmental Organizations in the Upliftment of SCs and STs, Sulabh Shouchalaya
  • Tribal Welfare Programmes; Economic Programmes, Educational Programmes, Research Programmes, Health, Housing and Other Schemes
  • Women Empowerment; Meaning and Definition of Women’s Empowerment, Strategies for Empowerment of Women, The National Commission for Women, Self-Help Groups (SHG), Structure of the Self-Help Group, Micro Finance; Meaning, Features Types, Principles; Streeshakti, Shri Kshethra Dharmasthala Rural Development Project, Lizzat Pappad and SEWA.
400.00 Family in India
  • Meaning, Definitions and Characteristics of Joint Family
  • Types of Joint Family: Patriarchal: Illom, Matriarchal: Tarwad– Oxrilocal residence of Nagamoola Bunts – The Okka – Coorgies – Patriarchal Joint Family, Narasinganavar Family
  • Advantages and Disadvantages of Joint FamilyStructural and Functional Changes - Causes for Changes
  • View of Sociologists on Joint Family - Recent Trends in Indian Family
500.00 Change and Development of Villages
  • Meaning and Characteristics of Village Community, Characteristics of Village Community, Indian Villages through the Ages
  • Villages Studies and Its Importance
  • Problems of Indian Villages – Social, Economic and Agricultural Problems - Farmers Suicide in Karnataka, Causes of Agrarian Crisis, Understanding Farmer’s Suicide, The Committees to study the Agrarian [22] 28 Issues in Karnataka, Recent Policy Initiatives
  • Rural Developmental Programmes; Meaning of Rural Development, Land Reforms, The Green Revolution, Panchayathi Raj, Community Development Programme (CDP), Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) and MGNAREGA.
  • Changes in Indian Villages: Continuous Migration of People towards the Cities, Farm to Non-farm and Special Economic Zone (SEZ).
  • Urbanization in India
  • Meaning and Definitions of Cities and Urbanization, Historical Background of Urbanization in India
  • Problems of Indian Cities- Urban poverty, Slums, Solutions to Urban Problems.
600.00 Economic, Political and Communication Systems
601.00 The Market as a Social Institution
  • Meaning of Market
  • Features of Market
  • Sociological Perspectives on Market and the Economy –
  • Weekly Market as a Social Institution –
  • Bastar Tribal Market – Chhattisgarh,
  • Traditional Business Communities
  • Caste Based Trade among the Nakarattars of Tamil Nadu
  • Social Organisation of Markets – ‘Traditional Business Communities’
  • Pushkar Annual Fair
  • Virtual Markets
  • Emergence of Virtual Markets
  • Online Shopping Sites in India
  • Interlinking of Markets and Mcdonaldization
602.00 Political Institutions and Processes
  • Meaning of Political Institution
  • Political Processes
  • The Nature of Indian Democracy; Meaning and Types of Democracy
  • The Core Values of Indian Democracy
  • Competing Interests: The Constitution and Social Change
  • Political Parties, Pressure Groups and Democratic Politics
  • Constitutional Norms and Social Justice: Interpretation [15] 19 to Aid Social Justice
  • Local – Level and Grassroots Political Studies
  • Studies of State-Level Political Behaviour
603.00 Mass Media
  • Meaning of Mass Media
  • Functions of Mass Media
  • Types of Mass Media; Print Media and Electronic Media
  • Globalization and Mass Media
  • Understanding Media in the Contemporary World
700.00 Social Movements
  • Social Movements in India; Meaning Definitions of Social Movement, Major Components of Social Movements, New Components of Social Movements, Types of Social Movements
  • Farmers’ Movement; Meaning and Types of Farmers’ Movement, Kathleen Gough, Factors Facilitating Peasant Movement in India, Farmers’ Movements in Karnataka, Kagodu Movement/Kagodu Satyagraha, The Malaprabha Agitation, Navalgunda and Nargunda Incidents, AntiPrice Rise Agitation, The Rise of Rudrappa's Ryota Sangha, Entry of Prof. M. D. Nanjudaswamy, Major issues of KRRS Movement, Neera Movement, Post-1980 Issues and Developments and PDF and KPRS.
  • Backward Class and Dalit Movement; The Course of the Movement, Sri Sahu Maharaj and Satya Shodak Samaj, Justice Party and Non-Brahmin Movement in Madras, The Self-Respect Movement or the Dravidian Phase, NonBrahmin Movement in Karnataka, Non-Brahmin Movement in Kerala, Sri Narayana Guru Dharma Paripalana Yogam (SNDP), Dalit Movement in the PostIndependence Period
  • Women’s Movement in India; Pre - Independence Phase, Post-Independence Phase, Changing Context and Widening Concerns
800.00 Social Change in India
  • Social Change in India; Introduction to Social Change in India
  • Sanskritization; Meaning and Definition of Sanskritization, Major Factors of Sanskritization, Criticisms of Sanskritization, Brahminization and Sanskritization 
  • Westernisation; Meaning and Definition of Westernization, The Impact of Westernization, Criticisms of Westernization
  • Modernisation; Meaning and Definition of Modernization; Causes Modernization, Process of Modernization in India
  • Globalization; Meaning and Definition of Globalization; Factors Contributing to Globalization; Two Major Dimensions of Global Outlook; Homogenization and Hybridization of culture; Barbie Doll – Truly a Global Citizen
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