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Psychology Class 12 ISC (Arts) CISCE Topics and Syllabus

Academic year:


100 Intelligence and Ability
101 Intelligence
  • Intelligence 
  • Theories of Intelligence 
    • Theory of Multiple Intelligences
    • Triarchic Theory of Intelligence
    • Planning, Attention-arousal, and Simultaneoussuccessive Model of Intelligence
102 Aptitude, Achievement and Interest
  • Aptitude, Achievement and Interest 
    • What is meant by Aptitude - when aptitude needs to be assessed - the GATB (General Aptitude Test Battery);
    • meaning and usefulness of Achievement tests;
    • why and how Interest is measured - the SCII (Strong Campbell Interest Inventory). 
200 Personality
201 What is Meant by Personality
  • Personality 

    Definitions of personality – Allport, Cattell, Eysenck. 

202 Theories of Personality
  • Theories of Personality 
    • Type Theory: Sheldon, Kreshtmer, Hippocrates, Friedman, Charak Samhita of Ayurveda.
    • Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality: Freud's levels of consciousness, structure of personality - Id, Ego and Superego
    • principles on which they function
    • Psychosexual stages of development and fixation
    • Post Freudians: Erik Erikson, Horney
    • Humanistic theories of Rogers (concept of fully functioning persons) and Maslow (self actualization).
    • Traits: Allport (central, secondary and cardinal traits), Cattell (source and surface traits).
    • The five-factor model of Costa and McCrae.
    • Social Cognition and Social Learning theories of Bandura and Rotter (Identification and explanation of concepts in each theoretical framework).
203 How Personality is Assessed
  • How Personality is Assessed 
    • The use of Self Reports - inventories/ questionnaires in assessing Personality - an understanding of the MMPI (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory);
    • what is meant by Projective Techniques - how the Rorschach Inkblot and TAT (Thematic Apperception Test) are used (Test details should include procedure, scoring, and results)
300 Lifespan Development
301 Meaning of Development, growth and maturation
  • Meaning of Development, Growth and Maturation 
    • Why is the study of lifespan development important?
    • Determinants – the interaction of heredity and environment,
    • context of development – Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological System Theory.
302 Infancy - Motor, Cognitive Development, Socio- Emotional Development
303 Childhood - Motor, Cognitive Development, Socio-emotional Development
  • Childhood - Motor, Cognitive Development, Socio-emotional Development 
    • Motor development
    • cognitive development – Piaget’s Theory (Preoperational, Concrete and Formal Operational)
    • the emergence of self – gender awareness, gender identity, stability, consistency, stereotype role, sex-category, constancy;
    • The emergence of peer relationships. Moral development – Kohlberg’s perspective
    • Experiment on Moral Dilemma –pre-conventional, conventional and post-conventional morality.
304 Adolescence - Physical Changes, Cognitive Development, Socio-emotional Development; Some Major Concerns
  • Challenges of Adolescence 
    • Physical changes at puberty
    • Cognitive development – Piaget’s Formal Operational Stage
    • Socio-emotional development - forming an identity, dealing with sexuality and gender identity
    • some major concerns – delinquency, substance abuse (drugs and alcohol) – meaning of substance abuse, symptoms and treatment
    • eating disorders - bulimia, anorexia.
400 Stress and Stress Management
401 Meaning of Stress - Its Basic Nature
402 Common Causes of Stress
  • Common Causes of Stress 
    • External/situational: major life events, minor hassles of everyday life, work-related causes, the physical environment.
    • Internal/dispositional: Personality variables-traits and types.
403 Effects of Stress on Health and Performance
  • Effects of Stress on Health and Performance 
    • Upsets the internal mechanism and balance - immune system affected, hypertension, heart problems, ulcers, diabetes, asthma (each effect to be briefly explained).
    • The relation between stress and performance - burnout.
404 Stress Management - Ineffective and Effective Strategies of Handling Stress
  • Stress Management 
    • Coping with stress: Ineffective strategies - defense mechanisms - rationalization, projection, reaction formation, regression, repression (each to be briefly explained), displacement, sublimation
    • Effective strategies - relaxation training and yoga
    • Effective lifestyles: stress cycles – distress
      and wellness
500 Psychological Disorders and Psychotherapy
501 Meaning of “Abnormal Behaviour”
502 Characteristics of Some Psychological Disorders
  • Characteristics of Some Psychological Disorders 
    • What is meant by anxiety - different forms of anxiety disorders: phobias, obsession - compulsive disorders;
    • Mood disorders characteristics of severe depression, manic-depressive or bipolar disorder;
    • personality - anti-social, histrionic, avoidant, dependent, passive-aggressive (causes and symptoms)
503 Schizophrenia - meaning; main types; characteristics.
504 Psychotherapy
  • Nature and Process of Psychotherapy 
    • What is meant by Psychotherapy - central
      features of psychodynamic therapies - free
      association, dream analysis, transference
      and countertransference;
    • the principles on which client centred therapy has been developed.
    • Behavioural therapies based on classical and operant conditioning and modelling, psychosocial;
    • Rehabilitation.
    • Therapeutic Relationship
600 Social Thought and Social Behaviour
601 Social Perception
  • Social Perception 
    • How people determine whether others' behaviour is a result of internal causes or external factors - biases in forming judgments (attribution).
    • Explain with examples each of the following biases - the person positivity bias, motivational biases, self-serving bias, the false consensus effect, automatic vigilance, motivated scepticism, counterfactual thinking
602 Social Influence
  • Introduction to Social Influence and Group Processes 
    • how people try to change others’ behaviour;
    • social norms;
    • conformity and obedience - factors affecting them.
    • What is meant by social norms - why people conform to social norms and why they digress;
    • factors affecting Conformity and Obedience.
    • Asch's study on conformity;
    • why and when people obey others -Milgram's experiment
700 Attitudes
701 Meaning of “Attitude”
  • Meaning of “Attitude” 
    • What are attitudes - the components of attitude;
    • how far attitudes determine behaviours: the process of forming attitudes - how attitudes change: persuasion and cognitive dissonance.
702 Prejudice
  • Prejudice and Discrimination 
    • An understanding of the meaning of prejudice and how it works in the form of discrimination - causes of prejudice: social learning, realistic competition, social categorization and stereotyping;
    • ways in which prejudice can be resisted. Caste, community and gender stereotypes in the Indian context.
800 Applications of Psychology
801 Clinical and Counselling Psychology.
802 Educational (School) Psychology.
  • Educational (School) Psychology 
    • How Psychology helps to facilitate learning in school - students and teachers;
    • individual problems: learning differences, teaching and evaluation techniques, school environment.
    • Career counselling - how Psychology helps in the choice of a career -requirements of a field or job, testing individuals, matching individual and field/job.
803 Organisational Psychology
  • Organisational Psychology 
    • How Psychology helps to promote efficiency, well-being, and profitability - a study of factors involved.
    • Recruitment, motivation, team building and leadership skills, marketing and consumer behaviour. 
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