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Topics and Syllabus - ICSE Physics Class 8 CISCE (Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations)

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Topics with syllabus and resources

1 Matter

Kinetic Theory of Matter.

Three states of matter in terms of movement of particles.

Energy content in the three states of matter.

Change of state in matter using the Kinetic theory:

  • Boiling
  • Vaporization
  • Melting
  • Fusion
  • Evaporation
  • Condensation
  • Sublimation
  • Deposition
  • Freezing

Change of state diagrams (using the terms mentioned above).

2 Physical Quantities and Measurement

Measurement of Density of Irregular solids using:

  • Eureka Can
  • Measuring Cylinder

Measurement of Density of Fluids:

  • Basic Concept
  • The concept of Flotation and sinking of a substance (relate to density)
  • Comparison of densities in the three states of matter.
3 Force and Pressure

Turning effect of force(moment of force): concept, definition and calculation


  • Definition
  • Unit
  • Calculation of pressure in simple cases
  • Pressure exerted by liquids (Qualitative only).
  • The pressure exerted by gases- Atmospheric pressure (Qualitative only).
4 Energy

Concept of Work

Unit of Work (Joule)

Calculation of Work done in simple cases

Kinetic Energy

  • Basic Concept

Potential Energy

  • Basic Concept
  • Gravitational Potential Energy

Calculation of kinetic and potential energies from a set of given data (Simple problems and assuming g=10 m/s2)

Energy transformation in common daily life situations

Difference between Energy and power

5 Light Energy


  • Definition
  • Examples of Refraction.

Curved Mirrors:

  • Convex
  • Concave
  • Reflecting surface (Convex and Concave)
  • Uses of Curved mirrors
  • Terms related to Curved mirrors –Focus, Principal Axis, centre of curvature, radius of curvature
  • Rules for making ray diagrams of Spherical mirrors.
  • Real and Virtual Images
  • Ray diagrams with curved mirrors where real images are formed.

Dispersion of white light into constituent colours.

6 Heat Transfer

Difference between Boiling and Evaporation.

Thermal Expansion:

  • Linear Expansion
  • Volume Expansion
  • Superficial Expansion
  • Compare expansivity in Solids, Liquids and Gases.
  • Examples and Real world applications.
7 Sound

Pitch and Frequency

Pitch and frequency in relation to Working of musical instruments. (Wind, membrane and String)

Mono tone

Loudness and amplitude

Unit of loudness in decibels

8 Electricity

Household consumption of electric energy (kilowatt hour)

Identify Live wire, neutral wire and earth wire in terms of their energy and path they travel

Safety Components (fuses/circuit breakers (Qualitative approach only)/ grounding)

Static Electricity

  • Conservation of charges
  • Conduction
  • Induction
  • Electroscope (Gold Leaf Electroscope)
  • Lightning Conductor

Battery as a collection of cells connected in series.

Dangers of electricity

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