PUC Karnataka Science Class 11Department of Pre-University Education, Karnataka
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Geology Class 11 PUC Karnataka Science Department of Pre-University Education, Karnataka Topics and Syllabus

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Topics with syllabus and resources

100.00 General Geology
  • Introduction to Geology.
  • Definition.
  • Relation to other branches of sciences.
  • Branches of Geology. Scope and significance of geology.
  • Applications
200.00 The Earth and Its Environment in Space
  • Universe. Galaxy- Milky way Solar System – The Sun, Planets, Satellites, Asteroids, Comets, Meteorites
  • The earth, it position in solar system, Theories; Bigbang and Steady state
300.00 Parameters of the Earth
  • Shape- Flat, Spherical, Oblate, Spheroid, Elliptical, Geoidal Concept.
  • Circumference.
  • Diameter- Polar, Equatorial. Density
400.00 Earth Motions
  • Rotation- Day and Night.
  • Revolution- Seasons, Equinox.
500.00 Zones of Earth
  • Atmosphere- Composition, Structure, Different layers. Hydrosphere- Constituents, Water Cycle, Evaporation, Precipitation, Percolation, Surface run off.
  • Lithosphere- Crust, Mantle, Core Composition, temperature and density factors Discontinuities- Mohorovicic, Gutenberg
600.00 Exogenous Geological Processes
  • Weathering- Definition, Types: Mechanical; Spheroidal, Frost action Chemical; Oxidation, Hydration, Carbonation and Biological. Products of weathering; soil, Scree, Talus 
700.00 Geological Agents: Wind
  • Definition.
  • [a] Erosion – Deflation, Abrasion & Attrition. Erosional features: Pedestal rocks and Ventifacts.
  • [b] Transportation – Suspension & Saltation.
  • [c] Depositional features – Sand dunes : types, Barchans and Loess.
800.00 Glaciers
  • Definition – Glaciation.
  • [a] Snow, Neve, Fern, Ice, Snowfield, Snowline, Crevasses & Avalanches.
  • [b] Types – Valley glaciers, Piedmont glaciers and Continental glaciers.
  • [c] Erosion – Abrasion, Excavation, Frost wedging, Plucking and Quarrying.
  • [d] Erosional features: Striations, Roches moutonnees, Hanging valleys, U shaped valleys, Cirques, Horns, Arete, Berg Schrund and Ice bergs.
  • [e] Transportation.
  • [f] Deposition – Glacial drift and Till, Moraines, - Lateral, Medial & Terminal, Drumlins, Eskers, Kames and Kettles
900.00 Rivers
  • Definition, Sources.
  • [a] Head – Tributaries, Channel – Course, Mouth – Distributaries.
  • [b] Stages of River: Initial, Youth, Mature and Old.
  • [c] Erosion – Hydraulic action, Corrasion, Corrosion and Solution.
  • [d] Erosional features: Gorges, Canyons, Waterfalls, Pot-holes, V Shaped valleys, Meanders and Oxbow lakes.
  • [e] Transportation: Saltation, Solution and Suspension,
  • [f] Depositional features – Alluvial fans, Natural leves, Flood plain and Delta.
1000.00 Underground Water
  • Definition.
  • [a] Hydrological properties – Porosity, Permeability, Specific yield and Specific retention.
  • [b] Zones – Zone of aeration, Zone of saturation and Water table.
  • [c] Types of Aquifers – Aquiclude, Aquifer and Aquitard.
  • [d] Wells and Springs.
  • [e] Erosion, Transportation and Deposition – Stalactites, Stalagmites and Karst topography.
1100.00 Significance of Exogenous Geological Processes

Operation, influencing factors and agencies; results

1200.00 Endogenous Geological Process- Volcanoes
  • Definition.
  • [a] Structure.
  • [b] Types – Central, Fissure, Active, Dormant, Extinct and Mud volcano.
  • [c] Products – Gaseous, Liquid and Solid.
  • [d] Distribution – Circum – Pacific Belt and Alpine – Himalayan Belt
1300.00 Earthquakes
  • Definition.
  • [a] Causes – Surface, Volcanic and Tectonic.
  • [b] Effects – Civil and Geological.
  • [c] Earthquake waves, Seismogram, Seismograph and Richter’s Scale.
1400.00 Natural Hazards: a Geological Concept
  • [a] Earthquake.
  • [b] Volcanoes.
  • [c] Floods.
  • [d] Draught.
  • [e]Tsunamis.
  • [f] Landslides.
1500.00 Mineralogy
  • Introduction, Definition of Mineral. Physical Properties of Minerals – Colour,Streak, Luster, Diaphaneity, Form Cleavage, Fracture, Hardness, Tenacity and Specific Gravity
  • Study of Following Mineral Groups:
  • [a] Quartz – Rose quartz, Rock crystal, Milky quartz, Amethyst & Opal.
  • [b] Feldspar Group – Orthoclase, Microcline & Plagioclase.
  • [c] Mica Group – Muscovite & Biotite.
  • [d] Moh’s Scale of Hardness – Talc, Gypsum, Calcite, Fluorite, Apatite, Orthoclase, Quartz, Topaz, Corundum &Diamond.
1600.00 Crystallography
  • Introduction, Definition of Crystal.
  • [a] States of Matter – Crystal, Crystalline & Amorphous.
  • [b] Crystal parts – Faces, Edges & Solid angles, their relationship – Euler’s formula F + A = E + 2. 
  • [c] Interfacial angle & its measurements by Contact Goniometer.
  • [d] Symmetry characters – Plane, Axis & Centre.
  • [e] Study of Six Crystallographic Systems based on crystallographic axis.
1700.00 Environmental Geology and Environmental Pollution:
  • Definition, Scope & Importance.
  • Introduction, Definition. Study of Causes, Effects & Controlling Measures of the following pollution Types – [a] Air Pollution. [b] Water Pollution. [c] Soil Pollution. [d] Noise Pollution. [e] Nuclear hazards
  • DISASTER MANAGEMENT- Definition. [a] Earthquake. [b] Volcanoes. [c] Floods. [d] Draught. [e] Landslides. 
1800.00 Organizations in the Field of Geology
  • Geological Survey of India. [G.S.I]
  • Department of Mines & Geology. [D.M.G]
  • Mysore Minerals Limited. [M.M.L]
  • Oil & Natural Gas Commission. [O.N.G.C]
  • Atomic Energy Commission. [A.E.C]
  • National Institute of Oceanography. [N.I.O]
  • Indian Space Research Organization. [I.S.R.O]
  • National Mineral Development Corporation. [N.M.D.C]
  • National Remote Sensing Agency. [N.R.S.A]
  • National Geophysical Research Institute [N.G.R.I]
  • Mineral and Metal Trading Corporation [M.M.T.C]
  • National Remote Sensing Corporation [N.R.S.C]
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