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History and Civics Class 8 ICSE CISCE Topics and Syllabus

Academic year:

Units and Topics

1 History -
2 Civics -
 Total -


1 History
1.1 A Period of Transition

The period of transition – basic understanding

  • Sources – Primary and Secondary

The transition from Medieval to Modern Age

  • (a brief mention of Renaissance, Reformation, Voyages, discoveries)

The Industrial Revolution

  • meaning and reasons why it began in England, major inventions, Impacts of the Industrial Revolution


  • Its meaning, cause, and impacts with special reference to South Asian Countries
1.2 The Growth of Nationalism

The French Revolution – causes the outbreak, impact, the post-revolution period, Napoleon Bonaparte (the brief study of the revolution)

The American War of independence - colonies, causes, beginning, the birth of the United States of America.

American Civil War - background, causes, beginnings, the role of Abraham Lincoln and the Gettysburg Address

1.3 India in the 18th Century

The decline of the Mughal Empire – (Major factors/causes)

Rise of independent/regional kingdoms- Hyderabad, Awadh, Bengal, Rajputs, Sikhs, Mysore, Marathas (brief)

1.4 Traders to Rulers

The advent of the English East India Company- a brief mention

Conquest of Bengal- Battle of Plassey, Buxar - causes and results

Dual Government - Drawbacks of Dual government

The policy of British Expansion (meaning and examples) – The doctrine of lapse, Subsidiary Alliance, Annexation of Awadh (pretext).

1.5 British Policies and Impacts

Economic policy

  • Land Revenue System (Permanent Settlement, Mahalwari, Ryotwari), highlight Permanent Settlement only,

The exploitation of artisans and weavers

The drain of wealth

Introduction of Modern Education

Wood’s Despatch (What was Wood’s despatch and its effects)

1.6 The Great Uprising of 1857

The Great Uprising of 1857> Reasons – political, socio-religious, economic, military

The Great Uprising of 1857> Immediate causes

The Great Uprising of 1857> Leaders and Spread of the uprising

The Great Uprising of 1857> Consequences

The Great Uprising of 1857> Nature of uprising

1.7 Socio-religious Reforms
  • Contribution of Social Reformers 
    • Raja Ram Mohan Roy
    • Ishwar Chand Vidyasagar
    • Dayanand Saraswati
    • Swami Vivekanand
    • JyotibaPhule
    • Annie Beasant
    • Veerasalingam
    • Kandukuri
    • Sree Narayana Guru
    • Sir Syed Ahmad Khan
    • Singh Sabhas

Contribution of Social Reformers

  • Raja Ram Mohan Roy
  • Ishwar Chand Vidyasagar
  • Dayanand Saraswati
  • Swami Vivekanand
  • JyotibaPhule
  • Annie Beasant
  • Veerasalingam
  • Kandukuri
  • Sree Narayana Guru
  • Sir Syed Ahmad Khan
  • Singh Sabhas 
1.8 India's Struggle for Freedom

India’s Struggle for Freedom

> Rise of nationalism

  • factors- economic exploitation,
  • spread of western education,
  • role of the Press,
  • repressive policy of Lord Lytton (to be covered briefly)

> Early political associations

  • The Indian National Congress (formation and objectives),
  • The Moderates- leaders,
  • methods,
  • demands Partition of Bengal- only the Anti-Partition Movement-Swadeshi and Boycott to be covered briefly,
  • Surat split- a brief understanding

> Home Rule Movement

  • leaders and objectives,
  • Lucknow Pact (1916)- as Unity Pact (a brief understanding).

> Gandhian Era (1917 – 1947)

> Early campaigns

  • kheda
  • Champaran
  • Ahmedabad 

> Mass Movements

  • Non-cooperation (causes, withdrawal, impact),
  • Rowlatt Act,
  • Jallianwala,
  • Khilafat (ChauriChaura)

> Civil Disobedience Movement

  • (causes)
  • Simon Commission,
  • Lahore Session Quit India-Forward Bloc and INA (objectives only)
  • Independence and partition – Cabinet Mission Plan, Mountbatten plan, Indian Independence Act (only clauses).
2 Civics
2.1 The Three Main Organs of the Indian Government: Legislature, Executive, Judiciary

Indian Government: Legislature

  • – Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, composition, term, election, qualifications, Presidency officer. Powers and functions of the Union Parliament

Indian Government: Executive

  • – The President, The Vice-President, Prime Minister and Council of Ministers- qualifications,
    election (method not procedure) powers and functions

Indian Government: The Judiciary

> The Supreme Court and High Court

  • Composition, qualifications of judges, appointment

> Jurisdiction and functions

  • Original, Appellate, Revisory, Judicial Review, Court of Record, Writs, what are Writs-few examples
2.2 United Nations

United Nations: Aims and Principles

United Nations: General Assembly

United Nations: Security Council

United Nations: International Court of Justice

  • Composition and functions.

United Nations: Agencies

  • WHO
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