Chemistry (English Medium) ICSE Class 10 CISCE Syllabus 2024-25


CISCE ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Syllabus - Free PDF Download

CISCE Syllabus 2024-25 ICSE Class 10 : The CISCE ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Syllabus for the examination year 2024-25 has been released by the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, CISCE. The board will hold the final examination at the end of the year following the annual assessment scheme, which has led to the release of the syllabus. The 2024-25 CISCE ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Board Exam will entirely be based on the most recent syllabus. Therefore, students must thoroughly understand the new CISCE syllabus to prepare for their annual exam properly.

The detailed CISCE ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Syllabus for 2024-25 is below.

Academic year:

CISCE ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Revised Syllabus

CISCE ICSE Class 10 Chemistry and their Unit wise marks distribution

CISCE ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Course Structure 2024-25 With Marking Scheme



CISCE ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Syllabus for Chapter 1: Periodic Table, Periodic Properties and Variations of Properties

  • History of Periodic Table: Early Attempts at the Classification of Elements  
    • Reasons for classification of elements
    • Early Attempts at the Classification of Elements
  • Dobereiner’s Triads  
    • Dobereiner’s Triads
    • Limitations of Dobereiner’s Triads
  • Newland's Law of Octaves  
    • Newlands’ Law of Octaves
    • Limitations of Newlands’ Law of Octaves
  • Mendeleev’s Periodic Table  
    • Mendeleev’s Periodic Table
    • Features of Mendeleev’s Periodic Table
  • The Modern Periodic Table  
    • Modern Periodic Table
    • Salient features of the modern periodic table
    1. Features of Periods
    2. Features of Groups
    3. Position of hydrogen in the periodic table
    4. Position of Rare Gases
  • Periodic Properties  
    • Periodicity
    • Periodicity of elements
    • Cause of periodicity
    • Periodic Properties: Shells (Orbits)  
    • Periodic Properties: Valency  
    • Periodic Properties: Atomic Radius Or Atomic Size  
    • Periodic Properties: Metallic Character  
    • Periodic Properties: Non-metallic Character  
    • Periodic Properties: Ionisation Potential (Ionisation Energy)  
    • Periodic Properties: Electron Affinity  
    • Periodic Properties: Electronegativity  
  • Atomic Number (Z), Mass Number (A), and Number of Neutrons (n)  
    • Atomic number or Nuclear charge
    • Nucleons
    • Mass number
    • Relationship between atomic number and mass number
    • Representation of element
    • Number of Neutrons (n)
  • Atomic Mass  
    • Atomic mass
    • Gram atomic mass
    • Average atomic mass
  • Study of Specific Groups in Periodic Table  
    • Group I (Alkali Metals)  
    • Group VIIA Or Group 17 (The Halogens)  

CISCE ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Syllabus for Chapter 2: Chemical Bonding

  • Chemical Bond  
    • Bond
    • Chemical bond
    • Kossel – Lewis approach to chemical bonds
    • Lewis dot structure
  • Types of Chemical Bond  
  • Electrovalent (or Ionic) Bond  
    • Ionic Bond
    • Electrovalent Bond
    • Electronegativity and Ionic Bonding
    • Ionic Bond Properties
    • Characteristics of Ionic compounds
    • Examples of Ionic Bonds
  • Formation of an Electrovalent (or Ionic) Bond  
    • Conditions for the formation of an electrovalent (or ionic) bond
    • Why Are Ionic Compounds Stable?
    • Structures of some electrovalent compounds
    1. Sodium chloride (NaCl) 
    2. Magnesium chloride (MgCl2
    3. Calcium oxide (CaO)
  • The Covalent Bond  
    • Covalent Bond
    • Covalent Bonding can be Achieved in two Ways
    • Covalent Bonding in Carbon Atom
    • Properties of Covalent Bond
    • Polar Covalent Bond
    • Non-polar Covalent Bond
    • Polarization of Covalent Bonds
  • Types of Covalent Bond  
    • Types of Covalent Bond
    1. Single Covalent Bond
    2. Double Covalent Bond
    3. Triple Bond
  • Formation of Covalent Bond  
    • Formation of Covalent Bond:
    1. Hydrogen molecule (Non-polar compound)
    2. Chlorine molecule (Non-polar compound)
    3. Oxygen molecule (non-polar compound)
    4. Nitrogen molecule (Non-polar compound)
    5. Hydrogen chloride (polar compound)
    6. Water molecule (polar compound)
    7. Ammonia molecule (polar compound)
    8. Carbon tetrachloride molecule (Non-polar compound)
    9. Methane molecule (Non-polar compound)
  • Properties and Comparison of Electrovalent and Covalent Compounds  
  • Effect of Electricity on Electrovalent and Covalent Compounds  
  • Coordinate Bond  
    • Coordinate Bond
    • Characteristics of coordinate covalent compounds
  • Formation of Coordinate Bond  
    • Conditions for the formation of coordinate bond
    • Formation of coordinate bond
    1. Formation of H3O+ ion and lone pair effect of oxygen atom
    2. Formation of Ammonium ion (NH4+) and Lone Pair Effect of Nitrogen Atom
    3. Formation of hydroxyl ion (OH-)

CISCE ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Syllabus for Chapter 3: Study of Acids, Bases and Salts

  • Acids  
    • Acids
    • Examples of acids
  • Classification of Acids  
    • Classification of Acids
    1. Depending on their sources
      (a) Organic acids
      (b) Inorganic acids (mineral acids)
    2. Depending on their basicity
      (a) Monobasic acids
      (b) Dibasic acids
      (c) Tribasic acids
  • Preparation of Acids  
    • Preparation of Acids
    1. By synthesis
    2. By the action of water on non-metallic or acidic oxides
    3. By the oxidation of non-metals
    4. By displacement
  • Properties of Acids  
    • Properties of Acids
    • Physical properties of Acids
    1. Taste
    2. Physical state
    3. Effect on skin
    4. Colours of indicators
    • Chemical properties of Acids
    1. Reaction with active metals
    2. Reaction with bases - Neutralisation
    3. Decomposition of hydrogen carbonates and carbonates
    4. Decomposition of sulphites and bisulphites
    5. Decomposition of sulphides
    6. Reaction with chlorides and nitrates
    7. Reaction with metal oxide
  • Uses of Acids  
  • Bases (Alkalis)  
    • Bases (Alkalis)
    • Basic oxide
    • Basic hydroxide
  • Classification of Bases (Alkalis)  
    • Classification of Bases (alkalis)
    1. Based on Ionisation
      (a) A strong alkali
      (b) A weak alkali
    2. On the basis of their basicity
      (a) Monoacidic base
      (b) Diacidic base
      (c) Triacidic base
    3. Based on concentration
      (a) Concentrated Alkali
      (b) Dilute Alkali
  • Preparation of Bases  
    • Preparation of Bases
    1. From metals
    2. By the action of water on reactive metals
    3. By the action of water on soluble metallic oxides
    4. By double decomposition
    5. By the action of oxygen on metal sulphides
    6. By decomposition of salts
  • Properties of Bases (Alkalis)  
    • Properties of Bases (Alkalis)
    • Physical properties of Bases (Alkalis)
    • Chemical properties of Bases (Alkalis)
    1. Reaction with metals
    2. Reaction with non-metal oxides
    3. Reaction with ammonium salts
  • Uses of Bases  
  • Test for Acidity and Alkalinity  
    • Tests for Acids and Bases
    1. Test with a litmus paper
    2. Test with an indicator Phenolphthalein
    3. Test with an indicator Methyl orange
  • Strength of Acidic or Basic Solutions  
    • pH Scale
    • Importance of pH in Everyday Life
  • Salts  
    • Salts
    • Family of Salts
    • pH of Salts
  • Classification of Salts  
    • Classification of Salts
    1. Normal Salts
    2. Acid Salts
    3. Basic Salts
    4. Double Salts
    5. Mixed salts
    6. Complex salts
  • Methods of Preparation of Soluble Salts  
    • Methods of preparation of soluble salts
    1. Direct combination
    2. Simple Displacement
    3. Decomposition
    4. Neutralization
  • Preparation of Insoluble Salts  
    • Preparation of Insoluble Salts
    1. By the direct combination
    2. By the combination of an acidic oxide with a basic oxide
    3. By the precipitation reaction
  • Laboratory Preparation of Some Salts  
    • Laboratory Preparation of Iron (III) Chloride  
    • Laboratory Preparation of Zinc Sulphate Crystals from Zinc and Sulphuric Acid  
    • Laboratory Preparation of Lead Chloride and Calcium Carbonate  
    • Laboratory Preparation of an Acid Salt Sodium Bicarbonate  
    • Neutralisation  
    • Laboratory Preparation of Copper (II) Sulphate (Or Blue Vitriol)  
    • Laboratory Preparation of Sodium Sulphate Crystals  
  • Properties of Salts  

CISCE ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Syllabus for Chapter 4: Analytical Chemistry

  • Analytical Chemistry  
  • Colours of the Salts and Their Solutions  
  • Action of Sodium Hydroxide Solution on Certain Metallic Salt Solutions  
  • Action of Ammonium Hydroxide on Certain Salt Solutions  
  • Action of Alkalis on Certain Metals  
  • Action of Alkalis on Metal Oxides  

CISCE ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Syllabus for Chapter 5: Mole Concept and Stoichiometry

  • The Gas Laws  
    • The Gas Laws
    • Standard variables for gas laws
    1. The volume (V)
    2. The pressure (P)
    3. The temperature (T)
  • Fundamental Laws of Gases  
    • Pressure and Volume Relationship or Bolye's Law  
      • Boyle's law
      • Mathematical expression of Boyle's law
      • Graphical verification of Boyle's law
      • Explanation of Boyle's law in terms of molecular motion (kinetic theory).
      • Significance of Boyle's Law
      • Experiment of Pressure and Volume relationship in gases
    • Temperature - Volume Relationship or Charles's Law  
      • Charle's Law
      • Mathematical expression of Charles's Law
      • Graphical representation of Charle's law
      • Significance of Charle's Law
    • Gay Lussac’s Law of Combining Volumes  
      • Gay-Lussac’s law
      • Numericals based on Gay-Lussac's Law
    • Avogadro’s Law  
      • Avogadro’s law
      • Avogadro's Law explains Gay-Lussac's Law
      • Avogadro's Law predicts the atomicity of gases
      • Avogadro's law helps to determine the molecular formula of a gaseous compound
      • Examples based on Avogadro's Law
      • Avogadro Hypothesis
  • Gas Equation  
  • Standard Temperature Pressure (S.T.P.)  
  • Absolute Zero  
  • Atomic Mass  
    • Atomic mass
    • Gram atomic mass
    • Average atomic mass
  • Molecular Mass  
    • Molecular mass
    • Characteristics of molecular mass
    • Gram molecular mass
  • Mole Concept  
  • Relationship Between Vapour Density and Relative Molecular Mass  
    • Relative molecular mass (Hydrogen scale)
    • Vapour Density
  • Percentage Composition, Empirical and Molecular Formula  
    • Percentage composition
    • Chemical formula
      1) Empirical formula
      2) Molecular formula
    • Steps involved in determining the empirical formula
    • Steps for determination of the molecular formula of a compound
  • Empirical Formula of a Compound  
  • Determination of Empirical Formula  
  • Determination of Molecular Formula  
  • Chemical Equation  
    • Chemical Equation
    • Need for Chemical equation
    • Limitation of Chemical equation
  • Balancing Chemical Equation  
    • Steps in writing the skeleton equation
    • Balancing chemical equation
    • Information conveyed by a balanced chemical equation
    • A chemical equation can be made more informative by writing the additional information. 
  • Numerical Problems of Chemical Equation  
    • Problems based on reacting weights
    • Problems based on the mass-volume relationship

CISCE ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Syllabus for Chapter 6: Electrolysis

  • Electrolysis  
    • Electrolysis
    • Characteristics of  Electrolysis
      1. Electrolytic dissociation
      2. Ionisation
    • Comparison of Ionisation and dissociation
  • Electrolytes  
  • Nonelectrolyte  
  • Electrochemical Cells  
    • Electrochemical reactions
    • Electrodes
    • Types of electrochemical cells
    1. Galvanic cell
    2. Electrolytic cells
  • Electrodes  
    • Electrodes
    • Types of electrodes
    1. Metal-metal ions electrode
    2. Metal-sparingly soluble salt electrode
    3. Gas electrode (non metal-non metal ion electrode)
    4. Redox electrode
  • Oxidation, Reduction and Redox Reactions  
    • Oxidation
    • Reduction
    • Redox Reactions
    • Oxidising agents and Reducing agents
    • Oxidation reactions in daily life
    • Oxidation number
  • Arrhenius Theory of Electrolytic Dissociation  
  • Electrochemical Series  
  • Preferential Or Selective Discharge of Ions at Electrodes  
  • Examples of Electrolysis  
    • Electrolysis of Molten Lead Bromid  
    • Electrolysis of Acidified Water Using Platinum Electrodes  
    • Electrolysis of Copper Sulphate Solution Using Platinum Anode and Copper Or Platinum Cathode  
    • Electrolysis of Aqueous Copper Sulphate - Using Copper Electrodes  
  • Applications of Electrolysis  

CISCE ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Syllabus for Chapter 7: Metallurgy

  • Types of Elements: Metals  
    • Metals
    • Occurrence of metal
    • Uses of Metals
  • Types of Elements: Non-metal  
    • Non-metals
    • Occurrence of non-metal
    • Uses of Non-metals
  • Mineral Resources  
    • Minerals
    • Formation of minerals
  • Ores  
    • Ores
    • Types of ore
    • Importance of ores
  • Metallurgy  
    • Metallurgy
      1) Pyrometallurgy
      2) Hydrometallurgy
      3) Electrometallurgy
    • Basic principles of metallurgy
    • Terminology in metallurgy
    • Metallurgical process involve three main steps
  • Extraction of Metals  
    • Extraction of Metals
    • Enrichment of ores
    • Extracting Metals Low in Reactivity Series
    • Extracting Metals in the Middle of Reactivity Series
    • Extraction of Metals Towards the Top of the Reactivity Series
  • Types of Separation or Concentration of an Ore  
    • Pulverization
    • Concentration of an ore
    • Types of separation or concentration of an ore
    1. Hydraulic (gravity separation) method or Levigation method
    2. Magnetic separation method
    3. Froth floatation
    4. Chemical method or Leaching
    5. Wilfley table method
  • Conversion of Concentrated Ore to Its Oxide  
    • Conversion of concentrated ore to its oxide
    1. Roasting
    2. Calcination
    • Comparison of Roasting and Calcination
  • Reactivity Series of Metals  
  • Reduction of Metal Oxides to Metals  
  • Refining of Metals  
    • Refining of Metals
    1. Distillation
    2. Liquation
    3. Electro refining
    • Electrolytic Refining
  • Corrosion of Metals and Its Prevention  
  • Metallurgy of Aluminium  
    • Aluminium
    • Physical Properties of Aluminium
    • Chemical Properties of Aluminium
    • Uses of Aluminium
  • Extraction of Aluminium  
    • Concentration of bauxite ore (Bayer's process)
    • Electrolytic reduction of alumina (Hall-Heroult's process)
  • Refining of Aluminium  
    • Hoope's electrolytic process
  • Alloys  
    • Alloys
    • Alloys as solid solutions
    • Amalgam
    • Dental amalgam
    • Types of Alloys
    • Advantages of alloys
  • Making Alloys  
    • Purpose of making alloys
    • Reasons for alloying
    • Method of making alloys
  • Some Common Alloys  
    • Aluminium: Composition, Properties, and Uses of aluminium
    • Iron: Composition, Properties, and Uses of Iron
    • Zinc and Copper: Composition, Properties, and Uses of Zinc and Copper
    • Lead: Composition, Properties, and Uses of Lead

CISCE ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Syllabus for Chapter 8: Study of Compounds

8.1 Hydrogen Chloride
  • Hydrogen Chloride  
    • Hydrogen chloride
    • Structure of Hydrogen chloride
    • Molecular formula of Hydrogen chloride
    • Molecular mass of Hydrogen chloride
    • Occurrence of Hydrogen chloride
  • General Preparation of Hydrogen Chloride Gas  
    1. By synthesis (Direct combination)
    2. By heating metallic chloride with cone. sulphuric acid
  • Laboratory Preparation of Hydrogen Chloride Gas  
    • Preparation of hydrogen chloride gas from common salt.
    • Purification of HCI gas
  • Physical Properties of Hydrogen Chloride Gas  
    • Physical Properties of Hydrogen Chloride Gas
    • Experiment to demonstrate density: To show that HCl gas is heavier than air. 
    • Experiment to demonstrate high solubility: To show that HCl gas is highly soluble. (Fountain Experiment)
  • Chemical Properties of Hydrogen Chloride Gas  
    • Chemical properties of hydrogen chloride gas:
    1. Combustibility
    2. Thermal dissociation
    3. With metals
    4. Reaction with ammonia
  • Hydrochloric Acid  
    • Hydrochloric Acid
    • Importance of Hydrochloric Acid
  • Laboratory Method of Preparation of Hydrochloric Acid  
  • Properties of Hydrochloric Acid  
    • Physical properties of Hydrochloric Acid
    • Chemical properties of Hydrochloric Acid
    1. Nature
    2. Action on metals
    3. Action on oxides and hydroxides
    4. With salts of weaker acids 
    5. Precipitation reaction
  • Uses of Hydrochloric Acid  
    • Uses of Hydrochloric Acid
    1. General uses 
    2. Industrial uses
    3. Medicine
  • Tests for Hydrogen Chloride and Hydrochloric Acid  
8.2 Ammonia
  • Ammonia  
    • Ammonia
    • Occurrence of ammonia
    • Structure of ammonia
    • Molecular formula of ammonia
    • Relative molecular mass of ammonia
    • Forms of ammonia
    1. Gaseous ammonia
    2. Liquid ammonia
    3. Liquor ammonia fortis
    4. Laboratory bench reagent
  • General Methods of Preparation of Ammonia Gas  
    • Preparation of ammonia gas by warming an ammonium salt with a caustic alkali, such as slaked lime or caustic soda, or caustic potash.
  • Laboratory Preparation of Ammonia Gas  
    • Preparation of ammonia from ammonium chloride and calcium hydroxide.
    • Preparation of ammonia from magnesium nitride.
  • Preparation of Aqueous Ammonia  
  • Manufacture of Ammonia (Haber's Process)  
  • Physical Properties of Ammonia  
    • Physical Properties of Ammonia
    • Fountain experiment: To demonstrate the high solubility of ammonia gas in water.
  • Chemical Properties of Ammonia  
    • Chemical Properties of Ammonia
    1. Thermal dissociation
    2. Basic properties
    3. Burning of ammonia in oxygen
    4. Catalytic oxidation of ammonia
    5. Ammonia as a reducing agent
      (i) Reduction of metallic oxides
      (ii) Reduction of chlorine to hydrogen chloride
    6. Reaction with acids
    7. Reaction of aqueous solution of ammonia with soluble metal salts
  • Tests for Ammonia Gas and Ammonium Ion  
  • Uses of Ammonia  
8.3 Nitric Acid
  • Nitric Acid  
    • Nitric acid
    • Molecular formula of Nitric acid
    • Relative molecular mass
    • Nitric acid structure
    • Formation of nitric acid in atmosphere
  • Laboratory Preparation of Nitric Acid  
  • Manufacture of Nitric Acid  
    • Manufacture of Nitric Acid
    1. Catalytic oxidation of ammonia
    2. Oxidation of nitric oxide in an oxidation chamber
    3. Absorption of nitrogen dioxide in water
    • Concentration of nitric acid
  • Physical Properties of Nitric Acid  
  • Chemical Properties of Nitric Acid  
  • Uses of Nitric Acid  
  • Tests for Nitric Acid and Nitrates  
  • Effects of Heat on Nitrates  
8.4 Sulphuric Acid
  • Sulphuric Acid  
    • Sulphuric Acid
    • Molecular formula of sulphuric acid
    • Relative molecular mass of sulphuric acid
    • Structure of sulphuric acid
  • Preparation of Sulphuric Acid  
    • Preparation of Sulphuric Acid
    1. By oxidation of an aqueous solution of sulphur dioxide with oxygen, chlorine, or bromine.
    2. Sulphur with cone. nitric acid
  • Manufacture of Sulphuric Acid (Constant Process)  
  • Physical Properties of Sulphuric Acid  
  • Chemical Properties of Sulphuric Acid  
    • Chemical Properties of Sulphuric Acid
    1. Properties of dilute sulphuric acid
    2. Properties of concentrated sulphuric acid
  • Uses of Sulphuric Acid  
  • Tests for Sulphuric Acid and Sulphates  

CISCE ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Syllabus for Chapter 9: Organic Chemistry

  • Carbon: a Versatile Element  
    • Carbon
    • Versatile nature of Carbon
    • Occurrence of carbon
  • Classification of Compounds of Carbon  
    • Organic Compounds of Carbon
    • Inorganic Compounds of Carbon
    • Comparison between organic and inorganic compounds
  • Organic Compounds  
    • Organic compound
    • Sources of organic compounds
    • Characteristics of Organic compound
    • Types of organic Compound
  • Special Features of Carbon  
    • Catenation
    • Tetravalency
    • Multiple Bonds
    • Isomerism
    • Allotropy
    1. Crystalline forms of Carbon
    2. Non-crystalline / Amorphous forms
  • Organic Compounds in Daily Life  
  • Hydrocarbons  
    • Hydrocarbons
    • Characteristics of Hydrocarbons
    • Classification of Hydrocarbon
  • Classification of Organic Compounds Based on the Pattern of Carbon Chain  
    • Acyclic or Open chain compounds
    1. Saturated
    2. Unsaturated
    • Cyclic Compounds
    1. Alicyclic compounds
    2. Aromatic compounds
  • Classification of Organic Compound Based on the Kind of Atoms  
    • Hydrocarbons
    1. Alkanes
    2. Alkenes
    3. Alkynes
    • Chemical Tests to distinguish between Alkanes, Alkenes, and Alkynes
  • Homologous Series of Carbon Compound  
    • Homologous series
    • Characteristics of homologous series
    • Significance of the homologous series
  • Nomenclature of Organic Compounds (IUPAC)  
    • Why do we need nomenclature?
    • Components of an IUPAC name
    • IUPAC rules for naming organic compounds
  • IUPAC Nomenclature of Hydrocarbons  
  • IUPAC Nomenclature of other classes  
  • Alkyl Group  
  • Functional Groups in Carbon Compounds  
    • Functional Groups in Carbon Compounds
    • Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups
  • Isomers  
    • Isomers
    • Types of isomerism
    1. Structural Isomerism 
      (a) Chain Isomerism
      (b) Position isomerism
      (c) Functional isomerism 
      (d) Metamerism
    2. Stereo isomerism or space isomerism (Geometrical isomerism)
  • Hydrocarbons: Alkanes  
    • Alkenes
    • Occurrence
    • Isomers in alkenes
  • Methane  
    • Methane
    • Occurrence of Methane
    • Structure of methane
    • Physical Properties of methane
    • Chemical Properties of methane
    • Uses of Methane
  • Laboratory Preparation of Methane  
  • Ethane  
    • Ethane
    • Occurrence of Ethane
    • Physical Properties of Ethane
    • Chemical Properties of Ethane
    • Uses of Ethane
  • Laboratory Preparation of Ethane  
  • Hydrocarbons: Alkenes  
    • Alkenes
    • Occurrence
    • Isomers in alkenes
  • Ethene (Ethylene)  
    • Ethene (Ethylene)
    • Structure of Ethene (Ethylene)
    • Physical Properties of Ethene (Ethylene)
    • Chemical Properties of Ethene (Ethylene)
    • Uses of Ethene
  • Preparation of Ethene (Ethylene)  
  • Hydrocarbons: Alkynes  
    • Alkynes
    • Sources of alkynes
    • Isomers of alkynes
  • Ethyne  
    • Ethyne
    • Structure of ethyne
    • Physical properties of ethyne
    • Chemical Properties of ethyne
    • Uses of ethyne
  • Laboratory Preparation of Ethyne  
  • Alcohol  
    • Alcohols
    • Homologous series of alcohols
  • Ethanol  
    • Ethanol
    • Manufacture of ethanol
    • Physical properties of ethanol
    • Chemical Properties of ethanol
    • Uses of ethyl alcohol
    • Important uses of Ethanol
  • Laboratory Preparation of Ethanol  
  • Carboxylic Acids  
  • Ethanoic Acid  
    • Ethanoic Acid (Acetic acid)
    • Manufacture of ethanoic acid
    • Physical Properties of ethanoic acid
    • Chemical Properties of ethanoic acid
    • Uses of ethanoic acid

CISCE ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Syllabus for Chapter 10: Practical Work

  • Laboratory Preparation of Hydrogen  
  • Laboratory Preparation of Oxygen  
  • Laboratory Preparation of Carbon Dioxide  
  • Laboratory Preparation of Chlorine  
  • Laboratory Preparation of Hydrogen Chloride Gas  
    • Preparation of hydrogen chloride gas from common salt.
    • Purification of HCI gas
  • Laboratory Preparation of Sulphur Dioxide  
  • Laboratory Preparation of Hydrogen Sulphide  
  • Laboratory Preparation of Ammonia Gas  
    • Preparation of ammonia from ammonium chloride and calcium hydroxide.
    • Preparation of ammonia from magnesium nitride.
  • Laboratory Preparation of Water Vapour  
  • Laboratory Preparation of Nitrogen Dioxide  
  • Action of Heat on a Given Substance  
    • Action of heat on Copper carbonate (Green solid)
    • Action of heat on Zinc carbonate (White solid)
    • Action of heat on Washing soda (White crystals)
    • Action of heat on Copper sulphate (Blue crystals)
    • Action of heat on Zinc nitrate (White solid)
    • Action of heat on Copper nitrate (Green solid)
    • Action of heat on Lead nitrate (White solid)
    • Action of heat on Ammonium chloride (White solid)
    • Action of heat on Iodine Violet solid
    • Action of heat on Ammonium dichromate (Orange solid)
  • Action of Dilute Sulphuric Acid on a Given Substance  
    • The action of dilute sulphuric acid on magnesium.
    • The action of dilute sulphuric acid on Zinc.
    • The action of dilute sulphuric acid on Sodium carbonate
    • The action of dilute sulphuric acid on Sodium bicarbonate.
    • The action of dilute sulphuric acid on Iron(II) sulfide
    • The action of dilute sulphuric acid on sodium sulfate
    • The action of dilute sulphuric acid on Potassium sulfite
  • Dry Test  
    • Recognition of Substances by Colour  
    • Recognition of Substances by Odour  
    • Recognition of Substances by Physical State  
      • Table of solubility of salts and bases in water
    • Recognition of Substances by Action of Heat  
      • Identification of solids by the action of heat:
      • Ammonium salt 
      • PbO2, Pb3O4, HgO, KNO3, NaNO3
      • Carbonate and bicarbonate (except K2CO3 and Na2CO3
      • Hydrated salt
      • Sulphite or sulphate
      • Lead compounds decompose to give lead monoxide; PbO
      • Zinc compounds decompose on heating to give zinc oxide 
      • Copper compound decomposes to give black copper oxide CuO.
      • Some naturally occurring acids:
      • Acetic acid
      • Citric acid
      • Butyric acid 
      • Hydrochloric acid
      • Formic acid
      • Lactic acid
      • Malic acid
      • Oleic acid
      • Stearic acid
      • Tartaric acid
      • Uric acid
    • Flame Test  
  • Strength of Acidic or Basic Solutions  
    • pH Scale
    • Importance of pH in Everyday Life
  • Indicators  
  • Identification of Ions  
    • Identification of Cations  
      • Identification of cations by the action of alkalies
    • Identification of Anions  
      • Identification of anions by adding dilute sulphuric acid
      • Identification of anions by adding concentrated sulphuric acid
      • Test for sulphate ion
      • General Identification of Anions
  • Distinction Between Colourless Solutions of Dilute Acids and Alkalis  
  • Distinguish Between Black Copper Oxide and Black Manganese Dioxide  

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