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Western Music Class 10 ICSE CISCE Topics and Syllabus

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Topics with syllabus and resources

100.00 Musical Instruments

Five questions will be set in this part. Candidates will be required to answer all five questions. The questions will cover the characteristics and music of the following families of instruments:

(a) Keyboard family and its music.

(b) String and guitar families and their music.

(c) Woodwind and brass families and their music.

(d) Percussion family and its music.

1. Candidates are expected to trace the origin and development of these categories of instruments.

2. They must know the various ways of playing these instruments.

3. They must know how these instruments are tuned, e.g.: the tuning notes of the string family and the range of these instruments, e.g.: trumpet.

4. Differences between members of the same family, e.g.: oboe & clarinet; flute & piccolo, etc.

200.00 Different Categories of Music

1. Candidates will be required to attempt four questions from this part, out of a choice of ten questions that will be set. The questions will cover the following categories of music: (a) Symphony (b) Concerto (c) Music for the dance (d) Jazz (e) Popular music since 1950.

‘Jazz’ – to be studied as a distinct form of music – its origin and characteristics. Jazz dancing should be restricted to the variety used in concerts, musicals like Westside Story, not the street variety like breakdancing.

2. The titles of the categories should be interpreted as widely as possible. Candidates should listen to a variety of music within the category title. In answering questions, which will require at least paragraph answers, candidates should refer knowledgeably and by name, to the works to which they have listened.

Questions will be framed so as to give all candidates a chance to show the following: (i) that they have heard varied works in a given category; (ii) that they can see the essential musical similarities and differences between one work and another in the same category; (iii) that they know the characteristics and what is typical of a particular category or kind of music; (iv) that they are aware of the beginning and development of a particular category or kind of music; (v) that they know the names of prominent composers and their contribution to a particular category or kind of music; (vi) that they are aware of modern development in a given field of music.

(a) Candidates must know the contribution made to symphonic music by Beethoven, Schubert, Haydn, Mozart, Wagner, Tchaikovsky, Mahler and Dvarak.

(b) They must know the structure of a concerto. Study one concerto by any one of the above composers, e.g.: a violin or piano concerto by Mozart or Beethoven.

3. Dance forms: Ballet, Modern, Jazz, Latino.

Candidates need to know the kind of dance these terms indicate – e.g. the rhythm pattern and style or movements. Modern includes only the concert dance and not the ball-room dances. ‘Latino’ should include only Tango, Cha-ChaCha, Rumba, Samba and Salsa.

4. Origin and characteristics of Jazz. Contributions made by Duke Ellington, Louis Armstrong, Gershwin, Miles Davis.

5. Contemporary rock, pop and Country music – singers and their contributions to contemporary music, reasons for popularity, their repertoire, use of electronics.

(NOTE: Students should know one pop singer, one rock band, one country musician or band. They should be able to write a page on any one of the above. No specific band or singer will be asked about in the examination.)

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