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Geography Class 8 ICSE CISCE Topics and Syllabus

Academic year:

Syllabus

1 Representation of Geographical Features

On the basis of Topographical Sheet:

1. Interpret contours on the sheet (height, shape).

2 Identify landforms through contours.

  • Types of slopes (steep, gentle).
  • Hills, Plateaus, Ridges (gap, saddle, col, pass).

3. Settlement patterns:

  • Temporary and permanent
  • Nucleated, dispersed and linear

4. Interpret and analyse the given toposheet.

2 Population Dynamics

Distribution of the population in the world

Overpopulation and under population: meaning with examples of countries from the world. Impact of overpopulation and underpopulation on society.

Factors affecting the population of a place - birth, and death rate, immigration, and emigration.

Composition of the Population – Age and sex, rural and urban; population pyramid.

3 Migration

Migration: Introduction.

Types of migration immigration and emigration
rural-urban and urban. (examples from the world).

Impact of migration on the socio-economic structure of the society (examples from India and the world).

Brain Drain:

  • introduction
  • causes of brain-drain
  • positive and negative impacts of the brain- drain.
4 Urbanisation

Urbanisation – meaning and causes.

Positive and negative impacts of urbanisation

satellite cities.

Concept of Smart Cities (examples from the World).

5 Natural and Man-made Disasters

Natural and manmade disasters: Meaning and examples.

Disaster management and its importance (in general);

  • safety measures to be taken in case of floods, earthquakes, and fire.

Role of the government in disasters and its management

Case Studies:

  • Floods in Assam/Bihar (Causes, effects, impacts on life and environment).
  • Earthquake in Nepal (2014): (Causes, effects, impacts on life and environment).
  • Oil Spills-Coastal areas of the United States: (Causes, effects, impacts on life and environment).
6 Asia: the Largest Continent

Asia: Location and Extent

Parts of Asia

  • East Asia, North Asia, Central Asia, South-East Asia, SouthCentral Asia, Western Asia

Asia Physiography:

  • Northern lowlands
  • Central highlands
  • Plateaus
  • River basins
  • Islands.

Asia: Climate:

  • Factors affecting Climate of Asia
  • Types of Climate:
    Tundra
    Temperate
    Tropical
    Desert
    Equatorial.

Asia: Natural Vegetation and Wildlife

  • Tundra, Taiga, Tropical Deciduous, Thorny, Equatorial
7 India: Geographical Features

India- Its location and extent,

  • its neighbouring countries.

Political divisions of India – States/ UTs and Capitals.

Physiographic Divisions of India –The Himalayas, Northern plains, Peninsular plateau, Thar desert, Coastal regions, Islands.

Conservation of Forest and wildlife in India

  • National parks, biosphere reserve, wildlife sanctuaries.

Climate and Natural vegetation:

  • Factors affecting climate, Monsoon.
  • Types of Natural vegetation: Tropical rain forest, deciduous forest, thorny, Tidal Forest, Montane forest.
8 India: Human Resources

Human resources – meaning.

Distribution of the population in India (rural-urban, geographical distribution, sex ratio).

Role of health and education in developing human resources (to be done briefly)

Skilled and unskilled human resource (meaning and examples only)

  • Impact of skilled human resource on the socio-economic development of the country (examples from India)
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