Units and Topics
- Swadeshi Movement and Boycott Movement
- Partition of Bengal and Anti-partition Movement
- Revolutionary Nationalism
- Partition of Bengal and anti-Partition Movement, leading to the Swadeshi and Boycott Movement: causes, features and impact which should include the aggravation of the Moderate-Extremist clash, and the foundation of the Muslim League. The assessment of the movement should include the positive and negative features.
- The growth of revolutionary activities should explain what led to the development and concentrate on some well-known organizations: Abhinav Bharat, Yugantar, Anushilan Samiti.
- Development of the Means of Transport and Communication
- Disruption of Traditional Economy - British Revenue Policy
- Disruption of Traditional Economy - Poverty and Famines
- Disruption of Traditional Economy - Revenue Policy
- Development of Modern Industries
- Colonial Forest Policy
- Colonial Forest Policy - Impact on Local Communities
Development of the means of transport and communication
- Transportation: a brief look at the development of the railways – other means can simply be mentioned
Disruption of traditional economy: British revenue policy: impact on peasants and artisans; poverty and famines.
- A general account of the impact of the British rule on peasants and artisans. Revenue policy: the Permanent Settlement and Ryotwari Settlement should be done in some detail
Development of modern industries.
- An account of the growth of large scale machine based industries in western India, its economic impact
Colonial Forest Policy - impact on local communities
- The Forest Acts of 1865 and 1894 to be studied critically. Political and economic impact of the Colonial Forest Policy on local communities.
- Impact of the Modern Ideas in Europe on Indian Administrators
- Reform Movements - Brahmo Samaj Movement
- Reform Movements - Arya Samaj Movement
- Reform Movements - Aligarh Movement
- Struggle Against Caste
- Jyotirao Phule
- Narayan Guru
- The Women’s Question
Impact of the modern ideas in Europe on Indian administrators.
- The characteristics of modern thought (liberalism, utilitarianism) to be very briefly explained as a background to British policy.
Reform Movements – Brahmo Samaj, Arya Samaj, Aligarh Movement
- A critical look at each of the above movements.
Struggle against caste – Jyotirao Phule, Narayan Guru, Veerasalingam
- A brief outline of their contributions
The Women’s Question
- The following Acts to be studied: Abolition of Sati 1829, Widow Remarriage 1856, Female Infanticide Prevention 1870 and Age of Consent 1891. The background and features have to be read critically to evaluate their impact on women.
- Launching of the Passive Resistance Movement by Gandhi
- background of the movement
- main features of the movement
- Agitation Against the Rowlatt Act
- Jalianwala Bagh (1919)
- Khilafat Movement (1919-1922)
- Non-Cooperation Movement (1919-1922)
The launching of the passive resistance movement by Gandhi; background and main features of the movement.
- A general background of the development of Gandhian ideas of non-violence and satyagraha in South Africa. Brief summaries of the three localised satyagrahas: Champaran, Ahmedabad, and Kheda district
Agitation against the Rowlatt Act, Jalianwala Bagh (1919), Khilafat and Non-Cooperation Movement (1919-1922).
- The reasons behind the Rowlatt Act and its main terms to be studied in brief. A general account of the satyagraha against the Act, leading to Jalianwala Bagh and the aftermath
- The launching of the Khilafat and the Non-Cooperation Movements; why Gandhi decided to support Khilafat. There should be a connected chronological account of the movement and its suspension after Chauri Chaura.
- Simon Commission
- Boycott - Simon Commission
- Demand for Dominion Status by 1929
- Lahore Session and Declaration of 'Poorna Swaraj' as the Congress Objective
- Civil Disobedience Movement (1930-1934
- general account of the development of the Movement
- different strands within the Movement
- Main Features of the Gandhi-irwin Pact
- The 1st and 2nd Round Table Conferences
- The Resumption of the Movement (Civil Disobedience Movement)
- Poona Pact
- in the context of the Communal Award
- its boycott and the demand for Dominion Status by 1929; Lahore session and declaration of 'Poorna Swaraj' as the Congress objective.
- The reasons for sending the Commission in 1927 as well as its boycott should be briefly explained. A general account of the agitation against the Commission as well as a very brief account of the Nehru Report. The Lahore Session should be set against the expiry of the deadline by the Congress; the main points of the Poorna Swaraj Resolution.
Civil Disobedience Movement (1930-1934)
- A general account of the development of the Movement and different strands within the Movement; main features of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact. The 1st and 2nd Round Table Conferences can be put very briefly in context. The resumption of the Movement, the Poona Pact (in the context of the Communal Award) should be touched upon
- Urbanisation, Growth of Working Class
- Workers’ Movements
- Growth of Women’s Struggles for Rights - Suffragette Movement
- Urbanisation, growth of working class: Workers’ movements.
- Trade Union and Socialist Movements in Germany.
2. Growth of Women’s struggles for rights: Suffragette Movement
- Focus on Britain and WPSU: an account of demand for women’s right to vote until the election of 1919.
- Causes of World War I
- Events Leading to World War I
- Major Changes in Warfare and Strategy (World War I)
- Peace Settlements (World War I)
- Introduction of New Technologies and Strategies (World War I)
- An outline of the main long term causes: alliances, imperial rivalry, arms race, nationalism; short term causes: events from 1908 to 1914: the Moroccan crisis, the annexation of Bosnia-Herzegovina.
- The main interests of the big powers in the Balkans should be briefly touched upon, particularly Russia and Austria- Hungary, as well as the growth of Balkan nationalism and the two Balkan Wars; the assassination at Sarajevo and how it developed into a major European War.
- Introduction of new technologies and strategies: trench warfare, use of gas, tanks, air warfare and submarines with one example for each. Reasons for US’s entry into the War and a brief account of its contribution.
- A brief explanation of the various causes for the defeat of the Central Powers
- Changes in the Map of Europe After the Paris Peace Settlements
- Critical Evaluation of the Impact of the Peace Settlements
- League of Nations – Membership
- Establishment of the Mandates System
- Failure of Collective Security (Manchuria and Abyssinia)
- Changes in the map of Europe after the Paris Peace Settlements; critical evaluation of the impact of the peace settlements.
- League of Nations – membership (absence of major powers); establishment of the mandates system; failure of collective security (Manchuria & Abyssinia)
- Causes Leading to the Wall Street Crash of 1929
- Impact on the Economy of USA, Germany, Britain, France, and Japan
- Causes leading to the Wall Street Crash of 1929 and its impact on the economy of USA, Germany, Britain, France, & Japan
- Bolshevik Revolution of 1917
- March Revolution and Its Results
- Lenin and His Consolidation of the Bolshevik State
- Struggle for Power Between Stalin and Trotsky
- Single Party State Under Stalin - the Collectivisation of Agriculture
- First and the Second Five Year Plans and the Purges of 1937-1938
- The Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 - a brief account of events in 1917: March Revolution and its results; explanation of why the Provisional Government fell from power leading up to the November Revolution
- Lenin and his consolidation of the Bolshevik state
- Struggle for power between Stalin and Trotsky; Single party state under Stalin: the collectivisation of agriculture. The First and the Second Five Year Plans and the purges of 1937-1938.
- Post-war Discontent and the Rise to Power of Benito Mussolini.
- Main Features of Mussolini'S Domestic Policy
Post-War discontent and the rise to power of Benito Mussolini.
Conditions which gave rise to Fascism; a brief chronological account of the events which brought Mussolini to power from the election of 1921 to the march on Rome in October 1922
Main features of Mussolini's domestic policy
- Critical appraisal of Mussolini’s policies particularly his economic policy.
Rise of Hitler to power and factors assisting his rise.
- Weaknesses of the Weimar Republic as a background to the rise of Nazism; events from 1932 onwards leading to Hitler becoming Chancellor of Germany in 1933; the reasons for his popularity among different groups should be explained.
The Nazi State: from 1933 onward.
- Outline of the changes made by Hitler in government, the cultural life and education, army (the Night of the Long Knives), the economy and religious life. Escalation of the campaign against the Jews should be done in some detail, till the "Final Solution". Reasons why his policies were accepted among different groups.
- Reasons for Militarism in the 1930
- Expansion into China
- Events Leading to the Attack on Pearl Harbour
Reasons for militarism in the 1930s; expansion into China. Events leading to the attack on Pearl Harbour
- The political, economic and ideological reasons for the rise of militarism and expansion into China should be explained (emphasis should be laid on the reasons for the attack on Manchuria and a brief account of it). The subsequent developments should be studied chronologically, emphasizing the declaration of a “New Order in East Asia” and the 1937 invasion of China.