Advertisement Remove all ads

Geography Class 10 ICSE CISCE Topics and Syllabus

Academic year:

Syllabus

1 Interpretation of Topographical Maps
  • Locating features with the help of a four figure or a six figure grid reference
  • Definition of contour and contour interval. Identification of landforms marked by contours (steep slope, gentle slope, hill, valley, ridge / water divide, escarpment), triangulated height, spot height, bench mark, relative height/ depth.
  • Interpretation of colour tints and conventional symbols used on a topographical survey of India map.
  • Identification and definition of types of scale given on the map.
  • Measuring distances and calculating area using the scale given therein.
  • Marking directions between different locations, using eight cardinal points
  • Identify: Site of prominent villages and/or towns, types of land use / land cover and means of communication with the help of the index given at the bottom of the sheet.
  • Identification of drainage (direction of flow and pattern) and settlement patterns
  • Identification of natural and man-made features.
2 Map of India
  • Concept of Outline Map of India 
  • Mountains, Peaks and Plateaus 

    Himalayas, Karakoram, Aravali, Vindhyas, Satpura, Western and Eastern Ghats, Nilgiris, Garo, Khasi, Jaintia, Mount Godwin Austin (K2), Mount Kanchenjunga. Deccan Plateau, Chota Nagpur Plateau.

  • Plains 

    Gangetic Plains and Coastal plains – (Konkan, Kanara, Malabar, Coromandel, Northern Circars).

  • Concept on Deserts 

    Thar (The Great Indian Desert)

  • Rivers 

    Indus, Ravi, Beas, Chenab, Jhelum, Satluj, Ganga, Yamuna, Ghaghra, Gomti, Gandak, Kosi, Chambal, Betwa, Son, Damodar, Brahmaputra, Narmada, Tapti, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Cauveri, Tungabhadra.

  • Water Bodies 

    Gulf of Kutch, Gulf of Khambhat, Gulf of Mannar, Palk Strait, Andaman Sea, Chilka Lake, Wular Lake.

  • Passes 

    Karakoram, Nathu-La Passes.

  • Latitude and Longitudes 

    Tropic of Cancer, Standard Meridian (82° 30’E).

  • Direction of Winds 

    South West Monsoons (Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal Branches), North East Monsoons and Western Disturbances.

  • Distribution of Minerals: 

    Oil - Mumbai High (Offshore Oil Field) and Digboi. Iron – Singhbhum, Coal – Jharia.

  • Soil Distribution 

    Alluvial, Laterite, Black and Red Soil.

  • Cities 

    Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bengaluru, Kochi, Chandigarh, Srinagar, Vishakhapatnam, Allahabad.

  • Population 
    • Population Growth
    • Distribution of Population
    1. Physical Factors
    2. Historical Factors
    3. Economic Factors
    • Density of Population

On an outline map of India, candidates will be required to locate, mark and name the following:

Mountains, Peaks and Plateaus: Himalayas, Karakoram, Aravali, Vindhyas, Satpura, Western and Eastern Ghats, Nilgiris, Garo, Khasi, Jaintia, Mount Godwin Austin (K2), Mount Kanchenjunga. Deccan Plateau, Chota Nagpur Plateau.

Plains: Gangetic Plains and Coastal plains – (Konkan, Kanara, Malabar, Coromandel, Northern Circars).

Desert: Thar (The Great Indian Desert)

Rivers: Indus, Ravi, Beas, Chenab, Jhelum, Satluj, Ganga, Yamuna, Ghaghra, Gomti, Gandak, Kosi, Chambal, Betwa, Son, Damodar, Brahmaputra, Narmada, Tapti, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Cauveri, Tungabhadra.

Water Bodies: Gulf of Kutch, Gulf of Khambhat, Gulf of Mannar, Palk Strait, Andaman Sea, Chilka Lake, Wular Lake.

Passes: Karakoram, Nathu-La Passes.

Latitude and Longitudes: Tropic of Cancer, Standard Meridian (82° 30’E).

Direction of Winds: South West Monsoons (Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal Branches), North East Monsoons and Western Disturbances.

Distribution of Minerals: Oil - Mumbai High (Offshore Oil Field) and Digboi. Iron – Singhbhum, Coal – Jharia.

Soil Distribution – Alluvial, Laterite, Black and Red Soil.

Cities - Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bengaluru, Kochi, Chandigarh, Srinagar, Vishakhapatnam, Allahabad.

Population - Distribution of Population (Dense and sparse).

3 Location, Extent and Physical Features

Position and Extent of India. (through Map only)

The physical features of India – mountains, plateaus, plains and rivers (through Map only)

4 Climate

Distribution of Temperature, Rainfall, winds in Summer and Winter and factors affecting the climate of the area. Monsoon and its mechanism. Seasons –March to May – Summer; June to September – Monsoon; October to November - Retreating Monsoon. December to February – Winter.

5 Soil Resources

Types of soils (alluvial, black, red and laterite), composition and characteristics such as colour, texture, minerals, crops associated.

soil erosion – causes, prevention and need for conservation.

6 Natural Vegetation
  • Importance of forests.
  • Types of vegetation (tropical evergreen, tropical deciduous, tropical desert, littoral and mountain), distribution and correlation with their environment.
  • Forest conservation.
7 Water Resources
  • Sources (Surface water and ground water).
  • Need for conservation and conservation practices (Rain water harvesting and its importance).
  • Irrigation: Importance and methods.
8 Mineral and Energy Resources
  • Iron ore, Manganese, Copper, Bauxite – uses and their distribution
  • Conventional Sources: Coal, Petroleum, Natural gas (distribution, advantages and disadvantages)
  • Hydel power (Bhakra Nangal Dam and Hirakud).
  • Non-conventional Sources: Solar, wind, tidal, geothermal, nuclear and bio-gas (generation and advantages).
9 Agriculture

Indian Agriculture – importance, problems and reforms.

Types of farming in India: subsistence and commercial: shifting, intensive, extensive, plantation and mixed.

Agricultural seasons (rabi, kharif, zayad).

Climatic conditions, soil requirements, methods of cultivation, processing and distribution of the following crops

  • rice, wheat, millets and pulses.
  • sugarcane, oilseeds (groundnut, mustard and soyabean).
  • cotton, jute, tea and coffee.
10 Manufacturing Industries
  • Importance and classification
  • Agro based Industry - Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk)
  • Mineral based Industry – Iron & Steel (TISCO, Bhilai, Rourkela,Vishakhapatnam) Petro Chemical and Electronics.
11 Transport

Importance and Modes – Roadways, Railways, Airways and Waterways – Advantages and disadvantages

12 Waste Management
  • Impact of waste accumulation - spoilage of landscape, pollution, health hazards, effect on terrestrial, aquatic (fresh water and marine) life.
  • Need for waste management.
  • Methods of safe disposal - segregation, dumping and composting.
  • Need and methods for reducing, reusing and recycling waste.
Advertisement Remove all ads

BooksVIEW ALL [1]

Advertisement Remove all ads
Share
Notifications

View all notifications
Login
Create free account


      Forgot password?
View in app×