Units and Topics
100 Intelligence and Ability
102 Aptitude, Achievement and Interest
- Aptitude, Achievement and Interest
- What is meant by Aptitude - when aptitude needs to be assessed - the GATB (General Aptitude Test Battery);
- meaning and usefulness of Achievement tests;
- why and how Interest is measured - the SCII (Strong Campbell Interest Inventory).
201 What is Meant by Personality
Definitions of personality – Allport, Cattell, Eysenck.
202 Theories of Personality
- Theories of Personality
- Type Theory: Sheldon, Kreshtmer, Hippocrates, Friedman, Charak Samhita of Ayurveda.
- Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality: Freud's levels of consciousness, structure of personality - Id, Ego and Superego
- principles on which they function
- Psychosexual stages of development and fixation
- Post Freudians: Erik Erikson, Horney
- Humanistic theories of Rogers (concept of fully functioning persons) and Maslow (self actualization).
- Traits: Allport (central, secondary and cardinal traits), Cattell (source and surface traits).
- The five-factor model of Costa and McCrae.
- Social Cognition and Social Learning theories of Bandura and Rotter (Identification and explanation of concepts in each theoretical framework).
203 How Personality is Assessed
- How Personality is Assessed
- The use of Self Reports - inventories/ questionnaires in assessing Personality - an understanding of the MMPI (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory);
- what is meant by Projective Techniques - how the Rorschach Inkblot and TAT (Thematic Apperception Test) are used (Test details should include procedure, scoring, and results)
300 Lifespan Development
301 Meaning of Development, growth and maturation
- Meaning of Development, Growth and Maturation
- Why is the study of lifespan development important?
- Determinants – the interaction of heredity and environment,
- context of development – Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological System Theory.
302 Infancy - Motor, Cognitive Development, Socio- Emotional Development
- Infancy - Motor, Cognitive Development, Socio-emotional Development
- Motor – milestones;
- cognitive – Piaget’s Sensory-Motor Stage
- socio-emotional development – emergence of attachment.
- Mary Ainsworth’s & Lamb’s strange situation test.
303 Childhood - Motor, Cognitive Development, Socio-emotional Development
- Childhood - Motor, Cognitive Development, Socio-emotional Development
- Motor development
- cognitive development – Piaget’s Theory (Preoperational, Concrete and Formal Operational)
- the emergence of self – gender awareness, gender identity, stability, consistency, stereotype role, sex-category, constancy;
- The emergence of peer relationships. Moral development – Kohlberg’s perspective
- Experiment on Moral Dilemma –pre-conventional, conventional and post-conventional morality.
304 Adolescence - Physical Changes, Cognitive Development, Socio-emotional Development; Some Major Concerns
- Challenges of Adolescence
- Physical changes at puberty
- Cognitive development – Piaget’s Formal Operational Stage
- Socio-emotional development - forming an identity, dealing with sexuality and gender identity
- some major concerns – delinquency, substance abuse (drugs and alcohol) – meaning of substance abuse, symptoms and treatment
- eating disorders - bulimia, anorexia.
400 Stress and Stress Management
401 Meaning of Stress - Its Basic Nature
402 Common Causes of Stress
- Common Causes of Stress
- External/situational: major life events, minor hassles of everyday life, work-related causes, the physical environment.
- Internal/dispositional: Personality variables-traits and types.
403 Effects of Stress on Health and Performance
- Effects of Stress on Health and Performance
- Upsets the internal mechanism and balance - immune system affected, hypertension, heart problems, ulcers, diabetes, asthma (each effect to be briefly explained).
- The relation between stress and performance - burnout.
404 Stress Management - Ineffective and Effective Strategies of Handling Stress
- Stress Management
- Coping with stress: Ineffective strategies - defense mechanisms - rationalization, projection, reaction formation, regression, repression (each to be briefly explained), displacement, sublimation
- Effective strategies - relaxation training and yoga
- Effective lifestyles: stress cycles – distress
500 Psychological Disorders and Psychotherapy
502 Characteristics of Some Psychological Disorders
- Characteristics of Some Psychological Disorders
- What is meant by anxiety - different forms of anxiety disorders: phobias, obsession - compulsive disorders;
- Mood disorders characteristics of severe depression, manic-depressive or bipolar disorder;
- personality - anti-social, histrionic, avoidant, dependent, passive-aggressive (causes and symptoms)
503 Schizophrenia - meaning; main types; characteristics.
- Nature and Process of Psychotherapy
- What is meant by Psychotherapy - central
features of psychodynamic therapies - free
association, dream analysis, transference
- the principles on which client centred therapy has been developed.
- Behavioural therapies based on classical and operant conditioning and modelling, psychosocial;
- Therapeutic Relationship
- What is meant by Psychotherapy - central
600 Social Thought and Social Behaviour
601 Social Perception
- Social Perception
- How people determine whether others' behaviour is a result of internal causes or external factors - biases in forming judgments (attribution).
- Explain with examples each of the following biases - the person positivity bias, motivational biases, self-serving bias, the false consensus effect, automatic vigilance, motivated scepticism, counterfactual thinking
602 Social Influence
- Introduction to Social Influence and Group Processes
- how people try to change others’ behaviour;
- social norms;
- conformity and obedience - factors affecting them.
- What is meant by social norms - why people conform to social norms and why they digress;
- factors affecting Conformity and Obedience.
- Asch's study on conformity;
- why and when people obey others -Milgram's experiment
701 Meaning of “Attitude”
- Meaning of “Attitude”
- What are attitudes - the components of attitude;
- how far attitudes determine behaviours: the process of forming attitudes - how attitudes change: persuasion and cognitive dissonance.
- Prejudice and Discrimination
- An understanding of the meaning of prejudice and how it works in the form of discrimination - causes of prejudice: social learning, realistic competition, social categorization and stereotyping;
- ways in which prejudice can be resisted. Caste, community and gender stereotypes in the Indian context.
800 Applications of Psychology
801 Clinical and Counselling Psychology.
- Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Role of a counsellor and a clinical psychologist in dealing with individuals, couples, families and groups.
802 Educational (School) Psychology.
- Educational (School) Psychology
- How Psychology helps to facilitate learning in school - students and teachers;
- individual problems: learning differences, teaching and evaluation techniques, school environment.
- Career counselling - how Psychology helps in the choice of a career -requirements of a field or job, testing individuals, matching individual and field/job.
803 Organisational Psychology
- Organisational Psychology
- How Psychology helps to promote efficiency, well-being, and profitability - a study of factors involved.
- Recruitment, motivation, team building and leadership skills, marketing and consumer behaviour.
Question Papers For All Subjects
- English 2011 to 2019
- Hindi (Indian Languages) 2013 to 2019
- History 2011 to 2019
- Political Science 2015 to 2019
- Geography 2011 to 2020
- Sociology 2011 to 2019
- Psychology 2011 to 2019
- Economics 2011 to 2019
- Mathematics 2011 to 2019