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Geography Class 7 ICSE CISCE Topics and Syllabus

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CISCE Syllabus For Class 7 Geography: Knowing the Syllabus is very important for the students of Class 7. Shaalaa has also provided a list of topics that every student needs to understand.

The CISCE Class 7 Geography syllabus for the academic year 2023-2024 is based on the Board's guidelines. Students should read the Class 7 Geography Syllabus to learn about the subject's subjects and subtopics.

Students will discover the unit names, chapters under each unit, and subtopics under each chapter in the CISCE Class 7 Geography Syllabus pdf 2023-2024. They will also receive a complete practical syllabus for Class 7 Geography in addition to this.

Academic year:

CISCE Class 7 Geography Revised Syllabus

CISCE Class 7 Geography and their Unit wise marks distribution

CISCE Class 7 Geography Course Structure 2023-2024 With Marking Scheme

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1 Representation of Geographical Features

Use of colours on Topographical sheets

  • Blue – Waterbody
  • Red – Settlements
  • Yellow – Agriculture
  • Brown – High relief
  • Green – Forests

Use of scales for measurement

  • types of scales (representative fraction, linear scale).

Measuring distance on the map using scales

  • (straight line, curved line).

Conventional signs & symbols

  • (based on topographical sheets of Survey of India).
2 Atmosphere


Composition of the Atmosphere

Structure of the Atmosphere

  • (a brief description of Troposphere, Stratosphere (ozone layer), Thermosphere, Mesosphere, Exosphere).

Green House Effect

  • meaning and causes.

Global warming

  • Introduction
  • Causes of ozone depletion (Greenhouse gases, deforestation, burning of fossil fuels);
  • Impact of global warming (Melting of Ice caps & sea-level rise, changing patterns of distribution of precipitation and temperature, etc.)

Ways to reduce global warming (in general).

3 Weather and Climate

Elements of Weather

  • Temperature
  • Atmospheric pressure
  • Humidity
  • Precipitation (rain, dew, hail, snow)
  • Winds
  • Cloud (different types)

Difference between Weather and Climate

Weather Instruments

  • Thermometer
  • Rain gauge
  • Barometer
  • Hygrometer
  • Anemometer and wind vane (Brief explanation with diagrams)

Isohytes and Isotherms

  • meaning and diagrams only
4 Weathering and Soil Formation
  • Rock and it's Types 
  • Weathering 
    • Weathering
    • Types of Weathering
      1) Chemical Weathering
      2) Physical Weathering
      3) Biological Weathering
    • Special Effects of Weathering
    • Significance of Weathering
  • Biological Weathering 
    • Biological weathering
    • Reasons for Biological weathering
  • Chemical Weathering 
    • Chemical weathering
    • Reasons for chemical weathering
      1. Carbonation
      2. Solution
      3. Oxidation
  • Mechanical Weathering 
    • Mechanical weathering
    • Reasons for mechanical weathering
      1. Temperature
      2. Frost
      3. Crystal growth
      4. Release of pressure
      5. Water
  • Soil Profile 

Types of rocks

  • (igneous, metamorphic, sedimentary): formation with examples


  • meaning
  • actors affecting
  • weathering

Types of weathering

  • (mechanical, chemical, biological): brief explanation
  • soil formation as a result of weathering

Soil profile

  • importance of soil conservation
  • methods of soil conservation.
5 Industries


Need for industries in the world.

Types of industries

  • large scale,
  • small scale,
  • cottage industries
  • agro-based industries.

Factors related to the establishment of an industry.

Important industries of the world

  • Iron and Steel
  • Cotton Textile
  • Information Technology
  • Sugar Industry
  • shipbuilding
  • fishing
  • automobile
  • important centers of these industries and their location on the world map.

Pollution due to industries and their prevention.

6 Energy and Power Resources


  • sources of energy
  • renewable and non-renewable energy resources

Renewable Energy Sources

  • Solar Power
  • Hydro-Power
  • Wind Power

Non-renewable Energy Sources

  • coal
  • petroleum

Hydroelectric projects

  • names of the major hydroelectric power projects in India with the names of the river and the state in which they are located. Locating on a map.

Conservation of energy and power resources

7 Study of Continents: Europe, Africa, Australia and Antractica

Europe, Africa, Australia

  • Introduction
  • Location
  • Boundaries
  • Political divisions (countries with capitals)
  • Major Physical Features
  • Locating the above on the world map.

Case Studies

  • Tourism in Switzerland (Europe)
  • Cocoa cultivation in Ghana (Africa)
  • Sheep rearing in Australia (or any other)

Antarctica – the uninhabited continent

  • Location
  • Boundaries
  • Climate
  • Human void zone

Textbook SolutionsVIEW ALL [1]

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