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Topics and Syllabus - ICSE History and Civics Class 10 CISCE (Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations)

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Topics with syllabus and resources

1 The Union Legislature

The Union Parliament - definition of Parliament. A brief idea of the federal setup in India.

1.01 Lok Sabha

term, composition, qualification for membership, disqualification of membership. Parliamentary procedures: a brief idea of sessions, quorum, question hour, motions – adjournment and no-confidence motion. Speaker – selection and functions.

1.02 Rajya Sabha

composition, qualification for membership, disqualification of membership, election, term, presiding officer.

Powers and functions of (a) Rajya Sabha (b) Lok Sabha - legislative, financial control over executive, judicial, electoral, amendment of the constitution. Relationship between the two Houses – differences. Anti–defection law.

2 The Union Executive
2.01 The President

election, term of office, powers.

Qualifications for election, composition of Electoral College, reason for indirect election, term of office, procedure for impeachment.

Powers – executive, legislative, financial, judicial, discretionary and emergency. Position of the President in a Parliamentary setup.

2.02 The Vice-president

Qualifications for election, term of office and powers

2.03 Prime Minister and Council of Ministers

Appointment, formation of Council of Ministers, tenure, functions - Policy making, administrative, legislative, financial, emergency. Position and powers of the Prime Minister. Collective and individual responsibility of the members of the Cabinet. Distinction between Council of Ministers and Cabinet.

3 The Judiciary
3.01 The Supreme Court

Composition, qualification of judges, appointment, independence of judiciary from control of executive and legislature; Powers of the Supreme Court; Jurisdiction and functions: Original, Appellate settlement of disputes, enforcement of Fundamental Rights, Advisory, Revisory Judicial Review and Court of Record.

3.02 The High Courts

Composition, qualifications of judges, appointment, conditions of service; Powers of the High Court; Jurisdiction and functions; Original, Appellate. settlement of disputes; enforcement of Fundamental Rights, Writs, Advisory, Revisory, Judicial Review, Court of Record.

3.03 Subordinate Courts

Distinction between Court of the District Judge and Sessions Court. Lok Adalats: meaning and advantages.

4 The Indian National Movement (1857 – 1917)
4.01 The First War of Independence, 1857

Only the causes (political, socio-religious, economic and military) and consequences will be tested. The events, however need to be mentioned in order to maintain continuity and for a more comprehensive understanding.

4.02 Factors Promoting Growth of Nationalism, Foundation of the Indian National Congress

Factors promoting the growth of Nationalism – economic exploitation, repressive colonial policies, socioreligious reform movements (brief mention of contribution of Raja Rammohan Roy and Jyotiba Phule), rediscovery of India’s past, influence of western education, role of the Press.

Foundation of the Indian National Congress - the Indian National Association (Surendranath Banerjee) and the East India Association (Dadabhai Naoroji) as precursors. Immediate objectives of the Indian National Congress - the first two sessions and their Presidents should be mentioned.

4.03 First Phase of the Indian National Movement (1885-1907), Second Phase of the Indian National Movement (1905-1916)

First Phase of the Indian National Movement (1885-1907) - objectives and methods of struggle of the Early Nationalists. Any two contributions of Dadabhai Naoroji, Surendranath Banerjee and Gopal Krishna Gokhale.

Second Phase of the Indian National Movement (1905-1916) - Brief mention of the causes of the Partition of Bengal and its perspective by the Nationalists. Brief mention of Surat Split of 1907; objectives and methods of struggle of the Radicals. Any two contributions of Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal and Lala Lajpat Rai. The Muslim League; Factors leading to the formation of the Muslim League and its objectives. Brief mention of the significance of the Lucknow Pact - 1916.

5 Mass Phase of the National Movement - (1915-1947)
5.01 Mahatma Gandhi:- Non-cooperation Movement

causes (Khilafat Movement, Rowlatt Act, Jallianwala Bagh tragedy), programme and suspension – Chauri Chaura incident, and impact of the Movement; the Civil Disobedience Movement causes (Reaction to the Simon Commission, Declaration of Poorna Swaraj at the Lahore Session of 1929), Dandi March, programme and impact of the Movement, Gandhi-Irwin Pact and the Second Round Table Conference; the Quit India Movement causes (failure of Cripps Mission, Japanese threat), Quit India Resolution and the significance of the Movement.

5.02 Forward Bloc (Objectives) and Ina (Objectives and Achievements).
5.03 Independence and Partition of India

Cabinet Mission Plan, (clauses, responses of the Congress and the Muslim League), Mountbatten Plan (clauses and its acceptance) and the Indian Independence Act of 1947(clauses only). 

6 The Contemporary World
6.01 The First World War

Causes (Nationalism and Imperialism, Armament Race, division of Europe and Sarajevo crisis) and Results (Treaty of Versailles, territorial rearrangements, formation of League of Nations).

6.02 Rise of Dictatorships

Causes for the rise of Fascism in Italy and the rise of Nazism in Germany. A comparative study of Mussolini’s Fascist and Hitler’s Nazi ideologies.

6.03 The Second World War

Causes (Dissatisfaction with the Treaty of Versailles, Rise of Fascism and Nazism, Policy of Appeasement, Japanese invasion of China, Failure of League of Nations and Hitler’s invasion of Poland). Brief mention of the attack on Pearl Harbour and bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Consequences (Defeat of Axis Powers, Formation of the United Nations and Cold War).

6.04 United Nations

i) The objectives of the U.N. The composition and functions of the General Assembly, the Security Council and the International Court of Justice.

(ii) Major agencies of the United Nations: UNICEF, WHO and UNESCO - functions only.

6.05 Non Aligned Movement

Brief meaning; factors responsible; objectives; role of Jawaharlal Nehru. Names of the Architects of NAM.

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