Topics with syllabus and resources
Introduction to the five streams in Home Science and how they integrate to form a meaningful whole.
- To explain that Home Science is an umbrella term for a field of Applied Sciences, made up of Foods & Nutrition, Resource Management, Human Development, Textiles & Clothing and Communication & Extension.
Importance and relevance of the study of Home Science.
- The need for studying each aspect of Home Science - enables a scientific understanding of the field and allows for research in the discipline, which reinforces the theoretical perspectives.
- Immense practical value of the discipline in everyday life - a study of Home Science helps in the ultimate understanding of the self, people and various social, emotional and biological factors necessary for human survival.
Career options in Home Science.
- A brief study of the various career options available for Home Science students.
A review of the relationship between food and health, the importance of a balanced diet for everyday life
- Classification of food on the basis of nutrients and functions. Functions of food: physiological, psychological and social; assessment of nutritional status and calorie intake on the basis of poverty line.
- Concept of balanced diet, food and nutritional requirements for family (ICMR tables).
- Understanding of terms like mortality, morbidity and longevity and their relationship to food
Elementary study of macro and micro nutrients.
- Sources and functions of nutrients: carbohydrates, proteins, fats, minerals (iron, calcium, iodine and phosphorous) and vitamins (A, D, E, K, B1, B2, Niacin, Folic Acid & C); role of water and fibre in the diet. Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) for all nutrients mentioned above. Factors affecting absorption of nutrients by the human body; problems related to under-nutrition and over-nutrition. Basal Metabolic Rate (B.M.R) and the factors affecting B.M.R.
Efficient management of resources – material, human and shared (community).
- Meaning and types of resources: human – time, energy, knowledge, skills, attitudes; material – money, goods, property; shared (community) facilities – schools, parks, hospitals, road transport, water, electricity, fuel. Need to manage resources and methods for maintenance/conservation of shared resources.
Management: need for Management at home. Components of Management; Decision making.
- Understanding the important role that management plays in smooth and efficient running of homes. A brief understanding of the major components of Management – Planning, Organizing, Controlling, Implementing and Evaluation.
- Role of decision making process in management.
- Meaning and methods of work simplification.
Savings and investments
- Importance of savings. Availing schemes for savings and investments offered by banks and other financial institutions (post office, LIC)
Fundamentals of banking.
- Opening and operating a bank account, types of cheques, filling a deposit slip, procedure for making a Demand Draft, use of ATM, Debit, Credit cards & availing of student loans.
Introduction to the study of Human Development
- Concept of growth & development; factors affecting growth & development. Influence of sports and physical fitness.
- Milestones of development from ages 0 to 12 years.
Periods of growth and development during childhood.
- Periods of development during childhood, i.e. - from conception to about 12 years of age. (infancy, early childhood, middle childhood and late childhood).
Philosophy of Human Development
- The following aspects need to be explained - development is multidimensional and interdisciplinary - includes biological, cognitive, emotional and social development; development is continuous and cumulative; it is variable, reflecting individual variation; cultural differences are reflected in development; both heredity and environment influence development
Understanding special needs
- Developing an understanding of normal development, therein developing an understanding of the needs of the differently abled; becoming sensitive to the special needs of the disadvantaged and differently-abled children in terms of social: broken home, juvenile delinquency; economic: living below the poverty line (BPL); physical: partially blind & deaf, affected (e.g. polio), missing limbs and mental handicaps: learning disabilities (slow learners and dyslexics).
- Types of fibres: (i) natural - cotton, silk and wool; (ii) man-made – nylon, polyester and blended fibres (terrycot, terrysilk, terrywool, cotton silk
- Basic procedure of yarn making (spinning, mechanical spinning, chemical spinning), weaving: plain, twill & satin, other methods – knitting & braiding, non-woven fabrics; effect of weaves on appearance, durability and maintenance of garment.
- Meaning and importance; types: (i) basic: scouring, bleaching, stiffening, tantering; (ii) special: mercerization, shrinkage control, water proofing, dyeing and printing.
- Methods of communication – individual, group and mass contacts.
- Individual – verbal and written.
- Group – discussions, demonstrations, fieldtrips.
- Mass – Print and electronic.
- Role of audio visual aids in Communication & Extension.