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Environmental Science Class 10 ICSE CISCE Topics and Syllabus

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CISCE Syllabus For Class 10 Environmental Science: Knowing the Syllabus is very important for the students of Class 10. Shaalaa has also provided a list of topics that every student needs to understand.

The CISCE Class 10 Environmental Science syllabus for the academic year 2021-2022 is based on the Board's guidelines. Students should read the Class 10 Environmental Science Syllabus to learn about the subject's subjects and subtopics.

Students will discover the unit names, chapters under each unit, and subtopics under each chapter in the CISCE Class 10 Environmental Science Syllabus pdf 2021-2022. They will also receive a complete practical syllabus for Class 10 Environmental Science in addition to this.

Academic year:

CISCE Class 10 Environmental Science Revised Syllabus

CISCE Class 10 Environmental Science and their Unit wise marks distribution

CISCE Class 10 Environmental Science Course Structure 2021-2022 With Marking Scheme

C  Controlling Air Pollution 
101  From Domestic Combustion 
102  From Industries 
103  From Vehicles 
CC  Addressing Population 
201  The Link Between Growing Population and Environmental Degradation 
202  The Demographic Transition 
203  Strategies for Controlling Growth of Population 
204  Development Framework for Poverty Alleviation 
CCC  Managing the Urban Environment 
301  Urbanisation - a Challenge to the Future 
302  Planning Environmental Improvement 
303  Rural Development to Counter Migration 
304  Development of Secondary Cities to Counter Migration 
305  Community Participation and Contribution of Private Enterprises 
CD  Managing Soil and Land 
401  Conserving Soil 
402  Land Reforms 
403  Integrated Rural Development 
404  Role of Women and Community in Conservation 
405  Combating Deforestation 
406  Managing Forest Grazing 
407  Alternatives to Timber 
D  Food 
501  Sustainable Agriculture 
502  Problem of Global Food Security, Food Aid 
DC  Biodiversity 
601  Biodiversity at Risk Due to Human Actions 
602  Conserving Our Genetic Resource: In-situ and Ex-situ; Harvesting Wildlife 
603  Conservation Strategies at National and International Levels 
DCC  Energy 
701  Fossil Fuels Used to Produce Electricity 
702  Nuclear Energy 
703  A Sustainable Energy Future 
DCCC  Waste 
801  Solid Waste: the Throwaway Society 
802  Solid Waste: Options for the Future 
CM  Environment and Development 
901  Global Environmental Pollution 
902  Economic Development and Environmental Degradation. 
903  International Trade 
904  Role of Multinational Corporations 
M  Towards a Sustainable Future 
1001  Global Interdependence – Economic and Environmentall 
1002  International Cooperation 
1003  Sustainable Development 
1004  Role of Non-governmental Organisations 
1005  Technology that Sustains 
 Total -
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C Controlling Air Pollution
101 From Domestic Combustion

Reducing pollution from domestic cooking; clean cooking - kerosene as a desirable cooking fuel in rural areas.

102 From Industries

Measures for controlling industrial air pollution - technological measures (energy efficient devices, clean technologies), meteorological controls; zoning strategy; penalties and subsidies; Case Study: the Taj Trapezium.

103 From Vehicles

Vehicle emission control - modify engine design (catalytic converters, four stroke engines), clean fuels, public transport options, traffic management, economic policy measures.

CC Addressing Population
201 The Link Between Growing Population and Environmental Degradation

UN’s population projections for 2050, the climate link, the choice of alternative futures. Growing population in the developing countries and rising consumption in the developed countries.

202 The Demographic Transition

Stages of transition, transition stages of certain developed nations and developing nations (such as India, China, Korea, Malaysia). Not to be tested, for knowledge and understanding only.

203 Strategies for Controlling Growth of Population

Strategies to include family planning and birth control, health care, education, economic development; women-centered human development.

204 Development Framework for Poverty Alleviation

Social mobilisation, agricultural development, small-scale industries, human development. Not to be tested, for knowledge and understanding only.

CCC Managing the Urban Environment
301 Urbanisation - a Challenge to the Future

Sustainable cities: the need of the hour.

302 Planning Environmental Improvement

Efficient land use, planning energy, shelter and transport; water supply management, wastewater and sanitary waste management, construction activities.

303 Rural Development to Counter Migration


304 Development of Secondary Cities to Counter Migration


305 Community Participation and Contribution of Private Enterprises

Community participation in keeping surroundings clean, participation of private enterprises in city improvement, measures to increase private enterprise participation.

CD Managing Soil and Land
401 Conserving Soil

Erosion control techniques - terracing, contour ploughing, dry farming, tree planting, bunds, gullies, wind-breaks, use of organic fertilizers.

Soil conservation techniques - land-use management, vegetative and mechanical practices, conserving soil and water together; appropriate cropping systems – cropping patterns (strip cropping), tree crops, foliage crops. 

402 Land Reforms

Meaning, measures enforced in India to give land to the landless.

403 Integrated Rural Development

Objectives, self-help schemes like social and community forestry.

404 Role of Women and Community in Conservation


405 Combating Deforestation

Reforestation, energy plantations, forest harvesting of non-timber forest products, exploring alternative sources of livelihood, change in consumption patterns.

406 Managing Forest Grazing

Causes and consequences of overgrazing, controlled forest grazing as in National Forest Policy, 1988.

407 Alternatives to Timber

Recycling of timber and paper.

D Food
501 Sustainable Agriculture

Integrated pest management – understanding the term, aims, advantages, disadvantages.

Genetically modified organisms, application in plants and animals and environmental risks.

New crop strains – high yielding varieties and their viability, hybrid varieties.

Mixed cropping – advantages and disadvantages; regenerative farming techniques - intercropping, crop rotation, agro forestry, polyvarietal cultivation and polyculture.

Conservation tillage farming - meaning of conservation tillage, advantages and disadvantages.

Trickle drip irrigation – need for a trickle drip irrigation system; operation of a drip irrigation system; advantages and disadvantages.

New organic fertilizers – integrated nutrient supply programme, organic fertilizers - bulky organic manures, green manures, bio-fertilizers, and sewage sludge.

Gene banks – what are gene banks; objectives of maintaining gene banks.

502 Problem of Global Food Security, Food Aid

Global food imbalance, distributional inequality; role of food aid in achieving global food security.

DC Biodiversity
601 Biodiversity at Risk Due to Human Actions

Reasons for loss of biodiversity; Man - the super consumer: impact of his actions on the earth’s resources; reasons for concern: economic, ecological and aesthetic.

602 Conserving Our Genetic Resource: In-situ and Ex-situ; Harvesting Wildlife

In-situ - wildlife sanctuaries, national parks and biosphere reserves.

Ex-situ – zoological parks, botanical gardens, gene banks in agricultural research centres and forestry institutions.

Harvesting wildlife to meet commercial needs.

603 Conservation Strategies at National and International Levels

Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972, Project Tiger 1973, IUCN, The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, 1971, CITES, The Convention on Biological Diversity.

DCC Energy
701 Fossil Fuels Used to Produce Electricity

Electricity: energy on demand; dwindling supplies of fossil fuels; renewable and nonrenewable energy resources. Not to be tested, for knowledge and understanding only.

702 Nuclear Energy

Nuclear fission, advantages and disadvantages of nuclear energy; safety concerns (the Chernobyl disaster); nuclear fusion.

703 A Sustainable Energy Future

Energy conservation; alternative energy sources - solar energy, wind energy, hydroelectricity, geothermal energy, biomass, liquid fuels from biomass- methanol, ethanol, gasohol, CNG, hydrogen.

DCCC Waste
801 Solid Waste: the Throwaway Society

Solid waste, biodegradable and non-biodegradable materials; where does the trash go - landfills and incinerators.

802 Solid Waste: Options for the Future

Producing less waste, reusing, recycling, composting, vermiculture, biotechnology; finding alternatives to materials we use.

CM Environment and Development
901 Global Environmental Pollution

Who is responsible - developed or developing countries? Need for mutual cooperation.

902 Economic Development and Environmental Degradation.

Role of developed and developing countries; contrasting views of developed and developing countries; debt trap.

903 International Trade

Its link to environmental deterioration – unfair trade practices.

904 Role of Multinational Corporations

Definition of MNCs, their contribution to development and debatable contribution to environment; case study - Bhopal gas tragedy; measures to regulate activities of MNCs in developing countries.

M Towards a Sustainable Future
1001 Global Interdependence – Economic and Environmentall

Concept of economic and environmental global interdependence; global environmental health – the shared responsibility of nations; trade and aid as ways of reducing world inequalities.

1002 International Cooperation

The Montreal Protocol; the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) support; the Earth Summit, UN’s International Conference on Population and Development (Cairo); the Kyoto Treaty.

1003 Sustainable Development

The concept of sustainable development, sustainable development and developed countries; sustainable development and developing countries.

1004 Role of Non-governmental Organisations


1005 Technology that Sustains

Satellite imagery as a means of monitoring the global environment: satellite remote sensing, advantages in collecting environmental data, applying data in areas of environmental damage as deforestation, desertification, land degradation, wastelands, mining, ozone layer depletion and predicting droughts and floods.

The concept of alternate technology, adopting alternate technology to create self-sustaining societies in the developed and developing world.

Role of biotechnology in achieving global food security.

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