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Geography Class 7 ICSE CISCE Topics and Syllabus

Academic year:


1 Representation of Geographical Features

Use of colours on Topographical sheets

  • Blue – Waterbody
  • Red – Settlements
  • Yellow – Agriculture
  • Brown – High relief
  • Green – Forests

Use of scales for measurement

  • types of scales (representative fraction, linear scale).

Measuring distance on the map using scales

  • (straight line, curved line).

Conventional signs & symbols

  • (based on topographical sheets of Survey of India).
2 Atmosphere


Composition of the Atmosphere

Structure of the Atmosphere

  • (a brief description of Troposphere, Stratosphere (ozone layer), Thermosphere, Mesosphere, Exosphere).

Green House Effect

  • meaning and causes.

Global warming

  • Introduction
  • Causes of ozone depletion (Greenhouse gases, deforestation, burning of fossil fuels);
  • Impact of global warming (Melting of Ice caps & sea-level rise, changing patterns of distribution of precipitation and temperature, etc.)

Ways to reduce global warming (in general).

3 Weather and Climate

Elements of Weather

  • Temperature
  • Atmospheric pressure
  • Humidity
  • Precipitation (rain, dew, hail, snow)
  • Winds
  • Cloud (different types)

Difference between Weather and Climate

Weather Instruments

  • Thermometer
  • Rain gauge
  • Barometer
  • Hygrometer
  • Anemometer and wind vane (Brief explanation with diagrams)

Isohytes and Isotherms

  • meaning and diagrams only
4 Weathering and Soil Formation

Types of rocks

  • (igneous, metamorphic, sedimentary): formation with examples


  • meaning
  • actors affecting
  • weathering

Types of weathering

  • (mechanical, chemical, biological): brief explanation
  • soil formation as a result of weathering

Soil profile

  • importance of soil conservation
  • methods of soil conservation.
5 Industries


Need for industries in the world.

Types of industries

  • large scale,
  • small scale,
  • cottage industries
  • agro-based industries.

Factors related to the establishment of an industry.

Important industries of the world

  • Iron and Steel
  • Cotton Textile
  • Information Technology
  • Sugar Industry
  • shipbuilding
  • fishing
  • automobile
  • important centers of these industries and their location on the world map.

Pollution due to industries and their prevention.

6 Energy and Power Resources


  • sources of energy
  • renewable and non-renewable energy resources

Renewable Energy Sources

  • Solar Power
  • Hydro-Power
  • Wind Power

Non-renewable Energy Sources

  • coal
  • petroleum

Hydroelectric projects

  • names of the major hydroelectric power projects in India with the names of the river and the state in which they are located. Locating on a map.

Conservation of energy and power resources

7 Study of Continents: Europe, Africa, Australia and Antractica

Europe, Africa, Australia

  • Introduction
  • Location
  • Boundaries
  • Political divisions (countries with capitals)
  • Major Physical Features
  • Locating the above on the world map.

Case Studies

  • Tourism in Switzerland (Europe)
  • Cocoa cultivation in Ghana (Africa)
  • Sheep rearing in Australia (or any other)

Antarctica – the uninhabited continent

  • Location
  • Boundaries
  • Climate
  • Human void zone
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